What is the process of agriculture


The main steps for agricultural practices include preparation of soil, sowing, adding manure and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting and storage. The fundamental factor in the process of seeding is dependent on the properties of both seed and the soil it is being planted in.

Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock).


What are the basic processes of farming?

  • Choose a sunny spot: Although grains are a fairly resilient crop, they do require ample sunlight to grow. …
  • Test the soil: If you are concerned about the quality of your soil, have it professionally tested before you begin planting.
  • Till the soil: Till the area completely to a depth of at least six inches. …

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What are the steps of farming?

Let us make a list of some such considerations:

  • CROP: When deciding about the crop to be grown, and it could be grains, millet, fruits, flowers etc., the farmer should consider the total revenue model.
  • Land preparation: After we have selected our crop, now is the time to prepare the land suitable for this crop. …
  • Planting of seeds: Use of good quality seeds is of essence. …

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What is agricultural process?

The main steps for agricultural practices include preparation of soil, sowing, adding manure and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting and storage. The fundamental factor in the process of seeding is dependent on the properties of both seed and the soil it is being planted in.

What are the issues with agriculture?

5 agriculture issues for 2022

  • Carbon. The carbon credit market is gaining interest with co-ops and companies like Cargill offering programs to help farmers find their way to new revenue.
  • COVID-19. COVID-19 continues to play a role in supply chain disruptions and international travel. …
  • WOTUS. …
  • Livestock. …
  • Land values and rents. …

What are the 4 steps in the agriculture process?

Contents1 Seeding.2 Seedling.3 Pollination.4 Irrigation.

What is the process of agriculture in India?

The farming systems that significantly contribute to the agriculture of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, industrial farming. Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.

What are the stages of agriculture?

Agriculture & Agricultural PracticesSoil preparation. Before raising a crop, the soil in which it is to be grown is prepared by ploughing, levelling, and manuring. … Sowing. Selection of seeds of good quality crop strains is the primary stage of sowing. … Manuring. … Irrigation. … Weeding. … Harvesting. … Storage.

What are the 3 stages of agriculture?

Innovation in agriculture goes through three stages: research and product development; demonstration and market validation; and commercialization.Stage 1: Research and product development. … Stage 2: Demonstration and market validation. … Stage 3: Commercialization. … Building the future of agriculture.More items…

What is agriculture PDF?

Agriculture is an applied science which encompasses all aspects of crop production including horticulture, livestock rearing, fisheries, forestry, etc. Agriculture is defined as an art, science and business of producing crops and livestock for economic purposes.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What is agriculture Short answer?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.

What are the types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•

What are the 5 components of agriculture?

The five components of agricultural revolution are Machinery, land under cultivation, fertilizers and pesticides, irrigation, and high-yielding varieties of plants.

What are the 7 types of agricultural practices?

Soil preparation, sowing, manuring, irrigation, weeding, harvesting, and storage are the seven steps of agriculture practices.

How do crops grow?

0:172:15Crops for Kids: How do crops grow? – YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipThe roots get water and nutrients from the soil. The stem supports the growth of the leaves flowers.MoreThe roots get water and nutrients from the soil. The stem supports the growth of the leaves flowers. And seeds the leaves do photosynthesis to get food from the Sun.

What is rice cultivated on?

Rice is cultivated on an estimated 3% of the world’s agricultural land, and has been important as a model system in plant biology. It is one of the first plant species to have its genome fully mapped. Rice husks (RHs) and sugarcane bagasse are two of the highest volume agricultural process residues.

What are plant derived resources?

Plant-derived resources have emerged as key alternatives to fossil resources for production of fuels and chemicals. There have been innumerable number of studies on the development of technology for converting plant-derived resources into the products within the industrial field (e.g., Vohra et al., 2014; Humbird et al., 2011). The benefit of these technologies, however, could be affected by the agricultural process as a raw material acquisition stage of plant-derived production. Unlike mining of fossil resources, agriculture has some unique characteristics that restrict the yield, composition and availability of plant-derived resources such as intervention of farmers and vulnerability to weather, insects and diseases. The method for the design of systems encompassing agriculture and industry is needed.

How are PAHs produced?

PAHs are produced by the pyrolysis of hydrocarbons at high temperatures. Coal combustion, smoke, and industrial fumes are important sources of PAHs. PAH compounds are readily soluble in organic solvents due to their lipophilic/hydrophobic properties.

What is NiF8 in agriculture?

Table 2 organizes the results of agricultural processes. NiF8 is a cultivar of sugarcane widely planted in Japanese sugarcane field. KY01-2044 is called as “monster cane”, which is a new cultivar of sugarcane developed in Japan.

What is biomass utilization?

In general, biomass utilization system contains agricultural processes for cultivation and industrial processes for converting the biomass obtained from farmland into products such as foods, fuels, chemicals, and/or electricity with some emissions.

What were the changes in agriculture?

Other recent changes in agriculture include hydroponics, plant breeding, hybridization, gene manipulation, better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control.

What is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products?

Agriculture. Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). The practice of agriculture is also known as “farming”, while scientists, inventors and others devoted to improving farming methods …

What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial intensive farming?

Subsistence farming, who farms a small area with limited resource inputs, and produces only enough food to meet the needs of his/her family. At the other end is commercial intensive agriculture, including industrial agriculture.

What are the steps of the agricultural process?

