What is ration in agriculture

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Ration A ration is the quantity and quality of feed given to a farm animal. A balanced ration contains all the essential nutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fats, minerals and vitamins) in the correct proportions and quantities for growth and development. Click to see full answer.

A ration is the amount of feed an animal receives in a 24-hour period. A balanced ration is the amount of feed that will supply the proper amount and proportions of nutrients needed for an animal to perform a specific purpose such as growth, maintenance, lactation or gestation.

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What are the types of rations in agriculture?

Maintenance ration. This is the type of ration given to farm animal just to maintain normal functioning of the body system. The ration enables the animal to maintain its body weight but, it cannot be used for production purposes, e.g. straw, hay that are given to remunerate animals during dry season. Production ration.

What is Ration ration?

Topic: Ration Ration Ration is the total supply of feed given to an animal in a period of twenty–four hours. In other words, ration is the amount of food taken by an animal per day while diet is the amount of feed regularly given to a consumed by an animal. Types of Ration There are different types of ration, they are; Maintenance ration

What is ration in animal feed?

Ration is the total supply of feed given to an animal in a period of twenty–four hours. In other words, ration is the amount of food taken by an animal per day while diet is the amount of feed regularly given to a consumed by an animal. Types of Ration

What is maintenance ration in agriculture?

Maintenance ration This is the type of ration given to farm animal just to maintain normal functioning of the body system. The ration enables the animal to maintain its body weight but, it cannot be used for production purposes, e.g. straw, hay that are given to remunerate animals during dry season.

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What are the types of rations?

(i) Balanced Ration: This is the feed that contains all the essential nutrients in the correct amount and adequate proportion for feeding animals, to meet the requirement of the farm animals. (ii) Maintenance Ration: This is the type of ration given to farm animals to maintain the basic metabolic functions of the body.


What are the 3 types of ration in agriculture?

Production rationHatching animals; for milk production.Pregnant animals; for growing of foetus.Fathering animals; for extra addition of meat or flesh.Broilers; for rapid growth.Layers: for production of more egg, etc.Weaning ration.


Is ration a diet?

As nouns the difference between diet and ration is that diet is (senseid)the food and beverage a person or animal consumes while ration is a portion designated to a person or group.


What is production ration?

– Production ration is given to farm animals to enable them produce either egg, meat, milk, offspring, hair/fur/wool/work. – The amount of feed given to a growing, working or producing animal over/above its maintenance needs.


What are rations made of?

In 1922, the Meat Ration was revised, consisting of one pound of meat (usually a combination of dried beef and canned corned beef). This was supplemented by hard chocolate, 14 ounces of hard bread or hardtack biscuits, coffee, and sugar.


What is ration and balanced ration?

A ration is the amount of feed an animal receives in a 24-hour period. A balanced ration is the amount of feed that will supply the proper amount and proportions of nutrients needed for an animal to perform a specific purpose such as growth, maintenance, lactation or gestation.


What is livestock ration?

Definition of Ration Ration is the total amount of feed which is provided to an animal over a 24 hour period. It is the amount of feed taken an animal per day.


What is cattle ration?

A medium protein grain mixture is most suitable when milk is fed freely. A grain mixture of oats – 35 percent, linseed cake – 5 percent, bran – 30 percent, barley – 10 percent, groundnut cake – 20 percent may be fed to the calves. Another good mixture consists of ground maize – 2 parts, wheat bran – 2parts.


What rationing meaning?

Rationing is the limiting of goods or services that are in high demand and short supply. It is often undertaken by governments as a way of mitigating the impact of scarcity and dealing with economic challenges.


What are the four classes of ration?

(1) Basal /Energy feeds or Carbohydrate concentrates: (i) high in carbohydrates or fats (energy). (ii) low in protein. (iii) low in fibre. (iv).


What is malnutrition in agriculture?

Malnutrition may be the result of several conditions. First, sufficient and proper food may not be available, because of inadequate agricultural processes, imperfect distribution of food, or certain social problems such as poverty or alcoholism.


What is the importance of production ration?

A balanced ration should provide protein, energy, minerals and vitamins from dry fodders, green fodders, concentrates, mineral supplements etc., in appropriate quantities to enable the animal to perform optimally and remain healthy.


What are C-Rations and K rations?

K-Rations were lighter than C-Rations, and three meals a day netted only 2,830 calories. Soldiers complained about the taste and lack of calories, and so entrepreneurial leaders often found supplements such as rice, bread and C-Rations. K-Rations were discontinued at the end of World War II.


What does K-ration stand for?

Some believed the K-ration was named after Dr. Keys or was short for “Commando” (as elite troops were the first to receive it). However, the letter “K” was selected because it was phonetically distinct from other letter-name rations.


What were the C ration meals?

In the initial Type C ration, there were only three variations of the main course: meat and beans, meat and potato hash, or meat and vegetable stew. Also issued was one bread-and-dessert can, or B-unit.


What is the difference between maintenance ration and production ration?

Maintenance ration are fed to non-productive animals. (ii) Production ration: This supplies animals with nutrients in excess of those needed for maintenance. The excess nutrients are thus used for productive purposes such as meat, egg and milk production.


What is a production ration?

Production ration. This is the type of ration given to farm animals to enable them to produce. Categories of farm animals that require production rations include: Hatching animals; for milk production. Pregnant animals; for growing of foetus. Fathering animals; for extra addition of meat or flesh. Broilers; for rapid growth.


When formulating ration for farm animals, what should be considered?

When formulating ration for farm animals the following principles should be considered; The physiological state of the animal. The availability of the feed stuff. The composition of the nutrient. The age of the animal. The familiarity of the feed to animal. The cost of the feed stuff.


