What is plant production in agriculture

image

Agricultural production includes these activities:

  • Agriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals
  • Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish)
  • Floriculture: growing flowering plants
  • Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants
  • Maple syrup harvesting
  • Silviculture: growing and caring for fresh trees

Full
Answer

What are the factors of agricultural production?

  • Machines and irrigation are two types of technology that can increase yields.
  • Greenhouses, with computer-controlled technology, provide ideal conditions for high quality crops. …
  • Genetic engineering has allowed new plants to be bred that resist drought and disease and give higher yields.

What are 20 careers in agriculture?

What are some of the highest paying jobs in agriculture?

  1. Water resources engineer. Primary duties: A water resource engineer will develop and design new systems and equipment for water resource management facilities.
  2. Farm manager. Primary duties: Farm managers are the professionals responsible for directing and overseeing the operations on a farm.
  3. Water treatment specialist. …
  4. Grower. …
  5. Forester. …

More items…

What are the top agriculture producing states?

  • The United States is one of the top exporters of food on the planet.
  • California produces the most food in the United States by value.
  • Texas has the highest number of farms in the United States.

What increased agriculture output?

Agriculture values topped $1.8 billion for the first time since 2014 and just the third time in 30 years in San Diego County’s annual crop report released Thursday. The report covers the 2020 …

image


What are the products of agriculture?

Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum —is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 .


What is not included in Agricultural Production?

Tree and sod farms (if products are sold at retail and not replanted elsewhere by the grower) Agricultural production does not include: Storing or preserving raw materials before the start of the production process. Storing, preserving, handling, or moving finished goods.


What is raw material?

Raw Materials. Raw materials are the products not refined or processed for use in one of the other categories. Many of the crops grown are used to feed animals that become other agricultural products.


What are the four groups of crops?

Agricultural crops turned into products fall into one of four groups: foods, fuels, fibers, or raw materials . Roughly 11% of the planet’s land is dedicated to crop production, and close to 26% is being used for animal pastures. 1 .


What are some examples of food products?

Some examples of food products are grains and cereals. Some of the crops are turned into feed and fed to animals, which then produce dairy products like milk or are turned into food for humans or other animals. Honey and farmed fish are also some examples of food products.


Who purchases organic crops?

The crops are purchased by businesses that specialize in processing them for their expected purposes and then sold to manufacturers or distributors. The National Organic Program (NOP)—part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture—certifies only agricultural products that fall into a specific, narrow category for use.


What are some examples of agricultural products that NOP can certify?

Examples of agricultural items that the NOP can certify include such things as textiles, flowers, food, seed, plants, and feed. Items intended for other uses are not certified as organic. The basic guideline for what constitutes an agricultural product is as follows:


What is agricultural production?

Agricultural production has always involved the exploitation of resources such as soil, water, and energy. Increasing production to feed a growing world population while at the same time conserving resources for future generations has led to a search for ‘sustainable’ agricultural methods.


Why is agriculture important?

Agricultural production has gained importance recently because of climate change and food security. The exponential increase in the world’s population leads to an increased demand for food. Although productivity of marginal lands such as peatland and upland is low, they can still be utilized for producing food to cater to the food needs of an increasing population. To support a transmigration program and increasing national rice production, the government of Indonesia supported the development of peatlands agriculture on the islands of Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Papua. These peatlands are capable of producing food crops including rice, corn, soybeans, cassava, and other horticultural crops on shallow peat having relatively higher fertility and lower environmental risk compared to deep peat.


What are the crops that can be grown in peatlands?

These peatlands are capable of producing food crops including rice, corn, soybeans, cassava, and other horticultural crops on shallow peat having relatively higher fertility and lower environmental risk compared to deep peat. Utilizing peatlands for the production of food crops has greater environmental consequences.


Why are farmers using chemicals?

For increasing the crop productivity, farmers are using a high dose of chemicals, which may lead to soil corrosion, deprivation of agroecosystems, deposition of excess chemicals, environmental pollution, and insects and pathogens gaining resistance to chemical pesticides (Pimentel, 1995 ).


Why is plantation farming better than food crop farming?

The combination between plantation and food crop is a better option to improve farmer welfare as well as to maintain household food security.


How much water does livestock use?

Livestock directly use only 1.3% of the total water used in agriculture. However, when the water required for forage and grain production is included, this dramatically increases the water requirement for livestock production. Producing 1 kg of fresh beef requires about 13 kg of grain and 30 kg of forage (Table II).


How much water is needed to produce food?

The water required to produce various food and forage crops range from 500 liters to 2000 liters of water per kilogram of plant biomass produced (Table IV). For example, a hectare of U.S. corn producing about 8000 kg per year transpires about 5 million liters of water during the growing season.


What is the importance of crop production?

Crop production depends on the availability of arable land and is affected in particular by yields, macroeconomic uncertainty, as well as consumption patterns; it also has a great incidence on agricultural commodities’ prices. The importance of crop production is related to harvested areas, returns per hectare (yields)


What is crop yield?

Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested.


What are the factors that determine the yield of a crop?

The actual yield that is captured on farm depends on several factors such as the crop’s genetic potential, the amount of sunlight, water and nutrients absorbed by the crop, the presence of weeds and pests. This indicator is presented for wheat, maize, rice and soybean.

image

Leave a Comment