- 1 What was the south’s agricultural system like?
- 2 What were the main elements of the North’s agricultural system?
- 3 Why is Southern agriculture so successful?
- 4 What was the South’s economy based on?
- 5 What was the South’s economy based on quizlet?
- 6 What were the two main elements of the North’s agricultural system?
- 7 How did the agricultural systems in the North and South differ?
- 8 What were two areas that the economy of the North was based on?
- 9 Why did industry develop so slowly in the South?
- 10 What ideas did the the Monroe Doctrine contain?
- 11 What was the South’s economy based on?
- 12 What was one of the major economic differences between the South and the north before the Civil War?
- 13 What were the major differences between the North and South in the 1850s?
- 14 How did technological developments affect agriculture in the South?
- 15 How did the differences between the northern and southern economies lead?
- 16 What were the economic differences between the northern and southern states during the Industrial Revolution?
- 17 What was the South’s agricultural system?
- 18 What was the South’s form of agriculture?
- 19 Why were the working conditions in the South so hard?
- 20 What was the main force that brought farm communities together?
- 21 Why did the North increase crops?
- 22 How many bushels of wheat did the North produce in 1850?
- 23 Why were the Northeast and Northwest so self-sufficient?
- 24 What crops grow in the Amazon basin?
- 25 Where are potatoes found in South America?
- 26 Was agriculture required for the Inca Empire?
- 27 What was the farming revolution?
- 28 Why did people start farming?
- 29 What is the meaning of “agriculture”?
- 30 What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?
- 31 Where did goats come from?
- 32 When did rice and millet farming start?
- 33 Where did the wild produce originate?
- 34 What is an agricultural system?
- 35 What is agriculture in Figure 1?
- 36 What is the resource pool in a farm system?
- 37 What is element 2 of the farm-household system?
- 38 What is the time dimension of agriculture?
- 39 What is the role of the household in a farm?
- 40 What is a farm system?
- 41 How did agriculture help people?
- 42 What is agriculture used for?
- 43 What tools did people use to make food?
- 44 How big was the average farm in 2007?
- 45 What were the problems of the Green Revolution?
- 46 What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
- 47 What countries used old agriculture?
The Southern economy was based on agriculture. Crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane and indigo were grown in great quantities. These crops were known as cash crops, ones that were raised to be sold or exported for a profit.
What was the south’s agricultural system like?
South The South’s agricultural system was more focused on cotton growing and slave trade than other aspects of farming. Southerners utilized the plantation system, creating a wealthy planter class,…
What were the main elements of the North’s agricultural system?
Agriculture eventually came to support the Inca empire and other highland South American cultures. The problems of maintaining large populations in the highlands were resolved …
Why is Southern agriculture so successful?
· This is also when potato growing in the Andes region of South America began. Farmed Animals Cattle, goats, sheep and pigs all have their origins as farmed animals in the so …
What was the South’s economy based on?
Element 4, resource pool: This element consists of resources which are initially present at the time of planning or commencing operation of the system – some pool or stock of land, water, …
What was the South’s economy based on quizlet?
In the south economy was based on slaves and cotton.
What were the two main elements of the North’s agricultural system?
What were the main elements of the North’s agricultural system? The North raised corn and cattle & they bought from stores whatever else they needed.
How did the agricultural systems in the North and South differ?
How did the agricultural systems in the North and South differ? North had free labor and factories, South had slavery and cash crops. How did the American System help strengthen the nation’s sense of unity? Established protective tariffs, strengthened national bank, development of national transportation systems.
What were two areas that the economy of the North was based on?
The northern economy relied on manufacturing and the agricultural southern economy depended on the production of cotton.
Why did industry develop so slowly in the South?
Why did industry develop more slowly in the South than it did in the North? The North had more railroads and more factories South did not have as many railroads and no factories so this made their development a lot slower. Having more railroads made it easier to transport supplies for the war.
What ideas did the the Monroe Doctrine contain?
President James Monroe’s 1823 annual message to Congress contained the Monroe Doctrine, which warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere. Understandably, the United States has always taken a particular interest in its closest neighbors – the nations of the Western Hemisphere.
What was the South’s economy based on?
There was great wealth in the South, but it was primarily tied up in the slave economy. In 1860, the economic value of slaves in the United States exceeded the invested value of all of the nation’s railroads, factories, and banks combined. On the eve of the Civil War, cotton prices were at an all-time high.
What was one of the major economic differences between the South and the north before the Civil War?
