What are the types of traditional agriculture?
What are the types of traditional agriculture?
- Farming is done using old practices and traditional equipments also called traditional farming. Ploughing of fields using bullock or ox is an example
- Cultivation is done using high yielding variety of seeds
- Irrigation is done using old techniques.Hence Groundwater level is not reduced
What are some examples of intensive agriculture?
Examples of intensive agriculture. Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export, and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring …
What agricultural crops are the most labour intensive?
- Is it labor efficient? …
- Does the intense work for this crop come in at a less-busy time of year?
- Is this crop fast-maturing? …
- Is it high yielding for the space occupied (does it produce one vegetable head or 1 pound of produce, per square foot or1/2 pound/row foot)?
- Is it high yielding for the labor intensiveness? …
What are the types of intensive farming?
Examples of intensive agriculture
- Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat.
- Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. …
- Irrigated agriculture. …
What is traditional intensive agriculture quizlet?
traditional intensive agriculture. Producing enough food for a farm family’s survival and perhaps a surplus that can be sold. This type of agriculture uses higher inputs of labor, fertilizer, and water than traditional subsistence agriculture.
What is an example of intensive agriculture?
Intensive agriculture is apparent in every part of the industry, and aquaculture is no exception. One example is the standard practice of housing extremely high densities of fish in artificial tanks, allowing the farmers to control feed, oxygen levels, and a variety of other factors leading to an increase in yield.
What is the difference between traditional subsistence agriculture and traditional intensive agriculture?
Subsistence farming is a type of farming in which generally poor farmers cultivate crops in a very small piece of land. Whereas in intensive farming the farmers cultivate crops in small fields but in a good way, meaning using more modern techniques and incorporate new technologies to better their products.
What is traditional subsistence agriculture?
subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.
What is the process of intensive agriculture?
Intensive agriculture is the most typical method of soil cultivation and the key source of food worldwide. It relies on reaping high yields with strong and often extreme land exploitation and often extreme inputs. The main benefits of intensive farming include sufficient food supplies at affordable prices.
What are the characteristics of intensive agriculture?
“Intensive farming or intensive agriculture involves various types of agriculture with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital and labour, and higher crop yields per unit land area.”
What are the main differences between traditional agriculture and industrialized agriculture?
what is the difference between traditional and industrial agriculture ? traditional agriculture uses human and animal muscles to power tools and simple machines. industrial agriculture uses large scale mechanization and fossil fuels to increase efficiency and boost yields.
What is the meaning of traditional farming?
Traditional agriculture is based on treating the soil and plants with products that are more likely than not noxious, and more likely than not synthetically produced in a laboratory. These products are used to prevent disease or pests from blighting the plant.
What are two differences between subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture?
Subsistence farmers farm for survival, and usually do not look to make a profit off of the crops that they grow. Commercial agriculture is usually found in more developed countries, and the crops are grown in huge quantities to support entire populations for a profit.
What type of agriculture is intensive subsistence farming?
Intensive subsistence farming is the type of farming where the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labor. These farmers use their land to produce enough food for their local consumption and the exchange of goods as well.
What is extensive agriculture?
extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.
What is extensive subsistence agriculture?
Extensive Subsistence Agriculture. Large amounts of land and minimal labour input. The difference between this and commercial is there is a low product per land unit, because only necessary commodities produced/used. ( ex Nomadic Herding + Shifting Cultivation/Slash and Burn)
Why is intensive agriculture important?
On the level of theory, the increased productivity of intensive agriculture enables the farmer to use a relatively smaller land area that is located close to market, where land values are high relative to labour and capital , and this is true in many parts of the world.
What is extensive agriculture?
extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the…
Why is intensive farming better than extensive farming?
Optimal use of these materials and machines produces significantly greater crop yields per unit of land than extensive agriculture, which uses little capital or labour. As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit. In practice, however, the increased economies and efficiencies of intensive agriculture often encourage farm operators to work very large tracts in order to keep their capital investments in machinery productively engaged— i.e., busy.
Why do intensive farms require less land?
As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit. In practice, however, the increased economies and efficiencies of intensive agriculture often encourage farm operators to work very large tracts in order to keep their capital investments in machinery productively …
Do farmers use intensive farming?
However, in practice many relatively small-scale farmers employ some combination of intensive and extensive agriculture, and many of these operate relatively close to markets. Many large-scale farm operators, especially in such relatively vast and agriculturally advanced nations as Canada and the United States, practice intensive agriculture in areas where land values are relatively low, and at great distances from markets, and farm enormous tracts of land with high yields. However, in such societies overproduction (beyond market demands) often results in diminished profit as a result of depressed prices.
What is traditional agriculture?
Traditional agriculture can be defined as a primitive style of food production and farming that involves the intensive use of indigenous knowledge, land use, traditional tools, natural resources, organic fertilizer and cultural beliefs of the farmers. It is still the dominant agricultural food or production practice used by half …
What is the oldest farming method?
