How many people in Africa make a living through agriculture?
70% of Africans make a living through agriculture, and technology could transform their world
What percentage of the population works in agriculture?
Employment in Agriculture. As countries develop, the share of the population working in agriculture is declining. While more than two-thirds of the population in poor countries work in agriculture, less than 5% of the population does in rich countries.
Why are there more women in Africa’s agriculture than men?
Unlike women, men have greater access to productive resources and therefore produce more per acre. By giving women access to resources, agriculture in Africa can produce up to 30 percent more and reduce hunger by 12 to 17 percent. In other words, women in Africa have the potential to feed as much as 150 million people.
What is the importance of Agriculture in Africa?
With 70% of Africans dependent on agriculture for livelihoods, the sector is critical to the economies of all African countries. As a sector its growth is central to increasing prosperity, food security, industrialization, intra-African trade and to bolstering Africa’s contribution to global trade.
What percentage of Africa’s GDP is agriculture?
Agriculture in Africa is the cornerstone of sub-Saharan Africa, generating almost 23 percent of the continent’s GDP. Here, women are the backbone of the industry; yet, one in every four malnourished people in the world lives in Africa, and land laws are not as favorable to women as they are to men. The country-led initiative, Grow Africa, and the U.K. based charity, Farm Africa, are working to fix these disparities to help Africa reach its potential. Here are 10 facts about agriculture in Africa.
How does agriculture help Africa?
Agriculture is one of the most beneficial assets a country can have. It creates more jobs and helps eliminate poverty and hunger, which are immediate problems Africa is facing. Africa’s population will nearly double by 2050 and quadruple by 2100, making it harder to feed communities and generate wealth, but agriculture in Africa has the potential to flourish. In fact, Africa can add 20 percent more grain to the 2.6 billion tons of worldwide production, and nearly the same amount of fruits and vegetables. Agriculture also has the greatest potential to bring about gender and class equality by providing a source of income for women and the poor.
How many smallholder farms are there in Africa?
Smallholder farms are family farm s that are less than seven acres and form 80 percent of Africa’s farmland. There are 33 million family farms that are under four acres in Africa. Research shows that job creation is better capitalized, and investors receive more for their money on smallholder farms than industrial farms.
What is low risk in agriculture?
Low risk means access to credit and therefore valuable inputs that will increase yield. The success of many farms depends on financing and resources. A crucial resource to increasing Africa’s production and growth is giving farmers access to more inputs.
What is the purpose of Farm Africa?
Farm Africa’s initiative is to improve smallholder farm practices and alleviate poverty starts with the stakeholders.
Why is climate important for farming?
Climate is a deciding factor in the success or failure of a farm. Most of the continent’s irrigation resides in only five of the 54 countries, making farmers more vulnerable to weather fluctuations. Farm Africa provides forecasts, insurance and small-scale irrigation systems to protect farmers against unexpected weather events.
How much of Africa’s land is irrigated?
In fact, only six percent of arable land in Africa is irrigated. Producing more food, such as grain in Africa requires investment. In order for maximum output of crops, there should be approximately eight times more fertilizer, six times better seeds and funding of $8 billion for storage and $65 billion for irrigation.
How much of the population in poor countries works in agriculture?
While more than two-thirds of the population in poor countries work in agriculture, less than 5% of the population does in rich countries. It is predominantly the huge productivity increase that makes this reduction in labor possible.
How is agriculture value added per worker calculated?
Agriculture value added per worker is calculated as the total agricultural value added divided by the number of people employed in agriculture.#N#Overall , we see that the agriculture value added per worker is higher in higher-income nations. The same applies to most countries over time: as countries get richer, the agriculture value added per worker increases; this is likely to result from several factors including technology adoption, affordability of agricultural inputs, and the implementation of more productive practices.#N#Click to open interactive version
What is the FAO?
The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) aim to capture data on the role of women in agriculture and land ownership within its Gender and Land Rights Database. In this map we see the share of agricultural landowners who are female as a percentage of total agricultural landowners. As part of its definition the FAO notes that this measure is inclusive of women who own the land solely or jointly with someone else inside or outside of the household. 1
Why does agriculture value increase as countries get richer?
The same applies to most countries over time: as countries get richer, the agriculture value added per worker increases; this is likely to result from several factors including technology adoption, affordability of agricultural inputs, and the implementation of more productive practices.
What percentage of land ownership is female?
For the majority of countries, female land ownership represents less than 30 percent of total ownership. However, this has significant variation across the world, without a strict continental pattern. Overall, we see the highest rates of female ownership in Europe, however Botswana and Malawi both have ownership shares greater than 30 percent. Although some of the lowest rates are recorded in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, high-income countries can also have a low incidence of female land ownership; the United States, United Kingdom, Norway and Finland all have shares below 15 percent.
Is labor required for vegetables?
Labor requirements are considerably higher for vegetables than for cereals, as shown in this graph.
Is the 2010 census consistent across all countries?
Note that this census year is not consistent across all countries. Data for most European and North American countries is based on 2010-11 datasets, whereas other countries can extend from 1993-2011. For graphing consistency, this has been shown as a single year (e.g. assuming these figures are representative of 2011). The actual years of measurement for each country can be found in the referenced FAO report and database.
How many people work in agriculture?
The chart below shows data from the World Bank on employment in agriculture over time. Globally, about 1 billion people* work in the agricultural sector, about 28% of the population employed in 2018. This is down from 44% in 1991.
How to calculate the number of people employed in agriculture?
We estimated the number of people employed in agriculture based on World Bank data on the total labor force minus unemployed to get the number of people employed. Then the number of people employed multiplied by proportion employed in agriculture gives the number of people employed in agriculture. See the code on this calculation on Github. According to the World Bank, the agriculture sector consists of activities in hunting, fishing and forestry, as well as growing crops and raising livestock.
Is agriculture vulnerable to drought?
The agricultural sector is vulnerable to drought, flood and extreme temperatures. The Vegetation Health Index from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimates the health of vegetation based on a number of factors, including precipitation and temperature over the past week.