What is nursery in agriculture


A nursery is a plot of land dedicated to propagating plants, providing initial nutrients, growing young seedlings, and eventually selling them for transplanting in commercial agriculture, horticulture, or hobby gardening, such as Kitchen Gardening. Depending on the sort of nursery, the final phase (selling) may differ.

In horticulture, a nursery is a place where young plants and trees are cultivated and grown. A nursery operator may cultivate and grow species to a certain stage and then sell the plants in large quantities, as in a wholesale nursery, or they may grow them to later sell to the public directly, as in a retail nursery.Aug 16, 2018


What is a nursery?

A nursery is a portion of land dedicated to propagate plants, provide nourishment for initial times, grow young seedlings and finally sell out for transplanting for commercial agriculture, horticulture, or hobby gardening like Kitchen Gardening, etc.

What is the importance of Agriculture nursery?

A nursery is thusly the essential need for cultivation. Plant spread procedures and practices is the center of agriculture nurseries. The planting materials for green ranches are raised from seeds and vegetative parts. The job of Mother Plants is essential and significant.

What does a nursery worker do on a farm?

Most farms use some form of pest management system, so the nursery worker must develop and implement the plan. This includes identifying and controlling insects, rodents, birds, weeds, and diseases. If pesticides are used, safe handling, storage and disposal practices must be followed.

What are the types of nurseries in horticulture?

Horticultural Crops Nursery Establishemnt and Management 1 Fruit Plant Nursery . 2 Vegetable Nursery . 3 Flowers Plants Nursery: . The seedlings of flowering plants like gerbera, carnation, petunia, salvia, rose,… 4 Forest Nursery: . The seedlings of plants useful for forestation like pine, oak, teak, eucalyptus, casuarinas are… More …


Why is a nursery important?

Nursery saves considerable time for the raising of the next crop. Among flower crops, majority of the annuals are propagated by seeds and require a nursery for raising the seedlings. Herbaceous perennials need nurseries for sowing of seeds and planting of cuttings for rooting and establishment.

What is the meaning of nursery plant?

nursery, place where plants are grown for transplanting, for use as stock for budding and grafting, or for sale. Commercial nurseries produce and distribute woody and herbaceous plants, including ornamental trees, shrubs, and bulb crops.

What are types of nursery?

Types of NurseriesProduction Nurseries. Production nurseries, which are also known as propagation or wholesale nurseries, propagate plants. … Growing-on Nurseries. … Retail Nurseries/Garden Centres. … Learn to improve your prospects or business performance.

What is called the nursery?

a place where plants, young trees, etc, are grown commercially. an establishment providing residential or day care for babies and very young children; crèche.

Why is it called a nursery?

nursery (n.) 1300, noricerie, “place or room for infants and young children and their nurse,” from Old French norture, norreture “food, nourishment; education, training,” from Late Latin nutritia “a nursing, suckling,” from Latin nutrire “to nourish, suckle” (see nourish).

Why is nursery important in agriculture?

Whether local or introduced species, nursery seedlings are found to have better survival than seeds sown directly in the field or through natural regeneration. So nursery seedlings become the planting material for plantations, whether these plantations are for production, protection or amenity.

What are the 7 classification types of nursery?

Fruit Plant Nurseries. Fruit Plants Nursery. … Vegetable Nurseries. All vegetables except few like potatoes, sweet potato, bulbous vegetables and some other are raised by seedlings. … Ornamental Plant Nurseries. … Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Nurseries. … Hi-Tech Nurseries.

What are nursery crops examples?

Examples include rose, daylily, camellia, hosta, orchids and succulents. Nurseries specializing in a plant or plant group usually grow an extensive variety of species or cultivars, though actual production numbers of each may be low.

What is the scope of nursery?

Objectives and scope of nurseries are: The main objective of the nursery is to grow plants in an open environment, maintain a good quality of plants and protect the plants from pests and diseases. It was the responsibility of the commercial nursery growers to develop good quality of plants for their customers.

What are the two types of nursery?

There are two types of nurseries:Temporary Nursery.Permanent Nursery.

Why are nurseries added to land?

This is done to reduce the amount of labour and time needed to manage huge areas under cultivation, as well as to improve fertilizer availability. It is primarily for the seasonal crop and not for commercial uses. Rice nursery, pearl millet are two examples.

Why do nurseries grow plants?

These nurseries grow plants in large quantities to meet the demands of large clients such as florists, businesses, commercial farmers, other small nurseries, environmental landscaping, and so on.

What are some examples of covered structures used in nurseries?

