What is seeding in agriculture


Seeding is defined as the amount of seed of an individual species that’s needed to achieve an adequate stand. This is expressed in pure live seed (PLS) pounds per acre and is based on

Seeding means the sowing of seed and placement of seedlings to produce farm or forest crops and includes the placement of soil beds for seeds or seedlings on established farm and forest lands.


How long is seeding supposed to take?

There is a simple answer to this question: you should probably seed as long as you can, and if possible, forever. As long as the content you are seeding is of interest to internet users, it is worth sharing it. As we mentioned earlier, the preferable seeding ratio should be one-to-one.

What to do you mean by seeding?

Seeding means sharing a file (s) with other peers. After a torrent job finishes downloading, you are highly encouraged to leave the torrent job seeding. Although the length of time that you should leave the file seeding is not defined, it is recommended that you share until the amount of data you upload reaches at least the same as the amount …

What does it mean when uTorrent says ‘seeding’?

What does it mean when utorrent says seeding? Seeding means sharing a file(s) with other peers.After a torrent job finishes downloading, if you leave the torrent job seeding, it uploads the file(s) to other peers so they can enjoy them too.

What does it mean when a file is seeding?

Seeding means sharing a file (s) with other peers. After a torrent job finishes downloading, if you leave the torrent job seeding, it uploads the file (s) to other peers so they can enjoy them too.


What is seeding in short answer?

A seed is the part of a seed plant which can grow into a new plant. It is a reproductive structure which disperses, and can survive for some time. A typical seed includes three basic parts: (1) an embryo, (2) a supply of nutrients for the embryo, and (3) a seed coat.

What is the method of seeding?

There are different methods of sowing such as Broadcasting, Dibbling, Drilling, Seed dropping behind the plough, Transplanting, Hill dropping and Check row planting. Broadcasting is the process of random scattering of seed on the surface of seedbeds. It can be done manually or mechanically both.

What is seeding in soil?

Seed-starting mix is a soil-less medium used for growing plants from seed. It’s a far better choice for starting seeds than standard potting soil because it’s finer and lighter, making it easier for tiny seedling roots to grow.

What is the difference between planting and seeding?

The big difference is that when “planting” large grain crops, you are precisely placing individual seeds so that individual plants are spaced apart evenly. However, when “seeding” small grain crops, you need a lot more seeds, a higher density of seed placement, and are not precisely placing seeds.

How many types of seeding are there?

A Seed is primarily of two types. The two types are: Monocotyledonous Seed. Dicotyledonous Seed.

How are seeds sown?

In agriculture, most seed is now sown using a seed drill, which offers greater precision; seed is sown evenly and at the desired rate. The drill also places the seed at a measured distance below the soil, so that less seed is required.

What is another word for seeding?

In this page you can discover 22 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for seeding, like: implanting, propagating, seeded ground, sowing, broadcasting, strewing, scattering, spreading, planting, garden and cultivated ground.

What does it mean to seed a crop?

Related Definitions Seed crops means any crop intentionally planted, managed, and grown in accordance with accepted agricultural practices on privately owned or leased land for the production of seed for future propagation, and that is harvested annually by manual or mechanical means.

Why are seeds important?

Seeds are of immense biological and economic importance. They contain high protein, starch and oil reserves that help in the early stages of growth and development in a plant. These reserves are what make many cereals and legumes major food sources for a large proportion of the world’s inhabitants.

What is difference between seed and seeding?

Seeds in actuality are the end result of a ripened ovule of seed bearing plants (gymnosperms) and flowering plants (angiosperms) that follow the fertilization process. On the other hand, a seedling is also a seed but has just sprouted. It is therefore a baby or an infant plant.

What is a tree seeding?

A seedling is a young tree and is generally defined as a tree that is less than three feet in height. A seedling tree planting is simply a tree planting event using young trees.

What is difference between seedling and germination?

Seed germination is the growth of a seed into a new plant while seedling emergence is the growth of the plumule towards the soil surface and coming out from the soil, making a shoot.

What is seed in agriculture?

Seed is technically defined as ripened ovule containing embryo. Another definition says that the seed is a living embryo which is vital and basic input for attaining sustained growth in agricultural production in different agro-climatic conditions. The embryo in the seed remains almost suspended for sometimes and then revives to new development.

What is the Seed Act?

Seed act is basically of regulatory in nature and is meant to ensure that seeds of notified varieties offered for sale conform to certain minimum limits of purity and germination. This Act should be encouraging in nature to producers.

What foundations helped in a good system of seed certification in 1965?

The IARI, ICAR, and Rockfeller Foundation helped in a good system of seed certification in 1965. It had to arrange for the production and marketing of certified seeds. Increasing emphasis on, quality seed necessitated the establishment of seed testing laboratories which at first was established at IARI in 1961 now such laboratories are found in every State.

Why is seed important?

Seed is the symbol of beginning in scientific agriculture, seed is the basic input and the most important catalyst for other inputs to be cost effective. For ensuring sustainability the seed supports high productivity, enhancing profitability, creating bio-diversity at a reasonable level and gives environmental protection. Thus the seed plays a vital and remarkable role in agriculture.

