What is the scope of agriculture


Agriculture sectortargets on food production and supplies food for feeding of the growing population of a country. As a result, the agriculture sector is capable to meet up approximately every requirements of its population with regards to food by developing rigorous plan to enhance foodstuff creation.


What is the scope of Agricultural Economics?

The scope of agricultural economics is larger than ‘mere economizing of resources’. Agriculture is, as we know an important sector, of the overall economy. The mutual dependence of the various sectors of the economy on each other is well established. Growth of one sector is necessary for the growth of the other sector.

What is the scope and importance of agribusiness?

Agribusiness provides people with food, clothing, and shelter. It also provides jobs for mil- lions of people in science, research, engineering, education, advertisement, government agen- E-unit: The Scope and Importance of Agribusiness Page 1 www.MyCAERT.com Copyright © by CAERT, Inc. — Reproduction by subscription only. E060001

What is agriculture as a science?

As a science: utilizes all technologies developed on scientific principles such as crop breeding, production techniques, crop protection, economics etc. to maximize the yield and profit.

What are the objectives of Agricultural Marketing?

They are concerned with the economics of agricultural markets, with the costs of marketing various farm products, and with the alternative steps or changes that may made in the marketing structure to serve the objectives of society more efficiently.


What is scope of agriculture in India?

Indian agriculture plays and important role in roads, rails & waterways outside the countries. Indian in roads, rails and waterways used to transport considerable amount of agril produce and agro based industrial products. Agril products like tea, coffee, sugar, oil seeds, tobacco; spices, etc.

What is the scope of agricultural economy?

Agricultural economists are concerned with the study of efficiency in farm production, with the returns that will result from employing various quantities and combinations of inputs in farming, and with determining the best farm production alternatives under given physical and economic conditions.

Which job is best in agriculture?

Some of the highest paying agriculture jobs are:Biochemist. Average annual salary: INR 390,000. … Food Scientist. Average annual salary: INR 750,000. … Environmental Engineer. Average annual salary: INR 433,270. … Agricultural Lawyer. … Agricultural Operations Manager. … Animal Geneticist. … Agricultural Engineers. … Agronomy Sales Manager.More items…•

What is agriculture importance of agriculture?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.

What is nature and scope of agriculture?

Originally the term agriculture is derived from two latin words “Ager” and “Cultura”. Ager means land and cultura means cultivation i.e. tilling the soil and preparing it for planting of crops. Putting the two words together i.e. land and cultivation, agriculture could be regarded as land cultivation.

What is the scope of agriculture in Pakistan?

Scope of Agriculture Students in Pakistan Country has been producing vital amount of wheat, Rice, Cotton and other Crops for feeding of public and to export as well. Due to this exporting, it grows its managerial esteem and increases its stocks on a large scale and also enhances the position of the Currency.

Is agriculture easy to study?

Agriculture is an easy as well as a lively course to study. The credit hours for the course vary with the universities. In each semester you will study up to a maximum of 12 subjects. For most of the subjects except some of the allied subjects, there will be both practical and theory classes.

Is agriculture a good career?

Career in Agriculture is one of the largest industries and a good source of employment across the country. Agriculture also plays a vital role in Indian economy. At present, students from all over the country are selecting the agriculture field for their career prospective.

Is agriculture a good degree?

If you’re wondering to yourself, is agriculture a good major to pursue? The answer is absolutely yes! While it isn’t completely necessary to have a degree in agriculture to land many agriculture jobs, it can place you in a better position and opens up other possible opportunities in the industry.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the 2 types of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive.

What are 3 major reasons agriculture is important?

Having more biodiversity results in healthier soil, less erosion, better water conservation, and healthier pollinators. This is all good news for the environment as a whole, making agriculture an important part of the cycle of life.

What is the importance of agricultural economics?

In general, agricultural economics has contributed to the fields of research and training, smallholder and rural development, project planning and management, and the formulation, planning and analysis of macro-policy.

What are the goals of agricultural economics?

