What is sustainable agriculture in simple words


Answers to the questions:

  • Conventional agriculture is most commonly practice in the U.S. …
  • corn
  • Sustainable agriculture (agro-ecology) uses ecological principles to farm, hence the prefix agro- to farm and ecology- the science of the relationship between organisms and their environments.
  • shade grown coffee

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Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways meeting society’s present food and textile needs, without compromising the ability for current or future generations to meet their needs. It can be based on an understanding of ecosystem services.


What are cons of sustainable agriculture?

What are the pros and cons of sustainable agriculture?

  • No GMOs.
  • Supports healthy soil.
  • More nutrition and flavor.
  • Supports pollinators.
  • Healthier working environment for farmers.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Fertilizers are created on-site.
  • Opportunity for specializing.

What are the features of sustainable agriculture?

  • Rotating crops and embracing diversity.
  • Planting cover crops.
  • Reducing or eliminating tillage.
  • Applying integrated pest management (IPM).
  • Integrating livestock and crops.
  • Adopting agroforestry practices.
  • Managing whole systems and landscapes.

What are the benefits of sustainable farming?

  • Improvement of air quality. Sustainable agriculture aims to get rid of such harmful activities as the use of nitrogen fertilizers and agricultural burning. …
  • Zero world hunger. This is one of the main advantages of sustainable agriculture. …
  • New technologies. …

What are the different types of sustainable agricultural practices?

Sustainable agriculture strives to help the environment by:

  • Reducing agricultural runoff;
  • Preventing pollution of lakes and rivers;
  • Saving water;
  • Naturally maintaining soil fertility by recycling nutrients on farm;
  • Enhancing carbon sequestration by soils and perennial vegetation;
  • Promoting energy efficiency of farming operations;
  • Decreasing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases;

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What is meant by the term sustainable agriculture?

“Sustainable agriculture is one that produces abundant food without depleting the earth’s resources or polluting its environment. It is agriculture that follows the principles of nature to form systems for raising crops and livestock that are, like nature, self-sustaining.

What is sustainable agriculture and why is it important?

Sustainable agriculture is an integrated systematic approach to plant and animal production and distribution that protects the environment, expands the Earth’s natural resource base, and makes the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources.

What is sustainable agriculture example?

For example, natural vegetation alongside streams, or strips of prairie plants within or around crop fields, can help control erosion, reduce nutrient runoff, and support bees and other pollinators and biodiversity in general.

What is sustainable agriculture essay?

Sustainable agriculture is a process of farming using eco-friendly methods understanding and maintaining the relationship between the organisms and environment. In this process of agriculture and animal husbandry are combined to form a simultaneous process and practice.

What is sustainable agriculture PDF?

Sustainable agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce food indefinitely, without causing severe or irreversible damage to ecosystem health.

What is meant by sustainable agriculture class 9?

Sustainable agriculture may be defined as the practice of farming and production of maximum agricultural yield or meet the needs of present generation without endangering the resource base of future generation.

What is sustainable agriculture India?

introduction to sustainable agriculture in India: The production of plant and animal products, including food, in a way that utilizes farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, communities, and animal welfare is known as sustainable agriculture.

What are the benefits of sustainable agriculture?

In addition to preserving the earth’s natural resources, sustainable agriculture benefits the environment through helping maintain soil quality, reducing erosion, and preserving water.

What are the goals of sustainable agriculture?

The basic goals of sustainable agriculture are environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equity (sometimes referred to as the “three legs” of the sustainability stool).

What do you mean by sustainable agriculture Brainly?

In simplest terms, sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare.

How can we achieve sustainable agriculture?

They include crop rotation, increased crop diversity, use of cover crops, no-till and reduced-till systems, integrated pest management (IPM), integration of livestock and crops, sustainable agroforestry practices, and precision farming, among others.

What are the features of sustainable agriculture?

The positives of a sustainable farming system include shared commitment to profitability, food security, food safety, open space for water recharge, natural habitats for flora, fauna and recreation and a cooperative and supportive social and economic community infrastructure.

What is the goal of sustainable agriculture?

