what is urban agriculture



How is urban agriculture defined?

Urban agriculture is loosely defined as the production, distribution, and marketing of food and other products within the geographical limits of a metropolitan area.

What is urban agriculture examples?

Urban farming can also include animal husbandry (e.g., breeding and raising livestock), beekeeping, aquaculture (e.g., fish farming), aquaponics (e.g., integrating fish farming and agriculture), and non-food products such as producing seeds, cultivating seedlings, and growing flowers.

Why is Urban Agriculture important?

Community: Urban farming adds and preserves green space in cities, providing places for neighbors to come together, strengthen bonds, and build community cohesion. Urban agriculture connects people with the earth and the source of their food as well as with each other.

What are the characteristics of urban agriculture?

The most common crops among active urban agriculture practitioners in order of prevalence were exotic leafy vegetables, fruit vegetables, herbs and spices while cereals and pulses are the least common. About 30% of surveyed farmers had plot sizes of between 0.125 to 0.25 acres.

What are the effects of urban agriculture?

The commonly noted ones included damage caused by veld fire, surface water pollution as a result of increase in phosphate levels, land degradation and acute deforestation.

What are three benefits of urban farming?

Top 5 Benefits of Urban FarmingTap into the growing local food trend. … Help boost the local economy. … Create edible landscapes. … Promote healthy communities. … “Green” your city.

What are the types of urban farming?

Types of Urban AgricultureBackyard Gardens. This is cultivating food in the homeland. … Street landscaping. That is the landscaping of streets for various purposes, such as community gardens, that the local residents prefer to use for. … Forest gardening. … Greenhouses. … Rooftop gardens. … Green walls. … Vertical farms. … Animal husbandry.More items…•

Why urban agriculture is the future?

Urban agriculture is coming to age as a serious activity to complement food production in the countryside and is like to become even more important as technology advances and climate variability forces more farming in controlled environments.

What are some of the challenges of urban agriculture?

Because of the limited resources and pollution in the cities, urban farming faces challenges related to resource scarcity, including water, land, labour, accessibility, and environmental contamination.

What is the difference between urban agriculture and community gardening?

In the urban farm model, you have a fewer number of people spending more time working on about the same area, whereas the community garden has more people working on smaller plots. Urban farms are generally more business and technology oriented, with the primary purpose of maximizing yields and selling produce.

How does urban farming help the economy?

Urban agriculture creates local jobs. More economic transactions occurring within a community means more income and work for local businesses. Indeed, the growing demand for safe, local food is leading to increased opportunity for local food start-ups, which is in turn fueling job creation.


What is urban agriculture?

Urban agriculture refers to agricultural practices in urban areas and their surrounding regions (peri-urban), and is a centralized operation involving horticulture, animal husbandry, aquaculture, and other practices for producing fresh food or other agricultural products. There are many different approaches to urban agriculture, including ground-level farming, rooftop farming, hydroponics, greenhouses and other new technologies. Urban agriculture has the potential to produce food for local consumption, especially perishables and high-value horticultural crops. Also, there is increasing interest in commercial-scale cultivation of nonfood crops in urban areas, such as flowers, green walls, and the like. Urban agriculture plays a key role in food security and is found in smart cities, which are a phenomenon closely related to urban economies, culture, science, and technology; urban agriculture indicates that a city’s economic development has reached a higher level. Compared with other agricultural practices, urban agriculture makes intensive use of capital, facilities, technology, and labor. It is also an industrialized, market-oriented agriculture, and can take advantage of the developed markets, information and transportation networks of international cities to boost agricultural production and interregional trade.

How does urban agriculture help the economy?

Urban agriculture, using marginal lands within the confines of the metropolitan area, can save up to 20% on outlays of cash for food for poor families at the expense of 1–2 days of labor per week. Urban gardening is seen as a means to improve public health not only through improving economic and food security, but also in providing exercise, psychological, and community well-being, and environmental stewardship. The type of plants that are grown in urban settings are largely foods that contribute micronutrients, and are much less likely to be the staples that provide the bulk of energy and protein. For reasons of sanitation and zoonotic diseases, as well as waste disposal, domestic livestock in the cities are a much more remote option, although aquaculture with treated waste waters could provide for fish, crustaceans, and mollusks toward meeting the protein needs of urban populations.

