what is sustainable agriculture quizlet


Under the law, the term sustainable agriculture means an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application and such a system over the long term satisfies human food and fibber needs, enhances environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends, makes the most efficient use of non renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls, sustain the economic viability of farm operations and enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.

sustainable agriculture. Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil- restoring crops with cash crops and reducing in-puts of fertilizer and pesticides.


What are the advantages of sustainable farming?

Sustainable agriculture. Agriculture that fulfill the need for food and fiber while enhancing the quality of the soil, minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources, and allowing economic viability for the farmer. Integrated pest management.

How does sustainable farming differ from conventional farming?

Sustainable agriculture aims to reduce of reapir and damage caused by destructive practices in agriculture. Step 3. 3 of 3. Some of sustainable techniques including integrated pest management, intercropping, and crop rotation can boost productivity as well as higher income. Apart from being cheaper, these techniques are as good as convencial techniques.

How sustainable farming can be better than organic agriculture?

sustainable agriculture Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil- restoring crops with cash crops and reducing in-puts of fertilizer and pesticides. food security Every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutritious food to have an active and healthy life.

What is the main purpose of sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable Agriculture. -using principles of ecology – the relationship between organisms and their environment. -focuses on integration of plant and animal production practices based on …


What does sustainable agriculture mean?

“Sustainable agriculture” as legally defined in U.S. Code Title 7, Section 3103 means an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will over the long term: Satisfy human food and fiber needs.

What are examples of sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture practicesRotating crops and embracing diversity. … Planting cover crops and perennials. … Reducing or eliminating tillage. … Applying integrated pest management (IPM). … Integrating livestock and crops. … Adopting agroforestry practices. … Managing whole systems and landscapes.

What are some examples of sustainable agricultural practices quizlet?

Contour farming, terrace farming, reduced tillage, and cover drops all reduce soil erosion; Crop rotation, strip cropping and cover crops improve soil fertility; Crop rotation and strip cropping help reduce pest outbreaks.

Why is sustainable agriculture?

In addition to preserving the earth’s natural resources, sustainable agriculture benefits the environment through helping maintain soil quality, reducing erosion, and preserving water.

What is sustainable agriculture PDF?

Sustainable agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce food indefinitely, without causing severe or irreversible damage to ecosystem health.

Which is feature of sustainable agriculture quizlet?

Sustainable agriculture is one that can continue indefinitely while remaining productive. Most agree that it entails several dimensions: economic, environmental and social viability.

How does sustainable agriculture differ from industrial agriculture quizlet?

What is sustainable agriculture, and how does it differ from industrial agriculture? Sustainable agriculture- farming methods that can be used indefinitely because they do not deplete resources, such as soil and water, faster than they are replaced.


Why do we plant crops in rows across the slope of the land?

plowing and planting crops in rows across the slope of the land, opposite to the direction of water flow, to reduce soil erosion and water runoff

What is fertilizer made of?

A fertilizer made up of natural materials, including animal manure, crop residues, fresh vegetation, and compost

What is terrace farming?

Terrace farming is a farming method that makes use of a hill to create a multi-platform farm. There are severals steps known as andenes which are built into the side of a hill. The idea behind it is that any rain that falls and builds up on the andenes will overflow into another andene below, making the most out of the nutrients it provides.

Why do farmers rotate fields?

The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil

How does topsoil move?

Movement of soil components, especially topsoil, from one place to another, usually by wind, flowing water, or both. This natural process can be greatly accelerated by human activities that remove vegetation from soil.

Why do farmers have power?

To give farmer some power over production, marketing and distribution, to avoid more environmental damage

How does bioenergy improve soil?

Enhances recycling of biomass and optimizes nutrient availability and balancing nutrient flow / secures favorable soil conditions for plant growth by managing organic matter and enhancing soil / minimizes losses due to flows of solar radiation, air and water by soil covering and water harvesting / secures species and genetic diversification / enhances beneficial biological interactions promoting ecological processes and services

What are the three areas of concern for sustainable agriculture?

The strategies are grouped according to three separate though related areas of concern: Farming and Natural Resources, Plant and Animal Production Practices, and the Economic, Social and Political Context. They represent a range of potential ideas for individuals committed to interpreting the vision of sustainable agriculture within their own circumstances.

What is UC program?

The UC Programs | Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems directory is a catalog of UC’s programmatic activities in sustainable agriculture and food systems. The directory can be searched and sorted by activities and topic areas.

What is the goal of sustainable agriculture?

The goal of sustainable agriculture is to meet society’s food and textile needs in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.

How do consumers contribute to the food system?

Through their purchases, they send strong messages to producers, retailers and others in the system about what they think is important. Food cost and nutritional quality have always influenced consumer choices.

What is a systems approach?

A systems approach gives us the tools to explore the interconnections between farming and other aspects of our environment. Everyone plays a role in creating a sustainable food system. A systems approach also implies interdisciplinary efforts in research and education.

What is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper?

Water . Water is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper, and it has been a major limiting factor when mismanaged. Water supply and use. In California, an extensive water storage and transfer system has been established which has allowed crop production to expand to very arid regions.

What happens to the natural resources of ancient Mesopotamia?

When the production of food and fiber degrades the natural resource base, the ability of future generations to produce and flourish decreases. The decline of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean region, Pre-Columbian southwest U.S. and Central America is believed to have been strongly influenced by natural resource degradation from non-sustainable farming and forestry practices.


Since 1994, when the first edition of this Special Reference Brief was compiled, “sustainability” has become a more familiar term.

Sustainable Agriculture: The Basics

Some terms defy definition. “Sustainable agriculture” has become one of them.

Some Background

How have we come to reconsider our food and fiber production in terms of sustainability? What are the ecological, economic, social and philosophical issues that sustainable agriculture addresses?

A Sampling of Perspectives

“It’s easy to understand why key individuals and organizations in agriculture have flocked to this term. After all, who would advocate a ‘non-sustainable agriculture?’” [Charles A. Francis, “Sustainable Agriculture: Myths and Realities,” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (1990) 1 (1): p.97.

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