Transplanting has a variety of applications, including:
- Extending the growing season by starting plants indoors, before outdoor conditions are favorable;
- Protecting young plants from diseases and pests until they are sufficiently established;
- Avoiding germination problems by setting out seedlings instead of direct seeding.
Why is transplanting important in agriculture?
Transplanting is an important part of agribusiness in northern climates because it extends the flowering or fruit bearing season of many plants. A plant that has been recently transplanted is sometimes referred to as a transplant. Seeding plants directly in the ground requires specific temperatures and conditions to properly germinate and grow.
What is transplanting in horticulture?
transplanting, in horticulture, the process of removing a plant from the place where it has been growing and replanting it in another. The major requirement in transplanting (especially of larger plants) is a sufficient water supply, since the roots are almost inevitably injured in the process.
What is transplanting and how does it work?
Transplanting is the process of moving a fully germinated seedling (or mature plant) and replanting it in a permanent location for the growing season.
Why is transplanting considered an indirect method of farming?
For transplanting, it is indirect because the seeds are not immediately sown on the field. Instead, these seeds are first used to raise seedlings in pots or in any temporary place, and only when they reach the right age are they outplanted.
What is the meaning of the transplanting?
: to transfer from one place to another especially : to transfer (an organ or tissue) from one part or individual to another. transplant.
Why is transplanting is important?
Transplanting is commonly practiced as a method of weed control for wet or puddled fields. It requires less seed but much more labor compared to direct seeding. Also, transplanted crops take longer to mature due to transplanting shock.
What are the method of transplanting?
Manual transplanting is done either at random or in straight-rows. In the random method, seedlings are transplanted without a definite distance or space between plants. The straight-row method follows a uniform spacing between plants. The seedlings are transplanted in straight rows.
What is transplantation and its advantages?
(i) The process of transplantation helps in planting seedling at a proper distance from one another so that plants can get obtain adequate amount of water, nutrients and sunlight. (ii) The process of transplantation helps to select only healthy seedlings for the cultivation of crops.
Which crops are transplanted?
Tomato and paddy are some of the common examples of crops mainly grown by transplantation. Rice is grown first in the nursery and then transplanted to the main field.
What is the difference between direct planting and transplanting?
Direct seeded crops require less labor and tend to mature faster than transplanted crops. In this method, plants are not subjected to stresses such as being pulled from the soil and re-establishing fine rootlets. However, they have more competition from weeds.
Why are transplants used in horticulture?
In the horticulture of some ornamental plants, transplants are used infrequently and carefully because they carry with them a significant risk of killing the plant. Transplanting has a variety of applications, including: Extending the growing season by starting plants indoors, before outdoor conditions are favorable;
What is a containerized transplant?
Containerized transplants or plugs allow separately grown plants to be transplanted with the roots and soil intact. Typically grown in peat pots (a pot made of compressed peat ), soil blocks (compressed blocks of soil), paper pots or multiple-cell containers such as plastic packs (four to twelve cells) or larger plug trays made of plastic or styrofoam.
How to protect young plants from diseases?
Protecting young plants from diseases and pests until they are sufficiently established; Avoiding germination problems by setting out seedlings instead of direct seeding. Different species and varieties react differently to transplanting; for some, it is not recommended.
What is containerized planting stock?
Containerized planting stock is classified by the type and size of container used. A great variety of containers has been used, with various degrees of success. Some containers are designed to be planted with the tree e.g., the tar paper pot, the Alberta peat sausage, the Walters square bullet, and paper pot systems, are filled with rooting medium and planted with the tree (Tinus and McDonald 1979). Also planted with the tree are other containers that are not filled with rooting medium, but in which the container is a molded block of growing medium, as with Polyloam, Tree Start, and BR-8 Blocks.
What is the process of moving a plant from one location to another?
In agriculture and gardening, transplanting or replanting is the technique of moving a plant from one location to another. Most often this takes the form of starting a plant from seed in optimal conditions, such as in a greenhouse or protected nursery bed, then replanting it in another, usually outdoor, growing location.
Why do you thaw seedlings?
Thawing is necessary if f rozen seedlings cannot be separated from one another and has been advocated by some in order to avoid possible loss of contact between plug and soil with shrinkage of the plug with melting of ice in the plug.
What is the importance of avoiding transplant shock?