What did the early animal agriculture ordinances do?

Many of the early animal agriculture ordinances date to the founding of cities, and predominately directed the uptake of stray animals to animal control agencies, which could keep the animals in the city pound or donate the carcasses to the city’s Alms house to feed the poor ( Brinkley and Vitiello, 2014 ).

Why are insects important in urban agriculture?

Similarly, insect-rearing facilities may also play a key role in the future of commercial scale urban agriculture. Farmed insects such as crickets, mealworms, and black soldier fly larvae thrive in closed, controlled environments typical of indoor agriculture. Unlike avian and mammalian livestock, the welfare and productivity of farmed insects do not seem to be compromised by crowded conditions and a lack of sunlight. In theory, then, they can be grown anywhere on earth. Consequently, an urban setting is ideal for minimizing overall environmental impact because it ensures that the food is produced as close as possible to the consumers themselves. Indeed, it may be the case that insects are the only livestock that really work in an urban setting.

How does container gardening change the food system?

Container gardens change the food system in two basic ways. First, containers do not need land beyond one’s living quarters. The corner of a room, patio, a table top, a roof, the side of a fence, or house wall will suffice, making this mode of food production accessible even to those living in the most densely populated areas of the world. Second, this means that consumers who can afford to do so are rediscovering the joys of producing their own food, the flavor bursts from eating their own fresh-picked food, and spiritual wholeness of farm-to-table eating within their own home.

Why is food important to consumers?

Food products is either consumed by the producers, or sold in retail markets, such as the increasingly popular farmers markets found in many cities. Because locally produced food requires less refrigeration and transportation, it can supply nearby markets with fresher and more nutritious products at nominal prices. Consumers—especially limited income groups—enjoy easier access to freshly produce, better prices, and greater choice.

Why are greenhouses important?

Greenhouses were introduced several decades ago to protect plants from weather conditions.

What is urban agriculture?

Urban agriculture is a complex system encompassing a spectrum of interests, from a traditional core of activities associated with the production, processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption, to a multiplicity of other benefits and services that are less widely acknowledged and documented.

How does urban agriculture help the economy?

Urban and Peri-urban agriculture (UPA) expands the economic base of the city through production, processing, packaging, and marketing of consumable products. This results in an increase in entrepreneurial activities and the creation of jobs, as well as reducing food costs and improving quality. UPA provides employment, income, and access to food for urban populations, which helps to relieve chronic and emergency food insecurity. Chronic food insecurity refers to less affordable food and growing urban poverty, while emergency food insecurity relates to breakdowns in the chain of food distribution. UPA plays an important role in making food more affordable and in providing emergency supplies of food. Research into market values for produce grown in urban gardens has been attributed to a community garden plot a median yield value of between approximately $200 and $500 (US, adjusted for inflation).

Why is it important to eat fruits and vegetables?

Daily intake of a variety of fruits and vegetables is linked to a decreased risk of chronic diseases including diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Urban agriculture is associated with increased consumption of fruits and vegetables which decreases risk for disease and can be a cost-effective way to provide citizens with quality, fresh produce in urban settings.

How does urban agriculture increase community participation?

Urban agriculture increases community participation through diagnostic workshops or different commissions in the area of vegetable gardens. Activities which involve hundreds of people.

What is a city farm?

City farms are agricultural plots in urban areas, that have people working with animals and plants to produce food. They are usually community-run gardens seeking to improve community relationships and offer an awareness of agriculture and farming to people who live in urbanized areas. They are important sources of food security for many communities around the globe. City farms vary in size from small plots in private yards to larger farms that occupy a number of acres. In 1996, a United Nations report estimated there are over 800 million people worldwide who grow food and raise livestock in cities. Although some city farms have paid employees, most rely heavily on volunteer labour, and some are run by volunteers alone. Other city farms operate as partnerships with local authorities .

Why is UPA important?

UPA plays an important role in making food more affordable and in providing emergency supplies of food. Research into market values for produce grown in urban gardens has been attributed to a community garden plot a median yield value of between approximately $200 and $500 (US, adjusted for inflation).

What is community gardening?