Shade nets, glasshouses, greenhouses, and other covered structures are frequently used to sustain these nurseries. All other plantations are kept open or can be developed with similar protective structures in place. If he can afford it, he can also have a Tissue Culture Laboratory attached to it. It has developed into the nursery’s future. Gerbera, Syngonium, Orchards, Calla Lily, and other plants are popular in these labs. Winter plant nurseries such as Walnut, Apple, and others may require scientifically maintained storage chambers.

What is a horizontal nursery?

Almost all of the nurseries are horizontal in character, meaning that they spread across the entire land area. It is suitable for persons who have an ideal or huge land area and who require a small nursery as a part-time hobby or a Kitchen Garden.

Why do people plant nursery plants?

People have begun to raise these plants and use them on a regular basis, rather than relying solely on allopathic medications. The essential oils of these plants, as well as their scent, have both health and aesthetic value. These plants can be planted after wheat harvest and before rice sowing to provide farmers with an additional source of income.

What is a nursery plot?

A nursery is a plot of land dedicated to propagating plants, providing initial nutrients, growing young seedlings, and eventually selling them for transplanting in commercial agriculture, horticulture, or hobby gardening, such as Kitchen Gardening. Depending on the sort of nursery, the final phase (selling) may differ.

What can be used as planting materials?

Seeds or plant vegetative parts can be utilized as planting materials (asexual propagation methods like air-layering, grafting, budding can also be used). Nursery management is a time-consuming task.

What is the importance of nursery?

Establishment of nurseries is important for the following reasons: Production of proposed size and age of seedlings. Production of the desired number of seedlings. Production of healthy plants of the desired spp.

What do you call a tree nursery?

A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to a desired age. Some of them specialize in one phase of the process: propagation, growing out, or retail sale; or in one type of plant: e.g., groundcovers, shade plants, or rock garden plants.

What is transplanting in agriculture?

In agriculture and gardening transplanting or replanting is the technique of moving a plant from one location to another. In the horticulture of some ornamental plants, transplants are used infrequently and carefully because they carry with them a significant risk of killing the plant.

What are the different types of plant nursery?

There are three main categories for plant nurseries, which are: ‘Wholesale’, ‘retail’, and ‘mail-order’.

What is Isnursery?

In horticulture, a nursery is a place where young plants and trees are cultivated and grown. A nursery operator may cultivate and grow species to a certain stage and then sell the plants in large quantities, as in a wholesale nursery, or they may grow them to later sell to the public directly, as in a retail nursery.

What is the primary reason for pruning nursery plants?

Reasons to prune plants include deadwood removal, shaping (by controlling or redirecting growth), improving or sustaining health, reducing risk from falling branches, preparing nursery specimens for transplanting, and both harvesting and increasing the yield or quality of flowers and fruits.

Why do farmers raise seedlings in nursery?

Farmers raise seedlings in nursery because of the proper caring and nourishment that can be easily given to the plants and the seedlings in nursery. In a nursery, there are trained professionals who keep an eye on the growth of the plant’s seedlings.

What is a nursery?

Introduction to Plant Nursery: A nursery is a portion of agriculture where plants are propagated, nurtured, grown, and sold out to the home garden or commercial purpose. Under favorable conditions, improved quality seedlings are grown until they are prepared for planting on a small scale or on a big scale. Young plants which are propagated in nurseries can be sold in retail nurseries or as wholesale nurseries. The sole purpose of all nurseries is to provide young plants or saplings to gardens, farms, agriculture, forestry, and conservation.

What is the purpose of a nursery?

The sole purpose of all nurseries is to provide young plants or saplings to gardens, farms, agriculture, forestry, and conservation. A nursery plant center offers its customers all types of young plants that are local (native), imported, and exotic. A nursery customer could be a home gardener, landscape gardener, or even a commercial farmer.

What is nursery labor?

Plant Nursery Manpower: Nurseries are filled with labor-intensive activities such as pruning, weeding, irrigating, applying pesticides, planting, etc. The nursery should have availability of skilled and experienced labor as full-time or part-time. This ensures appropriate maintenance and seedling production in the nursery.

What is a flower plant nursery?

Flower Plant Nurseries: As the name implies the nursery stocks flowering plants to sell. Most home gardeners enjoy their backyard by never missing flowering plants in it. Flowers remain the most profitable and market-demanding plants. Most nursery growers try to create plants that are rare and which are not native to the local regions. Flower nurseries can also be divided into sections like ornamental flower plants and aromatic flower plants. Flower nurseries have a continuous stock of young saplings as well as different flower seeds.

