What spread agricultural technology


The use of agriculture technology has been spreading in precision farming, livestock, fish farming, and smart greenhouses with the aim of improving yield, profitability, and efficiency.


How has technology affected agriculture?

How has technology affected agriculture? Technological innovations have greatly shaped agriculture throughout time. From the creation of the plow to the global positioning system (GPS) driven precision farming equipment, humans have developed new ways to make farming more efficient and grow more food.

How technology has changed agriculture?

Technology in agriculture affects many areas of agriculture, such as fertilizers, pesticides, seed technology, etc. Biotechnology and genetic engineering have resulted in pest resistance and increased crop yields. Mechanization has led to efficient tilling, harvesting, and a reduction in manual labor.

How has technology impacted farming?

Technology has led to tractors and other vehicles that allow fewer farmers to handle much larger fields. Pesticides prevent a significant amount of crop loss due to weeds and insects, and advanced genetic engineering has led to far better crop yields. Mechanization’s impact on agriculture is significant.

What is the impact of Technology on agriculture?

Technology in Mexico and its impact on agriculture

  • The agricultural production system. Dr. …
  • The climate and the environment. To cover the second point, Dr. …
  • Secondary climatic factors: Pressure deficit. …
  • Climatic conditions in Mexico. …
  • Use of technologies. …
  • Based on the above, four basic questions are raised: Climate prediction and simulation tools. …

How is agriculture spread?

Agricultural ideas and practices are spread when people move to new areas, when one group trades with another group, and generally speaking when groups come into contact with one another. Purposefully or not, ideas are shared and technologies and new species may accidentally be introduced.

What is transfer of technology in agriculture?

International technology transfer, which occurs when a country acquires, imitates, or adapts technology devel- oped elsewhere, helps determine a country’s level of agricultural productivity.

What were the advancements in technology that contributed to the spread of agriculture?

Technological innovations have greatly shaped agriculture throughout time. From the creation of the plow to the global positioning system (GPS) driven precision farming equipment, humans have developed new ways to make farming more efficient and grow more food.

When did agriculture technology start?

Modern technological advances 1913 – The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, made it possible to produce ammonia, and thereby fertilize, on an industrial scale. 1960 – First use with aerial photos in Earth sciences and agriculture.

What is transfer technology example?

Examples of technology transfer can be found across virtually every scientific and industrial area, from pharmaceuticals and medical devices to alternative energy solutions, computing, transport, artificial intelligence, robotics, agriculture, aerospace, environmental improvements and many more.

What are the types of technology transfer?

Technology transfer can be categorized into three basic types:Technology push. This takes place when a company or university patents its invention and licenses it to other companies. … Market pull. This is when new technologies are developed in response to demand for a product or service. … Technological spillover.

How has technology improved agriculture?

Advances in machinery have expanded the scale, speed, and productivity of farm equipment, leading to more efficient cultivation of more land. Seed, irrigation, and fertilizers also have vastly improved, helping farmers increase yields.

What contributed to the advancement of agriculture in the 1800s?

In the early 19th century a number of factors combined to give an impetus to agriculture: the arrival of Irish immigrants with agricultural skills, the growth of St John’s as a market for vegetables, a road-building program, and in 1813 an authorization allowing the governor to issue title to land for commercial use.

What are five advances that helped agriculture?

Here are five technological advancements that are making a big impact in agriculture:Precision Agriculture. … Industrial Automation. … Automated Irrigation Systems. … Remote Monitoring of Crops Using Sensors. … Genetically Modified Crops. … Merging Datasets. … Learn More About the Impact of Technology on Agriculture.

What led up to the Agricultural Revolution?

The first was caused by humans changing from being hunter-gatherers to farmers and herders. The second was caused by improvements to livestock breeding, farming equipment, and crop rotation. The third was caused by plant breeding and new techniques in irrigation, fertilization, and pesticides.

How did agriculture evolve?

Agricultural communities developed approximately 10,000 years ago when humans began to domesticate plants and animals. By establishing domesticity, families and larger groups were able to build communities and transition from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle dependent on foraging and hunting for survival.

Why is agriculture a technology?

Today’s agriculture routinely uses sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. These advanced devices and precision agriculture and robotic systems allow businesses to be more profitable, efficient, safer, and more environmentally friendly.

What is the equipment used to break and loosen soil for a depth of six to 36 inches?

