What is the principle of crop rotation in agriculture


The principle of crop rotation is to plant a crop in a different location each year. Rotating crops disrupts pathogens, insects, and nematodes by removing the host required to complete their life cycle.

Principles of Crop Rotation

Crop rotation simply focuses on rotating crops in a particular area so that no bed has the same crop in successive seasons. The main objective is to maintain soil pH and nutrient so that each crop species in every season can get the most out of the soil.Aug 19, 2021


What are the ethical issues using crop rotation?

There are many potential and already existent issues around pesticide use in orchards. One of the most important and threatening is pesticide drift. Pesticide drift is the spread of sprayed chemicals via wind or other factors. These chemicals can find their way to homes, families, workers, and waterways.

How to get started in crop rotation?

  • Write down your goals. …
  • Prioritize your goals. …
  • List crops you plan to grow and how much you plan to grow.
  • Create rotational groups. …
  • Check for excessive acreage of one crop family.
  • Make a map of your farm or garden. …
  • Divide your farm or garden into equal-size rotational units. …
  • Define the land area (rotational units) needed for each grouping of crops. …

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What are the rules for crop rotation?

Sowing rules after carrots

  • Cultures for growing after carrots. It is better not to plant celery, parsnips and parsley after carrots. …
  • Cucumbers. For planting cucumbers in open ground after carrots, you need to prepare the breast. …
  • Cabbage. …
  • Legumes. …
  • Radish. …
  • Conclusion. …
  • Watch the video: How To Grow Carrots: Sowing To Harvest (November 2021). …

Why is crop rotation considered a good agricultural practice?

How Crop Rotation Alleviates the Problem of Nutrient Depletion in the

  1. Increased Yields. Changing to crop rotation from monoculture can result in improved crop yields by a factor of 20% or more.
  2. Pest Reduction. Different crops are susceptible to different pests, which is why changing the crops every season or every year reduces or eliminates the pests in a natural manner …
  3. Improved Soil Quality. …
  4. Reduced Soil Erosion. …

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What is the basic principle of crop rotation Mcq?

Q. The basic principal of taking crop rotation is ? A basic principle of crop rotation is not to grow the same thing in the same place two years running. In fact, the larger the gap between a crop occupying the same piece of ground the better.

What are the principles of crop production?

Field crop production process: Land preparation, propagation and planting, soil moisture management, management of pests (weeds, insect pests, and pathogens), crop nutrition management, harvesting, and postharvest handling.

What are the four principles which should be followed in a good crop rotation plan?

Principle of Crop RotationType of crop sown.Local economic factor.Traditioning.

What is rotational cropping in agriculture?

crop rotation, the successive cultivation of different crops in a specified order on the same fields, in contrast to a one-crop system or to haphazard crop successions.

What are 3 types of crops?

Kharif crops- Grown in June- July, e.g., rice, cotton.Rabi crops- Grown in October-November, e.g., wheat, potato.Zaid crops- Grown between March- June, e.g., cucumber, pumpkin.

What is the importance of crop production?

Agronomic crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fiber for domestic consumption and are a major component of U.S. export trade. Horticultural plants — those grown specifically for human use — offer variety to human diets and enhance the living environment.

What are the objectives of crop rotation?

The different objectives of crop rotation are- 1. Maintaining soil fertility, 2. Protecting crops against pests, 3. Surplus crop production and 4.

What are the characteristics of crop rotation?

What is Crop Rotation?Increases Soil Fertility.Increases Crop Yield.Increases Soil Nutrients.Reduces Soil Erosion.Limits the Concentration of Pests and Diseases.Reduces the Stress of Weeds.Improves the Soil Structure.Reduces Pollution.More items…

What are the types of crop rotation?

What are the Types of Crop RotationOne year rotation. Maize – Mustard. Rice – Wheat. … Three years rotation. Rice – Wheat – Mung – Mustard. Sugarcane – Berseem. Cotton – Oat – Sugarcane – Peas – Maize – Wheat.

What is crop rotation PDF?