What kind of plants do nurseries grow?

Usually, nurseries that are located in urban regions could prefer growing flowering plants, decorative plants, vegetable plants, and ornamental trees. You have to identify the market need and accordingly must disperse plants in the nurseries.

What is nursery machinery?

Plant Nursery Machinery and Equipment: For a speedy operation of the nursery and cutting downtime and cost-effectively, ensure appropriate types of machine ry and equipment are available in the nursery. Nursery operations such as potting media filling, container filling, transporting, watering for a large nursery on a daily are dependent upon vehicles and automated machines for speedy work efficiency and for good plant development.

What do nurseries need?

Nurseries must be equipped with all kinds of horticulture requirements such as all sorts of plant seeds, soil mix, fertilizers, insecticides, garden chemicals, garden tools, and be able to answer backyard inquiries. Apart from plants, the nurseries have to have the ability to assist in all kinds of inquiries and purchases.

What Does Nursery Mean?

In horticulture, a nursery is a place where young plants and trees are cultivated and grown.

Maximum Yield Explains Nursery

There are many different types of nurseries that specialize in specific plants, including edible crops or ornamentals. For example, some nurseries specialize in greenhouse propagation or the cultivation of perennial plants. This may be through seeding, taking cuttings, or using leaf propagation.

What is a nursery?

A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to a desired age. They include retail nurseries which sell to the general public, wholesale nurseries which sell only to businesses such as other nurseries and to commercial gardeners, and private nurseries which supply the needs of institutions or private estates. …

How do nurseries grow plants?

On a containerfield nurseries grow small trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants, usually destined for sales in garden centers. These have proper ventilation, sunlight etc. Plants may be grown by seed (s). The most common method is by cutting plants/plant cuttings. These can be taken from shoot tips or from roots etc. By these methods plants are grown in nurseries and gardens

What are the two main groups of nursery stock?

Planting stock is raised under a variety of systems, but these have devolved generally into 2 main groupings: bareroot and containerized. Manuals specifically for the production of bareroot and containerized nursery stock are valuable resources for the nursery manager. As well, a lot of good information about nursery stock specific to regional jurisdictions is well presented by Cleary et al. (1978) for Oregon, Lavender et al. (1990) for British Columbia, and Wagner and Colombo (2001) for Ontario.

How to tell how long a seedling has been planted?

A 3rd number, if any, would indicate the years subsequently spent after a second lifting and transplanting. The numbers are sometimes separated by dashes, but separation by plus sign is more logical inasmuch as the sum of the individual numbers gives the age of the planting stock. Thus 2+0 is 2-year-old seedling planting stock that has not been transplanted, and Candy’s (1929) white spruce 2+2+3 stock had spent 2 years in the seedbed, 2 years in transplant lines, and another 3 years in transplant lines after a second transplanting. Variations have included such self-explanatory combinations, such as 1½+1½, etc.

What is a planting stock?

Planting stock, “seedlings, transplants, cuttings, and occasionally wildings, for use in planting out,” is nursery stock that has been made ready for outplanting. The amount of seed used in white spruce seedling production and direct seeding varies with method.

Is nursery soil fertile?

Whether in the forest or in the nursery, seedling growth is fundamentally influenced by soil fertility, but nursery soil fertility is readily amenable to amelioration, much more so than is forest soil.

What is nursery in horticulture?

The Nursery is where it all starts in Horticulture. It is where the seeds are sewn in a clean healthy environment.

What is a nursery?

A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to a desired age. Owners take great pains to nurture the seedlings by monitoring every step of their cycle, starting them in wide containers that prevent crowding and ensuring appropriate drainage.

How can the management of seedlings be done in a better way?

The management of seedlings can be done in a better way with minimum care, cost and maintenance as the nursery area is small.

What are the duties of a tree farm?

Duties vary depending on the employment location, but tree farms are one of the major employers in this area. Nursery workers determine varieties and quantities of trees and shrubs and follow planting and care schedules. In the greenhouse they prepare the beds and plant the seedlings. As the plants grow and develop, workers must prune, weed, and water them. Caring for trees can also involve staking young saplings, tying and wrapping them, and packing them for transportation, as well as digging up shrubs and trees and moving them from greenhouse to field.

What is the nursery worker’s responsibility?

This includes identifying and controlling insects, rodents, birds, weeds, and diseases. If pesticides are used, safe handling, storage and disposal practices must be followed. Workers on organic farms must be familiar with organic farming procedures and natural pest control methods.

