What is smart agriculture


Example technologies used in smart agriculture are:

  • Precision irrigation and precise plant nutrition
  • Climate management and control in greenhouses
  • Sensors – for the soil, water, light, moisture, for temperature management
  • Software platforms
  • Location systems – GPS, satellite, etc
  • Communication systems – based on mobile connection, LoraWan, etc
  • Robots
  • Analytics and optimization platforms

Basically, “smart farming” is applying information and data technologies for optimizing complex farming systems. The focus is on access to data and how farmers can use the collected information intelligently. The goal is to increase the quality and quantity of the products while optimizing human labor production.Mar 10, 2021


What are the components of a smart agriculture system?

The IoT-Based Smart Farming Cycle

  1. Observation. Sensors record observational data from the crops, livestock, soil, or atmosphere.
  2. Diagnostics. The sensor values are fed to a cloud-hosted IoT platform with predefined decision rules and models—also called “business logic”—that ascertain the condition of the examined object and identify …
  3. Decisions. …
  4. Action. …

How smart technology is revolutionizing agriculture?

In an industry ripe for transformation, manufacturers should consider the following strategies:

  • Embrace emerging technologies and new approaches to digitization. …
  • Optimize the service parts supply chain. …
  • Shift to a subscription-based service model focused on maximizing product uptime. …

What are disadvantages of Agriculture?

What are the pros and cons of Agriculture?

  • Lesser Costs, Higher Gains. …
  • More Job Opportunities. …
  • Increase of Food Production. …
  • Lower Costs of Produce. …
  • Presence of Pesticides. …
  • Health and Environmental Hazards. …
  • Disadvantageous to Small Farmers.

Why is agriculture important and its role in everyday life?

Agriculture Important and its Role in Everyday Life. In most parts of the world, agriculture is an important source of livelihood. This entails hard work, but it contributes to the nation’s food safety and health. Agriculture was the primary source of the economy prior to the industrial revolution.


What does smart mean in agriculture?

Smart farming refers to managing farms using modern Information and communication technologies to increase the quantity and quality of products while optimizing the human labor required. Among the technologies available for present-day farmers are: Sensors: soil, water, light, humidity, temperature management.

What is the goal of smart agriculture?

It aims to tackle three main objectives: sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes; adapting and building resilience to climate change; and reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions, where possible.

What is smart agriculture using IoT?

IoT smart farming solutions is a system that is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of sensors (light, humidity, temperature, soil moisture, crop health, etc.) and automating the irrigation system. The farmers can monitor the field conditions from anywhere.

What are the technologies used in smart agriculture?

The technologies driving the ‘smart farming revolution’ include the Internet of Things (IoT), edge computing, 5G, blockchain, AI, machine learning, robotics and drones.

What is smart agriculture Upsc?

Smart farming is the transformation and reorientation of farming to increase yields through enhanced productivity, improved resilience and reduced side effects.

Why climate-smart agriculture is needed?

Climate-smart agriculture is a pathway towards development and food security built on three pillars: increasing productivity and incomes, enhancing resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems and reducing and removing greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere.

What is AI in agriculture?

AI systems are helping to improve the overall harvest quality and accuracy – known as precision agriculture. AI technology helps in detecting disease in plants, pests and poor nutrition of farms. AI sensors can detect and target weeds and then decide which herbicide to apply within the region.

What is the importance of IoT in agriculture?

IoT in agriculture is designed to help farmers monitor vital information like humidity, air temperature and soil quality using remote sensors, and to improve yields, plan more efficient irrigation, and make harvest forecasts.

What are the advantages of IoT?

Top five advantages of the IoT:Cost reduction.Efficiency and productivity.Business opportunities.Customer experience.Mobility and agility.

When was smart agriculture introduced?

2009Introduction. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA ) is an approach to guide the management of agriculture in the era of climate change . The concept was first launched in 2009, and since then has been reshaped through inputs and interactions of multiple stakeholders involved in developing and implementing the concept.

