What is subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture


Difference Between Subsistence Farming and Commercial Farming

  1. In subsistence farming, single farmer is always involved in both crop and livestock production. …
  2. In commercial farming, one or two crops or livestock is elected for production. But in subsistence farming variety of crops and livestock are elected.
  3. Comparatively Commercial farms are much bigger than subsistence farms.

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Subsistence and Commercial farming are the two types of farming practices. Subsistence agriculture is performed by the farmer for the survival of his own and the person’s dependent on him. On the contrary, commercial agriculture is nothing but an agricultural business, wherein crops are grown for trading purpose.Jan 7, 2020


What is the difference between commercial and subsistence farming?

  • Subsistence farming is a system of farming that aims at growing that much amount of crops that fulfils all or almost all the needs of the farmer and his family, …
  • Due to high labour inputs are required in subsistence farming, it is a labour-intensive technique. …
  • Subsistence farming is performed in a small area only. …

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What are the 3 major types of subsistence agriculture?

What are the types of subsistence farming?

  • Shifting agriculture. Main article: Shifting cultivation.
  • Primitive farming.
  • Nomadic herding.
  • Intensive subsistence farming.

What are some facts about subsistence farming?

 Usually integration involves one or more written agreements that describe the areas of cooperation in detail, as well as some coordinating bodies representing the countries involved.  This co-operation usually begins with economic integration and as it continues,

What are examples of subsistence farming?

What are the two types of subsistence farming?

  • Shifting agriculture.
  • Primitive farming.
  • Nomadic herding.
  • Intensive subsistence farming.

What is the difference between subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture?

Commercial farming is mainly practised in developed countries. Commercial farming is cultivated for profits, whereas subsistence farming is for the consumption of the farmer and his/her family. Subsistence farming is generally dependent upon the monsoon. Subsistence farming is more dependent on animals and man power.

What is subsistence agriculture?

1 : farming or a system of farming that provides all or almost all the goods required by the farm family usually without any significant surplus for sale. 2 : farming or a system of farming that produces a minimum and often inadequate return to the farmer. — called also subsistence agriculture.

What is the commercial agriculture?

Commercial agriculture is the opposite of subsistence agriculture. Commercial agriculture is basically growing crops intended to sell the produce for profit in the local or export market. In olden days, most of the farmers in India, used to cultivate crops for their own food purpose which is personal agriculture.

What is commercial farming class 8?

What is commercial farming? In commercial farming, crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in the market. The area cultivated and the amount of capital used is large and most of the work is done by machines.

Where is commercial farming found?

Commercial Agriculture: Mixed Crop and Livestock Mixed crop and livestock farming is the most common form of commercial agriculture in the United States west of the Appalachians and east of 98° west longitude and in much of Europe, from France to Russia.

What is an example of subsistence agriculture?

A simple example of subsistence farming is a family growing grain and using that grain to make enough bread for themselves, but not to sell. For many people living in wealthy countries, this is a romantic idea – having land and using it to sustain you and your family.

What is subsistence farming class 8?

Subsistence farming is practised to meet the needs of the farmer’s family. Low levels of technology and household labour are used to produce a small output. In Intensive subsistence the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour.

What is commercial farming answer?

Commercial Farming is a type of farming that uses higher doses of modern inputs to achieve higher productivity, like high-yielding variety seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides. A plantation is a form of commercial farming where a single crop is cultivated in a wide area.

What is the difference between commercial and subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming uses traditional methods for cultivation; on the flip side, commercial farming use machines for cultivation. Subsistence farming provides only food to the farmer, while commercial farming provides food and money to the farmer.

What is the purpose of subsistence farming?

The purpose of subsistence farming is not to make a profit. Commercial farming is for profit. Subsistence farms are for farmers’ survival. Commercial farming is to raise livestock, grow crops in large quantities, to raise the economy to gain excess yield. Crops from subsistence farming are the only source of food, and if crops are in surplus amount, then it is sold to nearby villagers directly. Food from commercial farming not directly consumed, but all products sent to food processing companies and subsequently to market and stores to sold out.

Why is subsistence farming not efficient?

you grow them and then pray and hope for the best product yield. Subsistence farming is not efficient for harvesting because of the limited yield of different crops.

How is subsistence farming enhancing productivity?

