What is the future of agriculture in india


What is the Future of Agriculture in India?

  • Rainbow revolution holds the key. The first major barrier to overcome is declining productivity. …
  • Per drop more crop. The second major barrier is the scarcity of two major resources for agriculture – cultivable land and water.
  • Opening up of the markets. …

The agriculture sector, currently valued at US$ 370 billion, is one of the major sectors in the Indian economy. According to the Economic Survey 2020-21, GDP contribution by the agriculture sector is likely to be 19.9% in 2020-21, increasing from 17.8% recorded in 2019-20.Oct 26, 2021


Can we save the future of Indian agriculture?

All this, in many ways, paints a bleak picture of future of Indian agriculture. If we however want to save the future of our farmers and permanently cure the ills of Indian agriculture, major policy interventions have to be made at the earliest.

What is the future of farming?

And the integration of artificial intelligence, satellite imagery and sophisticated predictive software will help farmers make key decisions in real time, saving time, money and maybe even a crop from the devastating impact of pests or extreme weather. Focus on soil health: Soil health could very well be the next frontier in farming.

What are the key challenges of Agriculture in India?

Government and other organisations are trying to address the key challenges of agriculture in India, including small holdings of farmers, primary and secondary processing, supply chain, infrastructure supporting the efficient use of resources and marketing, reducing intermediaries in the market.

How modern agriculture can be modernised in India through modernisation?

With the vision of ‘Make In India’, government involvement and government adhered innovation and investment is increasing. Now, it is the modern agricultural implements and machine manufacturers that need to bring innovation and new agro-techniques to Modernised Farmlands of India.


What are the future prospects of Indian agriculture?

According to Union government estimates, India’s food production was 291.95 MT in 2019-20; for 2020-21, the government had set the target up to 298.3 MT, which was two per cent from the previous year’s output. Food production must double by 2050 to match the country’s population and income growth.

What will happen to agriculture in the future?

Future agriculture will use sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. These advanced devices and precision agriculture and robotic systems will allow farms to be more profitable, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly.

Is agriculture growing in India?

In addition to growth in total output, agriculture in India has shown an increase in average agricultural output per hectare in last 60 years.

Is there a demand for agriculture in the future?

The world’s population is expected to reach 9.1 billion people in 2050, up from 7.4 billion in 2016. Farmers globally must increase food production 70 percent compared to 2007 levels to meet the needs of the larger population, according to a report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

What are the predicted top 5 careers in agriculture for 2020?

Here are our predicted top five careers in agriculture in 2020.Drone Technologists. Show farmers how to increase yields and reduce crop damage using sensors, robotics and images from the air. … Hydrologists. … Agriculture Communicators. … Food Scientists. … Precision Agriculture Technologists.

What will food look like 2050?

By 2050, we will all be eating more fruit, vegetables and wholegrains, and a lot less meat, dairy and junk food. Yet some of the plants we eat will look nothing like the plants of today thanks to innovations within microorganism cultivation and 3D printing.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture?

China is the world’s largest grain producer, yet has grown more dependent on food imports in recent decades. Much of India’s output is produced by subsistence farmers and consumed locally.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture 2021?

China is the top country by gross value of agricultural production in the world. As of 2018, gross value of agricultural production in China was 883,658,208 million US dollars that accounts for 24.97% of the world’s gross value of agricultural production.

Who is the biggest farmer in India?

1. Pramod Gautam. Pramod Gautam, a former automobile engineer who switched to farming in 2006. Now he earns over a crore annually after executing an utterly different cultivation method.

What is the greatest threat to agriculture in the next 10 years?

Overall, the biggest threat to agricultural sustainability is climate change. There has been a 5% decline per decade in crop yields which is a direct result of heat, weather volatility, drought, super-storms, insect infestations, flooding, and seasonal changes all brought on by the increasing levels of global warming.

Is agriculture a growing industry?

The level of U.S. farm output nearly tripled between 1948 and 2017, growing at an average annual rate of 1.53 percent.