Primary tillage equipment . Equipment used to break and loosen soil for a depth of six to 36 inches (15 to 90 centimetres) may be called primary tillage equipment . It includes moldboard, disk, rotary, chisel, and subsoil plows. The moldboard plow is adapted to the breaking of many soil types.

What is the process of adding nutrients and trace elements to soil called?

Mechanical processing of soil so that it is in the proper physical condition for planting is usually referred to as tilling; adding nutrients and trace elements is called fertilizing. Both processes are important in agricultural operations.

What is a hardpan in tillage?

Tillage, particularly conventional plowing, may create a hardpan, or plow sole; that is, a compacted layer just below the zone disturbed by tillage.

Why is tilling important?

Tillageis the manipulation of the soilinto a desired condition by mechanical means; tools are employed to achieve some desired effect (such as pulverization, cutting, or movement). Soil is tilled to change its structure, to kill weeds, and to manage cropresidues. Soil-structure modification is often necessary to facilitatethe intake, storage, and transmission of water and to provide a good environmentfor seeds and roots. Elimination of weeds is important, because they compete for water, nutrients, and light. Crop residues on the surface must be managed in order to provide conditions suitable for seeding and cultivatinga crop.

Why do we need to manage crop residues?

Crop residues on the surface must be managed in order to provide conditions suitable for seeding and cultivating a crop. Generally speaking, if the size of the soil aggregates or particles is satisfactory, preparation of the seedbed will consist only of removing weeds and the management of residues.

Why is it important to till soil?

Soil is tilled to change its structure, to kill weeds, and to manage crop residues. Soil-structure modification is often necessary to facilitate the intake, storage, and transmission of water and to provide a good environment for seeds and roots. Elimination of weeds is important, because they compete for water, nutrients, and light.

What is the ridge of a land slice called?

This leaves a slightly higher ridge than the second, third, and other slices. The ridge is called a back furrow. When two strips of land are finished, the last furrows cut leave a trench about twice the width of one bottom, called a dead furrow. When land is broken by continuous lapping of furrows, it is called flat broken.

Why are agricultural technologies important?

Agricultural technologies are developed to increase production, resolve chemo-physical, biological, and socioeconomic constraints related to crop production systems. During the past three decades, there has been an increasing realization that technologies need to be tailored to the circumstances of farmers as well as to future sustainability goals including climate change projections. Climate projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have shown skewed future rainfall patterns with shortened growing seasons (leading to intermittent and terminal droughts) and extremes of temperature all of which threaten agriculture production. Current threats require advanced analysis of best-fit solutions in order for agricultural technologies to serve smallholder farmers’ needs. Climate smart agriculture defined as agricultural practices that sustainably improve production, resilience of production systems, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions is required to overcome climate extremes and variability. Future food production systems will rely heavily on the successful integration of a range of technologies that are climate responsive and environmentally enhancing. Robust policies that will shape institutions to deliver more agricultural produce and financial gains in the long term are needed. Although there are clear extension messages for scaling up already, further research and refinement are still required for adaptation to climate extremes and mitigation of emissions.

How does agriculture contribute to ecosystem services?

CA contributes to increased ecosystem services, especially by the effect of the management practices on soil quality. Ecosystem services are defined here as components of nature that are directly enjoyed, consumed, or used to yield human well-being, for example, purification of air and water, mitigation of droughts and floods, generation and preservation of soils and renewal of their fertility, detoxification and decomposition of wastes, pollination of crops and natural vegetation, dispersal of seeds, cycling and movement of nutrients, and control of the vast majority of potential agricultural pests ( Boyd and Banzhaf, 2007 ). Other slightly different definitions include ( Fisher et al., 2009) the conditions and processes through which natural ecosystems, and the species that make them up, sustain and fulfill human life ( Daily, 1997 ); the benefits human populations derive, directly or indirectly, from ecosystem functions ( Costanza et al., 1997 ); and the benefits people obtain from ecosystems ( Nelson et al., 2009 ). CA can be applied on large scale and ecosystem services will be supported. However, its current application on small fragmented plots may not yield much with regard to ecosystem services.

What is biofortification in agriculture?

Biofortification is a new approach to improving the nutritional value of crops. It involves breeding for increased levels of key vitamins and essential minerals in several staple crops relied on by the world’s poor. Proof of this principle was accomplished by Potrykus, Beyer and colleagues, 34 who used molecular biological techniques to produce Golden Rice with as much as 35 µg/g β-carotene in the endosperm. This pioneering work involved the insertion into the rice genome of two of the three 35 genes needed for β-carotene synthesis ( Fig. 19.9 ): PSY (phytoene synthase) from daffodil ( Narcissus pseudonarcissus ), and CRT1 from a soil bacterium ( Erwinia uredovora ). Simon and colleagues used visual color-scoring in breeding a biofortified carrot particularly high in β-carotene. 36

How has ATMA been successful?

