What is the difference between agriculture and industry


Agriculture requires a far larger proportion of land as compared to other factors than does industry. In fact, it is the only industry in which land surface is always a scarce factor of production because a farm needs space for crops to grow.

However, agriculture is focused on the working of soil and other facilities to produce crops, animals and trees for human consumption or further refinement into products, while industry is focused more on refining and processing raw materials into products for sale.Aug 23, 2018


What are the pros and cons of industrial agriculture?

What Are the Pros of Factory Farming?

  1. It keeps prices down for consumers. Factory farming allows for livestock products to be produce on a large economic scale. …
  2. It allows automation to help provide food resources. In the past, farming meant an intense amount of daily manual labor to produce a crop. …
  3. It improves production efficiencies. …

More items…

What are the advantages of industrial agriculture?

Pros of Using Industrial Agriculture

  • Industrial agriculture comes with a lot of benefits which are listed below.
  • It increases agricultural production in lesser time.
  • It makes life easier by bringing down the cost of agricultural produce.
  • It boosts the economy.
  • It creates employment opportunities for the skilled and unskilled.

More items…

What are the impacts of industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture produces numerous negative environmental impacts. Pasture land for grazing cattle and other domesticated animals is destroying ecosystems. Thousands of acres in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, home to numerous Indigenous nations and referred to as the lungs of the planet, are being burned and cleared to make way for cows …

What are the different types of Agriculture?

What are the 8 types of agriculture?

  1. Shifting Agriculture:
  2. Plantation Agriculture:
  3. Intensive Farming:
  4. Dry Agriculture:
  5. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture:
  6. Crop Rotation:
  7. Terrace Cultivation:

What are the difference between agriculture and industries?

Agriculture includes cultivation and allied operations. Industry includes all manufacturing activities. Agriculture is the source of raw material to industry. Industry processes the raw material from agriculture into finished products.

What is the relationship between industry and agriculture?

Agriculture and industries are interdependent i.e. they depend on each other. In other words, they both help each other and without one, the other cannot develop. Agriculture helps various industries by providing them raw materials, labour, a market for their goods and also food for workers in the industrial sector.

Is agriculture an industry?

The agricultural industry, which includes enterprises engaged in growing crops, raising fish and animals, and logging wood, encompasses farms, dairies, hatcheries, and ranches. It is a major industry in the United States.

What are the differences between agricultural society and industrial society?

In an agrarian society the dominant type of economic activity is agricultural whereas in an industrial society factory production is the dominant type of economic activity. Only in the past century and a half has the world known industrial society.

What is the relation between agriculture and industries for Class 8?

(a) It regularly supplies raw materials like sugarcane , jute cotton, oilseeds, tea, spices, wheat; paddy etc. to the consumer goods industries. (b) It supplies cereals, vegetables and other food items to the industrial labourer and fodders for the domestic animals in the dairy industries on a regular basis.

What industries are related to agriculture?

Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food service and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.

Is agriculture an industry in India?

The agriculture sector is one of the most important industries in the Indian economy, which means it is also a huge employer. Approximately 60 percent of the Indian population works in the industry, contributing about 18 percent to India’s GDP.

Is agriculture the biggest industry?

Agriculture is the world’s largest industry. It employs more than one billion people and generates over $1.3 trillion dollars worth of food annually. Pasture and cropland occupy around 50 percent of the Earth’s habitable land and provide habitat and food for a multitude of species.

What do industries do?

Industry produces all the goods and services required by society and distributes them to consumers. The term is also used to describe a group of businesses that produce a similar product or service. All the factories, mills, and other enterprises that produce steel, for example, are known as the steel industry.

What is agriculture and industrialization?

Briefly stated, agricultural industrialization refers to “the increasing consolidation of farms and to vertical coordination (contracting and integration) among the stages of the food and fiber system” (Council on Food, Agriculture and Rcsourcc Economics, 1994a, p. 1).

What’s the difference between agricultural and industrial revolution?

The basic difference between industrial technology and agricultural technology is that while agriculture stopped at effective reproduction through the application of natural phenomena, industrial technology made it possible to transform natural phenomena.

What is difference between agriculture and farming?

Agriculture is covering a vast area, including production, research and development, and farming is implementing agricultural activities. Also, it is the science or function of farming, including cultivating the soil for growing crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.

What is the difference between agriculture and industry?

It is agriculture which supplies raw materials for industrial production. Every farmer produces a variety of crops as a general practice on widely scattered small units; and has very small quantities of all produced goods to sell. On the other hand, industries are supposed to be specialized in the production of limited and specified products.

What is the role of agriculture in the world?

Agriculture is a biological process, which excessively depends upon natural conditions which play a great role in the growth of plant and cattle. The dependence on unknown and unseen power (nature) influenced by physical factors like rainfall, weather and soil composition, beyond the control of man, limit the scope of human endeavour.

Why are agricultural products perishable?

Consequently, firm goods create a glut at the time of harvest and scarcity in the off season. This irregular nature gives rise to special problems of marketing and finance which provide special importance to middlemen between the farmer and the consumer. Since industrial goods can be stored for long, it is possible to maintain supply according to requirements of the people.