The goal of sustainable agriculture is to meet society’s food and textile needs in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.

Who can play a role in ensuring a sustainable agricultural system?

Every person involved in the food system—growers, food processors, distributors, retailers, consumers, and waste managers —can play a role in ensuring a sustainable agricultural system. There are many practices commonly used by people working in sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems.

What is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper?

Water . Water is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper, and it has been a major limiting factor when mismanaged. Water supply and use. In California, an extensive water storage and transfer system has been established which has allowed crop production to expand to very arid regions.

What is the food system?

The “food system” extends far beyond the farm and involves the interaction of individuals and institutions with contrasting and often competing goals including farmers, researchers, input suppliers, farmworkers, unions , farm advisors, processors, retailers, consumers, and policymakers.

Why is sustainability important?

Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, stewardship of both natural and human resources is of prime importance. Stewardship of human resources includes consideration of social responsibilities such as working …

How does agriculture affect water resources?

Another way in which agriculture affects water resources is through the destruction of riparian habitats within watersheds. The conversion of wild habitat to agricultural land reduces fish and wildlife through erosion and sedimentation, the effects of pesticides, removal of riparian plants, and the diversion of water.

What is a systems approach?

A systems approach gives us the tools to explore the interconnections between farming and other aspects of our environment. Everyone plays a role in creating a sustainable food system. A systems approach also implies interdisciplinary efforts in research and education.

What is sustainable farming?

Sustainable farms treat uncultivated or less intensively cultivated areas, such as riparian buffers or prairie strips, as integral to the farm —valued for their role in controlling erosion, reducing nutrient runoff, and supporting pollinators and other biodiversity.

What is sustainability in agriculture?

In agriculture, sustainability is a complex idea with many facets, including the economic (a sustainable farm should be a profitable business that contributes to a robust economy), the social (it should deal fairly with its workers and have a mutually beneficial relationship with the surrounding community), and the environmental.

What are some practices that promote diversity in agriculture?

Crop diversity practices include intercropping (growing a mix of crops in the same area) and complex multi-year crop rotations. Planting cover crops. Cover crops, like clover or hairy vet ch, are planted during off-season times when soils might otherwise be left bare.

What is farm policy?

Farm policy. There’s a transformation taking place on farms across the United States. For decades, we’ve produced the bulk of our food through industrial agriculture—a system dominated by large farms growing the same crops year after year, using enormous amounts of chemical pesticides and fertilizers that damage soils, water, air, and climate. …

How do crops protect soil?

These crops protect and build soil health by preventing erosion, replenishing soil nutrients, and keeping weeds in check, reducing the need for herbicides. Reducing or eliminating tillage. Traditional plowing (tillage) prepares fields for planting and prevents weed problems, but can cause a lot of soil loss.

How does industrial agriculture help animals?

Industrial agriculture tends to keep plant and animal production separate, with animals living far from the areas where their feed is produced, and crops growing far away from abundant manure fertilizers.

What are the environmental issues in agriculture?

Environmental sustainability in agriculture means good stewardship of the natural systems and resources that farms rely on. Among other things, this involves: 1 Building and maintaining healthy soil 2 Managing water wisely 3 Minimizing air, water, and climate pollution 4 Promoting biodiversity


Since 1994, when the first edition of this Special Reference Brief was compiled, “sustainability” has become a more familiar term.

Sustainable Agriculture: The Basics

Some terms defy definition. “Sustainable agriculture” has become one of them.

Some Background

How have we come to reconsider our food and fiber production in terms of sustainability? What are the ecological, economic, social and philosophical issues that sustainable agriculture addresses?

A Sampling of Perspectives

“It’s easy to understand why key individuals and organizations in agriculture have flocked to this term. After all, who would advocate a ‘non-sustainable agriculture?’” [Charles A. Francis, “Sustainable Agriculture: Myths and Realities,” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (1990) 1 (1): p.97.

What does “sustainable” mean in farming?

To be sustainable doesn’t mean living outside the grid or returning to practices of the pre-industrial.

Where does the word “agriculture” come from?