ATMA has been successful in bringing recognition to the importance of extension systems in India, which can be seen through the increased funding and human resources. For the case of rice cultivation, ATMA has been able to expand the range of extension activities and be more responsive to various stakeholders, thus lending credibility to the system of extension provision. Furthermore, ATMA has managed to achieve convergence among different programs implemented by the Department of Agriculture (DoA) and improve the relationship of the DoA with other line departments (i.e., agricultural engineering, animal husbandry, and fisheries). This has been particularly beneficial for rice farmers engaging in income-earning activities beyond rice cultivation. Through its bottom-up model, ATMA has expanded the reach of public extension systems to rural areas.

What are the factors that drive the impact of ATMA?

Variations in leadership and commitment are the main factors that drive differences in ATMA’s impact. Ensuring that staff positions are filled at all times and the provision of adequate incentives to retain staff are common problems faced by ATMA. The linkages with Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs, Farm Science Centers) need to be proactively strengthened to make better use of the existing research capacity. Delays often occur in the release of funds from the center to the states and this affects the implementation of the SREP and SEWP. Some of the central government schemes do not have sufficient resources for knowledge support, hence presenting an untapped opportunity for ATMA to fill the knowledge gap. ATMA also needs to develop collaborative crop-specific research programs to bring increased focus onto the productivity of important crops, such as rice. Lastly, farmers’ influence on decision-making at the block level remains low despite the FF initiative and therefore capacity building of the village-level representatives and farmer interest groups needs more investment.

How can agriculture improve the quality of food?

Agricultural technologies can increase the bioavailable vitamin contents of foods . Increasing vitamin content has not been an explicit goal of crop improvement, which has centered on economically important traits such as those directly related to yield and disease resistance. However, that narrow attitude has changed with the recognition of the “hidden hunger” of micronutrient malnutrition – i.e., the persistent, debilitating shortages of vitamins and essential minerals in the face of remarkable gains in the global production of total staple foods and total calories. That one-sixth of the world’s population does not have access to the foods necessary for a nutritionally balanced diet has made it impossible to overlook shortages of vitamin A, folate, iron, iodine, and zinc, particularly among the world’s poor. The international agricultural community has responded with a number of coordinated efforts to use modern breeding techniques to enhance the micronutrient contents of selected staple foods. This effort has been called field fortification and biofortification. 33

Where are Bt cotton crops grown?

However, insect-resistant Bt crops are widely grown by smallholder farmers in countries like India, China, Pakistan, and South Africa. The example of Bt cotton in India is particularly interesting, because anti-biotech activists repeatedly claimed that GM seeds have ruined smallholder cotton growers in India. However, these claims were shown to be wrong ( Gilbert, 2013 ). Smallholder cotton growers in India have rapidly adopted Bt cotton because the technology proved to be very beneficial. Within less than 10 years after its first commercialization, more than 90% of the cotton growers in India had switched to GM varieties. Higher yields and profits have contributed to significant welfare gains in smallholder households. Estimates with long-term survey data suggest that the adoption of Bt cotton has raised farm household living standards by 18% on average ( Kathage and Qaim, 2012 ).

How has agriculture changed over time?

Agricultural technology has been evolving for many centuries and will very likely continue to do so. Selective retention of the best species of animals and the best grain seeds has long allowed farmers to improve productivity. Scientific breeding based on genetic principles has served to accelerate this improvement in productivity. In recent years, biotechnology has been used to introduce useful genes into existing species. Crop varieties have been engineered to fit growing conditions at particular locations, to be resistant to certain herbicides and insects, and to have more desirable traits such as higher oil or protein content. New nonfood uses for crops, such as biofuels, will open new markets but also may change the desired composition of plants grown for specific uses.

What is ATMa in agriculture?

Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) is a single-window institutional arrangement for technology and information dissemination at the district level and an attempt was made to assess the dairy extension system in the context of ATMA in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh during 2016. The study revealed that along with organized dairy extension services, ATMA is an important alternative to provide extension services to the dairy sector as animal husbandry sector is an existing allied sector for the ATMA. Performance assessment was measured through the parameters—relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, and sustainability of dairy extension through ATMA in Guntur district. In this district, four cafeterias of activities (demonstrations, trainings, exposure visits, and dairy farm schools) were conducted during the years 2013–14 and 2015–16. It is recorded that a total of 5324 farmers are directly benefitted with the dairy extension activities in those years. It can be concluded that ATMA acts as a common platform for convergence and coordination amongst different agencies/organizations working for dairy development in Guntur district. The opportunity of dairy extension services through ATMA can be enhanced by rational emphasis on dairy and livestock components in the Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP), District Agriculture Action Plan (DAAP) and Block Action Plan (BAP).

How does NATP promote sustainability?

The NATP directed considerable efforts on promoting sustainability in agriculture through dissemination of environment-friendly technologies and latest improved farm practices ( Table 9.4 ). Some of these included adoption of zero tillage, integrated pest management (IPM), scientific cultivation of fruits, fodder production, fish production, scientific dairy farming, and makhana production technologies. A number of training programs and exposure visits for farmers were conducted through ATMA initiatives to promote these technologies/practices. The IPM practices have been found to have wide acceptability among farmers in the NATP districts. The zero tillage has become quite popular in the Munger and Patna districts and is seen by the farmers as a measure for sustainability and cost reduction.

How many farmers are subsistence?

Agricultural technology has remained relatively unchanged over the years and more than 90% of the farmers are of the subsistence type, operating on traditional methods using basic tools.

When did agriculture start in Mexico?

The development of agricultural technologies that started in Mexico in the 1940s spread worldwide in the 1950s and 1960s, substantially increasing the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield hybrid crops. While countries’ agricultural output grew, so did their dependence on fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation, bringing their own environmental and human health problems. Importantly, the introduction of a limited number of high-yield varieties meant very few species of rice and grain were cultivated, leaving the way open to increased risks of disease and pests, through lack of biodiversity.

Do extension systems respond well to the needs of women farmers?

Traditionally extension systems have not responded well to the needs of women farmers.

Is agricultural research funding insufficient?

Although many studies have confirmed the very high economic rates of return to agricultural research, funding for it is almost invariably insufficient, and one of the consequences is weak sustainability of many lines of research.

What are the most popular technologies used in agriculture?

Modern companies constantly come up with wonderful robotics innovations and manufacture drones, robotic harvesters, seeding robots or autonomous tractors. There are also devices provided with smart systems for automated watering. All these technologies become more and more popular with farmers and right now they are widely used in the modern agriculture industry.

What is the main goal of farm automation?

The main aim of farm automation is to simplify mundane tasks. This is one of the new techniques in agriculture that can solve such issues as farm labor shortages and environmental problems. With the help of advanced AI and technologies, people will be able to decrease the number of pesticides used as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

What is the purpose of agbots in agriculture?

These robots simplify such processes as harvesting, fruit picking, or soil maintenance. No doubts, this is the latest technology in agriculture that proves the importance and shows the advantages of robotics developments.

What is vertical farming?

Indoor Vertical Farming. This technology provides farmers with a wonderful possibility to increase crop yields while overcoming the problems related to a limited land area. Furthermore, it can reduce the environmental impact due to the shortening of distance traveled in the supply chains.

Why do people use weather tracking?

People use them to get the information necessary to protect the plants from such weather activity as hail or frost. The chance to decrease crop losses is the main advantage of this modern technology used in agriculture. Additionally, due to weather tracking, farmers can optimize watering.

Why is satellite imaging important for farmers?

Plus, satellite imaging is necessary for growers who want to make smart decisions about crop management and land use.

How much will the agricultural robot market be in 2025?

Plus, consider that according to Verified Market Research, the agricultural robot market will reach near $12 billion up to 2025. 4. Advanced AI.


The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).

New questions in Social Studies

The ecological mechanism described in the article with removal of the Grey Wolf population 1930’s is called…

How does technology help in agriculture?

Agriculture technology helps you to use the resources efficiently and lower the cost. Additionally, you can also make your farming environmental-friendly and safe by limiting erosion, reducing fertilizer and conserving water.

What are the best technologies for agriculture?

The good thing about these inventions is that they save water. By avoiding the water wastage, you will surely save money. Engineering, food, sensors, and automation are the primary technologies used in agriculture.

What is the function of sensors in agriculture?

The primary function of sensors is that they can detect both nitrogen and moisture levels. Using the information, you can farm and determine the right time to fertilizer and water instead of following any predetermined schedule. Agriculture technology helps you to use the resources efficiently and lower the cost.

What is multispectral analysis?

