- 1 What was the first crop in agriculture?
- 2 What are the different types of farming?
- 3 What is agriculture?
- 4 What is the earliest civilization based on agriculture?
- 5 What was the first type of agriculture?
- 6 How did agriculture start?
- 7 What is primitive farming?
- 8 What are the type of agriculture?
- 9 Where did agriculture first develop?
- 10 Who first started farming?
- 11 What is primitive and intensive subsistence farming?
- 12 What is Jhumming farming?
- 13 What is mixed farming in agriculture?
- 14 What is meant by industrial farming?
- 15 What is the meaning of organic farming?
- 16 What are the two major type of agriculture?
- 17 Answer
- 18 New questions in Biology
- 19 Why did people start farming?
- 20 What was the farming revolution?
- 21 What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?
- 22 When did corn cobs first appear?
- 23 How long ago did goats come to Europe?
- 24 What is the meaning of “fruit and tree”?
- 25 What is the meaning of civilization?
- 26 Where did agriculture originate?
- 27 How long ago did agriculture start?
- 28 How did the Industrial Revolution affect agriculture?
- 29 What are the social issues that modern agriculture has raised?
- 30 How has agriculture changed since 1900?
- 31 What were the crops that were introduced in the Middle Ages?
- 32 Why was clover important to agriculture?
- 33 Where did agriculture originate?
- 34 When did people start farming?
- 35 What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
- 36 What is the science of agriculture?
- 37 What did the Islamic Golden Age do to agriculture?
- 38 What animals did people domesticate?
- 39 How big was the average farm in 2007?
- 40 What is the origin of agriculture?
- 41 Why is agriculture a cultural phenomenon?
- 42 What is the process of domestication?
- 43 Why are domesticated animals more docile than wild animals?
- 44 What are domesticated animals?
- 45 Why do grasses have cultigens?
- 46 Is agriculture an environmental engineer?
- 47 What are the crops fed to?
- 48 What is ranching in agriculture?
- 49 How long does it take for a farm to return to a fallow site?
- 50 Why do farmers need to distribute the workload more evenly through the year?
- 51 What is truck farm?
- 52 What do farmers sell?
- 53 How do farmers clear land for planting?
- 54 When did agriculture start?
- 55 When did organic farming start?
- 56 What is the process of producing substances for human and animal consumption?
- 57 What is farming base?
- 58 What is arable soil?
- 59 What crops grow on dry land?
- 60 Where does the most productive part of arable land come from?
- 61 What is the traditional method of farming?
- 62 What is multiple farming?
- 63 What did tribes use to create fresh farmland?
- 64 What is the purpose of planting crops in the remaining segments?
- 65 What is the point of crop rotation?
- 66 What occupation allowed our ancestors to stop migrating and create the first villages?
- 67 What is dry farming?
- 68 Overview
- 69 Origins
- 70 Civilizations
- 71 Middle Ages and Early Modern period
- 72 Modern agriculture
- 73 See also
- 74 Further reading
- 75 External links
It was not until after 9500 BC that the eight so-called founder crops of agriculture appear: first emmer and einkorn wheat, then hulled barley, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, chick peas and flax.
What was the first crop in agriculture?
· The origins of rice and millet farming date to around 6,000 B.C.E. The world’s oldest known rice paddy fields, discovered in eastern China in 2007, reveal evidence of ancient cultivation techniques such as flood and fire control.
What are the different types of farming?
· The first domesticated plant was probably rice or corn. Chinese farmers were cultivating rice as early as 7500 BCE. The first domesticated animals were dogs, which were used for hunting. Sheep and goats were probably domesticated next. People also domesticated cattle and pigs. Most of these animals had once been hunted for hides and meat.
What is agriculture?
See all related content →. origins of agriculture, the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like—but a more holistic …
What is the earliest civilization based on agriculture?
a form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals. Various approaches combine some reliance on sedentary agriculture with the herding of livestock. Shifting cultivation. characterized by two distinctive features: Farmers clear land for planting by slashing vegetation and burning the debris.
What was the first type of agriculture?
Humans invented agriculture between 7,000 and 10,000 years ago, during the Neolithic era, or the New Stone Age. There were eight Neolithic crops: emmer wheat, einkorn wheat, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, hulled barley, chickpeas, and flax. The Neolithic era ended with the development of metal tools.