From commercial farming, cereals and other cash crops to earn money are grown. The productivity of subsistence farming is enhancing by using manures. The productivity of commercial farming is enhancing by using high doses of modern methods. In subsistence farming, conventional tools like digging, hoe or doe, etc. are used.

Why is the number of farmers decreasing?

Hence, due to an increase in the usage of machinery, the number of farmers is dramatically reduced. In subsistence farming number of farmers works together and helps one another to produce food for them without machinery and rely on animals and humans.

Why is commercial farming important?

For commercial farming, water, soil, and other natural resources discovered as the best suitable environmental resources for crops. Commercial farming production depends on the market demand for particular crops.

What are the methods used in commercial farming?

Only a few farmers work in commercial farming and rely on scientific and advanced methods such as insecticides, pesticides, herbicides sprays, hybrid plants or animal breeds, etc. for the bulk of yield. ADVERTISEMENT.


Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food (cultivation of crops and rearing of animals) by the farmer to feed himself and his family only. It is also known as peasant farming because it is practiced by poor farmers.


Commercial agriculture is the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food and cash crops in large quantities for sale. It is done on a large scale because commercial farmers are rich farmers. Complex farm machines like tractors, bulldozers, planters, harvesters, ectara used.

What is difference between subsistence farming and commercial farming?

Subsistence farming is performed in a small area only. As against, a large area is required to perform commercial farming. In subsistence farming, mainly food grains like wheat and rice, fruits and vegetables are grown. Conversely, in commercial farming mainly cash crops and cereals are grown.

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming is the farming method in which plant and livestock production is practiced with the intention of selling the products on the market. Subsistence agriculture is practiced in a small area only. On the other hand, a large area is necessary to practice commercial agriculture.

What do you mean by subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.

What is subsistence farming class 12?

Subsistence agriculture is one in which the farming areas consume all of the products that are locally grown. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture: Under this type of farming, land holdings are very small and farmers work with the help of family labour leading to intensive use of land with limited used of machinery.

What are the 3 major types of subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence Agricultural Regions: Shifting cultivation (2) Pastoral nomadism ( 3 ) Intensive subsistence: wet rice dominant (4)

What are the three types of commercial farming?

Dairy Farming. As the name suggests, it is the commercial farming of milk and milk products.

What are the two types of commercial farming?

Wheat and maize are the most common crops of commercial grain farming. Farmers of Asia, Europe, temperate grasslands of North America generally practice this type of farming. Plantation farming – Plantation farming is a mix of agriculture and industry and is practised across a vast area of land.

Why doesn’t subsistence farming make money?

Since the food produced from subsistence farming is rarely sold, the farmer doesn’t usually make profits. In other words, they generally don’t earn money and cannot buy things. Which means they typically don’t contribute to improving their country’s economy.

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming produces food for sale off the farm and mostly found in more developed countries (MDCs). main objective is to make profits. usually sells products to food-processing companies. rarely sells goods directly to consumers. makes up less than half the workforce in MDCs.

How does farming affect the environment?

The environment is affected in several ways by these two types of farming. Commercial farming utilizes many pesticides and fertilizers that aren’t always organic . These pesticides and fertilizers can cause non point source pollution and degrade the soil.

What do farmers do?

What they both have in common? 1 ​utilize organic fertilizers 2 use farming techniques 3 produce food 4 raise animals 5 have farming equipment 6 ​grow crops

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming in a single part of the land can involve a variety of farming methods, mainly aquaponics, dairy farming, poultry farming, sugarcane farming, coffee farming, etc. Floriculture, Fruit trees, and tea or spice cultivation ( Cinnamon and Black Pepper) in a large area of ​​land among many others.

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming or intensive subsistence farming is a source of employment for the people who lived in the area. The local people can earn some money so that they can support their families. Thus, commercial agriculture stimulates the development of the local economy.

Why is commercial farming important?

Commercial farming is characteristic because farmers can farm all year round or continue farming. Ordinary farmers do so because they do not rely on rain or natural Sources because they have advanced technology, machines, and artificial growth enhancers to sustain their crops or animals.

Why did farmers use slave labor?