This agriculture technology is also known as multispectral analysis. By using this method, you can see the reflecting and absorbing the power of plants. It is an essential data that let you know which plants are flourishing and which are not flourishing.

Why is farming technology important?

Farming technology helps people to increase productivity. When it comes to advanced machinery, it is used for both harvestings and planting the crops easily and quickly. The need for agriculture technology is increasing more and more in agriculture.

Why do farmers need sensors?

If you are a farmer, you can get sensors even with a limited budget. It is because of their affordability. If you distribute the sensors through your agricultural land, you can get lots of advantages. The primary function of sensors is that they can detect both nitrogen and moisture levels.

How is agriculture managed?

The management of agriculture is based on the process of observing the intra-field variations. Using advanced sensors and satellite images, you can optimize your returns on your inputs when preserving the resources at larger scales.

What is agricultural technology?

Agricultural technology, or agri-tech, is specifically about developing new technologies to expand food production. A main focus of agri-tech is reducing the impact of farming on the environment, but it can also increase productivity, profit, or health and safety.

What is the fastest growing sub-sector of agri-tech?

The fastest growing sub-sector of agri-tech is precision farming and engineering, where robotics are being developed for tasks such as driving tractors, killing weeds and planting seeds.

What is UOL agri food technology?

UoL’s MSc Agri-food Technology is a well-structured course that links pre-farmgate with post-farmgate operations, supported by the facilities and experts at LIAT. The Master’s programme will be led by Dr Ramana Sundara, who joined the University of Lincoln with more than two decades of industry experience after working with Nestle. The course is intentionally wide ranging, helping to prepare students for multiple opportunities in the world’s biggest industry.

How did agriculture affect the growth of the world?

IT IS believed that the rise in agriculture and farming led to the growth of civilisation. But the continued spread of unsustainable agriculture could lead to the downfall of civilisation as well. It is estimated that by 2050, the world’s population will be over 9 billion – almost 35% more than there is today. And there is pressure on the agri-food sector to find new and inventive ways to feed these people.

What is the agri food sector?

The agri-food sector is the process of food production and distribution, and includes a vast range of roles from farming to the point of eating. Agriculture companies, food manufacturers, producers and retailers are large employers in this sector, as are government departments that develop food policy. The agri-food sector is also intrinsically linked to globally important challenges such as land and water use, climate change, and health and well-being.

What is the most important topic in agriculture?

1. Education . The first and probably the most important topic is education . With the rapid advances in computers and communication, it has become increasingly difficult for anyone in the agricultural community to keep pace with technical changes impacting field production. From understanding the genetics of seed relative to an environment, evaluating the best fertilizers, selecting the right combination of pesticides, or just understanding the day-to-day logistics of a farm operation, education is paramount for success.

What is the use of robots in place of humans?

3. Robotics. Robotics is the use of robots or automated machines in place of humans to process information or to perform physical tasks.

How can materials applied in the same way and in the same amounts but in different environmental settings have different outcomes in terms of?

Materials applied in the same way and in the same amounts but in different environmental settings can have different outcomes in terms of a final yield. Retailers who identify which practices and materials work best in producers’ local environmental conditions can contribute to the efficient management of their fields.

What is the challenge of big data?

2. “Big Data.” Companies involved with the processing and storing of data refer to increasing amounts of computer-generated information as the “big data” challenge. As information becomes critical for good decision-making whether as part of the in-field support of a customer or between employees in a company, data must be collected, stored and interpreted in a timely manner. This data processing requires the maintenance of local computers and communication networks and their integration with systems over the Internet or “in the cloud.” Because of the overhead cost to maintain local computers and networks, many retailers will likely look to “cloud” solutions to process their data. That is, they will pay a fixed annual fee to remotely access computer and network services.

What is the major feature of modern agriculture?

A high rate of technological change is a major feature of modern agriculture. New technologies are introduced gradually; diffusion is the process through which technologies spread throughout the farm sector over time.

What is diffusion in agriculture?

New technologies are introduced gradually; diffusion is the process through which technologies spread throughout the farm sector over time. While adoption is the decision by an individual producer to use a new technology at a given moment, diffusion is the aggregate measure of adoption decisions. Early studies of diffusion were conducted by sociologists. Rogers (1962) measured technology usage as a fraction of farmers that had adopted a certain technology at a given point in time. Other studies measured diffusion by the fraction of land employed with the new technology. Rogers noticed that diffusion rates of hybrid corn in the United States fit very well as an S-shaped function of time:


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