What is the role of women in agriculture


Role of women in agriculture and its allied fields

  • Agriculture. Mainly rural women are engaged in agricultural activities in three different ways depending on the socio-economic status of their family and regional factors.
  • Livestock. Livestock is the primary livelihood activity used to meet household food needs as well as supplement farm incomes.
  • Poultry. …
  • Feminisation of Agriculture. …

Women fill many roles in agriculture. They are farmers and farm workers, ranchers, agricultural researchers, and educators. And, they contribute to local food systems, direct farm marketing, farm business planning/management, and more.


Why are women so important to agriculture?

Yet millions of women around the world continue to experience discrimination:

  • Laws and policies prohibit women from equal access to land, property, and housing
  • Economic and social discrimination results in fewer and poorer life choices for women, rendering them vulnerable to trafficking
  • Gender-based violence affects at least 30% of women globally
  • Women are denied their sexual and reproductive health rights

More items…

What is the relationship of women to agriculture?

Women play a significant and crucial role in agricultural development and allied fields. The nature and extent of women‘s involvement in agriculture varies greatly from region to region. But regardless of these variations, women are actively involved in various agricultural activities. As per Census 2011, out of total female main workers, 55 …

Why is agriculture important and its role in everyday life?

Agriculture Important and its Role in Everyday Life. In most parts of the world, agriculture is an important source of livelihood. This entails hard work, but it contributes to the nation’s food safety and health. Agriculture was the primary source of the economy prior to the industrial revolution.

What are the four major challenges of Agriculture?

Modern agriculture. has many complex challenges. Farming is a complex, unpredictable and individual business. Farmers must meet the changing needs of our planet and the expectations of regulators, consumers, and food processors and retailers. There are increasing pressures from climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss and from …


Why are women important in agriculture?

From the classroom to the farm to the boardroom, women in agriculture are helping to pave the way for a better future. As leaders, it is our responsibility to make sure the next generation of women are educated, encouraged and empowered to take on the challenges of meeting the world’s growing food, fuel and fiber needs.

What are the opportunities for women in agriculture?

Leadership Opportunities. Women in agriculture have a powerful story to tell – one of stewardship, resilience, and leadership – from everywhere from the combine to the boardroom. There are many opportunities to contribute your voice and experience to your field. Through the Department of Agriculture, you can take advantage …

What is the Women in Ag mentoring network?

To help women in the United States connect with other women leaders in agriculture all across the country, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has established a Women in Ag mentoring network .

What is a USDA mentor?

The USDA Women in Agriculture Mentoring Network is a way to connect, share stories, and share experiences with fellow women in agriculture. The goal is to promote the image, role, and leadership of women not only on the farm, but leading youth organizations, conducting cutting edge research at universities across the country, in the boardrooms of global corporations — the list goes on and on! Join the network by emailing us at agwomenlead@usda.gov and let us know how you would like to connect.

Why is it important to promote gender equality in agriculture?

At the same time, promoting gender equality in agriculture can help reduce extreme poverty and hunger.

How much of the world’s population are women farmers?

Women farmers represent more than a quarter of the world’s population. Women comprise,

What is critical review of literature on gender roles in livestock?

A critical review of the literature on gender roles in livestock is made highlighting conceptual and methodological deficiencies of the studies and recommending alternative approaches to assess roles.

What is the most important crop in Ethiopia?

Tef is the most important staple crop in Ethiopia. Despite its importance and increasing demand in local and global markets, tef production and productivity have remained low. Therefore this experiment was implemented to assess farmer technology preferences and to create wider demand for the availability of high yielding improved tef varieties. The improved variety of Kora with its associated recommended management practices was used and compared with the local tef growing practice in the 2019 growing season on 65 farmers’ farm lands. All the necessary data were collected and estimated using descriptive statistics. The result showed that the variety of Kora provided a higher average grain yield of 2682.4 kg ha-1 and resulted in a yield advantage of approximately 76.9% higher grain yield over the local variety under farmer’s practices. The result further showed that in the study areas a higher technological index of 41.6% was recorded. Participant farmers were agreed that the variety Kora had longer panicle length, resistance to lodging, resistance to waterlogging, longer in plant height, higher in grain, and straw yield compared to their local variety and even the previously introduced varieties. The improved variety drew a lot of attention from farmers because of its high yielding potential, white seed colour, good straw yield, and lodging resistance. The result indicated that promoting the improved tef Kora variety at a large scale, along with the recommended management practices, could increase farmers’ access to improved variety seed and extension services.

What are the advantages of conventional farming?

