What is the role of youth in agriculture

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Youth are involved and invest in activities that support agricultural production, capacity building, goods and services, logistics and value addition as service providers and entrepreneurs. And of course, youth are also farmers.

Engaging youth in agriculture — an available, opportune and essential sector for growth — is critical to strengthening local food systems, feeding communities and providing gainful employment opportunities for the world’s booming youth population.Sep 2, 2021

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What role for youth in agriculture and food production?

Judith Musika, 22, is a member of a youth group that produces yogurt in Uganda. Youth in agriculture and food production play an important role in addressing unemployment and food insecurity. Photo by Fábio Erdos/Heifer International.

Is there any concern about engaging youth in agriculture?

There is a lot of concern about engaging youth in agriculture, in many ways, young people are not very much interested in continuing in agriculture because they don’t see much prospect in the future of agriculture, they don’t see it is as an active profession in the long-run, so many of the smallholder farmers are quite aged.

What are the various types of agricultural jobs for youth?

Moreover, youth can engage in processing of agricultural produce such as Corn meals, milk, yoghurt, cassava/yam flours, garri, tomatoes paste, vegetables, smoked/dry fish, minced/dry meats, rubber, cotton, coffee, tea, pastas, etc.

Why should young people be involved in farming?

With most young people – around 85% – living in developing countries, where agriculture is likely to provide the main source of income it is vital that young people are connected with farming.

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What is the main role of agriculture?

It provides raw materials to industries ,food to entire population and feed and fodder to livestock. Agriculture is also an important source of finance of Central and State governments.


Why is a kid important to agriculture?

Farming teaches children of all ages life skills like raising food, working hard, communication, caring for others and much more. Farming Teaches Kids Safety Skills: Being aware of your surrounding is the number one rule when farming.


What is the role of agriculture in development?

According to Muir, “Agricultural progress is essential to provide food for growing non-agricultural labour force, raw materials for industrial production and saving and tax revenue to support development of the rest of the economy, to earn foreign exchange and to provide a growing market for domestic manufactures.”


Why youth are not interested in agriculture in India?

“Young people are usually not interested in this field of work, in large part due to their perception of farming being antiquated and unprofitable,” said Abukari. “The image of agriculture traditionally has been more about subsistence; you produce enough for you to eat. It is not seen as a business,” he said.


What are the benefits of learning agriculture?

Agricultural education provides opportunities to learn basic agricultural skills and knowledge, occupation training and retraining, and professional growth and development. Formal programs in agricultural education are conducted at secondary schools, community colleges, and universities.


Why should students like you study and learn about agriculture in schools?

Interdisciplinary perspectives: A degree programme in Agriculture offers the opportunity to approach agriculture at different levels. Thus, knowledge about the management and organisation as well as about the cultivation of plants can be gained.


What is the role of agriculture in the modern society?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.


How can we improve agriculture?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•


What is the role of agriculture in developing countries?

Agriculture can be important for developing countries in several ways; where food security is weak it can be a vital source of nutrition, it provides income for farmers and farm workers and thus revenues for rural areas, job opportunities in related areas such as processing and in some cases export revenue and thus …


How can you inspire Indian youth to take up farming?

The government must assure MSP for other crops as well. This will encourage the youth to take up farming without bothering about the market risks. We must also move away from monocropping and invest in the diversity of crops that are indigenous to various regions of the country.


How can we attract rural youth in agriculture?

It is envisaged in the project that the rural youth can be attracted in agriculture by providing them gainful employment in rural areas by engaging them in different enterprises which could regularly provide income to them in a sustainable manner.


Why agriculture is unattractive to youth?

These challenges coupled with the negative perceptions of youth, who form about 60 percent of the population, about agriculture being less lucrative, labor and capital intensive, and an activity with low self-esteem make agriculture unattractive to the youth, hence their low participation in agriculture (IFAD, 2019; …


Why are young people not interested in agriculture?