Mostly in Large-scale farms, especially in the United States, used slave labor for trade and export to cultivate and harvest rice, wheat, sugar, tobacco, cotton, and other agricultural products. But Today farming continues, instead of using slave labor, workers are paid lower wages.

Is dairy farming a commercial farm?

Dairy farming is recommending it is as a commercial farm of milk and milk products. Therefore, it is used only for raising dairy animals, which are used to make dairy products.

What are the disadvantages of subsistence farming?

It has the advantage of being ecologically sound, with locally adapted and resilient species and cultivars. The disadvantage, however, is low productivity. Various pressures are leading to the elimination of agroecological farming practices, such as fallow rotation systems, more reliance on commercial seed, and higher chemical and resource input systems. These practices have led to economic losses and environmental damage, including loss of biodiversity, and increases in diseases and pests, particularly crop pests that are resistant to common pesticides.

How much of India’s population is dependent on agriculture?

In India, about 50-75% of the labor population is dependent on agriculture. Increased vulnerability of agriculture to climate change will adversely impact the livelihoods of the small and marginal farmers, and the labor population who are highly dependent on this sector.

What is non-ruminant livestock?

Above subsistence farming levels, non-ruminant livestock are typically fed harvested and processed feeds that can be controlled in terms of both quantity and quality. Some of these feeds may have been grown or manufactured locally, while others will have been transported thousands of miles by road, rail and water. Commercial units of free-range pigs and poultry may provide greater space for their livestock, but there is commonly little divergence from the diet that is fed to animals maintained indoors. Organically grown stock are fed different diets, in that they do not include genetically modified materials or feeds that have been produced with the aid of pesticides or inorganic fertilisers. However, like conventional feeds, organic feed materials are not all grown locally and they too may have been subjected to different climatic and storage conditions, and different legislative controls, from those at home.

What is poor farming?

Poor farmers practice subsistence agriculture and usually have a hand to mouth living. Their annual year’s income is dependent on monsoons. Any changes in the rainfall and temperature extremes can impact the crop production and adversely impact their livelihoods.

What are the steps a farmer can take to manage risk?

Steps a farmer can take to manage such risk include savings, diversification of enterprises, emergency borrowing, and purchase of hazard insurance against output risk, or some form of forward pricing against price risk. It remains open to question however how risk averse farmers are.

What is the diet of a dairy cow?

The diet of highly productive dairy cows often comprises a high proportion of nutrient-dense feeds with only a minimum proportion of herbage, forage or straw – long fibrous feeds provided to ensure satisfactory rumen function.

Commercial farming

Implemented in areas where there is comparatively lesser pressure on land

Intensive Subsistence Farming

Implemented in areas where there is comparatively more pressure on land


What Is Agriculture?

Meaning of Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture

  • Subsistence agriculture can be defined as the kind of farming practice that is done on a small scale for the purpose of local consumption. Commercial agriculture, from the name, can be easily recognized as the kind of farming practice done for the purpose of getting farm produce in commercial (i.e. very large) quantities. Also see: How to be a good…

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Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture

  • Some of the characteristics of subsistence agriculture includes: a. It is labour intensive b. Usually practiced in rural areas c. Requires little investment d. Practiced seasonally e. Little or no knowledge of soil chemistry f. Use crude tools g. Small farm size h. Lack of storage facilities I. Low productivity

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Characteristics of Commercial Agriculture

  • Some of the characteristics of commercial agriculture includes: a. It is capital intensive b. The purpose is for trade c. Practiced in large area d. Huge investment e. Labours are both skilled and unskilled g. High productivity h. Use of machineries I. Expensive to manage J. Need for infrastructure like good roads, electricity and medical facilities. Also see: Most profitable skills t…

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Commercial and Subsistence Agriculture

  • Commercial agriculture on the one hand, has increased the yield of crops but on the other hand it imposed threats to the environment. Commercial agriculture has the following advantages: a. Increased production or yield of the rate of crops which add value to the national food stock b. It improves and increases the infrastructural development in the area where it is practiced e.g. po…

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Differences Between Subsistence Agriculture and Commercial Agriculture

  • From the definitions and characteristics provided above for both subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture, some of the major differences between them can be readily spelt out. 1. Purpose:While commercial agriculture is done for the purpose of getting farm produce in terms of crops, grains, livestock and so on, in very large quantities, Subsistence agriculture is carried out j…

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