What percentage of the US population is employed in agriculture?
In 1870, almost 50 percent of the U.S. population was employed in agriculture. As of 2008, less than 2 percent of the population is directly employed in agriculture. In 2012, there were 3.2 million farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers and an estimated 757,900 agricultural workers were legally employed in the US.
Where is agriculture most common in the United States?
Although agricultural activity occurs in every state in the union, it is particularly concentrated in the Great Plains, a vast expanse of flat, arable land in the center of the nation in the region west of the Great Lakes and east of the Rocky Mountains. The eastern, wetter half is a major corn…
How many farmers are there in the US?
While there are more than 2 million farms across the US, farmers and ranchers make up just 1.3% of the labor force. While farmland may stretch far and wide, farmers and ranchers themselves make up just 1.3% of the employed US population, totaling around 2.6 million people.
What is Agriculture’s share of the US economy?
What is agriculture’s share of the overall U.S. economy? Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $1.109 trillion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019, a 5.2-percent share. The output of America’s farms contributed $136.1 billion of this sum—about 0.6 percent of GDP.
What percent of the US population is involved in agriculture?
While farmland may stretch far and wide, farmers and ranchers themselves make up just 1.3% of the employed US population, totaling around 2.6 million people. Today, there are about 2 million farms in operation in the US, a steep decline from 1935, when the number of farms peaked at nearly 7 million.
What percent of the population is involved in agriculture?
Almost 45% of the population in the world lives in households where agricultural activities represent the main occupation of the head and a large share of this agriculture-dependent group, close to 32%, is poor.
Which country has the largest workforce in agriculture?
IndiaThe country with the highest number of people working in agriculture is India, followed by Indonesia and Ethiopia. The populations of HongKong, San Marino and Argentina have the lowest proportions of agricultural workers.
Does the United States produce enough food to feed the world?
So why does hunger still exist? This is the second article of seventeen exploring the challenges of each of the United Nation’s Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals. Today, 795 million people are hungry.
How many farms are there in the US?
Agriculture is a major industry in the United States, which is a net exporter of food. As of the 2017 census of agriculture, there were 2.04 million farms, covering an area of 900 million acres (1,400,000 sq mi), an average of 441 acres (178 hectares) per farm.
What are some of the most important developments in agriculture?
The mechanization of farming and intensive farming have been major themes in U.S. history, including John Deere ‘s steel plow, Cyrus McCormick ‘s mechanical reaper, Eli Whitney ‘s cotton gin, and the widespread success of the Fordson tractor and the combine harvester. Modern agriculture in the U.S. ranges from hobby farms and small-scale producers to large commercial farms covering thousands of acres of cropland or rangeland .
How did the practices associated with keeping livestock contribute to the deterioration of the forests and fields?
The practices associated with keeping livestock also contributed to the deterioration of the forests and fields. Colonists would cut down the trees and then allow their cattle and livestock to graze freely in the forest and never plant more trees. The animals trampled and tore up the ground so much as to cause long-term destruction and damage.
What were the crops grown in the early colonial South?
Warmer regions saw plantings of cotton and herds of beef cattle. In the early colonial south, raising tobacco and cotton was common, especially through the use of slave labor until the Civil War. In the northeast, slaves were used in agriculture until the early 19th century.
How did European agriculture affect New England?
European agricultural practices greatly affected the New England landscape. Colonists brought livestock over from Europe which caused many changes to the land. Grazing animals required a lot of land and food and the act of grazing itself destroyed native grasses, which were being replaced by European species. New species of weeds were introduced and began to thrive as they were capable of withstanding the grazing of animals, whereas native species could not.
What are some of the agricultural products that were grown in the United States in 1921?
Main article: History of agriculture in the United States. Cotton farming on a Southern plantation in 1921. Corn, turkeys, tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, and sunflower seeds constitute some of the major holdovers from the agricultural endowment of the Americas .
Why is agriculture dangerous?