How did agriculture start?
Agricultural communities developed approximately 10,000 years ago when humans began to domesticate plants and animals. By establishing domesticity, families and larger groups were able to build communities and transition from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle dependent on foraging and hunting for survival.
What is primitive farming?
Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/ community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.
What are the type of agriculture?
Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming:Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop):Mediterranean Farming:Commercial Grain Agriculture:Arable Farming:Shifting Cultivation:Nomadic Herding:Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•
Where did agriculture first develop?
the Fertile CrescentAgriculture originated in a few small hubs around the world, but probably first in the Fertile Crescent, a region of the Near East including parts of modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan.
Who first started farming?
Until now, researchers believed farming was “invented” some 12,000 years ago in the Cradle of Civilization — Iraq, the Levant, parts of Turkey and Iran — an area that was home to some of the earliest known human civilizations.
What is primitive and intensive subsistence farming?
Primitive subsistence farming is only sufficient to feed the farmer and their family. Commercial farming is done with a view to sell the crops and gain profit. Primitive subsistence farming is labour-intensive which means that it mainly makes use of human labour.
What is Jhumming farming?
Jhumming is also practised in north-eastern states like Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland. Under this type of agriculture, a farmer clears a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family.
What is mixed farming in agriculture?
From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English ˌmixed ˈfarming noun [uncountable] a system of farming in which you grow crops and keep animalsExamples from the Corpusmixed farming• Where the clays gave way to the lighter soils of the Stone Belt, considerable areas of mixed farming remained.
What is meant by industrial farming?
Industrial agriculture is the large-scale, intensive production of crops and animals, often involving chemical fertilizers on crops or the routine, harmful use of antibiotics in animals (as a way to compensate for filthy conditions, even when the animals are not sick).
What is the meaning of organic farming?
Organic farming is agriculture that makes healthy food, healthy soils, healthy plants, and healthy environments a priority, along with crop productivity.
What are the two major type of agriculture?
Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions.
Farming is growing crops or keeping animals by people for food and raw materials. Farming is a part of agriculture.
Agriculture started thousands of years ago, but no one knows for sure how old it is.
New questions in Biology
The given figure represents the movement of water and minerals in xylem and movement of food in phloem. z Y CS les em er xx ter ant rate Choose the co …
Why did people start farming?
In the Near East, for example, it’s thought that climatic changes at the end of the last ice age brought seasonal conditions that favored annual plants like wild cereals. Elsewhere, such as in East Asia, increased pressure on natural food resources may have forced people to find homegrown solutions. But whatever the reasons for its independent origins, farming sowed the seeds for the modern age.
What was the farming revolution?
Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the ” Neolithic Revolution.”. Traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles, followed by humans since their evolution, were swept aside in favor of permanent settlements …
What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?
But at some point during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe, a mutation occurred for lactose tolerance that increased in frequency through natural selection thanks to the nourishing benefits of milk.
When did corn cobs first appear?
While maize-like plants derived from teosinte appear to have been cultivated at least 9,000 years ago, the first directly dated corn cob dates only to around 5,500 years ago . Corn later reached North America, where cultivated sunflowers also started to bloom some 5,000 years ago.
How long ago did goats come to Europe?
Dates for the domestication of these animals range from between 13,000 to 10,000 years ago. Genetic studies show that goats and other livestock accompanied the westward spread of agriculture into Europe, helping to revolutionize Stone Age society. While the extent to which farmers themselves migrated west remains a subject of debate, …
What is the meaning of “fruit and tree”?
fruit and tree native to Asia. genetic mutation. Noun. change to the genetic structure of an organism. harvest. Noun. the gathering and collection of crops, including both plants and animals. hunter-gatherer.
What is the meaning of civilization?
civilization. Noun. complex way of life that developed as humans began to develop urban settlements. crop. Noun. agricultural produce. cultivate. Verb. to encourage the growth of something through work and attention.
Where did agriculture originate?
By 8000 BC, farming was entrenched on the banks of the Nile. About this time, agriculture was developed independently in the Far East, probably in China, with rice rather than wheat as the primary crop. Maize was domesticated from the wild grass teosinte in southern Mexico by 6700 BC.
How long ago did agriculture start?
Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago.
How did the Industrial Revolution affect agriculture?