The word agriculture comes from the Latin words ager , means the soil & cultura, means cultivation.“Agriculture can be defined as the cultivation and/or production of crop plants or livestock products.”

What is regenerative agriculture?

Regenerative agriculture is a broad term that moves beyond the concept of sustainability. It represents a move away from conventional and high input farming techniques that degrade the quality of the soil. The movement aims to restore the fertility of the soil through a range of methods.

What has the Australian government done about farming?

The Australian Government has produced an interesting report that looks at Australian Farming and Agriculture over the last 200 years. They write that: “There have been many changes in farming methods over the last 200 years and Australian farmers have had to be adaptable as well as resilient and inventive.

What is holistic agriculture?

A definition of holistic states: (from a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total) in agriculture means a systems thinking approach to managing resources. related to the idea that things should be studied as a whole and not just as a sum of their parts. Holistic agriculture has been explained as:

What are the most common crops grown in the United States?

Corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton and rice are all commonly grown this way in the United States. relies heavily on chemical inputs such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The term “Industrial Agriculture” is most common in the United States. Agriculture economist John Ikerd of the University of Missouri.

Why do we need fertilisers in farming?

In this method of farming, fertilisers are needed because growing the same plant (and nothing else) in the same place year after year quickly depletes the nutrients that the plant relies on, and these nutrients have to be replenished somehow.

What is sustainable agriculture?

Code Title 7, Section 3103 means an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will over the long term: Satisfy human food and fiber needs.

Who is responsible for sustainable agriculture?

Finally, it is important to point out that reaching toward the goal of sustainable agriculture is the responsibility of all participants in the system, including farmers, laborers, policymakers, researchers, retailers, and consumers.

What is a systems approach?

A systems approach also implies interdisciplinary efforts in research and education. This requires not only the input of researchers from various disciplines, but also farmers, farmworkers, consumers, policymakers, and others. Making the transition to sustainable agriculture is a process.

Why is stewardship important?

Stewardship of human resources includes consideration of social responsibilities such as working and living conditions of laborers, the needs of rural communities, and consumer health and safety both in the present and the future.


A social or political movement designed to bring about land reforms or to improve the economic status of the farmer.” Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary. G&C Merriam, 1977.


Agroecology can be defined broadly or narrowly. “Loosely defined, agroecology often incorporates ideas about a more environmentally and socially sensitive approach to agriculture, one that focuses not only on production, but also on the ecological sustainability of the productive system.

Best Management Practices (BMPs)

“… BMPs were developed and implemented as a requirement of the 1977 amendments to the Clean Water Act. BMPs are established soil conservation practices that also provide water quality benefits.


“At its simplest level, biodiversity is the sum total of all the plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms in the world, or in a particular area; all of their individual variation; and all the interactions between them.” [Peter H. Raven, “Defining Biodiversity,” Nature Conservancy (Jan.-Feb. 1994) 44 (1): p.


Although farmers have been practicing biotechnology in the broadest sense (i.e. plant and animal breeding to achieve certain traits) for thousands of years, it is the recent breaking of the genetic code that has pushed this science into a new era altogether.

Carbon Sequestration

“Carbon sequestration is the process through which agricultural and forestry practices remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. The term ‘sinks’ is also used to describe agricultural and forestry lands that absorb CO2, the most important global warming gas emitted by human activities.

Carrying Capacity

Carrying capacity is the theoretical equilibrium population size at which a particular population in a particular environment will stabilize when its supply of resources remains constant.

What are the elements of sustainable agriculture?

In other words, sustainable agriculture is an amalgamation of three main elements viz. ecological health, profitability, and propagating equality. The concept of sustainability rests on the principle of not wasting any resources that may become useful to the future generation. Therefore, the main idea of sustainability rests on stewardship …

How does sustainable agriculture work?

Sustainable agriculture uses best management practice by adhering to target-oriented cultivation. The agriculture process looks at disease-oriented hybrid, pest control through use of biological insecticides and low usage of chemical pesticide and fertilizer. Usually, insect-specific pest control is used, which is biological in nature.

