What is protected agriculture

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Protected agriculture – the cultivation of high-value vegetables and other horticultural crops in greenhouses – allows farmers to grow cash crops on small plots in marginal, water-deficient areas where traditional cropping is not viable.

Protected agriculture refers to the use of technology to modify the natural environment of vegetable crops in order to extend their growing season and produce higher yields.Dec 14, 2020

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Answer

What is protected farming and how does it work?

Protected farming is associated with uniform, healthy and disease-free plant material. This planting material presents better hardening and enhanced germination percentages. That is because disease-free, clean and inert substrate is used all through the world to produce greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes.

What is protected cultivation for crops?

Crops grown in protected cultivation are usually trained as single stem cordons as this ensures that the young leaves with the highest photosynthetic potential are always in the most favorable light environment.

What are the protected technologies in agriculture?

Protected technologies such as surface cover applications liked soil solarization, plastic mulches, growing media, planter, low tunnels, high tunnel / walk in tunnels, shade net house, polyhouse, insect net house, fertigation, use of automation, tree guards, nets, fencing nets etc.

What is protected cropping and how does it work?

You basically submerge the roots in the water directly in a growth medium. Protected cropping is a type of CEA. In this method, you can grow crops outdoors with protection against elements like canopies, tunnel houses, and beneath hoop houses.

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What is the meaning of protected agriculture?

Protected agriculture – the cultivation of high-value vegetables and other horticultural crops in greenhouses – allows farmers to grow cash crops on small plots in marginal, water-deficient areas where traditional cropping is not viable.


What are the disadvantages of protected cultivation?

Disadvantages of protected farming All the types of crops are not possible to grow. Due to the less evaporation of water, water will be conserved. The amount of sunlight reached to the plants will be reduced due to it nematode named disease caused to the plants.


What is greenhouse in protected cultivation?

Protected Cultivation – Greenhouse & Shadenet House. Greenhouse is framed structures covered with UV stabilized plastic films in which crops are grown under partially or controlled environment conditions.


What is secondary agriculture?

Cleaning, sorting and grading of agri-produce to make it saleable, bee keeping, mushroom cultivation, backyard poultry, dairying and sheep rearing — in short, activities that utilise the spare time of the family also qualify as secondary agriculture.


Why protected agriculture is important?

Faced with the limitations of agricultural land, decreasing crop production, climate change and declining biodiversity, and ever increasing population which has led to quadrupling demand for food, protected agriculture has offered a new dimension to produce more in a limited area.


Can you grow all crop varieties under protected cultivation?

The major crops grown under protected structures include — floriculture crops like rose, gerbera, carnation, anthurium, lilium, orchids, chrysanthemum, etc., and the vegetable crops like tomato, yellow and red bell peppers (from the capsicum family), cucumber, leafy and exotic vegetables, etc.


Is polyhouse and greenhouse same?

Polyhouse is a type of greenhouse or we can say that it is a smaller version of greenhouse, where polyethylene is used as the cover. In developing countries like India, polyhouse farming is a popular greenhouse technology due to its low cost of construction and easy maintenance.


What is protected structure?

A protected structure is a structure that a planning authority considers to be of special interest from an architectural, historical, archaeological, artistic, cultural, scientific, social or technical point of view.


What is protected vegetable cultivation?

Protected cultivation is a process of growing plants in a controlled environment. This means that the temperature, humidity, light, and other factors can be regulated as per the requirement of the crop. Then, this assists in healthier and larger produce.


What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.


What is tertiary agriculture?

Secondary agricultural goods are treated products and preparations from primary agricultural goods. Together, these form the main definition of agricultural goods. Tertiary agricultural goods are agriculture-related goods which are used in the various farming sectors. They are not included in the main definition.


What are the 7 sectors in agriculture?

Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food service and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.


What is protected agriculture?

Protected Agriculture means use of intermediate technologies and tools to create micro environment to harness light, air, water and nutrients optimally to achieve per unit maximum yield with enhanced quality. Protected technologies such as surface cover applications liked soil solarization, plastic mulches, growing media, planter, low tunnels, high tunnel / walk in tunnels, shade net house, polyhouse, insect net house, fertigation, use of automation, tree guards, nets, fencing nets etc. These technologies create favourable micro environment for plant growth. It protects plants from harsh weather conditions, wind, animals, birds, snow, hails, disease / pest incidences etc. As plant is given optimum growing environment through technologies / applications thus it enhances its growth, onsets of flower, fruits to achieve potential yield along with quality in crops. It also allows soilless cultivation, hydroponic and aeroponic methods of cultivation.


What is protected cultivation?

Growing/Cultivation of crops in a protected/Closed area is known as protected cultivation. Protection in case of External factors like Sunlight,Wind,Rainfall,Pest and disease.


