What role do women play in agriculture


Women fill many roles in agriculture. They are farmers and farm workers, ranchers, agricultural researchers, and educators. And, they contribute to local food systems, direct farm marketing, farm business planning/management, and more.

Do most women work in agriculture?

Globally, reports the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the majority of economically active women in the least-developed countries work in agriculture. And, according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture (the latest data available), 30 percent of farmers in the U.S. are women.

What role do women play in agriculture in India?

In rural India, the percentage of women who depend on agriculture for their livelihood is as high as 84%. Women make up about 33% of cultivators and about 47% percent of agricultural labourers.

What are the roles of men and women agriculture?

Women are usually in charge of light farming or crop processing, while males have more opportunities to work with livestock and stay out of their household duty. But it also vary with ethnic groups, age and production cycles.

How did women’s roles change with the start of agriculture?

Women still provide more unpaid farm labor than men, but the share of women who do so as their primary employment is decreasing. Women’s participation in agricultural and non-agricultural self-employment, as well as paid employment, rose over time. These changes could indicate increased economic empowerment of women.

What is the role of rural women in agriculture?

Women supply the major part of the labour for planting, weeding and harvesting, while men are largely responsible for spraying chemicals and fertilizers and mechanized tasks. Women are heavily engaged in post-harvest tasks, such as threshing, processing and marketing.

Why is gender important in agriculture?

Agriculture is highly “gendered” in developing economies (SOFA 2011): Women make up a large percentage of the agricultural labor force; Women are disadvantaged in productive asset ownership (land, livestock), and control of productive inputs (including access to credit, etc.);

What is the current role of women in sustainable market agriculture?

But beyond the numbers, women are at the forefront of an important shift in today’s farm landscape. Namely, women tend to farm on smaller pieces of land, grow diverse crops, favor sustainable practices, and prioritize food over commodity crops.

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