It demands a high amount of chemical fertilizers. The research follows a case study under the interpretive paradigm using multiple sources of evidence such as interviews, observations, and surveys ofthe literature. Usual to most conventional practices, the local inbreeds of crops are replaced by high yielding varieties of crops. One of the main advantages of conventional farming is the application of a higher amount ofagricultural inputs. The study has shown that the availability of transport made it easy to reach products to the market and has contributed to increasing the income of the farmers. Inadequate knowledge of the use of fertilizers and pesticides results in the origins of new diseases in crops is a major challenge of conventional farming. This research concludes that commercial organic farming can be an alternative to conventional farming. The finding shows the need for agricultural training and capacity building of farmers and also the need to provide subsidies so that farming will be more lucrative.

How are gender studies used in crop production?

The present study is an attempt to obtain and analyze the gender prioritized drudgery experiences in crop production activities through a sample survey of two hundred farmers distributed equally by gender. The survey was conducted in five adopted villages of Chevella mandal, Andhra Pradesh in the year 2007-08. Results of the study highlighted that drudgery in crop activities were differently prioritized men and women. The principal factors contributing to the set priorities are found as work demand on time and posture at work for men and work demand on time, posture, work exertion, perceived difficulty and work load for women. The results guide in selection of suitable technology that can reduce the factors of drudgery.

What is the threat of agriculture?

The increasing threat to sustainable agriculture is a major concern of planners worldwide. Human population growth together with increasing food requirements and competition for land use is leading to land scarcity for agricultural purposes. Farm size influences the extent of the adoption of mechanization and modern methods of farm management practices, which in turn results in increased productivity, production efficiency and agricultural income. We studied changes in macroeconomic factors such as dependency on agriculture, growth of the sector, the pattern of land-holdings and tenure rights across major agriculturally important countries, as well as the priority of agriculture for the national economy (i.e., the share of agriculture in the national income) and its relationship to changes in farm size. The data on the percentage of area under farming, population growth, size of the agricultural workforce and other social dimensions from 24 countries of different geographical sizes were analysed. We used parameters such as the extent of changes in cropland, family-owned land, the agricultural workforce and their productivity, number of holdings and their distribution, women-headed holdings and finally total and per capita agricultural income, and measured the changes over time and space. The published data from national and international sources were used to establish the relationship between farm size and farm efficiency measured through the selected parameters. The results clearly establish that the size of farm holdings had an inverse relationship with the population dependent on agriculture, share of agriculture in national income and tenure rights. Australia had the largest average agricultural landholding (3243 ha), while India and Bangladesh had the lowest (1.3 and 0.3 ha, respectively). The inequality in the distribution of farmland ownership was greater in developed countries than in developing countries. Female farmland ownership was less than 20% in most developing countries and the relationship between the number of farm households and farm outcomes was found to have weakened over time. India, a developing as well as an agriculturally important country, was subjected to detailed analysis to understand the spatiotemporal dynamics of the size, distribution and ownership patterns of agricultural landholding.

What are the roles of women on a farm?

Like their male counterparts, women on the farm wear a lot of hats. They are primary operator, mother, wife, ag implement salesperson, and large animal veterinarian, to name a few. Yet, often, their safety and health needs are overlooked.

Why do women work on farms?

Many women work off the farm in order to provide a steady income and health insurance for the family , and like many working women, they come home to a “second shift” of housework and childcare. But farm women have additional responsibilities. They face a “third shift” of farm management and labor.

What do women farmers talk about?

Just like any other farmers, these women talk about the struggles of commodity prices, express their great love for the land and concern about regulation, and rave about the generations that farmed and ranched the same ground before them – all from behind the wheel of their pickups.

How many followers does FarmHer have?

An active online community, FarmHer has 47,000 followers on Facebook and 23,000 on Instagram, with another 7,000 on Twitter . There is also a television show on RFD-TV, a radio show, a podcast, and a regular monthly column in Successful Farming magazine.

How many acres do women farm?

According to the Ag Census, women are more likely to run livestock operations than traditional corn, soybean, and wheat farms, and a high percentage of those considered principal farm operators run farms of less than 180 acres. Female principal operators of large farm operations are rare, but their numbers are growing.

What is FarmHer in Ag?

FarmHer encourages women in ag to understand their motives before making plans and setting goals.

Who created FarmHer?

FarmHer creator Marji Guyler-Alaniz describes women as the often unseen faces of agriculture. Women have always played a vital role on the farm. They work the fields, birth livestock, do daily chores, keep the books, and take an active role in farm management decisions. And, often, they bring their own twist on farming.

What is the myth of rural women?

The myth of the noble and responsible rural woman still permeates many development initiatives. Within this narrative, all rural women have unwittingly been appointed the caretakers of not only the household, but also farms and landscapes. This persistent discourse leaves women shouldering an unreasonable share of responsibility, and its misconceptions results in ineffective and, at times, counter-productive efforts to increase gender equity in agriculture.

How much of the world’s food is produced by women?