What is the difference between diet and ration?

In other words, ration is the amount of food taken by an animal per day while diet is the amount of feed regularly given to a consumed by an animal.


What is maintenance ration?

Maintenance ration. This is the type of ration given to farm animal just to maintain normal functioning of the body system. The ration enables the animal to maintain its body weight but, it cannot be used for production purposes, e.g. straw, hay that are given to remunerate animals during dry season. Production ration.


What is the difference between a maintenance ration and a production ration?

what is the difference between maintenance ration and production ration? Maintenance ration The ration enables the animal to maintain its body weight but, it cannot be used for production purposes, e.g. straw, hay that are given to remunerate animals during dry season.


What is maintenance ration?

Maintenance ration is the daily feed allowance per animal in correct amount and proportion meant to maintain the animals life without increasing or decreasing in weight.


What does balanced mean in animal nutrition?

The animal receiving the ration will neither lose nor gain weight. ‘Balanced’ means that the proportion of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the ration is correct.


How much maize is used in Zambia?

Current annual maize use in the livestock feed industry, together with common international feed formulations, suggest that Zambia’s feed industry could absorb on the order of 90,000–150,000 tons of fresh cassava per year.


What happens when you feed livestock more lysine?

For example, when livestock are fed with more lysine (amino acid) than their body needs in a given day (i.e., the animal’s body can only utilize the essential amino acids in precise amounts/ratios of their daily diet), that excess lysine is metabolized to nitrogen-laden urea and then excreted in the animal’s urine.


What are the losses of vitamin in finished feed?

Vitamin losses from finished feeds are usually greater than those of individual feedstuffs. Finished feeds are supplemented with essential trace elements, some of which (Cu 2+, Fe 3+) can act as catalytic centers of oxidation reactions leading to vitamin destruction.


What are the storage losses that can occur in particular feedstuffs?

The storage losses that can occur in particular feedstuffs are dependent on the conditions of temperature and moisture during storage; heat and humidity enhance oxidation reactions of several of the vitamins (vitamins A and E, thiamin, riboflavin, and biotin).


Diet 1

Diet 1 has been formulated to meet the requirements for starting 600-pound Angus-based steers and feeding until finish weight. Diet 1 is an attempt to depict a free-choice hay scenario with separate grain feeding.


Diet 2

Diet 2 has been formulated to meet the requirements for starting 600-pound Angus-based steers and feeding until finish weight.


Diet 3

Diet 3 has been formulated to meet the requirements for starting 600-pound Angus-based steers and feeding until finish weight. This diet assumes feeding corn silage at 40 percent (DM basis) of the diet along with corn, unroasted soybeans, limestone, and a commercial vitamin and mineral mix.


Diet 4

Similar to the previous scenarios, diet 4 has been formulated to meet the requirements for starting 600-pound Angus-based steers and feeding until finish weight. This diet also utilizes home-raised corn silage, like diet 3.


Growth Performance Predictions and Economic Analyses

Feeding programs are split into two stages to better estimate economics. The first stage targets growing steers from 600 to 800 pounds that will consume less feed on a daily basis. These cattle will require a greater proportion of protein in the diet simply because they are eating less.


Conclusion

There are many different feeding strategies available for beef cattle producers. If you are finishing cattle, considering the NEg needed for growth and the economics of achieving that growth will go a long way toward the goal of profiting from finishing cattle. On the right diet, cattle feeding scenarios can be profitable.


Reference

FASS (Federation of Animal Science Societies). 2010. Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching. 3rd ed. Consortium for developing a guide for the care and use of agricultural animals in agricultural research and teaching, Champaign, Ill.


What is the C:N ratio of alfalfa hay?

Residues differ as to their C:N ratio. Mature alfalfa hay has nearly the perfect balance that soil microorganisms love with a 25:1 C:N ratio. Microbes consume it quickly and leave little excess C or N.


What crops can be grown with a low C:N ratio?

For example, a low C:N ratio cover crop containing legumes (pea, lentil, cowpea, soybean, sunn hemp, or clovers) and/or brassicas (turnip, radish, canola, rape, or mustard) can follow a high C:N ratio crop like corn or wheat. This can help residues decompose while enhancing nutrient availability for the next crop.


What is the ratio of hairy vetch to C:N?

On the other hand, microbes rapidly devour a low C:N ratio crop like hairy vetch (11:1 C:N ratio) similar to the way most humans would quickly devour chocolate cake. Unfortunately for us, chocolate cake has little nutritional benefit. It’s that same way with hairy vetch residue cover.


What is the ratio of carbon to nitrogen in soil?

That’s akin to microbes purring in soils with a carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio of 24:1 . (24 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen). Under these optimum conditions, soil microbes can spur release of nutrients like N, phosphorous and zinc to crops. Meanwhile, this ratio influences the amount of soil-protecting residue cover that remains on the soil.


What is the C:N ratio of wheat straw?

Microbes consume it quickly and leave little excess C or N. There are C:N ratio extremes for feedstuffs. On one side, wheat straw has a C:N ratio of 80:1. On the other extreme is hairy vetch with a C:N ratio of 11:1.


What is needed for soil?

What’s needed for your soil is a microbe’s version of a well-balanced meal for you: dairy, fruits, vegetables, grains, and meats and beans. That’s what you can get by adding cover crops to a cash crop rotation.


Is wheat good for microbes?

To a microbe, eating surface-covering wheat residue with its high C:N ratio of 80:1 mimics you when you chow down on celery. It’s good for you, but takes a while to eat. Although the wheat covers the ground, it also creates a temporary deficit of N.

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