In all cases, avoiding transplant shock —the stress or damage received in the process—is the principal concern. Plants raised in protected conditions usually need a period of acclimatization, known as hardening off (see also frost hardiness ). Also, root disturbance should be minimized.
What is transplanting in horticulture?
in horticulture, the process of removing a plant from the place where it has been growing and replanting it in another. The major requirement in… Explanation of transplanting
What is transplanting used for?
In vegetable raising, transplanting is used most commonly for tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, peppers, and eggplant. The seedlings are watered abundantly before transplantation, and the roots of unpotted plants are dipped in a pasty mixture of clay and liquid manure with phosphoamide (to prevent drying out). The seedlings are planted by a transplanting machine or manually. They are set in the soil to the first healthy leaf. The plants are watered during or after planting (0.3–1 1per plant). After five to seven days, the transplants are inspected, and new seedlings are planted in place of those that have died. Transplanting is also used in raising tobacco, essential-oil crops (for example, East Indian basil), and flowering and other decorative plants.
Why do we transplant plants?
Transplanting at a time of minimal evaporation (e.g., an evening or a cloudy day) or of minimal growth (e.g., the dormant season) can help minimize the stress on the plant. Crop and garden plants as well as trees are often started in greenhouses or nurseries under conditions carefully controlled to ensure maximal sprouting and vigorous early growth; they are then transplanted as seedlings or young plants to their permanent environment.
How deep are transplanted orchards?
In fruit growing, transplanting is the basic method of establishing commercial household orchards. Holes measuring 0.6 m in depth and 1 m in diameter are dug in the prepared plot for seed-bearing fruits (apple, pear); 0.4 m and 0.8 m, respectively, for stone fruits (cherry, plum); and 0.4 m and 0.6 m, respectively, for berries (currants, gooseberries, raspberries). Two-thirds of the hole is filled with fertile soil containing humus and mineral fertilizers. The root neck must be 4–10 cm above the surface of the ground. A hole for watering (20–30 l per plant) is made around transplanted trees or shrubs. Planting is done in the spring or autumn by machine or manually.
What is the object of transplanting oligos?
Transplanting oligos; object: to replace the myelin sheath
What is the purpose of transplanting?
Transplanting is used in vegetable raising, fruit growing, forestry, tobacco farming, and flower raising. Seedlings are transferred from seedbeds, hotbeds, hothouses, and nurseries to permanent sites, where they continue to grow and to produce a crop. For potatoes, tubers are planted; for onions, small bulbs raised from seeds; for mint, rootstock cuttings; and for sugarcane, stemcuttings. To obtain the seeds of root crops, the root is planted.
What is the practice of cutting away an unwanted, unnecessary, or undesirable plant part?
the horticultural practice of cutting away an unwanted, unnecessary, or undesirable plant part, used most often on trees, shrubs, hedges, and woody vines. Man uses pruning to remove diseased or injured parts of the plant (see tree surgery), to influence vertical or
What is the transplant method?
In addition, the transplanting method of planting is also used to refer to the practice of replanting in which an already established plant in one location is moved elsewhere. Transplanting is also convenient with a few plants that can be transferred with a ball of soil around the roots. Heavy-duty mechanical transplanters have been invented for large trees.
What are some examples of transplanted crops?
Examples of crops that are commonly transplanted are small-seeded vegetables like the solanaceous plant’s tomato, eggplant, and peppers, ornamental crops, fruit trees, and many perennial crops including palm s such as coconut and African oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ).
What is the difference between direct seeding and transplanting?
To briefly distinguish, direct seeding means planting at the crop area with the use of seeds while transplanting is planting with the use of pre-grown seedlings or plants that had been propagated from seeds. Crop area is here meant to refer to any space intended for the growing of crops for the purpose of harvesting some products
What are the different types of planting methods?
Various methods of planting are practiced in crop farming. These can be put under broad classifications such as direct seeding vs. transplanting, direct planting vs. indirect planting, and manual vs. mechanized planting.
What is direct seeding?
The term direct seeding, also called direct sowing, is also used to refer to the planting of seedpieces or underground vegetative planting materials directly into the soil as in potato ( Solanum tuberosum ). However, direct seeding may not be interpreted literally as “direct” as in corn. In rice, the seeds are pretreated to break dormancy, soaked in water, and incubated to initiate germination immediately before drilling or broadcasting on puddled soil.
Why is corn grown from seeds?
Consider corn. Why is it grown from seeds (grains) all throughout the world? First, because corn cannot be propagated using other plant parts. It is likewise presumed that only a very few are aware that immature corn seeds can be used to produce potted seedlings which in turn can be outplanted.