Between the 17th century and the mid-19th century, Britain saw a large increase in agricultural productivity and net output. New agricultural practices like enclosure, mechanization, four-field crop rotation to maintain soil nutrients, and selective breeding enabled an unprecedented population growth to 5.7 million in 1750, freeing up a significant percentage of the workforce, and thereby helped drive the Industrial Revolution. The productivity of wheat went up from 19 US bushels (670 l; 150 US dry gal; 150 imp gal) per acre in 1720 to around 30 US bushels (1,100 l; 240 US dry gal; 230 imp gal) by 1840, marking a major turning point in history.
Modern agriculture has raised social, political, and environmental issues including overpopulation, water pollution, biofuels, genetically modified organisms, tariffs and farm subsidies. In response, organic farming developed in the twentieth century as an alternative to the use of synthetic pesticides.
How has agriculture changed since 1900?
Since 1900, agriculture in the developed nations, and to a lesser extent in the developing world, has seen large rises in productivity as human labour has been replaced by mechanization, and assisted by synthe tic fertilizers, pesticides, and selective breeding.
What were the crops that were introduced in the Middle Ages?
In the Middle Ages, both in the Islamic world and in Europe, agriculture was transformed with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants, including the introduction of sugar, rice, cotton and fruit trees such as the orange to Europe by way of Al-Andalus.
Why was clover important to agriculture?
The use of clover was especially important as the legume roots replenished soil nitrates. The mechanisation and rationalisation of agriculture was another important factor.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
When did people start farming?
About 11,500 years ago , people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming. By 2,000 years ago, much of the Earth’s population had become dependent on agriculture.
What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.
What is the science of agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.
What did the Islamic Golden Age do to agriculture?
This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production. The leaders of the Islamic Golden Age (which reached its height around 1000) in North Africa and the Middle East made agriculture into a science. Islamic Golden Age farmers learned crop rotation.
What animals did people domesticate?
People also domesticated cattle and pigs. Most of these animals had once been hunted for hides and meat. Now many of them are also sources of milk, cheese, and butter. Eventually, people used domesticated animals such as oxen for plowing, pulling, and transportation. Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food.
How big was the average farm in 2007?
The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.
What is the origin of agriculture?
origins of agriculture, the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle
Why is agriculture a cultural phenomenon?
Because it is a cultural phenomenon, agriculture has varied considerably across time and space. Domesticated plants and animals have been (and continue to be) raised at scales ranging from the household to massive commercial operations.
What is the process of domestication?
Domesticationis a biological process in which, under human selection, organisms develop characteristics that increase their utility, as when plants provide larger seeds, fruit, or tubers than their wild progenitors. Known as cultigens, domesticated plants come from a wide range of families (groups of closely related genera that share a common ancestor; seegenus). The grass(Poaceae), bean(Fabaceae), and nightshadeor potato(Solanaceae) families have produced a disproportionately large number of cultigens because they have characteristics that are particularly amenableto domestication.
Why are domesticated animals more docile than wild animals?
Domesticated animals tend to have developed from species that are social in the wild and that, like plants, could be bred to increase the traits that are advantageous for people. Most domesticated animals are more docile than their wild counterparts, and they often produce more meat, wool, or milk as well.
What are domesticated animals?
Domesticated animals tend to have developed from species that are social in the wild and that, like plants, could be bred to increase the traits that are advantageous for people. Most domesticated animals are more docilethan their wild counterparts, and they often produce more meat, wool, or milk as well. They have been used for traction, transport, pest control, assistance, and companionship and as a form of wealth. Species with abundant domesticated varieties, or breeds, include the dog(Canis lupus familiaris), cat(Felis catus), cattle(Bosspecies), sheep(Ovisspecies), goat(Capraspecies), swine (Susspecies), horse(Equus caballus), chicken(Gallus gallus), and duckand goose(family Anatidae).
Why do grasses have cultigens?
The grass ( Poaceae ), bean ( Fabaceae ), and nightshade or potato ( Solanaceae) families have produced a disproportionately large number of cultigens because they have characteristics that are particularly amenable to domestication.
Is agriculture an environmental engineer?
Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like—but a more holistic perspective holds that humans are environmental engineers who disrupt terrestrial habitats in specific ways.
What are the crops fed to?
Most of the crops are fed to animals instead of humans.
What is ranching in agriculture?
Ranching is the commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area.
