What percentage of deforestation is caused by agriculture



What are the statistics on deforestation?

Since 1990, the world has lost 420 million hectares or about a billion acres of forest, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations —mainly in Africa and South America. About 17 percent of the Amazonian rainforest has been destroyed over the past 50 years, and losses recently have been on the rise.

What countries are affected by deforestation?


  • Democratic Republic of the Congo. Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been caused partly by unregulated logging and mining, but mostly by the demands made by the …
  • Ethiopia. …
  • Kenya. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • Nigeria. …

What are facts about deforestation?

Deforestation has made a variety of damage and causing natural disasters. It is 10 interesting deforestation facts. 1. The most popular effects of deforestation is increasing global warming, greenhouse gas emissions, global climate, the composition of carbon in the soil, decreased oxygen levels, and the imbalance of the biosphere.

How can we stop deforestation?

  • Support efforts to amplify the voices of Indigenous Peoples and traditional forest communities.
  • Reduce your consumption of single-use products.
  • Demand that the forest-derived products you purchase are made from 100% post-consumer recycled content materials and when products are made from virgin forest, demand that the sourcing is done in …

More items…


How is agriculture the leading cause of deforestation?

Cattle ranching, animal agriculture, and logging are the leading causes of deforestation in our forests. The forest is cut to provide timber to build houses and create specialty wood products, or burned to make room for cattle grazing and feed crop production.

What are the main causes of deforestation percentage?

What are the main causes of deforestation?Industrial Agriculture. Look no further than your dinner plate, because industrial agriculture accounts for around 85% of deforestation worldwide. … Timber Logging. … Mining. … Expansion and Infrastructure. … Climate Change.

What are 3 leading causes of deforestation?

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization.

What percent of deforestation is caused by subsistence farmers?

A third to two-fifths of tropical deforestation is caused by subsistence activities on a local level by people who simply use the rainforest’s resources for their survival.

What are the statistics of deforestation?

Between 2015 and 2020, the rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million hectares per year, down from 16 million hectares per year in the 1990s. The area of primary forest worldwide has decreased by over 80 million hectares since 1990.

What are the 7 causes of deforestation?

The causes of deforestationNatural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods.Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.

Where does deforestation occur the most?

the tropics95% of global deforestation occurs in the tropics. Brazil and Indonesia alone account for almost half. After long periods of forest clearance in the past, most of today’s richest countries are increasing tree cover through afforestation.

Which human activity contributes to the destruction of forest?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

How does mining affect deforestation?

We find mining significantly increased Amazon forest loss up to 70 km beyond mining lease boundaries, causing 11,670 km2 of deforestation between 2005 and 2015. This extent represents 9% of all Amazon forest loss during this time and 12 times more deforestation than occurred within mining leases alone.

What is the largest contributor to deforestation?

Beef production is the top driver of deforestation in the world’s tropical forests. The forest conversion it generates more than doubles that generated by the production of soy, palm oil, and wood products (the second, third, and fourth biggest drivers) combined.

Do farms cause deforestation?

The biggest cause of forest loss – accounting for around 70 per cent – is agricultural deforestation, notably for beef, soy, palm oil and commercial timber. Soy ranks as the second largest agricultural driver of deforestation after cattle products.

How does agriculture affect the environment?

Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.

How does deforestation affect agriculture?

Research from the World Resources Institute suggests that large-scale deforestation in any of our major tropical forests, including the Amazon or Africa’s Congo basin, could impact water cycles and lead to severe agricultural disturbances across the globe. This means deforestation in Brazil can affect the yield of wheat crops in Ohio.

What are the causes of deforestation?

Cattle ranching, animal agriculture, and logging are the leading causes of deforestation in our forests. The forest is cut to provide timber to build houses and create specialty wood products, or burned to make room for cattle grazing and feed crop production. This constant destruction of our forests threatens biodiversity, …

What are the effects of deforestation on the rainforest?

This extreme clearing of land results in habitat loss, amplification of greenhouse gases, disruption of water cycles, increased soil erosion, and excessive flooding. A significant amount of total deforestation occurs in rainforests, which are home to over 50 percent of plant and animal species on the planet.

Which country has the most deforested rainforests?

The Amazon rainforest is the most biodiverse forest on the planet but is also the most deforested. Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana make up the Amazon basin which is where the Amazon rainforest grows. Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru have been hit the hardest by deforestation due to excessive logging, agriculture, and cattle production.

Why is meat important to deforestation?

Meat production is a leading cause of deforestation. It destroys animal habitats, cripples biodiversity, and increases GHG emissions in our atmosphere. Consumers often unknowingly support deforestation by purchasing foods, animal byproducts, and wood products sourced from unsustainable operations.

How does the construction of roads affect the Amazon rainforest?

The construction of roads throughout forests, especially the Amazon rainforest, increases the probability of animal deaths caused by loss of habitat and motor accidents. New roads make the process of illegal logging and poaching more convenient as well. Infrastructural expansion not only displaces animals and increases the risk of deforestation, it also encroaches on local residents’ homes and livelihoods.

What percentage of the Amazon rainforest has been cleared?