What is a nursery worker?

A nursery worker is someone who works outdoors or in a greenhouse, and whose job it is to plant, grow, water, transplant, prune, and generally care for plants, shrubs, and trees. Workers are responsible for maintaining the quality of the greenery under their care, and determine the environmental conditions necessary for optimum growth and development. They also monitor the whole process from the initial planting to harvest.

What is Greenland Nursery?

Greenland Nursery provides wide range of natural plants and accessories online. We delivers nursery plants, seeds, fetilizers and manures, etc at affordable prices

How to manage a nursery?

The process starts with acquisition of high-quality germplasm of known origin (accession records) and recorded genetic quality, supported by documents recognizing the rights of the supplier (Access and Benefit Sharing agreements)— see for example the Agroforestry Tree Genetic Resources Strategy of the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF, 2012 ). Furthermore, this germplasm must have been appropriately stored and handled to avoid loss of viability. Germplasm can be of two types: seeds and vegetative propagules. Seeds also are of two main types: those that can be stored by drying or freezing (orthodox), and those that cannot (recalcitrant). Both the latter and the vegetative propagules are short-lived (from a few days to at most a few weeks). They have to be very carefully and rapidly handled to avoid water or temperature stress and any physical damage.

What are the best management strategies for nursery?

Effective management strategies that can be applied at the nursery level include proper nutrient management, the use of organic manures, the use of a lower seeding density, proper water management, and transplanting of older seedlings when flooding is anticipated early after transplanting.

What is the difference between agroforestry and timber tree improvement?

These are the number of taxa involved, the industrial rather than subsistence use, and the number of stakeholders involved. Commercial plantations typically handle one or a few species and one company may control all the operations from planning, germplasm sourcing, tree improvement, nursery management, planting, tree husbandry to harvesting. These operations are all carried out at a scale to maximize profit. In contrast, agroforestry is concerned with thousands of tree species and millions of subsistence farmer clients influenced by a mixture of government, private sector, community, and international partners, each engaged in different and largely uncoordinated activities. In most cases, agroforestry tree improvement has been concerned with on-farm use of firewood, fodder, fruit, live fence, medicinal, and fallow trees. The next large change in agroforestry worldwide, which has already started (Franzel et al., 2004 ), will probably come from a greater focus on cultivating trees for cash, and most likely for fruit, timber, and medicines. Thus it is inappropriate to simply equate agroforestry tree domestication with industrial-tree improvement since aspects of species prioritization, indigenous knowledge, farming systems improvement, adoption, and marketing are as important as selection and multiplication. For these reasons, the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF, formerly called the International Council for Research in Agroforestry) introduced a wider concept of tree domestication:

How do agroforestry trees domesticate?

Domesticating agroforestry trees involves bringing species into wider cultivation through a farmer driven and market-led process. This is a science based and iterative procedure involving the identification, production, management and adoption of high quality germplasm. High quality germplasm in agroforestry incorporates dimensions of productivity, fitness of purpose, viability and diversity. Strategies for individual species vary according to their functional use, biology, management alternatives and target environments. Domestication can occur at any point along the continuum from the wild to the genetically transformed state. The intensity of domestication activities warranted for a single species will be dictated by a combination of biological, scientific, policy, economic and social factors. In tandem with species strategies are approaches to domesticate landscapes by investigating and modifying the uses, values, interspecific diversity, ecological functions, numbers and niches of both planted and naturally regenerated trees.

When did trees start domestication?

Tree domestication is a far more recent phenomenon than annual crop domestication. One of the earliest records of tree domestication is that of manipulating pollination in Ficus trees 2800 years ago by the prophet Amos ( Dafni, 1992 ). More important though than the date of onset of domestication in trees is the scale of activity. In terms of conventional improvement, tree species are far more neglected today than agricultural crops, with the exception of temperate fruit trees ( Janick and Moore, 1996 ). In commercial forestry, fewer than 40 taxa have genetic improvement programs underway and most of these are less than 60 years old ( Barnes and Simons, 1994 ). Attempts at improving the N 2 -fixing agroforestry species (e.g., Leucaena) started even later, in the 1980s, coinciding with concerns about soil fertility management, a tropical fuelwood crisis, and renewed interest in social forestry. Domestication of other agroforestry trees has received substantial recent interest following a number of articles and conferences, most significantly the 1992 IUFRO Conference in Edinburgh, UK ( Leakey and Newton, 1994b,cLeakey and Newton, 1994bLeakey and Newton, 1994c ). Much of the progress in tree domestication has been informed by the well-described home-garden systems of the Amazon, Southeast Asia, and Africa ( Kumar and Nair, 2004 ). Domestication of trees for the provision of AFTPs has, however, been more frequently equated to conventional timber tree improvement and horticultural improvement than to home-garden domestication.