How long does it take for a farm to return to a fallow site?
Farmers return to a fallow site as few as 6 years
Why do farmers need to distribute the workload more evenly through the year?
Permits farmers to distribute the workload more evenly through the year, because crops require less attention, aside from planting and harvesting them.
What is truck farm?
Truck farms are highly efficient large-scale operations that take full advantage of machines at all stages of the growing process.
What do farmers sell?
Farms sell their output to manufacturers of food products, such as breakfast cereals and bread.
How do farmers clear land for planting?
Farmers clear land for planting by slashing vegetation and burning the debris.
When did agriculture start?
But according to the remains and archeological finds, agriculture originated somewhere in the period from 10,000 to 7,000 BC., when it came down to collecting fruit from shrubs and trees.
When did organic farming start?
Only during the 20th century did the use of large quantities of artificial chemicals in food production begin. The organic farming movement was created in the 1940s in response to the industrialization of agriculture and is known as the Green Revolution.
What is the process of producing substances for human and animal consumption?
Agriculture (farming) is the systematic process of producing substances for human and animal consumption (we call them food), and other substances through the cultivation of plants and animals. Agriculture is an economic activity that, through cultivated plants and domestic animals.
What is farming base?
Farming Base ( farmingbase.com) is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. com. This site also participates in other affiliate programs and is compensated for referring traffic and business to them.
What is arable soil?
Arable soil in geography means land that can serve to grow agricultural crops. It is different from cultivated land, and includes jungles and has not been used for human use only. Today, arable land covers about 19 million miles. Although limited by mass and topology, the amount of total arable land, regionally and globally, fluctuates due to human and climatic factors such as irrigation, deforestation, desertification, landfills, and urban expansion.
What crops grow on dry land?
Crops grown on dry land may include winter wheat, corn, beans, sunflower or even watermelon. Successful cultivation of dry land is possible with only 9 inches rainfall per year; higher rainfall increases crop diversity.
Where does the most productive part of arable land come from?
The most productive part of arable land comes from geological deposits of rivers and seas. In modern times, rivers do not flood agricultural land due to flood control.
What is the traditional method of farming?
A very traditional method now used primarily by shepherds, this is a method where livestock grazes from an area for a time, then are herded to a new area once the current land no longer has enough food for the livestock.
What is multiple farming?
As the name implies, multiple farming is the process of growing multiple crops on the same land, usually with different growth periods to eliminate competition for nutrients and soil space. Your garden is an example of multiple farming.
What did tribes use to create fresh farmland?
Prior to the discovery of crop rotation, tribes used this method as a means of early agriculture. This method clearcuts or razes small forested areas to create fresh farmland.
What is the purpose of planting crops in the remaining segments?
After harvest, the crops are planted in the remaining segments and the previously used segments are used to plant crops that reintroduce the depleted nutrients . As a result, no extra fertilizers or chemicals are necessary to maintain the land.
What is the point of crop rotation?
The point of crop rotation is to divide land into segments (usually three to four). Crops are planted in half of the segments which draw nutrients from the soil.
What occupation allowed our ancestors to stop migrating and create the first villages?
Perhaps the oldest occupation known to mankind (followed very closely by parenting), farming allowed our ancestors to stop migrating and create the first villages. In modern times, we’ve developed a wide range of farming techniques our forebears could never have imagined.
What is dry farming?
Dry farming is a technique where the farmer focuses on drought-resistant crops, producing a lower yield but requiring far less water than other methods. 5. Industrial Farming. Also known as intensive farming, this method requires high amounts of fertilizer and pesticide.
Scholars have developed a number of hypotheses to explain the historical origins of agriculture. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an antecedent period of intensification and increasing sedentism; examples are the Natufian culture in the Levant, and the Early Chinese Neolithic in China. Current models indicate that wild stands that …
Middle Ages and Early Modern period
• Agricultural expansion
• Effects of climate change on agriculture
• Farming/language dispersal hypothesis
• Green revolution
• Manning, Richard (1 February 2005). Against the Grain: How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-1-4668-2342-6.
• Civitello, Linda. Cuisine and Culture: A History of Food and People (Wiley, 2011) excerpt
• Federico, Giovanni. Feeding the World: An Economic History of Agriculture 1800–2000 (Princeton UP, 2005) highly quantitative
• “The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture” from Cornell University Library