How long can you keep tomato plants?

1.Increase the crop duration (eg: Tomato in conventional farming we can maintain the crops upto 4 months but in protected cultivation we can maintain upto 9 months).


What is the main determining factor in Protected Agriculture?

The main determining factor in Protected Agriculture is growing the plants under a prescribed microclimate. This is made possible via growing the crops in huge polyhouses and green houses.


What is the role of food grains in the economy?

Internal trade in food-grains and other agricultural products helps in the expansion of service sector.


What caused agriculture and civilisation in general?

Agriculture and civilisation in general (that is, concentrated localized groups of stationary people) was caused by GEOGRAPHY.


Why do people stay around a place they’ve thoroughly foraged?

When people HAVE to stay around a place they’ve thoroughly foraged, they are likely to finally notice that more food starts growing wherever they threw their waste materials. And as soon as they worked out why that happened, they switched to organizing how they “threw things away,” so that they could purposely have the food they wanted, when they wanted it.


What is the shift in industrialized countries toward restricting the use of broad-spectrum pesticides?

In recent years, a shift in industrialized countries toward restricting the use of broad-spectrum pesticides has manifested itself most strongly in interior plantscapes, severely limiting the pest control options available to their managers. In the USA, the chemical re-registration process is forcing manufacturers to re-evaluate the profitability and liability associated with the use of broad-spectrum pesticides in these most public of all horticultural settings. Growing public concern about the dangers of pesticide exposure, the nearly continuous human presence in interior plantscapes, and the relative political and economic impotence of the interior plantscape community (when compared with their agricultural and structural pest control counterparts) combine to make it unlikely that this trend will change significantly in the near term.


How are interior plantscapes different from other crops?

Differences of Interior Plantscapes from Other Crops Under Protected Cultivation. Interior plantscapes differ from other forms of protected cultivation in several fundamental ways. Interior plantscapes are usually perennial systems, planted to last for years or even decades. While portions of an interior plantscape may be dedicated …


Why are parasitic nematodes important in tomato plants?

Plant parasitic nematodes are a major constraint in protected cultivation of tomato due to crop susceptibility, a favorable environment (especially temperature, moisture, and relative humidity), lack of awareness of nematode problems among growers, and nematode interactions with other microbes.


What is interior plantscape?

Interior plantscapes, on the other hand, are managed with an eye towards aesthetic values, maintaining a pleasant ambience, and keeping healthy plants from outgrowing their allotted space. The comfort of humans is of major and, often, of primary concern. Temperature, humidity, light levels, etc., are all adjusted downward.


Do plantscapes have pests?

Interior plantscapes tend to have higher pest tolerance levels than do production glasshouse crops. Vegetables and flowers must ‘appear’ perfect to the consumer. Conversely, low levels of pest species in interior plantscapes may never be noticed by most observers and pest damage can be outgrown.


What is protected agriculture?

Protected agriculture also known as Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) this may be defined as a mixture of engineering technology, plant science, and management of control technologies used to optimize plant growing systems, plant quality, and production efficiency. This systems maintain stable plant environment conditions including temperature, light, and air movement as well


Why is industrial farming important?

This way of production is necessary because it’s a more efficient way to feed people. The world population is rapidly growing, and a problem that might be faced is a way to keep the world properly fed. Industrial farming is a way to “keep pace with a rapidly growing global production”. The question often asked is why industrial farming become so popular has. There are many reasons; one of the main reasons is that it’s inexpensive “with the use of factory farms, the prices of foods have drastically dropped.” (“Green Garage,”2015) The main effect for this decrease is that foods are being processed and produced at a faster rate by employing quicker, more efficient processes.


How does selective breeding affect food production?

In what way?in plants These methods of selective breeding can potentially positively influence world food production in these ways improved quality of seed grains, increased levels of proteins in forage crops. It is also beneficial by helping the plants to be more resilient to insects and disease. They are also making them to have a capacity to grow on lands that are not suitable for them to grow in which can be a benefit and that way you can get more food and a variety of different plants even if it is in a land which can’t suit them. This show that it helps people ● What is the purpose of selective breeding?The purpose of selective breeding is to develop livestock whose desirable traits have strong heritable components and can therefore be propagated. ● What are the pros and cons to genetic engineering?Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering.


What is inorganic fertilizer?

Inorganic fertilizer, also called as synthetic fertilizer, is manufactured artificially and contains minerals or synthetic chemicals and it is which help a plant to grow faster. Effective use of Inorganic Fertilizers Effectiveness in using these chemicals has good and bad effects on the environment especially on the health of a human being. Fertilizer has turn into essential to modern agriculture to feed the growing population. Use of fertilizers, especially, the chemical fertilizers has brought in blessings on humanity, which helped contain hunger and death in changed corners of the world.