Agriculture ranks among the most hazardous industries due to the use of chemicals and risk of injury. Farmers are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (general traumatic injury and musculoskeletal injury ), work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, skin diseases, chemical-related illnesses, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. In an average year, 516 workers die doing farm work in the U.S. (1992–2005). Every day, about 243 agricultural workers suffer lost-work-time injuries, and about 5% of these result in permanent impairment. Tractor overturns are the leading cause of agriculture-related fatal injuries, and account for over 90 deaths every year. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends the use of roll over protection structures on tractors to reduce the risk of overturn-related fatal injuries.
How much revenue does agriculture generate?
In the United States, agriculture generated $374 billion in revenue in 2018, when adjusted for inflation. Around 75% of this income was from meat and feed for the animals that produce it. 4 By comparison, just 17% of U.S. agricultural receipts were from non-meat food for people. This includes fruits, nuts, vegetables, wheat, and rice. The remaining 10% of receipts were from cotton, tobacco, and miscellaneous products.
What is the most important source of revenue for agriculture?
Half of U.S. agriculture revenue is from meat production. 4 Most of this is cattle, dairy, poultry, hogs, and eggs. A smaller proportion is bison, rabbits, sheep, goats, and ostriches.
What is the biggest crop in the United States?
Sorghum, barley, and oats are also used for feed. The nation’s biggest crop is corn , and the United States is the world’s largest producer. 5 The 90-million acre “corn belt” is mostly in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. 6 Corn is also used for cereal, alcohol, and corn syrup.
Why are antibiotics used in agriculture?
To prevent illnesses from these cramped conditions, animals are fed antibiotics. In 1951, the Federal Drug Administration approved antibiotic use because it also increases weight gain of the animals. 19 Some scientists estimate that 80% of all antibiotics sold are used in agriculture.
Why do farmers buy futures?
To lower the risk, farmers can buy futures contracts that promise to sell at an agreed-upon price on a specific date. Farmers take their chances on what the price will be when it’s time to harvest. Either way, they are betting that their costs will be lower than their future revenue. Small farmers aren’t as sophisticated as corporations in using the futures market to offset risk. This gives the large corporations another advantage over small farmers.
How much does a large farm make?
U.S. agriculture is dominated by the 3% of farms that are large or very large. Large farms have an income of $1 million or more . 1 These large farms are successful because they focus on one crop. This practice is called monoculture, and it’s very cost-effective. 3
What is the process of producing food and other products by growing plants and raising animals?
Agriculture is the process of producing food and other products by growing plants and raising animals. It’s also called farming.
How much does agriculture contribute to GDP?
Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $1.109 trillion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019, a 5.2-percent share. The output of America’s farms contributed $136.1 billion of this sum—about 0.6 percent of GDP.
What is the agriculture sector?
The U.S. agriculture sector extends beyond the farm business to include a range of farm-related industries. The largest of these are food service and food manufacturing. Americans’ expenditures on food amount to 13 percent of household budgets on average. Among Federal Government outlays on farm and food programs, …
How many people are employed in food and beverage manufacturing?
In 2019, the U.S. food and beverage manufacturing sector employed 1.7 million people, or just over 1.1 percent of all U.S. nonfarm employment. In thousands of food and beverage manufacturing plants located throughout the country, these employees were engaged in transforming raw agricultural materials into products for intermediate …
What are the sectors of agriculture?
Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food services and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.
How many jobs are there in the food industry in 2019?
In 2019, 22.2 million full- and part-time jobs were related to the agricultural and food sectors—10.9 percent of total U.S. employment. Direct on-farm employment accounted for about 2.6 million of these jobs, or 1.3 percent of U.S. employment.
Which countries are involved in farming?
The principal countries/regions of origin were Canada, the European Union, and Mexico. Farming also involves significant production costs. A closer look at the composition of these costs shows that feed made up the largest share, followed by costs associated with farm services, livestock and poultry.
What countries are exporting agricultural products in 2020?
In 2020, exports of agricultural products were worth some 164 billion U.S. dollars. The most important countries of destination were China, Canada, and Mexico. Conversely, imports worth around 130.2 billion U.S. dollars made their way into the United States that same year. The principal countries/regions of origin were Canada, the European Union, and Mexico.
