What is pest management in agriculture

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  • Handpicking – this is practically picking and getting rid of pests.
  • Setting Traps – this is most effective for macro pests.
  • Building fences – to prevent the unwanted presence of the macro pest.
  • Creating Scarecrows – setting up scarecrows will help prevents birds from eating up the crop.

More items…

U.S. farmers employ a range of pest management strategies to control weeds, insects, fungi, viruses, and bacteria. They till their soils, rotate their crops, scout their fields, and carefully consider factors such as plant density and planting dates. They also apply organic and synthetic pesticides.Apr 28, 2020

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What are the principles of Integrated pest management?

Principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

  • Identify pests, their hosts and beneficial organisms before taking action. The cause of the problem and associated plant or animal species must be correctly identified. …
  • Establish monitoring guidelines for each pest species. …
  • Establish an action threshold for the pest. …
  • Evaluate and implement control tactics. …
  • Monitor, evaluate and document the results. …

What is pest control in agriculture?

Pest control, a process that maintains nuisance organisms below economic thresholds, is a complex ecological process often mediated by biodiversity. Agricultural intensification results in widespread losses of biodiversity, with important implications for pest control.

What is integrated pest management strategy?

Integrated pest management is a pest control strategy that relies on a variety of techniques to prevent pests from reproducing and infesting buildings and crops. IPM is also more affordable than the traditional methods of insect control, such as spraying pesticides. By using IPM, farmers can save up to 30% or more on their total production costs.

What is an integrated pest management?

What is Integrated Pest Management? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an approach to pest control that focuses on pest prevention by eliminating the root causes of pest problems. When infestations are present and require immediate intervention, the safest, most effective methods available for the situation are chosen.

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What is the meaning of pest management?

Pest management can be defined as the method of reducing or eliminating different types of unwanted creatures such as cockroaches, ants, wasps, bees, spiders, silverfish, termites, bedbugs, etc., from places occupied by humans.


Why is pest management important in agriculture?

Diseases, insects, and weeds can cause costly and irreparable harm to livestock and crops. Methods to manage these problems include the use of pesticides or biological pest control.


What is the purpose of pest management system?

What is IPM? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment.


What are the pest management strategies?

StrategiesCultural control (crop rotation, use of locally adapted or pest resistant/tolerant varieties, sanitation, manipulating planting/harvest dates to avoid pests)Biological control (protect, enhance or import natural enemies of pests)Mechanical control (cultivation, trapping, pest exclusion)More items…


What is pest management in food industry?

Integrated Pest Management or IPM focuses on keeping the pests out of your food facility rather than focusing on eliminating them once they are inside the facility. This approach involves the following steps: Inspection – The foremost step towards protecting your facility is a detailed inspection.


What is the difference between pest management and pest control?

While pest control is a treatment that should eliminate infestation after it has already occurred, pest management seeks to limit the survival and reproduction of potential pests by removing sources of water, food, and shelter.


What are the three steps involved in pest management?

3 Steps to Integrated Pest Management in Healthcare EnvironmentsAssessing the situation with a thorough inspection.Implementation of control methods.Monitoring for effectiveness.


What is the learning objective of pests?

A pest is an organism living and growing where they are not wanted and can cause damage to plants, humans, structures, and other creatures, including crops that are grown for food. Students will learn about different types of pests and the damage they cause, including an example of pests on corn.


How to control pests in your home?

To control pests both in our homes and on crops, integrated pest management is a strategy that we can use. Integrated pest management is a process that uses different ways to control pests. The steps include 1) Identify the Pest, 2) Monitor Pest Activity, 3) Choose Control Methods, and 4) Evaluate Results.


What are some examples of insects that eat corn?

Examples. Vertebrate Pests. Deer, raccoons, rabbits, birds, and other creatures can eat the corn crop at various stages of the growth of the corn. Invertebrate Pests. Cutworms are the larvae of what will eventually become a moth. In the larvae stage, the cutworms live near or below the soil surface.


What do cutworms eat?

In the larvae stage, the cutworms live near or below the soil surface. The cutworms feed on corn that has recently emerged from the ground, chewing off the small corn sprouts causing damage that often appears as if the corn has been “cut.”. Other invertebrate pests can attack corn at various stages of growth. Weeds.


