Examples of extensive agriculture
- The farm . Grouping livestock activities (cattle, swine, avian) with agriculture, this development model takes advantage of the natural fertilizer of the animals and the vegetable residues of the harvest …
- Rainfed agriculture . …
- Rice plantations in Asia. …
- Subsistence farming . …
- Organic crops . …
What are some examples of Agriculture?
What are 3 examples of selective breeding?
- cows that produce lots of milk.
- chickens that produce large eggs.
- wheat plants that produce lots of grain.
What are some examples of agricultural activities?
What Is Agricultural Production?
- Food. Some examples of food products are grains and cereals. …
- Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. …
- Fiber. Fiber crops include cotton (one of the top 10 crops produced in the U.S. …
- Raw Materials. Raw materials are the products not refined or processed for use in one of the other categories. …
What are the three main types of Agriculture?
Types of Agriculture
- Types of Agriculture. Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but it is not uniform throughout.
- Nomadic Herding. …
- Livestock Ranching. …
- Shifting Cultivation. …
- Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage. …
- Intensive Subsistence Farming With Rice Dominant. …
- Mediterranean Agriculture. …
- Livestock and Grain Farming. …
- Subsistence Crop and Stock Farming. …
What are some examples of agricultural practices?
Sustainable agriculture practices. Over decades of science and practice, several key sustainable farming practices have emerged—for example: Rotating crops and embracing diversity. Planting a variety of crops can have many benefits, including healthier soil and improved pest control.
What are some examples agriculture?
Agricultural production includes these activities:Agriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals.Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish)Floriculture: growing flowering plants.Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants.More items…•
What is an example of an agricultural activity?
Some of the operations involved are ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding and harvesting. The outputs from the system include crops, wool, dairy and poultry products. Farming is practised in various ways across the world.
What are the three example of agricultural product?
The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials (such as rubber). Food classes include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat, milk, eggs, and fungi.
What are the 4 types of agriculture?
There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.
What are the 11 types of agriculture?
Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•
What are five agricultural products?
Top ten Agricultural Product Export in NigeriaSesamum Seeds.Cashew nuts.Frozen Shrimps.Ginger.Cocoa Butter.Cashew Nuts.Agro Food Items.
What are the five agricultural activities?
The followings are forms of agricultural activities in the communities that different people involve in:Cultivation and growing of crops.Rearing of livestock.Rearing of fish (fishery)Salving of farm produce.Horticulture.Rearing of snail/Heliculture.Apiculture/bee keeping.
What are the top 5 agricultural commodities?
In 2020, the 10 largest sources of cash receipts from the sale of U.S.-produced farm commodities were (in descending order): cattle/calves, corn, soybeans, dairy products/milk, miscellaneous crops, broilers, hogs, wheat, chicken eggs, and hay.
How did agriculture help people?
Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.
What is the science of agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.
How do farmers protect their crops from pests?
Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests. The definition of “pest” ranges from insects to animals such as rabbits and mice, as well as weeds and disease-causing organisms—bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically.
What animals did people domesticate?
People also domesticated cattle and pigs. Most of these animals had once been hunted for hides and meat. Now many of them are also sources of milk, cheese, and butter. Eventually, people used domesticated animals such as oxen for plowing, pulling, and transportation. Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food.
What tools did people use to make food?
Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.
How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?
Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
What are some examples of intensive agriculture?
Examples of intensive agriculture 1 Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export, and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring bio-engineered seeds and using agro-toxins (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.). 2 Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity. 3 Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured. 4 Irrigated agriculture. By using automated irrigation systems, moisture levels are maintained that are conducive to the cultivation of a few plant variants, thus making it possible to constantly supply these foods without the need to coordinate the seasons of rain and drought. 5 Commercial floral crops . The flower industry also has its intensive variant, through vast rose gardens, sunflower plantations or other highly sought-after flowers, both for aesthetic arrangements and for perfumery work. This includes aromatic crops, such as lavender, which require constant preparation of soils to speed flowering and pests to prevent spoilage.
What are the challenges of agriculture?
Agriculture faces in modern times great challenges in terms of ecology, sustainability, and quantity of production, compared to a human population that continues to grow year after year. And from these considerations come the opposite concepts of intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture.
What is subsistence farming?
An example perhaps a bit extreme, since the crop, conuco or family garden provides just enough for a family to subsist and change or sell the surplus with their neighbors. It is perhaps the agricultural point furthest from the needs of the world food market and therefore does not require almost technological intervention or inputs.
What is hydroponic agriculture?
Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured.
What is organic farming?
These are variants of extensive agriculture whose purpose is to dispense with all types of contaminants and machinery, betting on products as natural as possible, which instead of volume offer food quality to the market.
What is greenhouse agriculture?
It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity.
What is the farm model?
The farm . Grouping livestock activities (cattle, swine, avian) with agriculture, this development model takes advantage of the natural fertilizer of the animals and the vegetable residues of the harvest as food, to point to a sort of artificial ecosystem where diverse processes are fed back .