What percentage of soybeans are genetically modified?
Some crops have a very high share of GM crops per species. For example in 2020, some 94 percent of all soybeans planted in the U.S. were genetically modified so as to be herbicide tolerant.
Is the United States a leading agricultural producer?
Thanks to its natural resources and land conditions, the United States was always destined to be one of the world’s leading agricultural producers and suppliers.
What percentage of farms are small family farms?
Small family farms (less than $350,000 in GCFI) accounted for 90 percent of all U.S. farms. Large-scale family farms ($1 million or more in GCFI) make up about 3 percent of farms but 44 percent of the value of production.
What was the impact of agriculture on the 20th century?
American agriculture and rural life underwent a tremendous transformation in the 20th century. Early 20th century agriculture was labor intensive, and it took place on many small, diversified farms in rural areas where more than half the U.S. population lived.
What is net farm income?
Net farm income (NFI) reflects income after expenses from production in the current year and is calculated by subtracting farm expenses from gross farm income. NFI considers both cash and noncash income and expenses. Inflation-adjusted net farm income is forecast to increase by 15.3 percent in 2021 to $113.0 billion—the highest since 2013. Inflation-adjusted farm production expenses are projected to increase by 3.5 percent in 2021.
What is gross cash farm income?
Gross cash farm income (GCFI) includes income from commodity cash receipts, farm-related income, and Government payments. Family farms (where the majority of the business is owned by the operator and individuals related to the operator) of various types together accounted for nearly 98 percent of U.S. farms in 2019. Small family farms (less than $350,000 in GCFI) accounted for 90 percent of all U.S. farms. Large-scale family farms ($1 million or more in GCFI) make up about 3 percent of farms but 44 percent of the value of production.
How much will the farm income be in 2021?
Gross cash farm income is forecast at $451 billion in 2021, versus $341 billion (inflation-adjusted 2021 dollars) in 2001, with the increase across time largely because of higher cash receipts. If forecasts are realized, gross cash farm income would fall 1.8 percent in 2021, after increasing 4.6 percent in 2020.
How many farms were there in 1935?
The number of U.S. farms continues to decline slowly. After peaking at 6.8 million farms in 1935, the number of U.S. farms fell sharply until the early 1970s. Rapidly falling farm numbers during the earlier period reflected growing productivity in agriculture and increased nonfarm employment opportunities.
How much cash is used for animals in 2020?
Cash receipts for animals and animal products totaled $165.0 billion in 2020. Cattle/calves receipts made up 38.2 percent of that total, dairy receipts accounted for 24.6 percent, and poultry and eggs receipts came in at 21.5 percent.
What was the change in the agricultural sector during the past century?
Another striking change occurring in the agricultural sector during the past century involves farm labor and population. Farm labor requirements declined steadily due to mechanization, economic conditions, and the western expansion of agriculture coming to an end.
How did the Great Depression affect farm labor?
The increased use of machines to perform work formerly done by humans and then by animals raised farm efficiency while reducing the need for farm labor. The Great Depression left many farm laborers unemployed until the economic boom during World War II created employment opportunities in urban centers and led to a large migration from rural areas. The change in emphasis from development of new agricultural land to more intensive farming on existing land also contributed to lower demand for agricultural labor.
What states have the most farmers?
The Midwest rounds out the top five states with the most farmers: 1 Missouri (162,345, or 5% of the labor force) 2 Iowa (145,432 or 9% of the labor force) 3 Ohio (130,439 or 2% of the labor force) 4 Oklahoma (130,434 or 7% of the labor force)
What percentage of farms are family owned?
Family-held farms, by definition owned by a single person or members of the same family, account for 85.7% of all farms and 60.1% of all farmland. Forty-seven percent are classified as primarily growing crops rather than raising animals.
How many producers are there in the US?