As we all are aware of, there are multiple steps to be followed in the agricultural process. The first and the initial stage is the selection of the seeds. Seeds are the fundamental requirement in most of the agricultural process. Before beginning with the cultivation, selecting the best quality seeds is a challenging task for the farmers.

What is the main purpose of agriculture?

The main purpose of agriculture is not only to cultivate crops, but it also provides employment for the large proportion of the population, and it is the backbone of our economic system.

What is the process of sowing seeds?

After the preparation of soil, the previously selected seeds are scattered in the field. This process is called sowing . Sowing should be done carefully and evenly. If seeds are not sown uniformly, overcrowding of crops happens.

How are seeds distributed in a tractor?

In this method, iron drills or the funnels filled with seeds are connected to a tractor. As the plough moves, seeds are distributed into the furrow made by the plough and are covered. This method is more advantageous than the traditional method. In this method, seeds are distributed evenly at regular distances and depth.

What is the most economical method of planting seeds?

This is the most common and generally practised method by all the farmers. This is a very simple process, in which seeds are scattered by hands. This process is called broadcasting, which is the most economical method. Here, seeds are sown either by hand or by using tools. Sowing of seeds by hand is called broadcasting. This is common, but a uniform distribution is not maintained.

What are the two agricultural practices that demand extreme attention and care?

Therefore, farmers have to choose suitable seeds from the variety of options available in the market. Let us know more in detail about the selection and sowing of seeds. Selection and sowing of seeds are two agricultural practices which demand extreme attention and care.

What is the art and ability to cultivate plants and other livestock?

Agriculture – Selection and Sowing of Seeds. Agriculture is the art and ability to cultivate plants and other livestock. There are different types of agriculture , and it plays a crucial role in the life of an economy.

What is the agricultural cycle?

Jump to navigation Jump to search. The agricultural cycle is the annual cycle of activities related to the growth and harvest of a crop (plant). These activities include loosening the soil, seeding, special watering, moving plants when they grow bigger, and harvesting, among others.

What is the process of germinating a seed?

Germination is a process by which the seed develops into a seedling. The vital conditions necessary for this process are water, air, temperature, energy, viability and enzymes. If any of these conditions are absent, the process cannot undergo successfully. Germination is also known as sprouting; it is also considered as the first sign of life shown by a seed.

What is the process of seeding?

The fundamental factor in the process of seeding is dependent on the properties of both seed and the soil it is being planted in . The prior step associated with seeding is crop selection, which mainly consists of two techniques: sexual and asexual. Asexual technique include all forms of vegetative process such as budding, grafting and layering.

What are the two parts of a plant that are grafted?

Grafting is mainly applied to two parts of the plant: the dicot and the gymnosperms due to the presence of vascular cambium between the plant tissues: xylem and phloem. A grafted plant consists of two parts: first rootstock, which is the lower part of the plants that comprises roots and the lowest part of the shoot.

What is the process of a plant bud being implanted into a replica of the parent plant?

Budding is another form of asexual reproduction in which new plant develops from a productive objective source of the parent plant. It is a method in which a bud of the plant is joined onto the stem of another plant. The plant in which the bud is being implanted in, eventually develops into a replica of the parent plant.

What are the two types of irrigation?

There are two types of irrigation techniques: spray irrigation and drip irrigation. Drip irrig ation is regarded more efficient as less water evaporated as in spray irrigation.

What are the basic practices of agriculture?

Basic Agricultural Practices And Steps For Growing Of Crops. Generally all farmers anywhere would consider aspects like what crop to sow, method of tillage, fertilization program, market and price for the produce etc. before embarking on any crop produce. These considerations are fairly common – may be one or the other aspects would be already …

What is the first pass of the tractor or manual effort over the soil so as to cut, break and invert the

Ploughing – this is first pass of the tractor or manual effort over the soil so as to cut, break and invert the soil. Organic manures and full dose of phosphates are mixed with soil at this stage.

What is conservation with zero or no tillage?

Conservation with Zero or no tillage: Here only a narrow furrow wide and deep enough for seeds to be sown is made and the rest of the land is left as it is. There is permanent layer of mulch from crop residue and organic manures or green crops on the surface of the earth.

Why do we need to tillage?

Tillage is required to be done as it: Gives a roll over to land and thus makes it softer for seeding of crops. Soil becomes less compacted and this will allow better rooting. Allows sun rays and air to the ground which makes soil healthier and also some virus is killed. Uproot all weeds and old crop residues.

Do farmers use tractors?

Presently, almost everywhere in the world, farmers employ powered mechanical means e.g. tractors for tilling operations, though manual and animal tillage is also practiced in some parts due to local conditions. The tractors themselves come in different shapes and sizes.

Is land preparation one entity?

Therefore let us first consider a brief theory on land preparation and land preparation methods. Land preparation or call it cultivation and crop growing are to be considered as one entity. Good land preparation enables good crops. Since mankind discovered agriculture, farmers have been carrying out land preparation.

Is burning crop residue harmful?

Best benefit is that there is no burning of the crop residue which is highly detrimental to the environment and also harms the soil content as well friendly bacteria in the field. In time this practice creates an Eco-system of its own so that diseases and pests are minimized.


You must have successfully completed a bachelor’s or higher degree from an accredited college or university that included a major field of study listed below OR you must have completed 24 semester credits in agriculture, biological sciences, chemistry, natural resource management or a related discipline from an accredited college or university plus have appropriate work experience..

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