Crop rotation is a system of designing how to cycle a. piece of land through various crops, reducing the. reliance on chemical fertilisers, pesticides and. herbicides.

What is crop rotation Brainly?

Brainly User. Answer: Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It is done so that the soil of farms is not used for only one set of nutrients. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield.

Why Do It?

Crop rotation offers many benefits to your farm management practice. It gives you a sense of purpose, and can drive your overall soil and crop policy toward long-term productivity. The main goal of crop rotation is to keep your soil fertile and profitable for a longer period of time.

Alternating Crops

The main and the most important principle of crop rotation is to alternate the crops that are planted on a particular area. However, there are many other details to consider. The feature you are looking for in plants is their ability to absorb nutrients from the soil.

Detrimental And Beneficial Effects

All plants have some effect on the soil that could be either a detriment or a benefit. Plants can affect the soil by means of toxic organic matter, soil structure, soil microorganisms or residual soil moisture.


Another thing to consider when planning your crop rotation is the climate in which you will be working. Not all crops grow with the same speed and quality in all climates. You’ll need to change your crops based on the features of the plants, as well as the features of your specific climate.


Similar principle applies for choosing the plants based on labor required for harvest. This could vary greatly from one crop to another, and you should try to ensure you don’t double the amount of work needed.

Two Rotation Types

Ultimately, there are two main types of crop rotation. The first is regenerative: meaning it’s used after the soil has already lost its qualities, and your goal is to repair existing damage.


Crop rotation is an ancient practice, one finding new popularity with the rise of modern technology. Changing your crops in a circular fashion allows the soil to recover from damage done by more demanding plants.

What are the principles of crop rotation?

In order to adopt the principles of crop rotation, the farmer must first consider the following factors:#N#(i) Climatic conditions such as rainfall, temperature, humidity and sunlight . read how these factors affects agricultural production here#N#(ii) Vegetation of the area. #N#(iii) Soil type.#N#(iv) Soil fertility.#N#(v) Crops to be planted.#N#(vi) The root system of the crops to be planted.#N#With these factors in the mind of the farmer, he will ensure that the principles which include the following are adhered to:#N#(i) Closely related crops do not follow each other in the same sequence, since such crops will be drawing the same type of nutrients from the soil e.g. maize should not be followed by rice or sorghum in the rotation.#N#(ii) Deep rooted crops should not follow each other in the same sequence. Therefore, deep rooted crops should be followed by shallow rooted crops. For example, yam should be followed by maize.#N#(iii) Crops of the same family should not follow each other, since they will be susceptible to the same diseases and pests e.g. maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and millet.#N#(iv) Crops planted should be ones that are suitable to the climate of the area. For example, tree crops should be grown in rain-forest zone, while crops such as maize, millet beans, groundnut, etc. should be grown in savannah area. Swamp rice should be restricted to swampy area.#N#(v) Period of fallow should be included in the rotational course, as this will help to replenish the soil fertility.#N#(vi) During fallowing, leguminous crops may be planted for building up more nitrogen.

What is crop rotation?

Definition: Crop rotation is defined as the planting of different types of crops on the same piece of land in a definite seque nce.#N#In other words, it is a system that involves the growing of different crops on the same piece of land year after year, with each crop following the other in a definite sequence . This system is practiced in areas where farmland is in short supply. For example, a farmland may be acquired and grown with different crops year after year. This means that the farmer may plant maize on the whole farm this year, while he plants cowpea next year and so on. He may come back to plant maize in four years’ time depending on his course of rotation.#N#Another way of practicing this system is that the farmland may be divided into plots and each is used to grow a different crop every year. The different crops can then be rotated every year from one plot to another.

What are the factors that affect crop rotation?

The soil factors include topography, physical and chemical soil conditions, availability of nutrients in the soil. For example, steepy/sloppy land will encourage strip inter- cropping, rather than using such land for other cropping systems. If a particular soil is high in nutrients capacity, the farmer can use such soil for continuous cropping, but the farmer may adopt crop rotation in a situation of low level of soil fertility, where many crops are grown and each crop will be rotated yearly on a particular soil.#N#(iii)

What are the crops that farmers grow in Nigeria?