What is the origin of agriculture?
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.
How does livestock affect the environment?
A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”
What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?
Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.
How does agriculture increase yield?
Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.
What was the Arab agricultural revolution?
The Arab Agricultural Revolution, starting in Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain), transformed agriculture with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants.
How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?
At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.
Examples of agriculture in a Sentence
Recent Examples on the Web During the last 200 years, humans have more than doubled methane concentrations in the atmosphere (through industry and agriculture), which has led to steadily increasing temperatures. — Ashley Stimpson, Popular Mechanics, 10 Feb.
Kids Definition of agriculture
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What Is Intensive Agriculture?
Intensive agriculture is a method of farming that uses large amounts of labor and investment to increase the yield of the land. In an industrialized society this typically means the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals that boost yield, and the acquisition and use of machinery to aid planting, chemical application, and picking.
What Are the Characteristics of Intensive Agriculture?
Pasture intensification is the increase in value and production that occurs due to inputs such as money, labor, and pesticides, specifically in the pastures on which farmed animals graze.
Intensive Agriculture Examples
Most of the farmed animals in the United States live a significant portion of their lives on industrial factory farms that use a variety of intensive methods to produce more meat, dairy, or eggs for less money. One such method is keeping the animals enclosed in small spaces and delivering their food to them.
Intensive Versus Extensive Agriculture
Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.
Why Is Intensive Agriculture Bad?
Billions of animals in the United States suffer on factory farms that employ intensive methods to increase profitability. Often they are confined in such small spaces that they can barely move. Standard procedures include debeaking, castration, tail docking, and dehorning.
The intensification of farming has played an important role in the history of agriculture. It allowed for farmers to feed growing communities around the world. However, intensive agriculture as we know it today is no longer sustainable or necessary.
What are the different types of agriculture?
Each of the following are different types of agriculture that are used to produce crops or livestock and a brief description of each. 1. Commercial Grain Farming – used in areas with low rainfall, such as prairies and grasslands. Wheat, flax, and barley are examples of crops that are produced. 2.
How many types of agriculture are there?
Agriculture can be broken down into four different types depending on use. They are:
What is the science of growing crops, raising livestock, and preparing and distributing those crops and livestock to the public?
Agriculture is the science of growing crops, raising livestock, and preparing and distributing those crops and livestock to the public. Crops can be edible, such as fruits and vegetables, or inedible, such as cotton, wool, or other textiles.
What are the different types of landscaping companies?
Usually there are two types of landscaping companies, commercial and residential, but there are some companies that offer both.
What is landscaping in landscaping?
Landscaping is considered to be anything that changes or modifies existing areas of land. It doesn’t just refer to adding living things like plants, shrubs, and other foliage. Landscaping can also mean changing the layout of the land by: and even fences and decks.
What is the difference between landscaping and agriculture?
The first major difference between landscaping and agriculture is that agriculture focuses mostly on living things.
What is small scale agriculture?
Agriculture can be done on a small-scale or large-scale basis. An example of small-scale agriculture would be a local farmer selling crops to the community at a farmer’s market.
What is agricultural production?
Agricultural production comprises various stages, such as seeding, breeding, and agrichemical application done through farm machinery. The economic viability of farming is causing companies to develop new technologies and capitalize on the existing opportunities. Eventually, it allows them to scale production that results in large-scale operations.
What is agribusiness in agriculture?
Agribusiness refers to businesses actively involved in the commercial agricultural processes, from production to processing and marketing to distribution. The companies in this sector integrate small-scale farmers to meet growing consumer demands in emerging economies.
What is agribusiness in business?
It is the process of holding and managing the distributors, suppliers and retail locations at the company’s discretion. read more. and the usage of value chains. Agribusiness includes all economic activities related to the food production process, including: Farm equipment manufacturing. Pesticide and fertilizer supply.
How have companies become more efficient in the agricultural industry?
Rather than trying to accomplish all the activities involved in the agricultural process such as cultivating, equipment use, seeding, and fertilizing alone, companies have become more efficient by employing businesslike practices in their operations. These new developments have transformed the agriculture industry and spurred the agribusiness sector.
What technology do agribusinesses use?
These companies will often use modern technology to enhance food production efficiencies, such as robots, sensors, drones, and GPS. The agriculture industry faces several threats (climate change, droughts) that agribusiness can help to mitigate or resolve.
What is agribusiness?
Agribusiness is a term used to describe companies primarily engaged in commercial agricultural processes, such as cultivation, marketing, and distribution. Different types of agribusiness companies can include farm equipment manufacturers, pesticide and fertilizer suppliers, seed suppliers, and research and development organizations.
Why do farmers use drones?
Many farmers will also use modern technologies such as robots, drones, and GPS to increase their overall efficiency and save on costs that they can then pass on to consumers. The way these businesses interact with each other is considered the agribusiness concept. If any business or industry misses the scene, the sector will lack the desired efficiency.
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the …
Etymology and scope
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and t…