What’s precision agriculture

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What is precision agriculture?

Precision agriculture (PA) is an approach to farm management that uses information technology (IT) to ensure that crops and soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity. The goal of PA is to ensure profitability, sustainability and protection of the environment.


What is precision agriculture examples?

Some examples of precision agriculture include drones, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and irrigation technologies. The goal of precision agriculture is to learn new management practices to increase the profitability of agriculture production. “The core of my research assists farmers to maximize their profitability.


What is precision farming and how does it work?

Precision farming involves strategic ways of guiding farmers in crop rotation, optimal planting or harvesting times and soil management to improve crop productivity and efficiency while reducing environmentalimpact.


What are the types of precision agriculture?

These are some of the most popular types of precision farming systems:Climate monitoring. Weather stations equipped with farming stations help farmers track and predict weather conditions in a needed area. … Crop monitoring. … Cattle monitoring. … Greenhouse automation.


What is precision agriculture and why is it important?

Precision agriculture (PA) is the science of improving crop yields and assisting management decisions using high technology sensor and analysis tools. PA is a new concept adopted throughout the world to increase production, reduce labor time, and ensure the effective management of fertilizers and irrigation processes.


What are the benefits of precision agriculture?

Precision Farming: 7 Ways it Benefits Your FarmReduced costs. … Increased Profitability. … Enhanced Sustainability. … Better Harvestability. … Increased Land Values. … Higher Resolutions Understanding of Your Farm. … Better In season Yield Understanding.


Who uses precision agriculture?

That much was made clear in the USDA’s recent survey, where only four states saw precision-ag adoption on more than half its farms: Iowa (52% adoption), Nebraska (51%), North Dakota (54%) and South Dakota (53%), all major corn or wheat producers that rely heavily on state-of-the-art, GPS-equipped combines.


Which technology is used in precision agriculture?

Over the last few decades, many new technologies have been developed for precision farming. Some of these are satellite positioning (GPS) system, automated steering system, remote sensing, geo-mapping, and variable rate technology (VRT).


What technology is used in precision farming?

Precision agriculture uses AgTech to collect detailed field and crop data, mainly using sensing technologies combined with geo-referencing. Julie describes the range of commercially available precision agriculture technologies they have trialled in vegetable cropping systems.


What are the tools used in precision farming?

The main tools used for precision farming are;Auto-guidance equipment.Variable-Rate Technology.Internet of Things.Proximate Sensors Technology.Global Positioning System and Geographical Information System.Grid sampling.Remote sensors.Proximate Sensors.More items…•


How is precision agriculture used?

Precision agriculture is a technology and information-based system used to manage farm inputs and to identify, analyze, and manage spatial and temporal variability in all aspects of agricultural production system within fields to maximize sustainability, profitability, and environmental safety (McBratney et al., 2005 ). N nutrition can be managed through precision farming methods using modern technological approaches and sensors. Local or remote N sensors could be helpful in sophisticated management practices to assess plant needs for supplemental N ( Schmidt et al., 2002 ). Precision agriculture that allows effective timing and precise application of N has the potential to save N and improves efficiency. Availability of several soil-crop simulation models paved the way to effective N management and assessment of NUE and N loss. These models integrate the effect of soil, weather, cultivar, pest, and other management practices on the growth and yield of crop. Site-specific nutrient recommendations are also made through the use of geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS). N recommendation that takes into consideration of soil nitrate or any other N sources such as N credit by previous crop reduces the amount of needed N and improves efficiency. Other agronomic management practices that increase the yield and total N uptake can contribute to higher NUE of either indigenous or applied N sources as prescribed by simulation models. These management practices include insect and weed control, time of planting, planting density, supply of nutrients other than N, and selecting adapted cultivar or hybrid suited for the region and better N uptake.


What is PA in agriculture?

PA is an information and technology-based agricultural management system (e.g., using remote sensing, geographic information systems, global positioning systems, and robotics) to identify, analyze, and manage soil spatial and temporal variability within fields for optimum profitability, sustainability, and protection of the environment ( Bongiovanni and Lowenberg-Deboer, 2004; NRC, 1997; Gebbers and Adamchuk, 2010; Schrijver, 2016 ). PA is believed to be able to reduce the amount of inputs required, and better protect crops and soil.