There is a lot of concern about engaging youth in agriculture, in many ways, young people are not very much interested in continuing in agriculture because they don’t see much prospect in the future of agriculture, they don’t see it is as an active profession in the long-run, so many of the smallholder farmers are quite aged.


Why is farming important?

Farming offers the young generation a chance to make a difference by growing enough food to feed the world. Those who become farmers now have the opportunity to be the generation that end world hunger and alleviate malnutrition, as well as helping the sector adapt to climate change. There are many challenges ahead for the sector …


What did Farm Africa discover?

Farm Africa discovered that most pupils in Kenyan schools lacked access to training and education on farming and therefore were not being encouraged to perceive agriculture as a future career.


How does mobile farming help?

The increased use of mobile phones in farming can also help deter young people away from stereotypes of traditional farming and help change their perceptions on agriculture, helping them to view it as an exciting and innovative industry. For more information read the Farming First blog about the latest innovations in agriculture.


What is CTA in agriculture?

The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) established the Policies, Markets and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) programme to show young people that innovation can play a big role in agriculture. The programme aims to illustrate the role of innovation in agriculture by promoting the application …


What is the Tanzania Youth Forum?

Recently, at the Tanzania Youth Forum (TYF) participants urged the Tanzanian government to establish a Youth Council that includes a farmer and livestock keeper as representatives. Demonstrating the recognition of the Youth Council to include representation from agriculture at government level.


Is agriculture still a career?

Despite the decline in interest for agriculture as a career there are still young farmers working all over the world. To encourage others to join the sector it is vital that they are offered a voice, and that we take note of what they have to say.


How does education help rural people?

It is widely documented that education is key to overcoming development challenges in rural areas. Not only is there a direct link between food security and education of rural children, but it has also been shown that basic numeracy and literacy skills help to improve farmers’ livelihoods (FAO, 2007). Youth’s access to knowledge and information is crucial for addressing the main challenges they face in agriculture. In order for rural youth to shape agricultural policies affecting them directly, in terms of access to markets and finance as well as green jobs and land, they need to receive appropriate information and education. While this is true in developed and developing countries alike, it is of particular concern in the latter, where young rural inhabitants may lack access to even the most rudimentary formal education, and where educational institutions are often less developed. Formal primary and secondary education can provide young people with basic numeracy and literacy, managerial and business skills, and introduce youth to agriculture. Meanwhile, non-formal education (including vocational training and extension services) and tertiary agricultural education can offer youth more specific knowledge related to agriculture. In developing countries,access to information and education is often worse in rural areas than in urban areas, and this discrepancy is observable as early as primary school. In many rural areas of developing countries, children are hungry and do not have the energy to attend school or easily absorb the information provided. During seasonal peaks in the agricultural cycle, there can be labour shortages and parents may see no other option than letting their children contribute to household and agricultural activities instead of attending school. The physical infrastructure of rural schools is often bad and classroom materials are sometimes lacking. Schools can be far away from rural communities making access difficult for rural children (FAO, 2009a). The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) reports that rural children are twice as likely to be out of school as urban children (UNESCO, 2012). Although gender disparities in access to primary education have been greatly reduced, girls are still more likely to be excluded from primary education when they are poor and live in rural areas (UN, 2009). Ensuring the transition of rural children from primary to secondary school is an even bigger challenge for many developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.5Rural girls are less likely to attend secondary school than either rural boys and/or urban girls: early marriage limits girls’ mobility and there tends to be a preference for the education of sons (UN, 2009; World Bank, 2011). Moreover, the curriculum is often not relevant to the rural context, and in many schools in developing countries, agricultural curricula have disappeared or are outdated and inadequate. In most parts of the world, agriculture is seen as a less worthwhile subject or as a last resort for underachievers, and using agricultural activities as a punishment is common practice in schools and households in many parts of Africa and the Pacific (MIJARC/IFAD/FAO, 2012; PAFPNet, 2010) – attitudes that negatively influence the aspirations of rural youth. The quality of education is often low, and good, motivated teachers willing to stay in remote rural areas are hard to find (FAO/UNESCO, 2003; World Bank, 2008). In many rural areas, agricultural knowledge and farming know-how are passed on from parents to children. However, a survey carried out in the Pacific indicates that youth feel that such advice should be provided in a more coordinated and effective way, rather than on an informal basis (PAFPNet, 2010).