What is smart agriculture?

Smart agriculture refers to the utilization of technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), sensors, location systems, robots, and artificial intelligence (AI) on farms. The main goal of smart agriculture is to achieve greater food self-sufficiency and revenues by compensating for environmental risks of crop failures …

What are the technologies used in agriculture?

As a countermeasure, even very traditional industries like agriculture are increasingly utilizing IoT, Big Data, and AI. These technologies are expected to counter the pressures of increasing food demand and climate changes. Utilizing modern technology as part of broader digital transformation initiatives has become a significant requirement of reducing labor and ensuring manpower.

How does IoT help farmers?

These IoT devices can be used in tractors and trucks, as well as in fields, soil, and plants, to collect data in real-time. Farmers gain insight into light, temperature, and moisture levels. They can analyze topography and soil, or leverage satellite and radar imaging technologies through smart algorithms. The data collected is combined with other available information, such as historic weather and crop data, or aerial imagery. With all of the data gathered, machine learning models are trained to identify patterns – making AI yield prediction a reality.

How can agriculture be digitally transformed?

One approach to digital transformation in the agriculture industry is the deployment of the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT devices are sensor-equipped tools that are connected to the internet. Combined with artificial intelligence, such smart devices can be implemented to increase yields and productivity, while reducing crop failures. They do so by monitoring, analyzing, and forecasting data.

Why is IoT preferable?

Tailor-made IoT devices and AI solutions are preferable in order to maximize efficiency and output. By training machine learning models with both new and existing information, yield prediction becomes a reality.

Why do farmers rely on intuition?

To compensate for losses and optimize crops, farmers traditionally had to rely on intuition, experience, and outdated history data. Japanese agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and the food industry, heavily depend on the labor of highly skilled workers. However, the age of farmers in Japan is rising while the interest in farming by young adults is …

Is the age of farmers in Japan rising?

However, the age of farmers in Japan is rising while the interest in farming by young adults is declining. At the same time, farmland is scarce and self-sufficiency in food has hit a record low in recent years. Environmental factors are a growing threat. As a countermeasure, even very traditional industries like agriculture are increasingly …

How does smart agriculture work?

The use of smart agricultural tools is possible thanks to the use of sensors connected to a network.

What is a sensor?

A sensor is an electrotechnical device that is located in the zone or asset that we want to parameterize. These sensors:

IoT connectivity via satellites

The aerospace sector is undergoing a change in its structure and its players. In recent years, start-ups, that develop new technologies to access space in a faster and cheaper way than decades ago, have appeared.

Why do we need to implement smart agriculture?

The most “smarter” agriculture is no longer an “advanced” tactic for smart agriculturist; it is becoming an increasingly necessary way to optimize and preserve human and natural resources.

What is CSA in agriculture?

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) may be defined as an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural development under the new realities of climate change (Lipper et al. 2014). 1 The most commonly used definition is provided by the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations ( FAO ), which defines CSA as “agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, enhances resilience ( adaptation ), reduces/removes GHGs ( mitigation) where possible, and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals”. In this definition, the principal goal of CSA is identified as food security and development (FAO 2013a; 2 Lipper et al. 2014 1 ); while productivity, adaptation, and mitigation are identified as the three interlinked pillars necessary for achieving this goal.

How much will agriculture increase in 2050?

If current income and consumption growth trends continue, FAO estimates that agricultural production will have to increase by 60 percent by 2050 to satisfy the expected demands for food and feed.

What are the characteristics of CSA?

CSA integrates multiple goals and manages trade-offs: Ideally, CSA produces triple-win outcomes: increased productivity, enhanced resilience and reduced emissions. But often it is not possible to achieve all three. Frequently, when it comes time to implement CSA, trade-offs must be made.

What is the key concept related to raising productivity?

