- 1 What does roguing mean in agriculture?
- 2 What is rouging and where is it found?
- 3 What is the importance of rouging in certified seed production?
- 4 What is the importance of roguing in plant breeding?
- 5 What is mean by Rouging in agriculture?
- 6 What is the importance of Rouging?
- 7 What is Rouging in plant pathology?
- 8 What is the meaning of rogueing?
- 9 What is pricking in agriculture?
- 10 What is dressing seed?
- 11 Why is roguing done in seed production?
- 12 What is breeder seed?
- 13 What is mulching in agriculture?
- 14 What is isolation in seed production?
- 15 What is off type plant?
- 16 What is Rouging in Certified Seed Production?
- 17 Why is rouging important in rice?
- 18 When should rouging be continued?
- 19 How long does a volunteer plant last in MS?
- 20 What are off types in seed production?
- 21 What are the sources of off type plants?
- 22 What is the rouging phenomenon?
- 23 What is rouging in welding?
- 24 What is a class 1 corrosion?
- 25 What is rouging in hot water?
- 26 What is class 3 iron oxide?
- 27 Why perform electropolishing?
- 28 What is rouge in water?
- 29 What happens to the protective layer of a system when the temperature increases?
- 30 What is the corrosion effect of stainless steel?
- 31 Is stainless steel safe from rouge?
- 32 What is the process of removing the top part of a corn plant?
- 33 What is a rogue corn?
- 34 How many people are in the Midwestern ritual?
- 35 What is the problem with rogue corn?
Text lesson in English ( You can convert into any language by using language selection at top)
- Rouging is required for seed production.
- It is a process of removal of weak, undesirable, diseased or abnormal plants from the field.
- In order to maintain the genetic purity, seed crop should be isolated from other crops of other varieties.
- Rouging at all stages of the crop in the field is an essential requirement. They are easy to identify. …
What does roguing mean in agriculture?
· In agriculture, roguing refers to the act of identifying and removing plants with undesirable characteristics from agricultural fields. Roguing is particularly important when growing seed crops to prevent plants with undesirable characteristics from propagating into subsequent generations.
What is rouging and where is it found?
In agriculture, roguing refers to the act of identifying and removing plants with undesirable characteristics from agricultural fields. Rogues are removed from the fields to preserve the quality of the crop being grown. That is, the plants being removed may be diseased, be of an unwanted variety, or undesirable for other reasons.
What is the importance of rouging in certified seed production?
The rouge is considered as a product of corrosion phenomenon of iron which leads to ‘ferrite’. Rouge is consists of a mixture of iron oxides and hydroxides. The metallurgical specialists …
What is the importance of roguing in plant breeding?
· What Does Rouging Mean? Rouging is corrosion that occurs in metals like stainless steel. It occurs due to stainless steel surface iron contamination. It can be brought …
What is mean by Rouging in agriculture?
Roguing; rogueing. Domain: Agriculture. Definition: The systematic removal from the seed production field of off-types, plants of another crop or variety and diseased plants.; The process of removing by hand plants of the variety grown for seed that do not appear healthy or sufficiently characteristic.
What is the importance of Rouging?
Rouging is the removal of plants which are off type that is phenotypically different from the plants of the variety under production. It is an important aspect in seed production and is necessary to prevent out-crossing and mechanical mixtures.
What is Rouging in plant pathology?
When used as a verb, to rogue means to get rid of items that don’t conform to a certain standard. In plant pathology, the word rogue is used to describe a technique whereby diseased plants are removed or rogued to slow the spread of disease.
What is the meaning of rogueing?
rogued; roguing or rogueing. Definition of rogue (Entry 3 of 3) intransitive verb. : to weed out inferior, diseased, or nontypical individuals from a crop plant or a field.
What is pricking in agriculture?
‘Pricking out’ your seedlings is a term that means transplanting them. The reason you have to do this is to help your plant move on from ‘seed’ stage to ‘growing on’ stage, where it will require a bigger pot or cell.
What is dressing seed?
Seed dressing is the process of treating seeds with antifungal or antimicrobial chemicals prior to sowing them.
Why is roguing done in seed production?
Roguing is particularly important when growing seed crops to prevent plants with undesirable characteristics from propagating into subsequent generations.
What is breeder seed?
Answer 1: Breeder seed: Breeder seed is seed or vegetative propagating material directly controlled by the originating or sponsoring plant breeder of the breeding programme or institution and/ or seed whose production is personally supervised by a qualified plant breeder and which provides the source for the initial …
What is mulching in agriculture?
Mulching is the addition of undecomposed plant materials such as straw, hay, or processors’ refuse to the soil under the plants. In orchards, mulching materials are most often applied under trees maintained in permanent sod.
What is isolation in seed production?
Isolation. The crop raised for seed production should be separated from other fields of the same crop species by a minimum distance, which varies from one crop to the other. This distance is known as isolation distance.
What is off type plant?