Why do rural women have less access to ICTs than rural men?

Rural women have less access to ICTs than rural men because of higher illiteracy levels and lack of financial resources to secure the use of ICTs (World Bank, 2011b).


How does IFAD help in poverty?

IFADcombats rural hunger and poverty in developing countries through low-interest loans and direct assistance. In its Strategic Framework (2011–2015), IFAD recognizes that rural youth account for a very large proportion of the population living in poverty, and that young people represent the main driver of rural economies of developing countries. As requested by young women and men representatives of farmers’ organizations during a special session of the 2012 Farmers’ Forum, IFAD is fully committed to intensifying efforts to ensure that the services and products offered by its projects actually reach out to and benefit young rural women and men, enabling them to increase their access to key social and productive assets and raise their voice to realize their full potential. Funded by the European Union (EU), CTA’s mission is to advance food and nutritional security, increase prosperity and encourage sound natural resource management in ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) countries. It provides access to information and knowledge, facilitates policy dialogue and strengthens the capacity of agricultural and rural development institutions and communities. Youth is a priority cross-cutting issue in the CTA Strategic Plan for 2011–2015 and CTA has been supporting their engagement in agriculture for over two decades. With its new Youth Strategy, the organization intends to strengthen its support for youth in agriculture policy, promoting youth engagement in value chains, in information and communications technology (ICT) use for agriculture and rural development (ARD), and in agricultural science and tertiary education. Although the United Nations (UN) defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24,3for the purpose of this publication the definition of youth might differ from one country to another depending on cultural and local patterns, and also according to the project/mechanism/ system described in the various case studies. In addition, emphasis is placed on the notion of entrance into agriculture rather than on a specific age category. It is also recognized that rural youth are a heterogeneous group (Bennell, 2010) and that the challenges faced by young men entering agriculture are multiplied for young women. The overall aim of this publication is to provide development practitioners, including youth leaders, youth associations and producers’ organizations, with insights into plausible solutions to overcome core challenges, providing examples from various countries. The publication team invited more than 1 400 potential contributors from all over the world, mostly members of agricultural producers’ organizations, youth associations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to reply to an online survey (see Annex I). In parallel, a desk review was conducted and meetings were held with FAO, IFAD and CTA staff to identify suitable examples for inclusion in the publication. Out of all the entries received, a selection committee4identified a total of 47 case studies to be included in this publication. These case studies were selected because they represent innovate ways of overcoming challenges and have not yet been shared with a wider audience. The


A seat at the table

Opening remarks were given by Dr Agnes Kalibata, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to the UNFSS, and Elizabeth Nsimadala, the first young President of EAFF and the Pan African Farmer Organization (PAFO), setting the scene for a solution-oriented conversation and testifying to the UNFSS commitment to empower youth as changemakers.


What works for youth inclusion in agri-food systems

Inspiring keynotes were given by young leaders of East African youth networks and agribusinesses: Victor Mugo, Regional Director of the Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network (CSAYN) from Kenya; Etienne Niyigaba, Founder and Chief Executive of the Youth Engagement in Agriculture Network (YEAN) from Rwanda; Brian Natwijuka, Founder of the Musai Youth Group from Uganda; Ayélé Sikavi Gabiam, a diaspora youth of Togolese origin co-founder of the Lady Agri Investment Hub.


What remains to be done

There was consensus around the existence of a big capacity gap among youth venturing into agriculture, especially across different value chain touchpoints, as well as challenges in accessing assets, finance and policy making. Gender divides were also acknowledged in terms of land ownerships, digitalization and political participation.

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