Which country has the best agricultural technology?

the United StatesIn short, we can say that the United States is the best country in agriculture technology….Agriculture in the United StatesAgriculture in the United States expanded by 5% every year after 1990. … The United States produces the highest amount of timber. … The United States is a net exporter of agricultural commodities.More items…•

Why did farmers fail to adopt new technologies in India?

India is aware of the technologies but the farmers fail to adopt due to the cost of the new agro machines and knowledge. Financial viability has to be leveraged by the government and introduce renting machines or schemes like Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana so that new technologies can be brought in to practice.

What are the new agricultural technologies?

Other new agricultural technologies that are of great importance are sensors and automated agricultural machines. Sensors track real-time information on farms and ancillary infrastructure along with the habitat of animals which can help in improving farming practices. Some of the areas where they are applied are – soil sensors, crop sensors, …

What do tractors do?

Now, tractors come with agricultural implements like cultivators or broadcast seeders which greatly help in a plantation of crops. Disc rotators attached with the tractor disperses seedlings evenly. Seeds can be easily drilled without much effort and labor of the farmer.

What is India doing in the 21st century?

India, in the 21st century, is getting Improved agricultural implements and new mechanized farming tools. We can review the importance of farming techniques, which can lead to high crop yield and maintenance of the fertility of the soil while saving time and utilizing it in other fields. Equally, we should not forget that taking care …

Why are agro machines important?

Agro machine manufacturers have to support agricultural growth in the country. Automation is another area that is gaining popularity has good potential to improve farming methods for the future. The chores of planting, harvesting and irrigating can be automated with absolute accuracy. You never know that in the future, …

How to increase agricultural efficiency?

Farmers should use tractors instead of relying on animals. Use seed drill to increase agricultural efficiency. Pressure sprayer should be used throughout the farm to protect the crops from being infected. Sprinklers should be used to evenly irrigate plants for healthy and consistent growth.

What are the benefits of automation?

The benefits of Automation could be less human intervention, more productivity of crops, less environmental waste and fewer farm injuries.

Why the need to adopt agriculture in the future?

Farmers need to be adapted so that they can continue to produce crops and raise livestock in a changing environment. They may need to change what crops they grow, the timing of important farming activities, how they manage their water use, and what shelter or shade they provide for animals.

New technologies needed for the future of agriculture in India

Farmers need to understand the need for new technology. New techniques can help farmers save time that can be used effectively in other activities and professions. The limited use of mechanized farming techniques has hindered the development of a more organized and productive agricultural sector.

Digital agriculture application in future of agriculture in India

The application of digital agriculture includes technical interventions based on remote sensing, soil sensors, unmanned aerial surveys, and market insights, to enable farmers to integrate crop and soil health conditions at different stages of production allows imagining and testing.

Implementation of digital agriculture in India

An important factor behind the gradual adoption of digital farming in India is the importance of isolated smallholder farms in the country, which complicates data collection.

Benefits of digital agriculture

Implementing these technological solutions enables reliable management and monitoring of farms. Because farmers get a complete digital analysis of farms in real-time, they can act accordingly and do not need to use excessive pesticides, fertilizers and reduce overall water consumption. Other benefits include:

Emerging trends in the future of agriculture

India is the largest exporter of agricultural products. Therefore, it is one of the major emerging trends in agricultural marketing under liberalization. Due to deregulation, the volume of agricultural exports under the WTO principle is increasing and it has the potential to grow shortly.

Developing new biological techniques in agriculture

During the Green Revolution, the large-scale use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides was encouraged to meet the growing demand for food to feed a growing population. Increasing population, the ever-increasing demand for food, and unlimited exploitation of natural resources pose serious threats to the environment and agriculture.

What is the future of agriculture in India?

The future of Indian agriculture. There is a need for work on cost-effective technologies with environmental protection and on conserving our natural resources. Agriculture in India is livelihood for a majority of the population and can never be underestimated.

How will globalization affect India?

Increasing population, increasing average income and globalisation effects in India will increase demand for quantity, quality and nutritious food, and variety of food. Therefore, pressure on decreasing available cultivable land to produce more quantity, variety and quality of food will keep on increasing.

How can nanotechnology be used in agriculture?

