What is meant by tillering in plants?
In perennial plants, tillering is interrupted only during flowering and fruit-bearing and continues until the end of the vegetative period. During tillering not all shoots flower and yield a harvest; some die off, not attaining full development.
What are the factors that affect tillering in agriculture?
Tillering also depends on agricultural methods: the time and rate of sowing (early sowing usually causes greater tillering; in dense plantings there is less), seed quality (the larger the seed, the greater the tillering), depth of planting, and application of fertilizers. Intensified tillering, within certain limits, increases the harvest.
What is intensified tillering and how does it work?
Intensified tillering, within certain limits, increases the harvest. Late-forming shoots (aftergrowth) do not yield a harvest and weaken the development of productive stems. In pastures and hay fields, tillering is regulated by applying fertilizers (mainly nitrogenous ones), changing the water regimen, and rotating crops.
How long does it take for tillering to occur?
Tillering begins around 40 days after planting and can last up to 120 days. It is a physiological process of continuous underground branching of compact node joints of the primary shoot (Figure 2.8 ). Tillering gives the crop the necessary number of stalks required for a good production.
What is the process of tillering?
A tiller may become induced to flower if exposed to necessary growing conditions, otherwise it will remain vegetative. The process by which these new aerial shoots emerge is called tillering. In contrast to rhizome and stolon emergence, tillers develop upwards.
What is wheat tillering?
Tillers are shoots that arise from buds in the axils of plant leaves. Primary tillers in grasses come from the main stem, and secondary tillers form from primary tillers. Wheat generally begins to tiller after two or three leaves develop on seedlings, and about one new tiller emerges with each additional leaf.
What is Rice tillering?
Rice tiller is a specialized grain-bearing branch that is formed on the unelongated basal internode and grows independently of the mother stem (culm) by means of its own adventitious roots. Rice tillering occurs in a two-stage process: the formation of an axillary bud at each leaf axil and its subsequent outgrowth.
What is the function of the tiller?
Function of a Garden Tiller Garden tillers break the soil into smaller pieces, which helps improve the aeration of the soil and prevents weeds from growing. Additionally, tillers loosen the ground under the topsoil to help crop roots develop quickly and reach farther into the earth.
What is tillering in sugarcane?
Tillering is a process of underground branching from very short joints on the stem by which number of shoots are produced in family Poaceae ultimately contribute for the number of millable canes in sugarcane. Varieties differ for tiller initiation, intensity and number of canes at harvest (van Dillewijn 1952).
How do you promote tillering?
When plants produce seed they give no further growth but they sit there and reduce the emergence of new tillers. Therefore, the removal of seed-bearing stems and tall grass will encourage new tillering and set up swards for better quality and more productive grazing pastures into the autumn.
What is the definition of tillering?
“Tillering” refers to the production of side shoots and is a property possessed by many species in the family Poaceae. This enables them to produce multiple stems (tillers) starting from the initial single seedling. This ensures the formation of dense tufts and multiple seed heads.
What are the 3 stages of plant growth?
Become A Better Gardener: Learn the 3 Plant Growth Stages Now!Seed stage (Seed germination)Vegetative stage (Growth)Reproductive, flowering and fruit stage.
How many tillers does a rice plant produce?
In one of our studies, 28–34 tillers per plant were produced before anthesis with SRI practices, while rice plants under conventional flooded cultivation reached only up to 13 tillers (Thakur et al., 2010b).
What is another name for a tiller?
In this page you can discover 9 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for tiller, like: stool, rudder, plowman, planter, plower, fairlead, farmer, backstay and cultivator.
Whats the difference between a tiller and cultivator?
What is a Cultivator? The purpose of a lawn tiller is to break up hard and compact soil, whereas a garden cultivator like the Husqvarna T300RH petrol cultivator serves to mix up soil that is already loose and stir in compost or fertiliser so that it is ready for planting.
What is corn tillering?
Tillers are vegetative or reproductive shoots that grow from the base of grass plants. Corn tillers are a normal physiological process like those in small grains. Although tillers can be perceived to be less desirable in corn, the overall effect of tillers is usually neutral.