Goal 1: Improving Economic Competitiveness, Diversity and Adaptability of Small and/or Rural Communities. Major socio-economic shifts such as globalization are affecting the ability of small towns and rural places to maintain productive and sustainable economies.

What is an example of agricultural economics?

Laborers, for example, provide services that, combined with scarce nonhuman resources, produce economic goods. 1 Workers in the automotive industry provide the labor input to produce cars and trucks. Farm laborers provide the labor input to produce crops and livestock.

What is the importance of agriculture in Indian economy?

Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population. Indian agriculture has registered impressive growth over last few decades.

What is sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture means, an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, over the long term:  satisfy human food and fiber needs;  enhance environmental quality and the natural resource based upon which the agricultural economy depends;  make the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls;  sustain the economic viability of farm operations;  enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.

What is the importance of agronomy in agriculture?

Agronomy is a dynamic discipline with the advancement of knowledge and better understanding of planet, environment and agriculture. Agronomy science becomes imperative in Agriculture in the following areas.

What is the meaning of agronomy?

Agronomy is derived from a Greek word ‘agros’ meaning ‘field’ and nomos’‘ meaning ‘management’. Principles of agronomy deal with scientific facts in relations to environment in which crop are produced.

How are plants propagated?

Plant propagation is made in two ways, Sexual (by seeds) and asexual (by vegetative means). Biologically, seed is a ripe, fertilized ovule and a unit of reproduction of flowering plants.

How to protect soil from fallow?

Soil is protected at all times either by growing a crop or by leaving the crop residues on the surface during fallow periods. Sweeps or blades are generally used to cut the soil up to 12 to 15 cm depth in the first operation after harvest and depth of cut is reduced during subsequent operations. When large amount of residues are present, a disc type implement is used for the first operation to incorporate some of the residues into the soil. This hastens the decomposition but still keeps enough residues on top soil.

How to practice zero tillage?

Till planting is one method of practicing zero tillage. A wide sweep and trash bar clears a strip over the previous crop row and planter opens a narrow strip into which seeds are planted and covered. Here, herbicide functions are extended. Before sowing, the vegetation present has to be destroyed for which broad spectrum non selective herbicides like glyposate, paraquat and diquat are used. Advantages

What are the characteristics of dry land?

Uncertain, ill-distributed and limited annual rainfall 2. Occurrence of extensive climatic hazards like drought, flood etc. 3. Undulating soil surface 4. Occurrence of extensive and large holdings 5. Practice of extensive agriculture, i.e., prevalence of monocropping etc. 6. Relatively large size of fields 7. Similarity in types of crops raised by almost all the farmers of a particular region 8. Very low crop yield 9. Poor economy of the farmers

What is agriculture science?

Definition: Agriculture is generally known as Farming; it is an art and science that prudent endeavor to reshape a part of Earth’s crust through cultivation of plants and other crops as well as raising livestock for sustenance or other necessities for human being and economic gain.

What is the advanced of agriculture?

The advanced of agriculture sector that share to marketable surplice. Most of population related with manufacturing, mining that depends on food production that might meet from the nation’s marketable surplus. As agricultural sector development takes place, production increases and this leads to expansion of marketable surplus. This may be exported to other nations.

Where does the word “agriculture” come from?

The “agriculture’’ word is derived from two Latin words, agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, “cultivation” or “growing”.

Which type of farming has the highest impact on economic growth?

Animal husbandry or livestock farming has highest involvement to economic growth. The annual protein per capita is 18 kg of meat and 155 litters of milk. By-products of milk and meat have suitable market value. Farmers can receive a decent amount by generating and providing these products to the marketplace.

What is agricultural economics?

Agricultural Economics, as its title implies is that branch of economics which deals with all aspects of problems related to agriculture. According to Snodgrass and Wallace, “Agricultural economics is an applied phase of the social science of economics in which attention is given to all aspects of problems related to agriculture.”.

How does agricultural economics examine how a farmer chooses various enterprises?