What is agriculture in the family?

Agriculture is an industry of small units where work is carried on in direct connection with his home and family. It is quite common for the farmer to live on the farm and for different members of the family to participle more or less in the farm work.

What is the dependence of an agriculturist on weather and other natural conditions?

The dependence of the agriculturist on weather and other natural conditions suggests its seasonal character . This applies not only to the changing of seasons but even during the same day the nature of work changes from hour to hour.

Why are farmers less aware of the influence of their production?

Farmers are less mindful about production trends and are seldom aware of the influence of their production because adjustments in production are less smooth in agriculture than in industry largely because of the predominant role played by nature, the time-lag between labour and returns the regularity of harvest and the uncertainty of output.

What are some agricultural commodities?

Many agricultural commodities are joint-products, either like wheat and offal, or mutton and wool, because they are both parts of the same plant or the same animal; or, like barley and sheep, because they are frequently produced most cheaply on the same farm.

What percentage of India’s land is under cultivation?

In India, 46 percent land is under cultivation, whereas less than 17 percent is industrial land. This gap between agriculture and industries may seem very high, but more than 70 percent Indian earn their livelihood on agriculture. To feed population of a billion, this percentage may even seem less.

Why were our ancestors dependent on agriculture?

Those days, they had very less scope of comfort. This was because of lack of industries. Although there were few small cottage industries, but however they cannot be classified as industries.

How can genetically modified seeds increase food production?

Genetically modified seeds, which are resistant to pest and can have high productivity, can increase food production. Modern methods of irrigation can also benefit farmers. Another policy to the maintain balance between agriculture and industry is removal of politics. There is a very common proverb,

Which regions of India have less fertile soil?

Regions of black soil such as Deccan pleatue and central India are less fertile than river plains and can be used for industries. Areas, which have very less food production, can also be utilized for industries. To meet the ever-growing need of the people of the country, production must be increased.

Can a country exist without agriculture?

There is no doubt that without agriculture, country cannot exist and without industry, country cannot develop. Agriculture and industry are like two wheels of a bicycle; one cannot survive without other. So it’s necessary for a country to have both- agriculture as well as industry.

Is agriculture the backbone of industry?

They commonly bring such issues into political criteria and use such issues to win support of the people. Agriculture is the backbone of industry. But without industry means tea without milk. For a complete comfort, industry as well as agriculture should develop simultaneously.

As nouns the difference between industrial and agriculture

is that industrial is an employee in industry while agriculture is the art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock; tillage; husbandry; farming.


The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock; tillage; husbandry; farming.

Why is productivity higher in the industrial sector than in the agricultural sector?

Productivity is higher in the industrial sector than the agricultural sector due to technological advances. The economies of scale in large, integrated supply chains have resulted in gains and concentrated manufacturing results in opportunities for capital accumulation.

How can the non-agricultural sector thrive?

Further, development of the non-agricultural sector can only thrive if agriculture produces more food than its producers need for their own consumption. Without this cycle, there may be an unwelcome reliance on imports from other countries and a susceptibility to price, supply, and other exogenous shocks.

How do developing countries profit from being latecomers to industrialization?

According to Szirmai (2009), developing countries profit from being ‘latecomers’ to industrialization as they receive technological, rental, and knowledge spillovers from industrialized countries and they do not have to pay the full costs of research and development embodied in imported machinery.

Why is it important to develop the industrial sector?

However, given the fact that most of the developing world still relies on income from the agricultural sector, it is necessary that the industrial sector be developed in order to raise incomes of the poor and provide food and commodities to the industrial sector.

Why is the agricultural sector untargeted?

The agricultural sector has largely been untargeted by private investors and lenders due to environmental risks, market risks such as logistic challenges, asymmetric information and lack of collateral, as well as underdeveloped credit markets in rural areas of developing countries (Beck 2013: 83).

Why is it necessary for the agricultural sector to flourish?

According to Ray (1998: 345), because the agricultural sector accounts for a large share of national output and populations in developing countries, it is necessary for this sector to flourish in order to supply labour to the non-agricultural sectors.

Why is industrialization important?

The process of industrialization has become increasingly important within economies due to globalization and the high world-wide demand for modern products and services. The development of industry globally has increased due to the liberalization of trade, available capital, efficient services, and technology flows.

What is the relationship between horticulturalist and agriculturalist?

The relationship between a horticulturalist and agriculturalist is similar to the relationship between a pharmaceutical researcher and a doctor. The researcher spends their days in the lab with theoretical concepts and experiments, whereas the doctor is “in the field” every day talking to patients and making a practical difference in their life.

What is the goal of horticulture?

In horticulture, the goal is to understand the optimal growing conditions of a variety of plants. It can be thought of as tending a garden. By contrast, the goal in agriculture is to maximise yields for vast amounts of food production. It is concerned with tending to the field.

Is horticulture a research or a practical job?

Horticulture is a research-based discipline with most work being carried out in the lab. Conversely, agriculture is a very practical job, with most work being done outdoors in the field. That’s not to say agriculture doesn’t make use of research, it absolutely does. But it isn’t the focus of the work.


Leave a Comment