A key concept related to raising productivity is sustainable intensification. Adaptation: CSA aims to reduce the exposure of farmers to short-term risks, while also strengthening their resilience by building their capacity to adapt and prosper in the face of shocks and longer-term stresses.

Is CSA climate smart?

CSA is context specific: What is climate-smart in one-place may not be climate-smart in another, and no interventions are climate-smart everywhere or every time.

How can agriculture help with water shortages?

As the planet continues to heat up, water shortages—already a problem in many regions—will become a more severe threat. Harvesting rainwater is one way for farms to prepare for water shortages. Communities can dig ponds lined with bamboo to better retain the water. On individual farms, there are several ways to collect rainfall, from simply placing barrels outside to creating more sophisticated systems that channel rain from roofs into barrels through a series of gutters and pipes. Traditional irrigation methods can also help address water stress on farms. Using watering cans is labor-intensive and potentially wasteful, since very dry earth can’t absorb large amounts of water at once—but placing bamboo sticks or bottles filled with water next to plants can create low-tech, slow-drip irrigation.

How to combat pests in agriculture?

Climate-smart agriculture trainings provide farmers with the knowledge they need to apply just the right amount—and at the right time of year—to combat these newly proliferating pests. Investing in pest-resistant seedlings can also help . When it comes to weeds, we advise farmers in any climate situation to use manual weeding as much as possible, taking aim at noxious weeds while leaving soft weeds that can actually replenish soil and prevent nutrient-rich top soil from eroding.

Why is soil important for agriculture?

All practices that improve soil quality and structure also improve productivity—a core goal of all climate-smart agriculture. Healthy soils are also important carbon sinks that hold carbon dioxide and keep it out of the atmosphere, thus helping fight climate change.

What is smart farming?

Smart farming can be referred to as the 4.0 green revolution in the field of agriculture combining agriculture methodologies with technology – Sensors & Actuators, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Internet of Things (IoT), Robotics and Drones to achieve desired efficiencies of production with managed cost.

How many farmers use smart farming tools?

According to a survey, 80% of farmers in US and 24% farmers in UK have already started using Smart Farming Tool (SFT). These numbers are cognizant of the fact that SFTs are adding value to the farming ecosystem. As far as scale of operations is considered, Smart farming tools and techniques can be applied to large scale distributed conventional farming and can be applied to focused small farming set of organic farms.

How does IoT help the food industry?

They have the potential to bring in the future, through large scale deployments, huge benefits in the form of a more sustainable agriculture, ensuring food security with a lower environmental impact and guaranteed healthy food production.

How does remote sensing help farmers?

Through remote sensing precisely smart farming system reduces waste, improves productivity and enables improved resource management. For the benefit of micro farming, where multiple crops are grown simultaneously on remote lands requires different care, soil and water. By linking local sensors to smart irrigation and control, things like sensing pH balance of the soil, gauging local temperature is now possible through remote monitoring and sensing rather than walking the field all the time. This leads to increase in the yield as farmers can save on time and focus on the real issues of farming – pest control, irrigation and amending soil conditions all using sensing and automation.

What is WSAN in IoT?

WSAN (Wireless Sensor-Actor Network) paradigm, i.e. distributed smart devices sensing and transferring data to a sink and/or driving one or more actuators, moves one step further towards interoperability of devices and objects. Other aspects of IoT include technologies that support the intercommunication among devices and/or end-users, as well as the platforms, the software, the hardware abstractions and the programming tools, over which developers and providers can build new applications and services.

How much of food is lost in sustainable food chains?

Sustainable food chains are becoming ‘license to deliver’: roughly one-third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted globally.

What is smart logistics?

Smart logistics and warehousing increase the quality, quantity, sustainability, and cost effectiveness of agriculture production. It monitors and reports any deviation in the temperature based on threshold. The deviation also provides important information on duration and the locations. These systems have extensive usage in condition monitoring, reusable container monitoring, and food shipment monitoring.


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