What is plant science in agriculture


Plant Science gives you the ability to learn how to breed, cultivate, and produce agriculture plants. You also learn the process behind producing and distributing plant products.

Plant science is the study of how plants are used to produce food, alter environments, restore damaged landscapes, improve human health and well-being, improve community environments, and provide recreational and practical benefits to the public. Plant science is essential to maintaining the world around us.


What is plant science?

Plant science is the study of the growth, reproduction, structure, evolution, classification and use of plants.

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural sciences. Professor of Agricultural Education, University of Missouri, Columbia. Agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products …

What can you do with a degree in Plant Sciences?

Students in Plant Sciences, who graduate with a B.Sc. degree, have the freedom to merge studies in botany, ecology and agriculture in a way that best suits their interests. The breadth — and the opportunities — are unique in undergraduate Plant Sciences programs.

What is prescientific agriculture?

Scientific methods have been applied widely, and the results have revolutionized agricultural production. Under the conditions of prescientific agriculture, in a good harvest year, six people can produce barely enough food for themselves and four others.


What is the meaning of plant science?

Plant science encompasses ‘Botany’ from the Greek word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning pasture or fodder, in that it involves the observation of plant growth and characteristics and investigation into the relationship between plants and their environment.

Why is plant science important to agriculture?

Nature of the Work – Plant scientists play an important role in maintaining the nation’s food supply by ensuring agricultural productivity and food safety. These scientists study farm crops and develop ways to improve their quantity and quality.

What is studied in plant science?

Plant Sciences is the study of plant growth, reproduction, evolution, and adaptation, as well as the use of plants for food, fiber, and ornamental purposes.

What do plant science majors do?

A degree in Plant Sciences opens many job opportunities for graduates. You may choose to work in research labs, farms, processing plants, or for food distributors. As a food scientist you also have the option to work for governments or research for universities and colleges.

What can you do with a PhD in plant science?

The Plant Science PhD prepares graduates for research and leadership careers in, for example, industry pursuits of crop improvement through genetics, genomics, and high-throughput technology, federal and state agencies involved in traditional and digital agriculture, and academic institutions with foci on basic and …

Who is a plant scientist?

Plant scientists work to improve crop yields and advise food and crop developers about techniques that could enhance production. They may develop ways to control pests and weeds. Every state has at least one land-grant college that offers agricultural science degrees.

What is the difference between botany and plant science?

Botany is quite classical study of plants, ‘Plant science’ is quite modern study of plants. Both deals with study of plants. In many universities, along with advancement in the syllabus of the study of plants, the name of the department also changed from Botany to Plant Science.

What is a plant specialist called?

Botanists are scientists who specialize in the biology of plants. They are experts in different vegetations including cacti, grass, shrubs, algae, and edibles like fruits, herbs, and vegetables.

What is a plant doctor called?

A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field.

What jobs are there in plant science?

Top jobs in plant scienceFloral designer.Landscape technician.Horticulturist.Professor.Landscape designer.Crop consultant.Entomologist.Soil scientist.More items…•

What jobs can you get as a botanist?

Careers for botanists exist in many areas and specializations such as agricultural research, government agencies and academia….What can you do with a degree in botany?Florist. … Naturalist. … Arborist. … Farm manager. … Forester. … Environmental scientist. … Biologist. … Environmental engineer.More items…•

What is plant science?

Plant science is the exploration of the composition and ecology of plant life. Learn about degree programs, topics of study, career options, employment outlook and salary data for related careers.

How many jobs did food scientists have in 2012?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in 2012, food and agricultural scientists held about 38,500 jobs, 16,300 of which went to soil and plant scientists. The BLS projected that the employment of soil and plant scientists would increase by 8% from 2012-2022, and for food scientists and technologists employment opportunities would increase by 11%. As of May 2012, the median annual salary for plant scientists was $58,990, and for food scientists and technologists it was $59,630 ( www.bls.gov ).

What is a plant scientist?

Plant Scientists are often out in the field working directly with plants or performing experiments in the lab. Internships or summer jobs with research labs or farms provides you with experience gathering and analyzing data along with the ability to decide if this is the career path you wish to follow.

What is the most common degree for plant science?

A bachelor’s degree is the most common level of education achieved by those in careers related to plant sciences, with approximately 29.0% of workers getting one. Find out other typical degree levels for plant sciences workers below. 72.6% of plant sciences workers have at least a bachelor’s.

How many plant sciences degrees are there in 2019?

In 2018-2019, plant sciences was the 162nd most popular major nationwide with 3,064 degrees awarded. This represents a 3.2% reduction in plant sciences degrees awarded over the prior year’s total of -3,163.

How many hours do you work in a science lab?

Although you work the typical 40-hour workweek, you don’t spend too much time behind a desk.

What is college factual?

College Factual provides higher-education, college and university, degree, program, career, salary, and other helpful information to students, faculty, institutions, and other internet audiences. Presented information and data are subject to change.

How long will agriculture triple?

Globally, agricultural productivity will need to triple in the next 50 years to meet the food demand driven by a rapidly expanding human population.

What do you learn in college as an undergraduate?

As an undergraduate, you’ll learn across a broad range of topics, including agronomy, horticulture, plant pathology, precision agriculture, soils, weed science, ecology, genetics, economics, land use and the environment, and agricultural development.

What are the majors in plant science?

Core courses in this major will provide you with a fundamental background in plant science. You can supplement these to pursue your personal interests with courses in an area of emphasis: 1 Applied Plant Science 2 Botany 3 Plant Biotechnology 4 Plant Environmental Science 5 Unspecialized

What is the plant science major at Guelph’s?