What are the different types of pests?

Pests can be broken into four main categories 1 Vertebrate Pests#N#Have a backbone. Examples: Rodents, birds, reptiles, and other mammals 2 Invertebrate Pests#N#No backbone. Examples: Insets, spiders, ticks, slugs 3 Weeds#N#Any plant growing out of place. 4 Diseases#N#Fungi, bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.


What are the pests that attack corn?

Other invertebrate pests can attack corn at various stages of growth. Weeds. Besides the corn plants, any other plant in the corn field could be considered weeds, as these other plants are competing for water, sunlight, and nutrients with the corn. Diseases.


What are the threats to food supply?

Pests can pose a serious threat to a food supply. A major food crop is corn, which supplies humans with food that we eat, food for animals, and corn ethanol used for fuel. There are many pests to corn, including vertebrates, invertebrates, weeds, and diseases.


What is pest control in agriculture?

Pest Control is the strategy adopted to curtail or eradicate the presence of crops or animals


How to get rid of pests on farm?

The best way to get rid of the trapped pest and prevent them from going back to the crops is to use pesticides on them.


How to get rid of pests in a dirty environment?

Maintaining a clean environment – Most pests thrive in a dirty environment, so the best to get rid of them is to make it impossible for them to breed. Inter-cropping – This is a practice where different crops are planted on a piece of land. By inter-cropping, it will be difficult for the pest to survive.


How to get rid of macro pests?

Handpicking – this is practically picking and getting rid of pests. Setting Traps – this is most effective for macro pests. Building fences – to prevent the unwanted presence of the macro pest. Creating Scarecrows – setting up scarecrows will help prevents birds from eating up the crop.


What is the scale of agricultural production?

The scale of agricultural production. The effect on the product. For instance, if you are to use pesticides to control larvae pests in crops, you’ll need to take into consideration the effect of the chemical on the crop that will be consumed eventually. Pests can be divided into two main categories; Micro and Macro Pest.


Why is macro pest control important?

On the other hand, MACRO PESTS are bigger; they also can cause monumental damage to agricultural produce. This is the reason why a pest control method must be adopted to eradicate pests or reduce their population to the barest minimum.


Why is a pesticide considered harsh?

This is considered highly effective because it gets rid of the pest as soon as the chemical is applied . However, this method is considered harsh because it is not only capable of destroying the organism for which it is used; it can also affect the host negatively.


Farmer Ogbole Samson, Lead Trainer for Farm lab

Agriculture for Farmer Samson is more than just food production and zero hunger, it is the foundation for sustainable development, job creation, healthier living, as well as national development.


Introduction

The major goal of agriculture worldwide is to produce sufficient food for the ever-growing population, to generate income for the farmers, and also to boost the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Generally, the success of agriculture should be gauged from:


Impediments to Pest Control and Management

One of the major issues we have today with pest management is ignorance . You will realize that especially in Africa, we do not have particular pest organisms and their associated parasites and predators. We do not even know what organisms are present, what does what, what their parasites are, what their predators are.


Future Development of Pest Control and Management Tech niques

These are some of the things we can look forward to as we move into the future to overcome the impediments of pest control and management. That is, some of the major things that we would try to do as we enter into the future are how can we have technologies that mitigate against these issues while at the same time solve the issues of pest.


Integrated Pest Control and Management

As a farmer or as an intending farmer, before you buy that land and commit to what you intend to grow, try to understand the pathogenic history of that place. Look at the type of plant, do an analysis. Understand, what the density-dependent factors, spatial distribution, and behavioural patterns of these pests.


Ecological Approach to Pest Control and Management

Know the ecology of that environment and understand the principles best suited for managing that pest. Work to have biodiversity because when you are growing a single crop, there is the propensity or the probability to keep increasing the pest density in that area, because you are growing a single crop.


Questions

Question: “ In using pheromones to attract specific insects to another location, is it not possible for the pheromones to be attracted and become pests of the other crop? “- Bim Bim
Response: If for example, you are using pheromones to move armyworms because you know the host for armyworm is maize, and your friend, who is about 5 or 6 kilometres away from your farm, has cassava.