How many generations of hybrid seed?

Hybrid seed production involves production and maintenance of parental lines, at least two seasons, ahead of actual seed production, and evolution of parental lines, specially in maize, requires continuous inbreeding with selection for as many as six seven generations.

When was the National Seed Corporation established?

In order to multiply and distribute the HYV seeds the National Seed Corporation (NSC) was started in 1963 to organize initially the production of small quantities of hybrid seeds as concomitant of HYV Programme. In 1965 the NSC was given an expanded role of producing Foundation Seed and initiating a programme of maintaining quality of seed.

What is the agricultural produce act?

1. The Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marketing) Act, of 1937. This is operative in the field of agricultural marketing and is meant to regulate through marketing inspectors the quality of agricultural produce in general for marketing purposes.

What is seed in plants?

There are various definitions for a seed. A seed is defined as the matured and ripened ovule formed after fertilization and with the tissues from the mother plant. The formation of the seed is the process of reproduction in the crop plants. They contain reserve food materials like starch, proteins and other components that are necessary for the proper embryonic development and growth of plants. Any plant part which can be used for propagation purposes is called seeds. All vegetative materials like rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, corms, sucker, runner, stolon, setts and cuttings are considered as seed. In the presence of favorable environmental conditions like temperature, light and adequate soil moisture, the seed will develop into an independent and healthy plant bearing flowers and seeds during its life cycle.

What is seed in biology?

The seed is the embryonic plant that is enclosed inside the protective outer layer. The structure is the most distinguishable specific genetic components that may vary among different each and every seed. This varies with the kind of crop but not with the variety.

What are monocot seeds?

The seed coat and fruit coat are fused to form pericarp. It consists of minute embryo present at one end of the seed which is a viable part. The storage tissue present in monocots are endosperm and it is generally non – viable which occupies the major portion of the seed that is bulky. The embryo generally consists of embryonic axis having radicle and plumule which gets encloses in coleorhiza and coleoptile. The single cotyledon present in monocots is called as scutellum which is generally situated between radicle and plumule. The outer covering of endosperm is called the aleurone layer. Coleoptile protects the shoot meristem and plumule during field emergence. The coleorhiza protects radicle during germination. The major parts of monocot seeds are seed coat which is generally membranous and fused with fruit wall. It has generally only one outer covering on the seed.

What is the most important criteria for determining the quality of seed?

Conclusion of seed and seed types: Germination is one of the most important criteria which determines the seed quality as it affects the crop establishment and considerably the yield. Thus, seeds serve several functions for the plants or mother plants that produce them.

What are some examples of albuminous seeds?

Examples of albuminous or endospermic seeds are paddy, maize, barley, sorghum, pearl millet, wheat, and all other monocot s except orchids and onion.

Why are seeds important?

Seeds play a vital role in crop production. It is an important key for agricultural progress and important component in agriculture. Seed quality plays an important role in the production of agricultural and horticultural crops. Seeds are of immense economic and biological importance.

What is hypogeal germination?

In this type of germination, where one cotyledon leaves beneath the soil as hypogeal germination while the other comes out of the soil as epigeal germination. Example of hypo- epigeal germination is Peperomia peruviana. Epicotyl is the portion of the embryonic axis that lies above the cotyledon in the embryo of dicots. The terminal end of epicotyl is plumule. Hypocotyl is the portion of the embryonic axis that lies below the cotyledon in the embryo of dicot seeds.

What is seed sowing?

What is sowing? Sowing is an art of placing seeds in the soil at particular depth for good germination of the seeds. Sowing plays a major role in Agriculture.

What is broadcasting in seed sowing?

A broadcasting method of seed sowing: It is an easy method of seed sowing. In this method, the seeds are randomly thrown on the prepared land or seedbed with hand physically. However, it can also be done mechanically. Even though, manual broadcasting is beneficial for some crops which are also economical too.

How to prepare soil for sowing?

Land preparation or Soil preparation for sowing the seeds: 1 Ploughing 2 Leveling 3 Manuring

Why is ploughing important in agriculture?

Loosening the soil helps in the growth of beneficial microbes and earthworms which are highly beneficial to the crops. In addition, Ploughing helps in weed control by removal of the volunteer hosts or weeds in the crop. Furthermore, ploughing makes the soil nutrient rich. Ploughing is the mandatory agriculture practice followed before sowing almost …

How to sow seeds in a furrow?

The continuous flow of dropping the seeds in-furrow lines made by the seed drilling machine and covering them with soil is the drilling method of sowing the seeds. The equipment used for drilling is known as a driller. The driller may be either operated manually, mechanically or automated. The setting of seed metering is done before sowing for proper placement of the seeds in the furrow. We can use the driller for placing the seeds in two to three rows at once. There also exists a conventional method where one person make furrows and drops the seed using driller and the other person covers the furrow with the soil either manually or mechanically.

How are seeds dropped in a hill?