At least 20 percent of the Amazon has already been cleared and around 80 percent of that land has been used for cattle. According to environmental researcher Nicholas Carter, “Animal agriculture is the leading cause in the reduction of biodiversity, which is mostly from deforestation.

Why is deforestation a problem?

Deforestation has long been fueled by poor governance. This manifests as illegal activity, corruption, unclear or inequitable land tenure, and conflicting authority over forest resources particularly evident now in the Amazon crisis where indigenous land custodians are having their land rights eroded.

What are the main components of deforestation?

Recognizing the role that commodity production—palm oil, soy, timber, and beef, but also cocoa and coffee – plays in deforestation, companies and producers must identify and eliminate deforestation from supply chains. That means working with companies and farmers to adopt better practices and increase productivity, thus preventing further deforestation.

Why do forests come down?

In fact, according to recent satellite data in 2019, clearing land for agriculture causes rainforest deforestation at the rate of forty football pitches a minute.

What products do farmers need to meet the ever increasing global demand?

Meanwhile the farmers working to meet the ever-increasing global demand for products like coffee, tea, and cocoa, struggleto feed their own families.

Why did the Amazon fires happen?

These fires, set to clear land for crops, sent vast swaths of the Amazon up in smoke – not only harming local people and wildlife, but destroying critical carbon sinks that the world needs to help slow climate change. It’s an all-too-common pattern seen across the tropics: to make room for crops, forests come down.

What is certification in agriculture?

Certification offers just that, a system whereby producers are encouraged to use more sustainable methods.

Will deforestation be out of the supply chain?

In the past ten years, multiple commitments to drive deforestation out of the global supply chain by 2020 have been made by the Consumer Goods Forum, the New York Declaration on Forests in 2014, as well as many individual companies. But there has been remarkably little progress on the ground.

What is the biggest cause of forest loss?

The biggest cause of forest loss – accounting for around 70 per cent – is agricultural deforestation, notably for beef, soy, palm oil and commercial timber. Soy ranks as the second largest agricultural driver of deforestation after cattle products.

Why is the EU involved in agriculture?

The EU is involved mainly because European farmers rely on imported soy from Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay to use as animal feed. Of all the soy meal consumed in the EU, 83 per cent goes in concentrate feed for pigs and poultry.

Why is the EU involved in the production of soy?

The EU is involved mainly because European farmers rely on imported soy from Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay to use as animal feed. Of all the soy meal consumed in the EU, 83 per cent goes in concentrate feed for pigs and poultry.

What causes the most deforestation in the world?

Agriculture causes 80% of tropical deforestation. Deforestation for oil palm plantations in Borneo. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. Agriculture is the direct driver of roughly 80 percent of tropical deforestation, while logging is the biggest single driver of forest degradation, says a new report funded by the British and Norwegian governments.

What are the drivers of deforestation?

Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation notes that industrial activities are the principal driver of deforestation and degradation worldwide, but subsistence agriculture and fuelwood consumption remains an important direct driver of deforestation, especially in Africa. Drivers vary on a regional scale.

Will the pressure on forests continue?

While pressure on forests will continue as the world globalizes and consumption and human population grow, the report does see signs of hope for the planet’s forests. “There are promising strategies to decouple economic growth from deforestation,” the report states.

What is the impact of deforestation on the environment?

Deforestation for agricultural commodities like palm oil, soy, and cattle is wiping out biodiversity and driving this climate emergency. We are at a point in time where a complete cease in deforestation and serious restoration efforts are needed to prevent mass species extinction if we are to limit global warming under 1.5°C degree world.

What is the biggest cause of deforestation in Amazon?

Cattle ranching — and the soy farming needed to feed the cattle — is the biggest cause of deforestation in virtually every Amazon country. Around 90% of soy is used to feed animals to produce meat and dairy products.

What are the commodities that are being used to eliminate deforestation?

Starting in 2010, a wave of companies pledged to help eliminate deforestation by 2020 through the responsible sourcing of the commodities most linked to forest destruction — cattle, palm oil, pulp and paper, and soya.

What is the number one driver of deforestation worldwide?

Agribusiness —in which huge areas of forest are burned or cleared to make space for crops and livestock—is the number one driver of deforestation worldwide.

What are the commodities that are losing forests?

As we rely on industrial agricultural commodities such as palm, soy, and industrial produced meat and dairy, we are losing forests and accelerating a climate and ecological emergency.

How much forest is destroyed by global commodity production?

Recent Analysis by Greenpeace International suggested that, by the start of 2020, some 50 million hectares of forest — an area the size of Spain — is likely to have been destroyed for global commodity production since those promises were made in 2010.

How much carbon is released from cattle ranching?

Worldwide, deforestation due to cattle ranching releases 340 million tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year, or 3.4 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Most of this comes from the Amazon region. In 2009, Greenpeace published a landmark three-year investigation entitled Slaughtering the Amazon.

What are the causes of deforestation in developing countries?

Illegal logging, along with palm oil plantations and cattle ranching, are a cause of deforestation in developing countries.

What percentage of deforestation is paper?