Many communities make community gardening accessible to the public, providing space for citizens to cultivate plants for food or recreation. A community gardening program that is well-established is Seattle’s P-Patch. The grassroots permaculture movement has been hugely influential in the renaissance of urban agriculture throughout the world. During the 1960s a number of community gardens were established in the United Kingdom, influenced by the community garden movement in the United States. Bristol’s Severn Project was established in 2010 for £2500 and provides 34 tons of produce per year, employing people from disadvantaged backgrounds.

What is urban agriculture?

Urban agriculture can be described as the growing of plants and the rearing of animals primarily for food and other domestic use within a city or a town and its environs. It also involves activities such as the production, processing, marketing, and delivery of farming products. Urban agriculture consists of a number of production systems.

Why is urban agriculture important?

With the availability of fresh foods, it reduces the dependence on processed foods thereby translating into a healthy society and reduced risk of lifestyle diseases such as cancer and obesity.

How does urban agriculture help the environment?

Reduces stormwater runoff and improves urban environment quality – Urban agriculture has plenty of benefits on the environment. It reduces stormwater runoff through aquaponics and street landscaping. Furthermore, it supports biodiversity, improves air quality, and can mitigate urban heat island impacts.

What is the practice of rearing animals for food in urban settings?

Animal husbandry. This is the practice of rearing animals for food in urban settings. An urban dweller can choose a location suitable for keeping different types of animals or focus on specific animals such as poultries, goats, rabbits, or sheep. Some cities limit the number of animals one can keep and also the type of animals that can be kept.

What is greenhouse farming?

It involves the practice of agriculture in residential, commercial, and communal urban spaces in greenhouses. They require a substantial size of land to set up depending on the crops being planted. Greenhouses give farmers the ability to grow a crop all year round as they provide a controlled environment where the crops can be subjected to specific conditions required for their growth.

Why is backyard gardening beneficial?

Backyard gardens are beneficial to communities as neighbors can share each other’s backyard and employ different methods of farming leading to better yields. 2.

How can urban dwellers use limited space?

For instance, an urban dweller could easily make a keyhole garden to cover a space that was intended for car parking in the street. This puts to good use land that could have potentially have gone to waste and instead creates an activity that can be done for leisure or to make more food.

What is urban agriculture?

Urban agriculture is the growing and raising of plants and livestock in or near metropolitan areas. Urban agriculture can range from backyard or balcony gardens to community gardens in vacant lots or parks, as well as using roadsides or opens spaces, even the use of rooftops to grow fruits, vegetables and herbs.

What is Indiana Grown?

Brocksmith ended by adding, “Indiana Grown is an organization that focuses on helping Indiana farmers and producers have a greater market for their products, supporting them in their effort to process more Indiana Grown products and educating consumers on the importance of buying Indiana Grown products. Check them out!

What is Indiana Farm Bureau?

Indiana Farm Bureau Insurance assembles a team of farm experts to work with you and your agent to customize your coverage to meet your specific needs. From underwriters specifically dedicated to only work on farm insurance to the farm field underwriters, who are the boots on the ground to travel to your operation and visit with you about your operation and your specific needs.

What happened to the land we used to farm?

So, the question becomes, what’s happened to the land we used to farm: urbanization and land development. Since land and crops can only produce a certain amount before plateauing, farmers need to become creative to provide nearly eight billion people with fresh, healthy produce. One method is urban agriculture.

Can urban people grow edible plants?

However, when the urban population tries to grow a garden, they might find that their soil isn’t the best suited for edible plants. But there are other ways of growing produce such as hydroponics, aquaponics and vertical growing that could be used to be more creative in growing plants in the city.”.

What is urban agriculture?

The benefits of urban agriculture extend from the backyard all the way to the roofs of skyscrapers. It is a method of efficient city farming that produces food locally, minimizing transport and bringing communities together during the process.

What is the purpose of urban farming?

First, the purpose of the urban farm is to produce food, often for commercial purposes . Second, the garden or farm will utilize techniques to maximize production even in small spaces while using resources efficiently. The last common thread is the creative use of a variety of spaces.

What is agriculture in a city?

Agriculture in the city provides an opportunity to make money off the surplus that you grow, or you can be a good Samaritan and give it away to a local food bank, school, or other charity of need.

What is the key to efficient city farming?

The key to efficient city farming is planning and getting others involved.

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