What is the process of producing high quality seedlings?

Production of high-quality seedlings requires close attention to all phases of nursery management. These include preparation of nursery beds, soil management, planting procedures, control of seedling density, use of fertilizers, irrigation, and pest control.

Why is domestication important in agriculture?

Wild fruits do not meet these criteria. Domestication is the best way to achieve uniformity and superior quality. By selecting the best trees in wild populations and then multiplying them vegetatively, large numbers of genetically identical trees (cultivars) can be produced for cultivation in farming systems.

What is a nursery?

Article Summary: Nursery is a place, where seedling, sapling, trees, shrubs and other plant materials are grown and maintained until they are placed in a permanent place. In other words, nursery is a place where plants are grown, nurtured and sold out. Generally, growers require a good quality saplings or grafts of genuine type.

What is commercial nursery?

Commercial Nursery: This type of nursery is established to earn money on the investment. Such establishment require large area as well as investment. This can again further categorised as Urban Nursery (located in cities/town) and Rural Nursery (villages) .

How are nurseries classified?

Home Nursery : It is in a small area in the garden in which the plants are grown to meet the demands of growers own garden. The main objective is to get good quality and true to type planting material for own garden.

How do nursery plants grow?

Nursery plants require due care and attention after having either emerged from the seeds or have been raised from other sources like rootstock or through tissue culture technique. Generally they are grown in the open field under the protection of Mother Nature where , they should be able to face the local environment. The commercial nursery grower should ensure suitable conditions necessary for development and growth of the nursery plants. Following necessary practices should be followed in ideal nurseries:

How to control disease in seedbed?

Disease control in seedbed: The major disease of nursery stage plant is “damping off”. For its control good sanitation conditions are necessary. Preventive measures like treatment with 50% ethyl alcohol, 0.2% calcium hypo chloride and 0.01% mercury chloride is done. These treatments are given for 5 to 30 minutes. Some of the seed treatments are as follows:

Why is plant protection important?

Plant Protection Measures: Adoption of plant protection measures, well in advance and in a planned manner is necessary for the efficient raising of nursery plants. For better protection from pest and diseases regular observation is essential.

What is the importance of horticulture in India?

In order to maintain the leadership role, regular supply of quality planting material is important for the horticulture growth in the country. Massive area expansion programmes under National Horticultural Mission and Technology Mission for Development of Horticulture in North Eastern States and Himalayan States require improved varieties for replanting, planting in marginal and arid areas, etc. At present, hardly 30 to 40% of the demand for quality planting material in different horticultural crops is being met by the existing infrastructure in public domain. Hence, all farmers do not have access to elite certified planting material that leads to low productivity and quality of the produce. The horticulture sector is being looked at as a harbinger of ensuring nutritional security, providing sustainable income to the farmers, generating employment, empowering the farm women and earning the valuable foreign exchange through exports. To meet the requirement, production of plants through establishment of nurseries both in public and private sectors is the prime need in the current scenario.


Types of Nursery Based on Plants Grown.

  • 1. Fruit Plant nursery
    It is an example of a permanent type of nursery as these plants’ living period is large. Since vegetative propagation is easier and takes less time to provide true to type plants as in comparison with sexual propagation, it is preferred for fruit plants. One can also produce grafts …

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According to The Structure of The Nursery

  • 1. Open nursery
    This type of nursery is low cost and low maintenance nursery. No special overhead structure like a greenhouse, glasshouse, etc., is there except some shade nets or normal room/ office present.
  • 2. Closed nursery
    This type of nursery has special overhead structures to provide a definite amount of sunlight for plants like greenhouse, glasshouse, and shade-nets. These structures, in some cases, are scientifically facilitated with room temperature and humidity control. In both cases, modern irrig…

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According to The Landscape

  • 1. Horizontal nursery
    Almost all the nurseries are horizontal in nature, i.e., they spread through the land area, covering it as a whole. The people owning optimum or large land area and the people requiring small nursery as part-time hobbies or Kitchen Garden find it best.
  • 2. Vertical nursery
    With the increasingly urban andmulti-story building culture, space has reduced too many folds for people staying in cities. The people who still want to stay near nature and wish to develop a nursery, which is space-effective, can go for Vertical Nursery. It holds a bright scope in the future.

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