“Off-type” means any seed or plant not a part of the variety in that it deviates in one or more characteristics from the variety as described and may include, seeds or plants of other varieties; seeds or plants not necessarily any variety; seed or plants resulting from cross-pollination by other kinds or varieties; …
What is Rouging in Certified Seed Production?
Rouging in Certified Seed Production The most important object of the seed production is to maintain genetic purity of the variety or hybrids seed plot. For this purposes it is necessary to follow rouging vigorously.
Why is rouging important in rice?
Rouging during rice seed production OBJECTIVE: To understand the importance of rouging to maintain genetic purity. Rouging is the removal of all off-types or mixtures of plants. Rouging in any seed production plot is extremely important to prevent pollen from off-type plants causing irreparable damage to the crop through cross-pollination.
When should rouging be continued?
Rouging should be continued during seed development stage and before harvesting for removing visibly distinct off types other crop plants and diseased plants. Post flowering rouging is admissible in seed production of self-pollinated crops.
How long does a volunteer plant last in MS?
Similarly, volunteer plants, other crop plants, weed plants should also be checked. During flowering period which lasts for 15 to 30 days rouging should be carried more critically and all off types, volunteer plants, and pollen shedders in MS lines should be removed before shed pollens.
What are off types in seed production?
Plants with heterogeneous characters in a seed production plot are off-types. Sources of off-types are: Volunteer plants from a previous crop Natural out-crossing, or mutation Minor genetic variation in the seed used. 5. Developmental variation, and Mechanical mixtures during postharvest of the seed creation.
What are the sources of off type plants?
Major Sources of Off- type Plant There are three main sources of off- type 1) The off-type plant may be arising due to presence of recessive genes in heterozygous condition at the time of release of variety. (The recessive genes may also arise by mutation).
What is the rouging phenomenon?
The exact explanation for the rouging phenomenon is not yet clearly understood, but it is possibly the outcome of momentary destabilization within the passive surface. One theory connects rouging to the interaction of passive layers that are rich in chromium with water.
What is rouging in welding?
Definition – What does Rouging mean? Rouging is corrosion that occurs in metals like stainless steel. It occurs due to stainless steel surface iron contamination. It can be brought about by welding on materials other than stainless steel for temporary means, such as for support columns.
What is a class 1 corrosion?
Corrosionpedia explains Rouging. Class 1 – The surface of the stainless steel and the ratio of iron and chromium on the surface underneath the deposits typically remain unchanged. Class 2 – Iron particles originate on inappropriate passivated or unpassivated surface of stainless steels.
What is rouging in hot water?
Rouging mostly occurs in hot water systems with high purity and may take the appearance of a thin black or red slimy or powdery deposit. The exact mechanism that causes rouging is not completely understood. However, it is related to passive layer destabilization.
What is class 3 iron oxide?
Class 3 – Iron oxides build up on high-temperature surfaces. In this, the ratio of iron and chromium is usually modified.
Why perform electropolishing?
Perform electro-polishing to reduce the incidence of rouging.
What is rouge in water?
Rouge must not be overlooked…. In water systems, it generally takes the form of a red to reddish-brown coating which forms or settles on the inside of the pipes. Sometimes, though, rouge appears “all dressed in black” – as may happen in pure steam systems, for example.
What happens to the protective layer of a system when the temperature increases?
The protective passive layer is in a dynamic chemical equilibrium. Higher temperatures lead to increased formation of iron oxide at the cost of the chromium oxide component, and this disrupts the chemical equilibrium of the passive layer.
What is the corrosion effect of stainless steel?
The typical product of this corrosion (reddish particles with a rich iron oxide content) is called the rouging effect, after the appearance of the surface.
Is stainless steel safe from rouge?
One thing is certain: stainless pipe systems and process systems are not safe from rouge– “stainless” does not mean protection against rouge. The effects of rouge…. Rouge is only slightly bonded to the metal surface, so it can detach and be carried along in the system in the form of particles.
What is the process of removing the top part of a corn plant?
Detasseling is the process of removing the top part of a corn plant, the tassel, so that the plant cannot pollinate itself. The task of pollination is done by another type of corn grown for that sole purpose. The result is a superior breed of corn that has genetic characteristics of both the pollinating and detasse led corn plants.
What is a rogue corn?
Here’s some background on the whys and hows of roguing: When seed corn is planted, some of the seeds, a very low percentage, are undesired. The undesired corn plants are called rogue corn. Roguers are the folks who chop or dig out the undesired corn.
How many people are in the Midwestern ritual?
In an average summer about 100,000 people, mostly students, join in what might be called a Midwestern ritual. The annual call for roguers and detasselers has been made for some seventy years-no machine or assembly line has replaced it. And if you’re from the corn belt, chances are you’ve rogued or detasseled or know someone who has.
What is the problem with rogue corn?
What’s the problem with rogue corn? If the rogue corn is allowed to mature, it will contaminate (pollinate) the hybrid corn. Roguers are told how to spot the unhelpful corn and eliminate it.