According to a 2016 report by the Union of Concerned Scientists, paper and wood products account for approximately 10% of total deforestation. The other 90% of deforestation comes from. cattle ranchers.

Which countries have reduced deforestation?

Brazil reduced Amazon deforestation rates by two-thirds between 2004 and 2012. In addition, Indonesia reduced its deforestation rates by 40%. Reforestation trends studied by National Geographic suggest global forestation will increase by 10% —an area the size of India—by 2050.

How much of the world’s rainforest is lost by deforestation?

(The Balance) 4.2% of the world’s tree cover loss was between 1990 and 2020. (FAO) By 2030, there may be only 10% of the world’s rainforests left.

How many trees will be lost in 2020?

12 million hectare s of tropical tree cover was lost in 2020. (World Resources Institute) 31% of modern diseases are a result of deforestation. (FAO) 137 different species of plants, animals, and birds are lost every single day due to global forest loss. (RainTree) 50,000 species are lost each year as a result of deforestation.

Why are forests cleared?

Forests cleared to create pastures for livestock.

How much forest was destroyed in 2015-2020?

Between 2015-2020 10 million hectares of forest were destroyed every year giving a 35.48% decline for 2015-2020 compared to 1990-2010 and 16.67% decline compared to 2010-2015. (UN News)

What are the causes of deforestation?

Beef, soy and palm oil are responsible for 60% of tropical deforestation. If we want to tackle deforestation we also need to know what causes it. That allows us to avoid the foods that drive deforestation or innovate the ways we produce them.

Which two crops account for the most deforestation?

Combined, beef and oilseeds account for nearly 60% of deforestation.

How does palm oil affect the environment?

Palm oil and soy often claim the headlines for their environmental impact. They are categorised as ‘oilseeds’, which also include a range of smaller commodities such as sunflower, rapeseed, and sesame. They drove 18% of deforestation. Here we see that Indonesian palm oil was the biggest component of this. In neighbouring Malaysia the expansion of oil seeds was also a major driver of forest loss. Soybeans are the most common oilseed in Latin America. While many people immediately think of food products such as tofu or soy milk, most of global soybean production is used as feed for livestock, or biofuels. Just 6% is used for direct human food. The impact of soy production is one we look at in more detail in a related article.

How does beef contribute to deforestation?

Beef stands out immediately. The expansion of pasture land to raise cattle was responsible for 41% of tropical deforestation. That’s 2.1 million hectares every year – about half the size of the Netherlands. Most of this converted land came from Brazil; its expansion of beef production accounts for one-quarter (24%) of tropical deforestation. This also means that most (72%) deforestation in Brazil is driven by cattle ranching. 5 Cattle in other parts of Latin America – such as Argentina and Paraguay – also accounted for a large amount of deforestation – 11% of the total. Most deforestation for beef therefore occurs in Latin America, with another 4% happening in Africa.

Where does deforestation occur?

One-third of tropical deforestation happened in Brazil. That was 1.7 million hectares each year. The other single country where large forest areas are lost is Indonesia – it accounted for 14%. This means around half (47%) of tropical deforestation took place in Brazil and Indonesia. Again, if we look at more recent satellite data we find that this is still true today: in 2019, the world lost 5.4 million hectares to deforestation, with Brazil and Indonesia accounting for 52% of it. 4 As we will see later, the expansion of pasture for beef production, croplands for soy and palm oil, and increasingly conversion of primary forest to tree plantations for paper and pulp have been the key drivers of this.

How did the expansion of pasture lands affect land use in the rest of the Americas?

The expansion of pasture lands have also had a major impact on land use in the rest of the Americas – outside of Brazil, Latin America accounted for around one-fifth of deforestation .

How much forest is lost in the world?

Summary. Since the turn of the millennium, the world has been losing around 5 million hectares of forest every year. Nearly all of this occurs in the tropics; almost half of all deforestation takes place in Brazil and Indonesia. Three-quarters is driven by agriculture.

How does deforestation affect agriculture?

for agriculture … Deforestation causes increases in temperatures and changes in the amount and distribution of rainfall —generally creating a drier climate. These impacts can affect soil moisture, reducing yields in some areas and increasing flooding in others.

How does animal agriculture cause deforestation?

How Does Animal Agriculture Cause Deforestation? As the global demand for meat rises, so does the number of cattle needed to produce beef. These animals require space and nourishment, so millions of acres of uncultivated land are cleared every year to make room for feed crops and gra zing pastures.

What are the causes of deforestation?

One of the leading causes of deforestation globally is animal agriculture, which is why a plant-based diet can help. Today, nearly 70% of cleared lands in the Amazon, the largest remaining tropical rainforest in the world, are used as cattle pastures.

How does animal agriculture affect the environment?

One of animal agriculture ‘s greatest environmental impacts is its contribution to global warming and climate change.

What is the biggest driver of deforestation?

Agriculture is the direct driver of roughly 80 percent of tropical deforestation, while logging is the biggest single driver of forest degradation, says a new report funded by the British and Norwegian governments.

How many acres of forest disappear every day?

80,000 acres. of forests disappear from the Earth every day!

What are the effects of the loss of trees?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere , and a host of problems for indigenous people.


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