Nano-materials in agriculture will reduce the wastage in use of chemicals, minimise nutrient losses in fertilisation and will be used to increase yield through pest and nutrient management.

What changes were made to agricultural marketing after 2003?

Agricultural marketing reforms after 2003 made changes in marketing of agricultural outputs by permitting private investment in developing markets , contract farming and futures trading, etc. These amendments in marketing acts have brought about some changes but the rate is less.

Why is biotechnology important?

Use of biotechnology and breeding will be very important in developing eco-friendly and disease resistant, climate resilient, more nutritious and tastier crop varieties. 4. Some technologies will be frequently and widely used in future and some will become common in a short time while some will take time to mature.

How many internet users will India have in 2025?

India has improved remarkably in its digital connectivity and market access has become very easy. The number of internet users is projected to reach 666.4 million in 2025. Farmers will be behaving more smartly with mobiles in hands and would be able to be more aware and connected with different stake holders.

Is India’s crop productivity low?

In spite of all these facts, the average productivity of many crops in India is quite low. The country’s population in the next decade is expected to become the largest in the world and providing food for them will be a very prime issue. Farmers are still not able to earn respectable earnings.

1. Increase Food Production

Indian agriculture has seen a dramatic increase in food production since introducing new technologies like the Green Revolution in agriculture practices. An annual growth rate of 2.08% was recorded during the 1970s. An annual growth rate of 3.5% was recorded in food grains in 1980.

2. Agricultural Diversification

Agriculture not only completes the demand for food grains, but it is also fulfilling other development needs.

3. Emerging Trend in Horticulture Production

India is considered the largest producer of fruits and the second-largest vegetable producer. The diversity of geographical, climatic and soil features enables India to grow a large variety of horticultural crops, including fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, coconut, cocoa, areca nut, root and tuber crops, medicinal and aromatic plants etc.

4. Raise in Floricultural Output

Presently, flowers are grown in about 31,000 hectares of land spread over Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. However, since the establishment of liberalization, commercial cultivation of floriculture has been gradually increasing. As a result, the demand for Indian cut flowers is growing continuously in the international market.

5. Free Trade

Liberalization has removed all restrictions on the movement of agricultural produce within the country. It has helped in the expansion of trade in agricultural products, especially food grains.

6. Agriculture Exports

India is the biggest exporter of agricultural products. Hence, it is one of the important emerging trends in agricultural marketing under liberalization. Due to the deregulation, the volume of agricultural exports is growing under the WTO’s rule and its growth prospects in the near future.

7. Developing New Biological Techniques

During the Green Revolution, the increased application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides was encouraged on a large scale to meet the growing demand for the food needed to feed the increasing population.

How many countries are organic farming?

India currently occupies a prominent position among 172 countries that are active in organic farming worldwide. More than 6,50,000 organic producers, 699 processors, 669 exporters, and 7,20,000 hectares are currently in cultivation in the country.

When was the first mega food park in Rajasthan inaugurated?

Some major agriculture investments and developments are as follows: The first mega food park in Rajasthan was inaugurated in March 2018.

How much is the loan agreement for Tamil Nadu?

A loan agreement of US$ 318 million was signed between the Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and the World Bank in December 2017 for the ‘Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization Project’ through which is expected to benefit around 500,000 farmers in the state.

Is India self sufficient in pulses?

In the coming years, India is expected to be self- sufficient in pulses due to the concerted efforts of scientists to obtain early maturation varieties of pulses and the increase in the minimum support price.

Can farmers use metabolites?

The farmers even now have an option for chemical-free farming using Metabolites based bio agri inputs which are a perfect replacement to chemical-based inputs and help in residue free farming. The future will be technologically driven and research oriented.


Increase Food Production

Agricultural Diversification

Emerging Trend in Horticulture Production

Raise in Floricultural Output

Free Trade

Agriculture Exports

  • India is the biggest exporter of agricultural products. Hence, it is one of the important emerging trends in agricultural marketing under liberalization. Due to the deregulation, the volume of agricultural exports is growing under the WTO’s rule and its growth prospects in the near future. India is in a favourable position in terms of agricultural …

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Developing New Biological Techniques

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