Hill dropping of seeds: The seeds are dropped in fixed furrows which are dug with fixed spacing. In this method, the space between row to row and plant to plant is constant. The seed is sown in a continuous stream of the spacing row to row and plant to plant.

What is the first step in sowing seeds?

Soil preparation is the first and foremost step to be followed before sowing seeds. There are various methods of land preparation in crop production. The process of soil preparation includes three important steps. They are

What is seed in agriculture?

A seed is the planting material used for propagation purposes. It is the basic input used in agriculture. Seed is also known as the fertilized ovule obtained after pollination and fertilization of flowering plants. Seed after germination gives rises to a healthy plant. Any vegetative materials like bulbs, cuttings, any kind of grafts, corms, stolon, rhizome, setts and tubers are also called as seed.

What is the purpose of seed?

Seeds are the method of pollination and reproduction for flowering plants which include everything from trees to grasses to bushes. Each seed is capable of growing into a new plant, given the right environmental and climatic conditions, and the vast majority of plants have seeds. The choice of a proper seed multiplication model is the key to the further success of a seed program for efficient and maximum multiplication of seeds.

What is certified seed?

Certified seed is the progeny of foundation seed which is either produced by the registered and certified seed growers under the supervision of Seed Certification Agency by maintaining the quality of certified seed as per the Indian Seed Certification Standards. Usually, seed certification agencies issue azure blue tag for certified seed class. The size of the certified seed tag is 15*7.5 cm. Genetic purity shows that the seed is of the variety under certification and that there are no admixtures from other varieties or any other crops. The genetic purity of certified seed is very high with the amount of contamination permitted ranges from 0 – 0.1 percent. A high percentage of germination is necessary from the certified seeds to obtain a good crop stand with the minimum amount of seed.

What is the size of a breeder seed tag?

The size of the breeder seed tag is 12X6 cm. One tag is generally issued for each and every bag of seeds. The label contains the information like label number, crop, variety, class of seed, lot number, date of test, pure seed percent, inert matter percent, germination percent and producing institution. Each and every year, the breeder seed price must be decided by the central government uniformly throughout the country. This type of breeder seed is not generally certified by any certification agency.

What is foundation seed?

Foundation seed is the progeny of the breeder seed which is handled by the recognized seed producing agencies in public and private sectors under the supervision of Seed Certification Agency in such a way that its quality is maintained according to the prescribed seed standards. Usually, seed certification agencies issue a white colour tag for foundation seed class. The size of the foundation seed label is 15X7.5 cm. Foundation seed is produced at the State Farm Corporation of India, National Seed Corporation and State seed Corporation under the technical and proper control of qualified plant breeders approved by the Government of India.

What is breeder seed?

Breeder seed is the progeny of the nucleus seed which is generally multiplied in a larger area of the field under the supervision of plant breeder and monitored by the breeder seed monitoring committee. It provides cent percent genetic and physical purity for the production of the foundation seeds. The golden yellow tag is issued for this category by the producing agency. The monitoring committee consists of representatives of state seed certification agencies, national or state seed corporations, ICAR nominee and the concerned breeder.

What are the different classes of seeds?

There are four major different classes of seeds in India namely nucleus seed, breeder seed, foundation seed, and certified seed . The different classes of seeds are necessary for the multiplication of quality seed under the vigilant supervision of plant breeder or seed certification agency to distribute seed of notified varieties for sowing purposes to farmers.

What is the meaning of “sow seeds”?

Definition of sowing seeds. Sowing is placing a specified quantity of seeds in the soil in the optimum position for germination and growth. At the same time, planting is putting plant propagules (maybe seeds, seedlings, cuttings, tubers, rhizomes, clones) into the ground to grow as crop plants. Seeds are sown either directly on the field (seedbed) …

What is broadcasting in seed?

Broadcasting is the process of random scattering or spreading seeds on the surface of seedbeds that may or may not be incorporated into the soil or covered with soil or similar other materials .

How long do you soak seeds for broadcasting?

Broadcasting of seeds is done in dry, semi-dry, and wet fields. For sowing in wet fields, seeds must be soaked with water for eight to twelve hours and incubated for a few hours so that the radicle just begins to emerge from the seed.

What crops are broadcasted?

Crops such as upland and flooded rice, oats, wheat, millets, mustard, jute, black gram, fodder crops such as berseem, lucerne, jowar, and spices as coriander and cumin are generally sown by this method. For mixed cropping, broadcasting is the usual practice of sowing seeds.

What are the methods of planting?

Methods of planting. Planting methods may broadly be classified as follows: Direct seeding. Transplanting. 1. Direct seeding: It is the practice of using seed directly as the planting material. Direct seeding may be done by: Broadcasting. Dibbling and.

Where are rice seeds broadcast?

Seeds are broadcast on the soil having sufficient moisture for the germination of seed. Seeds may also be broadcast in the wet field. The germinated (sprouted) rice seeds air generally sown by this method. In the wetland, when broadcasting is done manually, the uniformity of scattering seeds depends on the man’s skill.

Is there uniformity in seedlings?

As not all seeds are placed in uniform depth, there is no evenness of germination and uniformity in seedling establishment.


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