Agroforestry. Agroforestry is one of the oldest farming methods. Agroforestry involves the deliberate planting and maintaining of trees on the same plot of land as agricultural crops. This leads to the development of a unique microclimate, while also protecting the crops below.
Why is intercropping important?
Intercropping creates biodiversity, which in turn improves pest management. It also helps in fumigating the soil by increasing soil organic matter and restrain weed growth. Hence Intercropping is a local approach that is based on traditional practices which is popular even today.
What are the advantages of polyculture?
The main advantage of poly culture is its ability to control weeds, pests and diseases without the use of chemicals. The opposite of monoculture is poly culture. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases stable yields. It improves the quality of soil.
How does intercropping affect crops?
However in intercropping, the whole range of crops are all planted together at the same time. Intercropping creates biodiversity, which in turn improves pest management.
What is intercropping in agriculture?
Usually, intercropping is a great way of maximizing use of resources, and increasing yields and diversity of harvest on a single plot of land. There are several different types of intercropping. It is important to note that intercropping is different compared to crop rotation.
What are the benefits of agroforestry?
Additional benefits include extra income for farmers, improving the soil structure and quality, reducing soil erosion, sequestering carbon, and more.
What is negative agriculture?
When we refer to this type of agriculture, negative thoughts tend to come to us as with intensive livestock. We think of a type of exploitation of natural resources that pollutes the environment and degrades the soil. In this case, it is thought that it is about the production of fruits and vegetables artificially in environments that are harmful to our health and harmful to the environment.
Why is the increase in crop production important?
The increase in large-scale crop production has taken place thanks to the development of the intensive agriculture. This type of agriculture has allowed all farmers to be able to produce food in greater quantity in order to offer safe food to society. There are aspects that are in favor of this type of agriculture and others against, since the use of chemical substances to accelerate the production of crops pollute the waters and soils and degrades the soil.
Why are almond trees so popular?
This is due to the fact that it allows to revitalize and modernize all the sector with productive and profitable systems for the farmer.
What is the attempt to select all genetically improved varieties?
That is, most of the plants have been selected to be able to give high performance in all their consumable parts. These plants have been genetically studied in laboratories. Do not confuse genetically improved plant species with transgenic crops. The improvement of genes in the vegetation if you have practiced over the centuries through the selection of the best plants.
Is intensive agriculture a myth?
Faced with one of the questions of whether intensive agriculture consumes many resources, it is a false myth. If the production of each kilo of product obtained for each square meter of soil is compared, intensive agriculture allows to be able to obtain each kilo of production at an environmentally lower cost.
Is olive tree an intensive crop?
There is a type of traditional cultivation such as the olive or almond tree that They have been technified and mechanized in order to increase production. These characteristics make them suitable for intensive cultivation systems.
What is extensive agriculture?
Intensive and extensive agriculture stands in opposition to one another in many ways. Extensive farming refers to systems that use relatively small amounts of inputs, such as human labor, machinery such as tractors, and investment. Fewer inputs are needed to produce yields, since extensive agriculture tends to make use of naturally-occurring resources, such as fertile soil. Pastoral production, where animals are grazed outdoors for their entire lives or are tended to by nomadic farmers – is a type of extensive agriculture, as are operations that favor greater plant and crop diversity.
How can intensive agriculture be sustainable?
However, one of the most effective and immediate steps that can be taken towards sustainability is for people to curtail the consumption of animal products since these are the most polluting, resource-intensive, and cruelest forms of agriculture. Particularly those in wealthy nations like the United States and New Zealand – two of the highest per-capita consumers of meat – ought to decrease animal product consumption, since consuming animal products can produce negative health outcomes like cardiovascular disease.
What is monocropping in agriculture?
Monocropping is a defining feature of intensive plant agriculture. Large areas of land are planted with a single species, such as wheat, corn, or soy, with the latter two used heavily in animal feed. The use of synthetic fertilizers allow crops to be grown year after year on soil that becomes more depleted as time goes on; because time is money, fields are not allowed to go fallow, which would allow the soil to naturally replenish the nutrients plants require.
Why are intensive agriculture corporations vertically integrated?
In the United States, intensive agriculture corporations tend to be vertically integrated, freeing them from setting prices for their products that are determined by supply and demand , such as traditional farmers are forced to. This enables intensive operations to undercut smaller farms and eventually force them out of the market. Combined with the significant financial and political cloud multinational agricultural corporations have, fewer traditional farmers than ever are able to compete.
How long do pigs live in the wild?
In the wild, pigs can live upwards of 20 years. Intensive agriculture aims to grow animals as fast as possible in as short a time as possible since it is costly to provide feed.
How does agriculture affect the environment?
One of the most troubling environmental disadvantages to industrial agriculture is its contributions to climate change. Globally, agriculture is one of the largest drivers of anthropogenic climate change, accounting for around twelve percent of total emissions, and nearly a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. Industrial crop production hampers the ability of soil to act as a carbon sequester, ultimately turning it into a carbon emitter. Animal agriculture (most of which is raised intensively) accounts for large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, including 37% of all methane emissions and 65% of nitrous oxide.