To be more specific, these definitions point out that agricultural economics examines how a farmer chooses various enterprises e.g., production of crops or rising of cattle and how he chooses various activities in the same enterprise. E.g., which crop to grow and which crop to drop; how the costs are to be minimized; what combination of inputs for an activity are to be selected; but amount of each crop is to be produced but type of commercial relation the farmer have to have with people from whom they purchase their input or to whom they sail their product.

What are agricultural economists interested in?

They are interested in analysis of the alternatives in public policy and the economic effects of carrying out a particular programme , such as price support law or a soil conservation programme. Agricultural economists make use of the tools of economic analysis in studying.

Is agricultural economics different from general economics?

That way, agricultural economics is not different from the general economics. All the tools of analysis used in general economics are employed in agricultural economics as well.

Does agricultural economics study only farmers?

Agricultural economics does not study only the behavior of a farmer at the farm level. That is, in a way, the micro analysis. Agricultural problems have a macro aspect as well. Instability of agriculture and agricultural unemployment are the problems which have to be dealt with, mainly at the macro level.

Is agriculture a sector?

The scope of agricultural economics is larger than ‘mere economizing of resources’. Agriculture is, as we know an important sector, of the overall economy. The mutual dependence of the various sectors of the economy on each other is well established. Growth of one sector is necessary for the growth of the other sector.

Is physics modified in agricultural economics?

The principles of physics themselves are not modified. These stay intact. In agricultural economics, general principles of economics themselves are modified. According to Black principles of agricultural economics can be compared to mechanics and not physics.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is the foundation of civilization. Domestication of plants and animals for agri- cultural purposes allowed humans to settle in villages. As societies have developed, agriculture has remained important on the local, state, national, and international levels. Local Economies.

What is the process of agribusiness?

Agribusinesses process inputs into outputs. An input is a resource used in production. An output is the result of the production process. Production is the act of making products, such as goods and services. Production Agriculture. Without production agriculture, agribusiness would not exist.

What are the major sectors of agribusiness?

Agribusiness can be divided into sectors. Major sectors are agribusiness input, agribusiness output, and agriservices. The agribusiness input sector includes all resources involved in producing farm com- modities. Examples include seed, fertilizer, machinery, fuel, and credit. Production efficiency can also be linked to improvements in these agricultural inputs. The agribusiness output sector includes any agribusiness that affects an agricultural commodity between production and the consumer. Examples include transporting, selling, storing, and inspecting. Approximately 20 million people are employed in this sector of agri- business. The agriservices sector includes people who research new ways of producing and mar- keting food, protect food producers, and provide specialized services to all areas of agriculture. Public and private agencies are responsible for the actions of the agriservices sector.

What are some examples of agribusiness output?

Examples include seed, fertilizer, machinery, fuel, and credit. Production efficiency can also be linked to improvements in these agricultural inputs. The agribusiness output sector includes any agribusiness that affects an agricultural commodity between production and the consumer.

What would happen if there was no production agriculture?

Without production agriculture, agribusiness would not exist. Production agriculture refers to the use of land to produce goods. There are approxi- mately 2.3 billion acres of land in the United States. Of this land, 21 percent is used for crops, 25 percent is used for livestock production, and 30 percent is used for forestry purposes. As a result of the advancements made in agricul- ture over the years, the American farmer now pro- duces enough to feed and clothe 150 people. Accord- ing to the USDA, expenditures on food (as a share of disposable personal income) have decreased from a high of 25.2 percent in 1933 to a low of 9.7 percent in 2004. Those figures grew slightly to 9.8 percent for 2005, 2006, and 2007.

What is agribusiness in the government?

Agribusiness pertains to the public and private sectors. The public sector is the economic and administrative functions of dealing with the delivery of goods and services by and for the government. The private sector is the part of the economy associated with private profit and is not controlled by government.

What are some examples of agricultural products?

Agribusinesses in the United States produce a variety of exports (agricultural commodities shipped outside of the United States). Grains, tobacco, cotton, and vegetables are examples. According to the USDA, the United States exported 115.45 billion dollars worth of agricul- tural products in 2008. The United States also imports a variety of agricultural products. Imports are agricultural products brought into the United States from other countries. In 2008, the United States imported 79.32 billion dollars of agricultural products.


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