What is a pest in agriculture?

A pest is considered to be any organism that interferes with desirable plants in an agricultural setting, damages homes or other structures, or impacts human or animal health and well being. Pests can be plants, animals, insects, or a bacteria, virus or fungus causing disease. IPM focuses on long term prevention.


What is IPM pest control?

Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and nontarget organisms, and the environment. ”. The IPM method is based on scientific research surrounding pests and pest management. A pest is considered to be any organism that interferes with desirable plants in an agricultural setting, …


How to improve the predictability and effectiveness of pest management techniques?

Increase the predictability and effectiveness of pest management techniques. Develop science-based pest management programs that are economically and environmentally sustainable and socially appropriate. Protect human health and the environment by reducing risks caused by pests and pest management practices.


What is the purpose of the Center for Biological Control?

By 1954, the Center for Biological Control at UC Berkeley and Riverside was established to facilitate the implementation of biological control through research, training and outreach programs and promote the benefits of biological control and sustainable development. Biological control, or the use of natural enemies to control pests, …


Does IPM eliminate pesticides?

IPM does not inherently eliminate the use of pesticides as a control method; an IPM program for a specific crop identifies the levels of pest damage that can be feasibly tolerated before chemical control is required to keep pest populations under control to maintain a viable crop.


Why is natural pest control important?

This focus is because promoting natural pest control could yield several important benefits, i.e., a reduced reliance on pesticide use, but also greater crop yields and increased biodiversity in agricultural landscapes ( Gagic et al., 2017 ).


Why are moths considered crop pests?

As noted earlier, many are migrants, preadapted to be crop pests (because they are highly dispersive insects that locate resources quickly and thrive in early successional habitats).


What are the pests that humans have been able to control?

Humans have been managing agricultural pests for thousands of years. Pests can include weeds, plant pathogens (certain fungi, bacteria, and viruses), rod ents, and nematodes in addition to the plant-feeding insects and mites described in the preceding text, and are estimated to destroy as much as one-third of all agricultural yield. A wide array of pest control tools exist including cultural practices such as weeding, pesticide applications, and selective plant breeding for pest resistance.


How much pesticide damage did the United States lose in 1989?

For example, agricultural losses due to insect pests in the Unites States were estimated to be approximately 7% in 1945, but approximately 13% in 1989, in spite of the application of almost 10 times as much pesticide.


What is the name of the pest that attacks dog food?

A species, such as the Indian Meal Moth (Plodia interpunctella) (Pyralidae), are important stored product pests that attack grains, cereals, bird seed, dry dog food, and even candy that has sat too long. Clothes moths ( Tinea and Tineola species) (Tineidae) are well known for their ability to damage woolens.


How do abiotic factors affect insect pests?

Environmental favorability is influenced by abiotic factors that can affect a potential insect pest either directly via tolerance of physical, chemical, or climatic conditions, or indirectly through their influence on the nutritional quality of cultivated plants. For example, heavy rains not only lead to direct mortality of plant-feeding insects, but can also lead to improved host plant quality through the stimulation of plant growth. Similarly, environmental favorability is influenced by biotic factors that, in addition to host plant quality, include host plant abundance, activity of competitors and natural enemies, and disturbance from human intervention. Given the broad range of factors that contribute to environmental favorability, what evidence do we have that natural biological control ever plays a pivotal role in the suppression of potential agricultural pests?


What is an agroecosystem?

Agroecosystem. An ecosystem under agricultural management practices. Biocontrol. Control of agricultural pests by the use of predators and other beneficial organisms (e.g., control of turf grass crickets by parasitic nematodes).


What is IPM in pest management?

What is IPM? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment.


What is IPM in agriculture?

In an agricultural crop, this may mean using cultural methods, such as rotating between different crops, selecting pest-resistant varieties, and planting pest-free rootstock.


How does IPM work?

Many organisms are innocuous, and some are even beneficial. IPM programs work to monitor for pests and identify them accurately, so that appropriate control decisions can be made in conjunction with action thresholds.


Can IPM be used in my garden?