As a result, the Northern Nigerian farmers which are predominantly Muslims do not rear pigs.#N#Northern farmers mostly plant cereal crops e.g. maize, millet and sorghum. Each of these crops may be the single-crop to occupy a particular farmland, which is Mono-cropping. In the South, the farmers mostly plant root and tuber crops, legumes and vegetables, which are concentrated on a particular farmland known as mixed cropping. Ideally, taste determines the planting of cereals in the North, which serves as staple food in the area, while tubers and roots are mainly consumed in the South.

Planning Crop Rotation

It’s often difficult to remember important details of the garden from year to year; therefore, keeping records can be helpful. This will also aid in planning a successful rotation. Keep notes on which crops were planted, where and when they were planted, and any pest events noticed during the season.

Plant Families

When planning crop rotation, it is important to consider the plant family to which the crop belongs. Crops within the same family are often susceptible to many of the same pests; therefore, a proper rotation should rotate plant families.

Limitations of Crop Rotation

Though crop rotation can be an important tool, it isn’t perfect. Some pests and diseases have an extensive host range and can affect crops across multiple families. When planning rotations, research the alternate plant hosts of pests and diseases that affect the crops being grown.

What are the principles of crop rotation?

Principles of Crop Rotation. 1. The crops with tap roots should be followed by those with fibrous root system. This helps in proper and uniform use of nutrients from the soil. 2. The leguminous crops should be grown after non-leguminous crops. Legumes fix atmos phericnitrogen inthe soil and add moreorganic matter to the soil.

Why should legumes not be grown in succession?

More exhaustive crops should be followed by less exhaustive crops. 4. The crop of the same family should not be grown in succession because they act like alternate hosts for pests and diseases. 5.


Crop rotation has been practiced from the time immemorial, and every farmer is quite familiar with it. If only one crop is sown in a particular field year after year, the roots of the crop extract nutrients from the same depth of soil every year, exhausting the rhizosphere and thus causing reduction in the crop yield.

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In this study, we reviewed weed seed bank dynamic and main agriculture operations to come up with the weed seed management modeling designed to increase crop productivity by removing weed competition. Weed contributing with 10% loss of total global grain production.

Why do crops rotate?

Crop Rotation. Because different crops have different nutritional needs and tend to be vulnerable to different diseases and pests, rotating what crops are grown in a specific location can reduce soil depletion and the need for as much pesticide and fertilizer use.

Does crop rotation increase carbon?

It also increases soil organic carbon. When combined with no-till or low-till practices, this can have a significant impact on carbon sequestration with positive impacts on reducing the rate of climate change. Although the practice of crop rotation varies, the principles of crop rotation are universal: alternate crops with different characteristics.

What Is Crop Rotation?

Crop rotation is an agricultural practice that involves planting several different crops in the same field. This method plays an essential role in the control of pests and diseases of crops. The introduction of crop rotation can reduce the phytosanitary potential by several times in comparison with monoculture cultivation.

What are Cover Crops?

Planting cover crops is an ancient agricultural practice used by the Romans. Fortunately, it has not been lost over the centuries. The practice is used to this day on many farms, as it brings many benefits to growers. This method works for both the short and long term.

Principles of Crop Rotation

Crop rotation planning is based on several essential principles. By following them, you can achieve an effective result. Crops chosen for alternate growing should have different nutrient absorption capacities and different root depths.

Agricultural Practices

Moisture control makes a significant contribution to maintaining the health of crops. Implementing this practice can help solve the problem of over-watering or under-watering, which in both cases harms the crop. In addition, soil moisture problems can lead to increased susceptibility to disease. Excessive moisture can also cause weeds.

Factors Affecting Crop Rotation

Climate is the most crucial factor affecting crop rotation. When planning your crop rotation, consider rainfall, wind speed, and windy days, as well as other climate factors in your area.

Final Thoughts

Crop rotation is a practice of caring for the soil and the environment. For example, by growing cover crops, we prevent the soil from eroding and emitting greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, as they are trapped in the root system.


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