Women produce 60-80 percent of the world’s food, and women are inherently better stewards of the environment than men. Or are they? Although frequently repeated, many such “truths” about women in agriculture are increasingly being debunked.

What is the gender panel at the 2015 Global Landscapes Forum?

The gender panel at the 2015 Global Landscapes Forum held in Paris, alongside COP21, urged that recognizing a woman’s right to land is a key stepping stone in paving the way forward for women’s rights.

Is agriculture heterogeneous?

The millions of women engaged in agriculture across the globe are a heterogeneous group with vastly different realities, opportunities and challenges. Today, their roles are changing as part of the constantly evolving social, environmental, cultural and economic contexts they live in.

Is there a legal quota for women in Nepal?

In Nepal, the legal quota for women’s participation in official community water management groups marks an important step towards gender equality. For meaningful change however, there also needs to be structural transformation.

Is increasing equity a prerequisite for sustainable intensification of agriculture?

Yet, doing just so—increasing equity—is a prerequisite for achieving sustainable intensification of agriculture, concludes a recent synthesis of three years of gender research carried out by the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE).

What is the role of women in rural areas?

In Africa and large parts of Asia, women in rural areas bear the main responsibility for taking care of children and elderly. They also constitute the majority of the agricultural labour force in small-scale and subsistence farming.

How much of the agricultural labor force is women?

On average, women comprise 43% of the agricultural labour force in developing countries, ranging from 20% in Latin America to 50% in Eastern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. If they had the same access to productive resources as men, they could increase yields on their farms by 20–30%.

Why is the number of female heads increasing?

The number of female-headed households is increasing as a result of civil wars, AIDS and the migration of men to cities in search of paid work . The IAASTD describes this as ‘the feminisation of agriculture’ that is having profound and far-reaching effects, both positive and negative.

What are the responsibilities of women in sub-Saharan Africa?

“Most women in sub-Saharan Africa bear multiple responsibilities: producing food; weeding and harvesting on men’s fields; post-harvest processing; providing fuelwood and water; and maintaining the household.

How can women fight poverty?

Whether women can exercise their right to learn to read and write, to own land, to have access to water, livestock and machinery; or whether they are allowed to open a personal bank account or take a loan can be a decisive factor in women’s chances of being able to provide for themselves and their families. If women have the opportunity to self-organise and take part in decision-making , often the whole community will benefit.

How much of the food produced in developing countries is women?

Women are of vital importance to rural economies. Rearing poultry and small livestock and growing food crops, they are responsible for some 60% to 80% of food production in developing countries.

How many land owners are women?

Due to legal and cultural constraints in land inheritance, ownership and use, less than 20% of land-holders are women. In North Africa and West Asia, women represent fewer than 5% of all agricultural landowners; while across Sub-Saharan Africa, they make up 15%. This average masks wide variations between countries, from under 5% in Mali to over 30% in Botswana. Latin America has the highest share of female agricultural holders, which exceeds 25% in Chile, Ecuador and Panama.

Why are women interested in agriculture?

Women in agriculture are interested in side-businesses, which helps to boost their income. Many operate bed and breakfasts and sell various types of goods, not just produce. This allows them not only to get a bigger paycheck but to diversify their interests as well. All farmers know that unknown circumstances can impact operations in various ways so that extra revenue stream often comes in handy.

How did women help farmers?

Women have helped maintain fields and crops since the turn of the 19th century. By the end of the Second World War, more than six million vacant farm jobs had been filled by young people and women alike. This happened across all industries in the United States. Almost every daughter, wife and friend jumped in where needed – some became engineers to work on radio transmission, while others found themselves in factories. Many of the women in agriculture during this time were apart of the Women’s Land Army of America, a program that provided training and uniforms.

How long have women been in agriculture?

The history of women in agriculture is one that not many people discuss. Research shows that since about 10,000 B.C., women have played a part in how we source and harvest our food. Unfortunately, there isn’t too much data on them – in some ways, they’re silent contributors. The number of female farmers surged during the 1940s, as men went off to fight in World War II. As of 2019, more than 1.2 million female producers were working on farms across America.

Why are women farmers more likely to call themselves farmers?

That said, by the late 1990s, the number of female farmers began to grow drastically — and it still continues to do so even despite the upswing in autonomous technology on farms. This is due to both changes in the U.S. Census and the destigmatization of what employment means . Women in modern times are more likely to call themselves “farmers” than in years past for these reasons.

Why are women denied loans to farm expenses?

Only 16% of women, as compared to 27% of men, earned over $50,000 in 2017. This is partly because a higher number of men are involved in commercial farms, which bring in more money. Historically, female farmers have often been denied loans needed to pay for farm expenses because of their gender. Even though they tend to lean toward environmentally concise practices, the men in their communities don’t support this – women doing anything drastic to their land is looked down upon.


Leave a Comment