Why are genetically modified animals more environmentally friendly?

In addition, genetically modified animals are more environmentally friendly because they conserve water, soil, and energy. They are more capable of thriving in regions with poor soil or adverse climates. And, the food are more resistant and stay ripe for longer and they can be shipped long distances and kept on shop shelves for longer periods. As a result, food suppliers are willing to produce genetically modified food that are seems more healthy and sustainable than the traditional


Is backyard gardening good for you?

Home gardening is gaining popularity in the United States, where renewed interest in self-sufficiency and green living has become widespread. Backyard fruit and vegetable gardens are part of a larger shift toward ecological consciousness and bioregional cuisine. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) encourages the use of home gardens and provides resources that enable success. However, despite its benefits, backyard gardening is also associated with many drawbacks Nutrition: The nutritional value of food is largely a function of its vitamin and mineral content. In this regard, organically grown food is dramatically superior in mineral content to that grown by modern conventional methods.


When was agriculture first protected?

The growing of off – season cucumbers under transparent stone for Emperor Tiberius in the 1st century, is the earliest reported protected agriculture. The technology was rarely employed during the next 1500 years. In the 16th century, glass lanterns, bell jars and hot beds covered with glass were used to protect horticultural crops against cold. In the 17th century, low


What is greenhouse agriculture?

Greenhouse is the most practical method of achieving the objectives of protected agriculture, where the natural environment is modified by using sound engineering principles to achieve optimum plant growth and yields.


How are greenhouses classified?

Greenhouses can be classified based on their shape or style. For the purpose of classification, the uniqueness of the cross section of the greenhouses can be considered as a factor. As the longitudinal section tend to be approximately the same for all types, the longitudinal section of the greenhouse cannot be used for classification. The cross sections depict the width and height of the structure and the length is perpendicular to the plane of cross section. Also, the cross section provides information on the overall shape of the structural members, such as truss or hoop, which will be repeated on every day. The commonly followed types of greenhouse based on shape are lean-to, even span, uneven span, ridge and furrow, saw tooth and quonset.


What is a greenhouse?

A greenhouse is a framed or an inflated structure covered with a transparent or translucent material in which crops could be grown under the conditions of at least partially controlled environment and which is large enough to permit persons to work within it to carry out cultural operations.


How many crops can be grown in a green house?

1. Throughout the year four to five crops can be grown in a green house due to availability of required plant environmental conditions. 2. The productivity of the crop is increased considerably.


When were straw mats used in Japan?

In Japan, primitive methods using oil -paper and straw mats to protect crops from the severe natural environment were used as long ago the early 1960s. Greenhouses in France and England during the same century were heated by manure and covered with glass panes.


Why is protected cultivation growing?

The trend of protected cultivation is continuously expanding because of it’s:-. Increased productivity per unit input and land, Improved product quality, Water-use efficiency, Reduced use of pesticides, Disease control, Countries like Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Spain. Together, they formed a network to enhance inter-country …


Which countries have disease control?

Disease control, Countries like Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Spain. Together, they formed a network to enhance inter-country cooperation for the improvement of production and protected cultivation technology.


Why is protected farming important?

Protected farming is associated with uniform, healthy and disease-free plant material. This planting material presents better hardening and enhanced germination percentages. That is because disease-free, clean and inert substrate is used all through the world to produce greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes. You can be completely assured of genetically better transplants that are free of diseases.


What is protected cropping?

Protected cropping is a type of CEA. In this method, you can grow crops outdoors with protection against elements like canopies, tunnel houses, and beneath hoop houses.


How does protected cultivation help plants?

Grow medicinal and rare plants. Protected cultivation lets you modify the natural environment thus you can achieve optimum growth of plants. You can make modifications both in the root and aerial environment hence the crop yields increase.


What is vertical farming?

Vertical Farming. A crop production technique that makes use of vertical space is called vertical farming. You can stack the plants in tall towers or horizontally. This farming style is excellent for small spaces like high-density spaces and shipping containers as you require less land for cultivation.


What is controlled environment agriculture?

Therefore, coming straight to the point CEA or controlled environment agriculture is producing plants in a protected environment. This protected environment will optimal conditions of growth maintained throughout the plant’s life cycle.


What are the factors that affect the frame of a protected cultivation?

These include chemical and physical deterioration, climate moisture, soil, snow, rain and wind.


How much productivity can you have with protected cultivation?

Fact to know: with protected cultivation you can have 25-100 percent productivity. And, in some cases, even more. 7. Minimum infestation by weeds and efficient use of water. Protected cultivation prevents the growth of weeds as you control the temperature conditions by using several structures.

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