How can PLF technology be used in dairy cattle?

PLF technologies that have been developed for intensively-managed dairy cattle could, with some adaptation, be applied to intensify various aspects of sheep production, particularly for dairy sheep. Indeed, dairy sheep already benefit from EID-facilitated milk metering, individual feeding and automated sort gates. Oestrus detection systems based on behaviour monitoring (as discussed earlier) could facilitate artificial insemination to improve sheep genetics, and robotic milking systems could be adapted for use with dairy sheep. Neck and/or ear mounted accelerometers are also able to detect rumination and eating behaviour in cattle, and these should in principle work with sheep. Note that eating time is not very well correlated with food intake as animals spend variable amounts of time searching through mixed feeds as they select specific dietary components. However, time spent ruminating is closely linked with fibre intake, so can be used to help estimate intake. As well as helping to optimise feeding, these data can also help to detect the changes in behaviour such as a reduction in food intake associated with the early stages of many diseases. Leg-mounted accelerometers can detect changes in cow activity associated with the early onset of lameness in dairy cattle ( Thorup et al., 2015) and could be adapted to detect foot health problems in sheep. Physiological monitoring (e.g. boli to detect rumen pH) can also be used to help and optimise the diet and detect rumen disorders. However, PLF technologies could also be applied to more extensive sheep systems, not to make them more intensive but to make them more efficient, and these possibilities are covered in the remainder of this section.


What is the application cycle for spatial management?

The application cycle for PA is observation, evaluation, interpretation, targeted management, and observation.


Is precision farming still used in France?

Precision farming tools and methods are still adopted very unevenly in France. Vigour mapping remains the most important application with limited adoption. However, the value of digital technology and precision agriculture (PA) for improving the profitability of agricultural operations and/or to mitigate their environmental impact has been highlighted by numerous works (Larson et al., 2008, Reichardt et al., 2009 ). Some of them have focused on the adoption of new technologies by farmers in most parts of the world ( Watcharaanantapong et al., 2014; Paustian and Theuvsen, 2017 ), showing that the phenomenon is starting worldwide. More recent work has also focused on the impact of these technologies on the farmer’s work ( Hostiou et al., 2014 ). One of the important changes is of course the extraordinary amount of data that must be processed and aggregated to extract information that is useful for operational decision-making in the specific context of the farm. Another important change is the complexity of the tools and equipment required. This complexity requires new knowledge to enable appropriate implementation, optimal tool settings and technical expertise to ensure optimal interoperability, etc. These constraints explain why farmers are sometimes reluctant to adopt PA technologies on their own farm ( Reichardt et al., 2009; Aubert et al., 2012 ).


What is precision agriculture?

Precision agriculture can be defined as “the application of modern information technologies to provide, process and analyze multisource data of high spatial and temporal resolution for decision making and operations in the management of crop production ” (National Research Council, 1997).


What is cloud computing in agriculture?

Put simply, cloud computing involves using networks of remote servers hosted on the internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than hosting information and data on local servers. They generally rely on wireless data transfer and mobile web applications, in combination with other tools and spatial technologies including GPS and GIS. Cloud technology is well established within data-intensive industries, but only recently emerging in agriculture where various applications are being marketed. For example, in the USA, cloud services provide on-farm support from agribusinesses and consultants, for agrochemical application management. Other precision-related tools are now emerging.


What factors influence crop yield?

One factor believed to influence crop yield is soil compaction, since it has a direct impact on soil hydraulic conductivity. As mentioned previously, the cone penetrometer is the soil-strength measuring device that is being used increasingly to map soil compaction level. Since it is a highly variable point measurement, numerous cone index values are needed to obtain proper representation of a field. This limitation of the cone penetrometer has led to the development of alternative devices that can measure and map soil strength in a continuous manner. One such device consists of a texture–soil-compaction sensing system that consists of a simple tine that is instrumented with a load cell to measure soil-cutting force. It also incorporates a dielectric-based soil-moisture sensor, because soil-moisture content influences soil-cutting force significantly. The soil-cutting force, F, is a function of soil bulk density, ρ, texture, ξ, and moisture content, θ, when the device is operated at a constant speed and operating depth; i.e.:


How does nanotechnology help agriculture?