The latest USDA agricultural census counts 3.4 million “producers” or the farmers and workers involved in making decisions on these farms, from planting to harvesting to marketing. This category could refer to the farm’s owner, a member of the owner’s family, a manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. The USDA also makes a distinction between producers and employees known as farmworkers.
What percentage of farmers are white?
Farmers are, by a large majority, white (including Hispanic), with 95.4% of all farmers falling in that category. Hispanic or Latino farmers, regardless of race, make up 3.3% of all producers. Even fewer agriculture producers are American Indian or Alaskan Native or Black: 1.7% and 1.3%, respectively.
How many farms are owned by a single person?
Number of farms. Department of Agriculture. Family-held farms, by definition owned by a single person or members of the same family, account for 85.7% of all farms and 60.1% of all farmland. Forty-seven percent are classified as primarily growing crops rather than raising animals.
How many farmers are male in 2017?
About 64% of farmers in 2017 were male. They also tended to be older: 62% of agricultural workers were over 55, an increase from 57% in 2012. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, workers 55 and older made up 23% of total employment, regardless of industry.
How much of a farm is owned by a family?
Family-held farms, by definition owned by a single person or members of the same family, account for 85.7% of all farms and 60.1% of all farmland.
Agriculture in the United States is highly mechanized, with an average of only one farmer or farming labor being required per square kilometer of farmland in average for agricultural production.
Agriculture is a major industry in the United States, which is a net exporter of food. As of the 2017 census of agriculture, there were 2.04 million farms, cover…
United States agriculture production in 2018
• It was by far the largest world producer of maize (392 million tons). The country has been the world leader in maize production for decades and only recently China, with 257.3 million tonnes produced this year, has been approaching North American production;
• It was the largest world producer of soy (123.6 million tons), a position that they held for many years, but recently, they ha…
Major agricultural products
Farm type or majority enterprise type
Farm type is based on which commodities are the majority crops grown on a farm. Nine common types include:
• Cash grains includes corn, soybeans and other grains (wheat, oats, barley, sorghum), dry edible beans, peas, and rice.
In 1870, almost 50 percent of the U.S. population was employed in agriculture. As of 2008 , less than 2 percent of the population is directly employed in agriculture.
In 2012, there were 3.2 million farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers and an estimated 757,900 agricultural workers were legally employed in the US. Animal breeders accounted for 11,500 of those workers with the rest categorized as miscellaneous agricultural w…
Occupational safety and health
U.S. Agriculture Components
U.S. Meat Production
Half of U.S. agriculture revenue is from meat production.4Most of this is cattle, dairy, poultry, hogs, and eggs. A smaller proportion is bison, rabbits, sheep, goats, and ostriches. The United States is the world’s largest beef producer.8 Large farms with 100 or more head of cattle produce 56% of all beef cows.9The cattle forage on grasslands before they are shipped to grain feedlots …
Exports totaled $143.4 billion in 2018.11 Until 2018, China was the largest export recipient, but the trade war initiated by President Donald Trump reduced exports of soybeans and other agricultural products.12 As a result, Canada became the largest export market in 2018.13 1. Canada: $20.7 billion 2. Mexico: $19.0 billion 3. European Union: $13.5 billion 4. Japan: $12.9 billion 5. China: $…
The success of modern U.S. farming is a result of industrial agriculture. This is when mass-production techniques are used to create food. A big component is monocultural growing of the same crop in the same large field. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and feed additives must be used to boost production. Between 1948 and 2015, industrial agriculture doubled U.S. farm prod…
In response to the issues of industrial agriculture, many farmers are adopting more sustainable techniques. Sustainable agriculture incorporates environmental, animal, and farmworker well-being into a profitable business model. It uses methods that improve soil health, minimize water use, and reduce pollution levels.22 It’s called sustainable because it doesn’t degrade the natural …
The Important Role of The U.S. Department of Agriculture
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plays a huge role in supporting the U.S. agriculture industry. America’s food supply must be protected from extreme weatherlike droughts, tornadoes, and hurricanes. The government has a role in ensuring food production during wars, recessions, and other economic crises. Food production is considered to be more important to the nation’s …