What is pesticides in agriculture

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Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards

  • Introduction. The term pesticide covers a wide range of compounds including insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, rodenticides, molluscicides, nematicides, plant growth regulators and others.
  • Benefits of pesticides. …
  • Hazards of pesticides. …
  • Conclusion. …
  • REFERENCES. …

Pesticides are used to control various pests and disease carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, rats and mice. Pesticides are used in agriculture to control weeds, insect infestation and diseases. There are many different types of pesticides; each is meant to be effective against specific pests.May 5, 2021

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Answer

What are the dangers of chemical pesticides in agriculture?

References

  1. World Health Organization. Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in Agriculture. …
  2. Alewu B, Nosiri C. Pesticides and human health. …
  3. NSW EPA. …
  4. Hoffman RS, Capel PD, Larson SJ. …
  5. Canadian Cancer Society. …
  6. Johnston JJ. …
  7. Hayes TB, Case P, Chui S, Chung D, Haeffele C, Haston K, et al. …
  8. Sanborn M, Kerr KJ, Sanin LH, Cole DC, Bassil KL, Vakil C. …
  9. Pimentel D, Burgess M. …

Do chemical fertilizers actually help in agriculture?

When it comes to the advantages of using fertilizers in agriculture, it’s all about efficiency. Chemical fertilizers allow growers to maximize their crop yield on a specific piece of land — the more the plant grows, the better. Fertilizer works to ensure that each piece of land produces as efficiently as possible.

How do we use pesticides in agriculture?

Tips for Household Pesticide Users

  • Follow all requirements on pesticide product labels.
  • Store and dispose of pesticides properly. …
  • Inspect pesticide containers regularly for leaks and corrosion.
  • Mix pesticides, clean equipment and rinse containers in an area where pesticides and rinse water cannot enter sewers or storm drains.
  • Keep pesticides out of waters and areas near waters.

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How do farmers apply pesticides in four steps?

Use bait stations for rodent baits that are formulated with food (e.g., peanut butter or grain bait) or place the bait where non-target wildlife cannot get to it. Use landscaping techniques that help increase native habitat and reduce the need for pesticides. Top of Page. Tips for Farmers. Follow all requirements on pesticide product labels.

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What does pesticide mean in agriculture?

A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest (epa.gov). Pests can be defined as any organism that causes plant diseases.


What is pesticide example?

Examples of pesticides are fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides. Examples of specific synthetic chemical pesticides are glyphosate, Acephate, Deet, Propoxur, Metaldehyde, Boric Acid, Diazinon, Dursban, DDT, Malathion, etc.


What is pesticide explain?

A pesticide is any substance used to kill, repel, or control certain forms of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests.


What is in a pesticide?

An “active ingredient” prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant, or nitrogen stabilizer. All other ingredients are called “inert ingredients” by federal law. They are important for product performance and usability.


What are effects of pesticides?

Pesticides can cause short-term adverse health effects, called acute effects, as well as chronic adverse effects that can occur months or years after exposure. Examples of acute health effects include stinging eyes, rashes, blisters, blindness, nausea, dizziness, diarrhea and death.


What are pesticides types?

DefinitionType of pesticideTarget pest groupBactericidesBacteriaFungicidesFungi and oomycetesHerbicidesPlantInsecticidesInsects9 more rows


What are pesticides and fertilizers?

Fertilizers help plants grow by adding nutrients to the soil. Pesticides (including herbicides) are any toxic substance used to kill insects, animals, or plants.


How do pesticides affect plants?

Pesticides may impact the crop physiology through various disruptions, such as perturbation in the development of the reproductive organs, growth reduction, and alteration of the carbon and/or nitrogen metabolism, leading to a lower nutrient availability for plant growth.


What are the 3 types of pesticides?

Insecticides kill insects and other arthropods. Miticides (also called acaricides) kill mites that feed on plants and animals. Microbial pesticides are microorganisms that kill, inhibit, or out-compete pests, including insects or other microorganism pests. Molluscicides kill snails and slugs.


How pesticides are produced?

Pesticides are produced in two stages: the manufacture of a PAI, and the formulation of the final product. A PAI is manufactured by chemical reaction of two or more raw materials often in the presence of solvents, catalysts, and acidic or basic reagents.


What are two important benefits of pesticide use?

Pesticides help reduce waterborne and insect transmitted diseases. Such as malaria, Lyme disease and West Nile virus. Pesticides contribute to enhanced human health by preventing disease outbreaks through the control of rodent and insect populations.


What are some advantages of pesticides?

Benefits of pesticidesImproving productivity. … Protection of crop losses/yield reduction. … Vector disease control. … Quality of food. … Other areas – transport, sport complex, building.


4 Major Pest Control Methods in Agriculture – VerminKill


Agriculture Pest Management and Education | Penn State Extension


The Agricultural Challenge of Pests and Pathogens


The Development of Pesticides Through Agricultural History

  • Chemical pesticides were developed at the onset of agricultural history to counter the persistence of pests, pathogens, and competitive species. Interestingly, remnants of elemental sulfur dusting were found to be used in ancient Mesopotamia to protect crops. In the present day, nearly 3.5 million tonnes of pesticides are used worldwide every year….

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The Consequences of Pesticide Usage

  • It is now well recognized that chemical pesticides generate considerable losses in non‐target species and cause widespread contamination of soil and water systems. Such widespread issues affect not only surrounding areas, populations, and natural habitats but any ecosystem that may be connected in some way. For humans, the use of pesticides is linked to thousands of annual a…

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The Future of Pesticide Usage in Agricultural Systems

  • The most suitable strategy may be to modify or limit the usage of chemical pesticides by using a combination of sustainable alternatives to reduce crop vulnerability. For instance, employing genetically modified crops that are pathogen-resistant may reduce the need for pesticides. Metabolomics have also been used to refine the targeting of pesticides by identifying pesticides …

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References

  1. Aliferis, K. A., & Chrysayi-Tokousbalides, M. (2010). Metabolomics in pesticide research and development: review and future perspectives. Metabolomics, 7(1), 35–53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-0…
  2. Deutsch, C. A., Tewksbury, J. J., Tigchelaar, M., et al. (2018). Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate. Science, 361(6405), 916–919. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat…
  1. Aliferis, K. A., & Chrysayi-Tokousbalides, M. (2010). Metabolomics in pesticide research and development: review and future perspectives. Metabolomics, 7(1), 35–53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-0…
  2. Deutsch, C. A., Tewksbury, J. J., Tigchelaar, M., et al. (2018). Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate. Science, 361(6405), 916–919. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3466
  3. Hedlund, J., Longo, S. B., & York, R. (2019). Agriculture, Pesticide Use, and Economic Development: A Global Examination (1990–2014). Rural Sociology, 85(2), 519–544. https://doi.org/10.1111/ruso.1…
  4. Kumar, S., Nehra, M., Dilbaghi, N., et al. (2019). Nano-based smart pesticide formulations: E…


Further Reading

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