Nanotechnology has shown great potential in precision agriculture and farming development. In plant production, it contributes to better pest management and crop protection through improved efficacy of pesticides and agrochemicals such as fertilizers or hormones. Nano-encapsulation is able to overcome the problems of run-off by climatic factors as is the case with traditionally applied agrochemicals. Nano-formulations possess enhanced targeted activity and less ecotoxicity, with a safe and easy mode of delivery, avoiding the necessity of repeated applications. Properly functionalized nanocapsules show better penetration, providing a balanced and controlled release of agrochemicals resulting in precise dosage, preventing the nutrient losses and avoiding unwanted interactions with water and air. Nano-fertilizers enhance growth, yield and quality parameters of the crop, resulting in better yield and quality of food products. Nano-based micronutrient delivery increases the nutrient utilization and enhances plant growth. Nano-pesticides have great promise for safer handling, better management and control of insect pests, while maintaining their fullest biological efficacy and avoiding over-dosage. Nanosensors may provide innovative solutions to detect the presence of plat viruses, the level of soil nutrients, crop pathogens, or to detect and remove environmental contaminants.


Is cloud technology used in agriculture?

Cloud technology is well established within data-intensive industries, but only recently emerging in agriculture where various applications are being marketed. For example, in the USA, cloud services provide on-farm support from agribusinesses and consultants, for agrochemical application management.


What is precision farming?

Precision agriculture is the practice of maximizing profitability and crop yields by using precise inputs in farming practices. With the help of precision agriculture equipment and technology, this practice can boost the efficiency, sustainability, and profitability of farmlands. The idea driving precious farming is simple: use less to grow more.


What are the different types of precision farming?

Apart from the three major branches of precision farming covered in the sections above, some of the other noteworthy systems in precision agriculture technology includes: 1 Data Integration Systems 2 Water Management Systems 3 Variable Rate Technology 4 Flow and Application Control


What is GPS technology?

Today, this technology is driving the progress of various PA systems such as GPS-guided seeders, tractors, and sprayers.


Why is guidance important in irrigation?

Guidance systems also play a major part in eliminating redundancies and overlaps in the irrigation process. This tends to yield considerable monetary benefits over time and also reduces the stress on resources and farmer mindsets.


When did precision farming become popular?

The biggest breakthroughs in Precision farming occurred in the 1990’s thanks to the advent of important technologies such as Geographic Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems. Various controllers, sensors, and monitors were simultaneously developed alongside these technologies as well.


Is precision agriculture still available?

Today, precision agriculture technology is widely available around the world. The adoption by farmers, however, is still slow going and this needs to be greatly improved in the near future.


What is PO farming?

PO – Large farms tend to have larger fields with row crop agriculture. Small farms can vary from forages to orchards to specialty crops to row crops, so they may be extremely diverse. This diversity requires us to think about research and technology in a different way.


What is AA in agriculture?

AA – Precision agriculture is a general term to describe farming tools based on observing, measuring, and responding to within-field variability via crop management. It is made possible through the use of Global Positioning System (or GPS satellites) or Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), which enable farm managers to respond …


Do all agricultural sectors receive information on technology at the same rate?

Not all agricultural sectors receive information on technology at the same rate. There is a need for identifying potential adoption and appropriateness of technologies that can automate production while improving the economic and environmental impacts of production systems at all scales.

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How Precision Agriculture All Began

  • The modern concept of precision agriculture began in the 1990s with John Deere GPS guidance systems. This integration of global positioning technology into everyday farming allowed for extremely precise steering of tractors according to field coordinates. The subsequent elimination of overlap meant the optimum use of time, fuel, and seed. Before th…

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Precision Agriculture Technology

  • The previously mentioned auto-guidance GPS-based innovation goes hand in hand with other technology that has allowed for the steady evolution of precision farming methods. These include but are not limited to: Variable Rate Technology– This technology allows you to apply seed, chemicals, and fertilizers at variable rates. Additionally, you can optimally distribute these same …

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Benefits of Precision Agriculture

  • The fact that precision agriculture results in you being able to grow more food on less land is good news. Whereas the consumer is concerned, all things being equal, it should keep food costs at reasonable levels. The multiple benefits of precision agriculture for both you as a farmer and the environment should be apparent from the inclusion of the word “precision.” The more precis…

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