How does sustainable agriculture help the environment?

The process uses integrated pest management that helps in reducing the amount of pesticide used in cultivation. Sustainable agriculture adopts green technology as a means of reducing wastage of non-renewable energy and increase production.

What is green politics?

Green Politics. The politics around sustainable agriculture lies in the usage of the renewable sources of energy and disciplining of the current consumption rates 14. The politics related to the sustainable agriculture is also related to the politics of sustainable consumption.

What is the technology related issue of sustainable agriculture?

Therefore, the technology-related issue of sustainable agriculture is that it should use such technology that allows usage of renewable sources of energy and is not deterrent to the overall environment.

Is a clear dearth in agricultural land a deterrent to future agriculture?

Therefore, a clear dearth in agricultural land is a deterrent to future agriculture . Water: The world comprises of 70% freshwater resources, available from river and groundwater. Deficiency of freshwater has been growing as usage of water has increased more than twice the rate of population growth 6.

What is sustainable farming?

Sustainable farming is a broad, umbrella term for growing food using methods that will also nurture society, the environment, and the economy. It is an alternative to mainstream, industrial agriculture practices.

What are some of the best ways to learn about sustainable agriculture?

The following are some popular terms you may hear as you learn more about sustainable agriculture. Adopting Agroforestry Practices. Forests have multiple layers, have a diversity of species, and store carbon.

Why is sustainable farming important?

Why Sustainable Farming Is More Important Now Than Ever. By changing your relationship to how food is made, you can rewrite the story of your life. In doing so, you may renew civilization and save it from collapse —by reversing soil degradation processes caused by industrial farming practices. People who are into sustainable farming are doing just …

How to prevent soil erosion?

To prevent soil erosion, sustainable farmers can plant cover crops, use stones or logs to build terraces, and limit how much soil they dig up where there is already plant cover. Farmers can also avoid overgrazing and deforestation. Better Water Management.

What are some examples of natural insecticides?

Chives, sage, and mint plants are examples of natural insecticides. Aquaponics and Hydroponics. Aquaponics is when people grow fish and vegetables in a mutually beneficial system of sharing water and nutrients. Hydroponic farmers grow plants without using soil and instead use materials like clay balls, coconut hair and fabric.

What is holistic farming?

Holistic approaches to farming are an Indigenous practice. The Cultural Conservancy bought land that was intended for return to Native people and turned it into a farm and cultural center. They transformed the land using ancestral farming practices that focus on the relationship between people and the ecosystem.

How can farmers use their hands and hand tools?

Farmers can use their hands and hand tools, and even plows and tillage, to remove unwanted plants. Rotating Crops and Embracing Diversity. Crop rotation, or changing the type of crop you grow in the same location, helps growers manage pests, weeds, and soil health.



Sustainable Agriculture: The Basics

  • Some terms defy definition. “Sustainable agriculture” has become one of them. In such a quickly changing world, can anything be sustainable? What do we want to sustain? How can we implement such a nebulous goal? Is it too late? With the contradictions and questions have come a hard look at our present food production system and thoughtful evaluations of its future. If not…

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Some Background

  • How have we come to reconsider our food and fiber production in terms of sustainability? What are the ecological, economic, social and philosophical issues that sustainable agriculture addresses? The long-term viability of our current food production system is being questioned for many reasons. The news media regularly present us with the paradox of starvation amidst plent…

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A Sampling of Perspectives

  • “It’s easy to understand why key individuals and organizations in agriculture have flocked to this term. After all, who would advocate a ‘non-sustainable agriculture?’” [Charles A. Francis, “Sustainable Agriculture: Myths and Realities,” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture(1990) 1(1): p.97. NAL Call # S494.5.S86S8] Despite the appeal of a sustainable agriculture philosophy, however, d…

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The Future of The Sustainable Agriculture Concept

  • Many in the agricultural community have adopted the sense of urgency and direction pointed to by the sustainable agriculture concept. Lack of sharp definition has not lessened its authenticity. Sustainability has become an integral component of many government, commercial, and non-profit agriculture research efforts, and it is beginning to be woven…

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