The Plant Science Major will help you investigate the many wonders of plants and prepare you to become a leader in the field of plant science. You will explore the intricacies …

Why is plant science important?

Plant science expertise is needed to address many of our most challenging problems: Producing enough food for a growing world population. Breeding plants to tolerate the heat- and drought-stress caused by climate change. Developing sustainable cropping practices to produce healthful and nutritious food.

What are the majors in plant science?

Majoring in Plant Sciences will help you make a positive difference in the world. Plant science expertise is needed to address many of our most challenging problems: 1 Producing enough food for a growing world population. 2 Breeding plants to tolerate the heat- and drought-stress caused by climate change. 3 Developing sustainable cropping practices to produce healthful and nutritious food. 4 Investigating new methods to fight plant diseases. 5 Restoring damaged ecosystems to better support those who live there. 6 Conserving species, through plant collections in gardens and arboretums, for future generations.

What do scientists do to help plants?

Scientists and practitioners work hard to breed crops that are more resilient; manage pests that cause plant diseases; improve the health of soils; produce flavorful fruits, vegetables and grains; restore damaged ecosystems; and understand the underlying principles of how plants develop, grow, reproduce and evolve.

Do you have to declare concentration in plant science?

All students who major in Plant Sciences must declare a concentration. This will provide a more focused approach to coursework with the aim of honing marketable skills for immediate post-graduation employment or transition to graduate or professional study.

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use. Food is the most basic human need.

Who was the first scientist to study agriculture?

The scientific approach was inaugurated in 1840 by Justus von Liebig of Darmstadt, Germany. His classic work, Die organische Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Agrikulturchemie und Physiologie (1840; Organic Chemistry in Its Applications to Agriculture and Physiology ), launched the systematic development of the agricultural sciences. In Europe, a system of agricultural education soon developed that comprised secondary and postsecondary instruction. The old empirical-training centres were replaced by agricultural schools throughout Europe and North America. Under Liebig’s continuing influence, academic agriculture came to concentrate on the natural sciences.

What did the USDA do in the early 21st century?

In the early 21st century the USDA had a number of grants to promote agricultural education at all grade levels, and many major universities, both private and public, continued to offer programs in agricultural sciences.

What act established the state colleges of agriculture?

These institutions have served as models for colleges established in many nations. In 1887 Congress passed the Hatch Act, which provided for necessary basic and applied agricultural research to be conducted by the state colleges of agriculture in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Did the agricultural sciences gain a place in the academic structure?

Although much was written about agriculture during the Middle Ages, the agricultural sciences did not then gain a place in the academic structure.

What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.

Where did agriculture originate?

The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.

How many acres of corn do farmers plant?

U.S. industrial farmers may plant a thousand acres of just corn. The practice of specializing in a single crop is known as monoculture.

How big was the average farm in 2007?

The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.

How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.

What was the system of planting used by medieval farmers?

Many medieval European farmers used an open-field system of planting. One field would be planted in spring, another in autumn, and one would be left unplanted, or fallow. This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production.

How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?

Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.

What is soil science?

Soil Scientist: studies all aspects of earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological and fertility properties; and how these properties relate to the use and sustainable management of soils. Click here for more about this career.

What is a plant breeder?

Plant Breeder/Geneticist: an expert that changes plant traits in order to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding can be accomplished through different techniques ranging from cross-breeding plants with desirable characteristics to modern biotechnology through genetic Click here for more about this career.

What is an agricultural rural development specialist?

Agricultural Rural Development Specialist: often an agronomist by training, who focuses on training farmers in developing countries on good agricultural practices, Integrated Pest Management and the responsible use of crop protection products.

Why do we study plant science?

Studying plant science can help you gain the knowledge and experience needed to work in a range of fields, including roles that allow you to remain hands-on with plant life and opportunities that involve researching different types of plants. Plant science includes botany, which studies the growth and characteristics of various plants, …

What is the job of a plant scientist?

Primary duties: A professor of plant science teaches the topics related to this focus of science to college students, typically in the botany or biology department . They may create lesson plans, give lectures, conduct and grade examinations, assign coursework and work directly with students. Depending on the course, field …

What is the job of an agronomist?

Primary duties: An agronomist is responsible for managing soil management and control and crop management , which are the key areas in the production and growth of food. Agronomists study plants, seeds, soil and products to better understand the needs of different types of crops.

How much does a soil scientist make?

Soil scientist. National average salary: $65,160 per year according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Primary duties: A soil scientist is responsible for researching and studying the characteristics of soil and applying their findings to determine the proper use capabilities of soil in different areas of the world.

What is the job of an environmental scientist?

Primary duties: An environmental scientist is responsible for managing and protecting the environment and problems that threaten it, including pollution. Environmental scientists collect and aggregate data from air, food, water and soil samples, analyze the samples to identify environmental threats and concerns and develop plans to manage those threats. They may also present their findings to governmental agencies and private organizations.

What is a landscape designer?

Primary duties: A landscape designer, also called a landscape architect , is responsible for designing functional and attractive landscaping elements for a piece of property. They can work with residential property owners to design beautiful yards, as well as commercial clients to design public parks, school campuses, gardens and other public spaces. Landscape designers must plan where to place various plants, shrubs, flowers and trees, balancing aesthetic appeal with the needs of the plants and where they will thrive.

How much does a plant engineer make?

Plant engineer. National average salary: $90,684 per year. Primary duties: A plant engineer is responsible for studying the management, physiology and breeding of crops and applying their findings to develop crops that are more resistant to threats, such as pests and unfavorable climate conditions.


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