Yes, the same principles used by large farms can be applied to your own garden by following the four-tiered approach outlined above. For more specific information on practicing IPM in your garden, you can contact your state Extension Services for the services of a Master Gardener.


Stories from the Field

Here are some of the ways SARE grantees are improving farm and ranch sustainability with ecological pest management.


Profile: Habitat Restoration Brings Beneficial Insects and Fewer Pests to the Vineyard

Washington winegrape growers have significantly cut their use of pesticides in recent years thanks to integrated pest management practices, and now a SARE-funded research team is taking them further with native habitat restoration and improved biological pest control.


Using Locally Sourced Wood Chips for Effective Weed Management

” “Locally available hardwood mulch not only controls weeds when properly applied, but also helps with water retention, and can help increase production of vegetable crops.” Patrick Johnson, NANIH Farm and Garden ” THE CHALLENGE Weed control can be a constant struggle for organic growers, who cannot use the herbicides typically employed by conventional farmers.….


Equipping Farmers with Tools to Manage Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

” “Montana State University Extension agents and crop consultants mentioned that this was a much-needed educational program for dealing with herbicide resistance.” Prashant Jha, Montana State University ” THE CHALLENGE Herbicide-resistant weeds have emerged in many parts of the country as one of the biggest threats to the sustainability of agriculture.


Resources and Learning

Browse all of SARE’s resources on ecological pest management. Examples include:


A Whole Farm Approach to Managing Pests

This 16-page bulletin helps producers—and the educators who work with them—use ecological principles across the entire farm to control pests.


Pest Management

Good organic pest control and management entails weed control, weed prevention, organic insect control and plant disease control, all of which rely on approaches and techniques such as integrated pest management, biological control, ecological strategies, physical control and shade cloths.


Why is organic pest management important?

Healthy soils are the basis of good pest management because they support plant health and resilience—the abil – ity of the plant to recover from pest damage. If possible, plant cultivars that are resistant to some of the main pests (diseases, nematodes, and insects) in your area.


How to prevent insect infestations in bedded plants?

To prevent insect infes- tations, use good screening at doors and vents of hoop houses and greenhouses. For bedded plants grown outdoors, floating row covers can prevent some early-season infestations until plants are robust enough to outgrow the pests.


Why is understanding the lifecycles of both pests and benefi cials important?

Beyond that, understanding the lifecycles of both pests and benefi – cials is important so that habitat can be developed to sup – port the “good guys.”. Correct identification of pest damage early in the cropping cycle is important, so that effective options can be considered to reduce pest populations and damage.


What is an organic system plan?

The National Organic Program requires that growers have an Organic System Plan (OSP), a document that essen- tially details all activities and inputs on the farm. The OSP includes a pest-management component with a listing of any pest-management practices and inputs used on the farm.


Can insects be disease vectors?

Insects can also be disease vectors, so recogniz- ing the symptoms of common (insect-vectored) diseases and knowing your organic management options is valu- able. Knowledge of the lifecycles of important pests can provide an early warning if large numbers of egg masses or immature forms of the pest are observed when monitor – ing.

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Farmer Ogbole Samson, Lead Trainer For Farm Lab.


Introduction


Different Areas in Pest Control and Management


Impediments to Pest Control and Management


Future Development of Pest Control and Management Techniques


Integrated Pest Control and Management


Ecological Approach to Pest Control and Management

  1. Know the ecology of that environment and understand the principles best suited for managing that pest. Work to have biodiversity because when you are growing a single crop, there is the propensity…
  2. Reduce disturbance to the soil and non-crop vegetation of your farm. It helps a lot.
  3. Minimize your off-farm input. Very important. As you are selecting your seeds, your graftings …
  1. Know the ecology of that environment and understand the principles best suited for managing that pest. Work to have biodiversity because when you are growing a single crop, there is the propensity…
  2. Reduce disturbance to the soil and non-crop vegetation of your farm. It helps a lot.
  3. Minimize your off-farm input. Very important. As you are selecting your seeds, your graftings and all of that, look for resistant varieties to whatever pest is predominant in that area.
  4. If you are going to be growing in an area, try as much as you can to decrease the natural or seminatural habitat. Then, enhance the natural enemies and create multiple enemies for the pest. It’s al…


Questions

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