What is pastoral production?
Pastoral production, where animals are grazed outdoors for their entire lives or are tended to by nomadic farmers – is a type of ex tensive agriculture , as are operations that favor greater plant and crop diversity.
What is the essence of intensive farming?
The essence of intensive farming is that it depends on chemicals and high-yielding varieties (HYV) of crops to accelerate the growth and increase the crop yield. However, not all intensive farming has to be unsustainably managed.
Why is intensive farming more productive than extensive farming?
Somewhat in parallel to the differences in location, intensive farming or agriculture requires a lower farm land area than extensive farming does. This is because it is more productive per hectare than extensive farming.
Why are farmers stuck between a rock and a hard place?
Farmers are stuck between a rock and a hard place – needing to balance the productivity and profitability of their farm against the environmental impact they leave on the ecosystem around them. Intensive and extensive farming are two differing methods of agriculture that exemplify what food production looks like when the focus is placed on …
What are the factors that contribute to the productivity of an intensive farm?
Usually, this higher productivity is achieved by high-level inputs of different factors that help with yields, such as capital, labor, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, and others. Intensive farming can also include the use of genetically modified crops that lend themselves to the harsher conditions created by the higher use of these chemical inputs.
Why do extensive farmers have to charge a higher premium per crop?
Because of this, extensive farmers have to charge a higher premium per crop in order to break even.
What is the impact of extensive farming on the environment?
On the other end of the spectrum is extensive farming, which doesn’t impact the environment much and works with it instead. The result is lower productivity per hectare and higher prices per unit of food, in order to maintain profitability. This requires more land, so is usually practiced in more remote areas where access to such land isn’t as expensive or difficult.
Why do farmers have to raise their prices?
In order to compensate for lower productivity, those who practice extensive farming have to raise their per unit prices to remain in business. However, as extensive farming practices have a much lower environmental impact, consumers tend to be alright with paying the higher premiums, allowing extensive farmers to stay in business.
How does intensive farming affect the environment?
Intensive farming causes environment pollution and induces major health issues due to poisonous agents. In this regard, the impacts of industrial agriculture require serious attention and management of risks.
What are the benefits of industrial agriculture?
Benefits Of Industrial Agriculture. The main advantage of intensive farming is its increased performance when higher yields are harvested from smaller territories. This brings economic benefits to landowners and provides food for the growing population. Intensive agriculture fully satisfies the market demand even in densely inhabited areas.
Why are bees and birds declining in agriculture?
Recent researches report decreased farmland bird and bee populations due to heavy insecticides in industrial agriculture , being a significant threat to further farming business and ecology in general. Hormones mitigating plant diseases are another harmful issue of intensive farming.
How does industrial agriculture affect animals?
Apart from the expansion of new territories when wildlife loses its natural habitation areas, animals are greatly affected by chemical applications in industrial agriculture. While herbicides pollute natural resources, pesticides are rarely selective and kill beneficial species as well, like pollinators and soil-dwelling microorganisms contributing to its fertility. Recent researches report decreased farmland bird and bee populations due to heavy insecticides in industrial agriculture, being a significant threat to further farming business and ecology in general. Hormones mitigating plant diseases are another harmful issue of intensive farming.
What does reduced diversity of crops mean?
Furthermore, reduced diversity of crops due to this fundamental industrial agriculture practice means better pest establishment and development of their resistance to controls applied. This results in extreme use of chemicals (often critical to humans and nature) and stronger option introductions.
Why are remote sensing and satellite data-based agricultural platforms important?
Remote sensing and satellite data-based agricultural platforms are greatly helpful to industrial agriculture supporters, too. They enable farmers to reduce chemical allocations only to affected areas.
Why do industrial agriculture practices make lands weaker?
So, strong industrial agriculture practices make lands weaker as they significantly interfere with natural soil processes.
What is traditional farming?
Traditional Agriculture can be defined as a primitive style of farming that involves the intensive use of indigenous knowledge, traditional tools, natural resources, organic fertilizer and cultural beliefs of the farmers. It is noteworthy that it is still used by about 50% of the world population.
How does agriculture affect the environment?
The impacts of traditional agriculture on Environment are discussed below: 1. Depletion of Nutrients. The primitive style of framing like slash and burn decreases the organic matter from the soil and within the short period of time the nutrient content of the soil taken up by the crops. This makes the farmers to move to another place for farming.
What makes farmers move to another place for farming?
This makes the farmers to move to another place for farming. 2. Deforestation. It is the process of the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land for the conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests.
Where is slash and burn cultivation still practiced?
In the evolutionary period of agriculture, people used the practice of slash and burn cultivation or shifting cultivation, which is still prevalent in the tribal region of northeast India. Here, we are giving a brief note on traditional agriculture and its impact on the environment, which is very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, …
Is the harmful environmental and health costs of food production reflected in market prices?
D. The harmful environmental and health costs of food production are not reflected in market prices.
Does fish farming reduce biodiversity?
A. It may lead to reduced biodiversity in wild fish populations that are harvested to feed farmed fish.