Can crop plants be grown from seedlings?
First, let it be clarified that crop plants that are normally grown from seeds can also be grown from seedlings, theoretically at least. In fact, corn (maize) grains at the milking stage can be used as raw material to produce seedlings. By tissue culture techniques, the embryo can be extracted and used as a propagule. Its application for commercial grain production, however, is another matter.
Why is transplantation important?
1. It enables us to select only healthy seedlings for the plants. 2. The process of transplantation promotes better penetration of roots in the soil. 3. It promotes better development of shoot system of plants. 4.
Why do we transplant seeds?
4. The process of transplantation enables us to plant the seedlings at the right spacing so as to ensure the uniform availability of water, nutrients and sunlight to the plants.
Why use an automatic transplanter?
The use of an automatic transplanter increases production without additional help. It also allows you to refill greenhouse space quickly during the shipping season thereby keeping the growing space full. In some cases this could result in an additional crop from the space and help to pay off the cost of the machine in a shorter time.
Why are plugs transplanted with an automatic transplanter usually more uniform than those planted by hand?
Plugs transplanted with an automatic transplanter are usually more uniform than those planted by hand. This is due to the accuracy of the equipment. If adjusted correctly, all plugs are placed at the same depth.
What utilities are required to operate a transplanter?
What utilities are required? Electricity, water, and compressed air may be needed to operate the transplanter. What size power supply is needed? Will this be available if the machine is moved from one greenhouse to another? Some machines have an integral compressor, others can use a central source.
How are containers moved in a greenhouse?
Once the containers are filled, they can be moved through a watering tunnel and tagging machine before being transported to the greenhouse. Additional workers are needed for these operations.
Can you transplant in a greenhouse?
Transplanting in the Greenhouse. For the small grower with separate freestanding greenhouses, it is usually most convenient to work right in the greenhouse. Seedlings and flats are supplied to each greenhouse as needed. To save labor and time, prefilled flats or pots can be brought in stacked on pallets.
Is transplanting a labor user?
Transplanting is a large labor user in greenhouses and nurseries. Every effort should be made to make it as efficient as possible.
What is post planting in agriculture?
planting and post planting operations in agriculture are farming activities the farmer should do or ought to be prepared to aware of while the seeds, seedlings or planting materials are being put in the soil.
What is post planting operation?
Post-planting operations are the series of activities carried out in a farm management system between the period of planting and harvesting. They are necessary to achieve a reasonable yield. planting and post Planting operations.
What is the meaning of “planting depth”?
Planting depth. This refers to the depth of the holes in which a seed or seedling or planting material is put or planted. It is advisable not to allow the holes to be too deep, as it will affect the emergence of the planting materials.
What is the date of planting?
1. Date of planting in planting operations in agriculture. This refers to the period of the year at which a particular crop sown in order to produce well. It is usually after the First rainfall in the year for most crops except where irrigation is practiced. However, planting date varies for different crops.
What should a farmer know before planting operations in agriculture?
What a farmer should know and before Before planting operations in agriculture. (i) Planting materials such – as seeds, seedlings, cuttings, sucker and so on should be taken from healthy plant sources. (ii) They should be free of diseases and pest infestation.
What is weeding post planting?
Weeding as a post planting operation in agriculture. : Of course, weeding is the most important post-planting operations. If you do not weed your farm on a regular basis, you are likely to have a very low yield. Weeds are unwanted plants that grow alongside with your crop.
Why is it important to plant maize at a high distance?
maize farm. When correct planting distance is observed, it enables crops to have high yields, as the nutrients and water available would be enough for the crops. It also allows space for carrying out cultural practices such as weeding, fertilizer application, pest control, and so on. It.
In agriculture and gardening, transplanting or replanting is the technique of moving a plant from one location to another. Most often this takes the form of starting a plant from seed in optimal conditions, such as in a greenhouse or protected nursery bed, then replanting it in another, usually outdoor, growing location. This is common in market gardening and truck farming, where setting …
Transplant production systems
Commercial growers employ what are called containerized and non-containerized transplant production.
Containerized transplants or plugs allow separately grown plants to be transplanted with the roots and soil intact. Typically grown in peat pots (a pot made of compressed peat), soil blocks (compressed blocks of soil), paper pots or multiple-cell containers such as plastic packs (four to …
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