The South’s economy relied on slave labor, while the North’s economy relied on wage labor.
What were the major differences between the North and South in the 1850s?
All-encompassing sectional differences on the issue of slavery, such as outright support/opposition of slavery, economic practices, religious practices, education, cultural differences, and political differences kept the North and South at near constant opposition to one another on the issue of slavery.
How did technological developments affect agriculture in the South?
How did technological developments affect agriculture in the South? There were more crops being grown which means more money is being made. How did technological developments and industry affect the Northern economy? The more efficient factories, the more product being produced.
How did the differences between the northern and southern economies lead?
How did the difference between Northern nd Southern economies lead to the development of distinct cultural regions? -North developed an urban,egalitarian culture,the South developed a rural,landowner and slaveholder based culture.
What were the economic differences between the northern and southern states during the Industrial Revolution?
The North had five times the number of factories as the South, and over ten times the number of factory workers. In addition, 90% of the nation’s skilled workers were in the North. The labor forces in the South and North were fundamentally different, as well.
What was the South’s agricultural system?
The South’s agricultural system was more focused on cotton growing and slave trade than other aspects of farming. Southerners utilized the plantation system, creating a wealthy planter class, who owned hundreds of slaves to do the difficult farming labor of planting and harvesting cotton and keep up with the daily farm tasks. These planters, along with capitalists in this area, invested ample amounts of money in land and slave trade, both crucial parts of Southern agriculture. After investing so much money in these areas, it left little to be invested in other areas of trade. Also, the South tended to have different values than their northern counterparts. The southerners were inclined to believe that they were “representatives of a special way of life” (Brinkley, 284). In turn, both of these aspects of the South contributed to the isolation of the South from the North, and the growing separation of the two Union sections. (Brinkley, 284). The South also produced less crops in a year than the North, aforementioned above. The reasoning behind the South’s deceased production is most likely due to the major cotton industry in the South, as it was not able to be grown in the North. The working conditions in the south tended to be difficult and harsh, due to the sometimes unbearable heat and the cruelty of the slave owners. Slaves lived in prisonlike conditions in some areas and were susceptible to harsh punishment if they disobeyed their master (Brinkley, 289).
What was the South’s form of agriculture?
Not only was the South’s form of agriculture varied from that of the Northwest, but it was substantially more detached from the Union as well. North. The Northwest’s agriculture slowly became more industrialized as the decades went on. By adopting new cultivating techniques, farmers were able to greatly increase production.
Why were the working conditions in the South so hard?
The working conditions in the south tended to be difficult and harsh, due to the sometimes unbearable heat and the cruelty of the slave owners. Slaves lived in prisonlike conditions in some areas and were susceptible to harsh punishment if they disobeyed their master (Brinkley, 289). Comments.
What was the main force that brought farm communities together?
The major force that drew farm communities together was religion, which was one of the only reasons for communication. However, around the time of harvest large numbers of families gathered to bring in the crops allowing families to produce more crops (Brinkley, 275). South.
Why did the North increase crops?
The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize. The northern farms were originally centered around little communities, but as they pushed farther west, they became more isolated and only worked with their families to make a profit.
How many bushels of wheat did the North produce in 1850?
For instance, the North produced 499,190,041 total bushels of crops, including wheat, oats and more, in 1850, while the South produced only 481,766,889 bushels of the same crops in the same year. (Helper, 189). The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize.
Why were the Northeast and Northwest so self-sufficient?
The Northeast and Northwest were very self-sufficient together; as the Northwest provided the raw materials needed for the Northeast’s steady rate of manufacturing and producing goods for the country. The profitable economic relationship between these two sections though isolated the South’s agriculture.
What crops grow in the Amazon basin?
Thus, the development of successful tropical lowland swidden systems with crops such as avocados, cacao, chili peppers, cotton, manioc, corn, papayas, sweet potatoes, and tobacco may have a long history in the Amazon basin.
Where are potatoes found in South America?
In the highlands of south-central Chile, potatoes were collected as early as 11,000 bp. By 5000 bp the domesticated potato is found in desert coastal sites; it was apparently domesticated well before that time.
Was agriculture required for the Inca Empire?
Further, labour-intensive technology was not required. Some researchers have proposed that the nature of tropical lowland ecosystems cannot be understood without acknowledging the long-term presence of swidden agriculture. Agriculture eventually came to support the Inca empire and other highland South American cultures.
What was the farming revolution?
Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the ” Neolithic Revolution.”. Traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles, followed by humans since their evolution, were swept aside in favor of permanent settlements …
Why did people start farming?
In the Near East, for example, it’s thought that climatic changes at the end of the last ice age brought seasonal conditions that favored annual plants like wild cereals. Elsewhere, such as in East Asia, increased pressure on natural food resources may have forced people to find homegrown solutions. But whatever the reasons for its independent origins, farming sowed the seeds for the modern age.
What is the meaning of “agriculture”?
agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). annual plant. Noun. plant with a life cycle of no more than one year, and often much less. barley. Noun. grass cultivated as a grain.
What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?
But at some point during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe, a mutation occurred for lactose tolerance that increased in frequency through natural selection thanks to the nourishing benefits of milk.
Where did goats come from?
Cattle, goats, sheep and pigs all have their origins as farmed animals in the so-called Fertile Crescent, a region covering eastern Turkey, Iraq and southwestern Iran. This region kick-started the Neolithic Revolution. Dates for the domestication of these animals range from between 13,000 to 10,000 years ago.
When did rice and millet farming start?
The origins of rice and millet farming date to around 6,000 B.C.E.
Where did the wild produce originate?
The wild progenitors of crops including wheat, barley and peas are traced to the Near East region. Cereals were grown in Syria as long as 9,000 years ago, while figs were cultivated even earlier; prehistoric seedless fruits discovered in the Jordan Valley suggest fig trees were being planted some 11,300 years ago. Though the transition from wild harvesting was gradual, the switch from a nomadic to a settled way of life is marked by the appearance of early Neolithic villages with homes equipped with grinding stones for processing grain.
What is an agricultural system?
An agricultural systemis an assemblage of components which are united by some form of interaction and interdependence and which operate within a prescribed boundary to achieve a specified agricultural objective on behalf of the beneficiaries of the system.
What is agriculture in Figure 1?
In Figure 1.1, agriculture is shown as comprising one of a very large number of actual or potential artificial systems at the sub-division level. Others are those relating to mining, transport, public health, education etc. What such systems at this sub-divisional level have in common is that each is artificial: each is based upon or draws elements from higher-level natural and social systems; and each also contains elements which are purposefully created by some human agency in order to meet its needs.
What is the resource pool in a farm system?
Element 4, resource pool:This element consists of resources which are initially present at the time of planning or commencing operation of the system – some pool or stock of land, water, seed, cash etc. which the other elements of the farm system may draw upon. Once the system begins operating, certain components of it (the resource-generating activities and by-products of the enterprises) will replenish the pool. In the schematic sketch of Figure 1.3, the arrows from the farm resource pool indicate that items from the resource pool flow to processes as well as to activities and to enterprises (as well as possibly to maintenance of the whole-farm service matrix). Strictly speaking, resources should be shown as flowing directly only to processes, since this is the level (subsystems of Order Levels 1 and 2) at which they are actually used. But from a practical viewpoint and because most of the potential processes are actually ignored in planning the operation of a farm system, resources may also be viewed as flowing directly to activities and enterprises as indicated.
What is element 2 of the farm-household system?
Element 2, household:As noted at the top of Figure 1.3, the household provides objectives and management of the farm-household system and, at the bottom, it exists as the primary internal beneficiary of the system, while distributing some of the system output to external beneficiaries.
What is the time dimension of agriculture?
10. Time dimension:Unlike mechanical systems which stamp out buttons or TV sets, agricultural systems rest on biological processes which occur over considerable periods of time – from, e.g., a few days in the case of quick-response agricides to 70 or more years in the case of growth and decline of a coconut palm. Agricultural systems are thus inherently stochastic: being dependent on the passage of time, ex ante,their outcomes are uncertain. Moreover, because agriculture is also a set of economic activities, the old adage applies: time is money. Other things being equal, a system which yields its product or ties up resources over a short time is better than one which yields its output or occupies resources over a long time. Strictly speaking, time is not a system component; rather it is a dimension in which the system operates. The time dimension in relation to resource use is discussed in Section 3.3.4 and in relation to farm planning in Section 9.1. The evaluation of activities which occur over long time periods is examined in Chapters 10 and 11. The latter chapter also considers uncertainty as it occurs in farm planning and decision making. Also important from a time perspective are the sustainability and environmental compatibility of the farm system being used. If, over time, the farm system is not biologically and economically sustainable or causes resource degradation, as discussed in Sections 6.2.7 and 8, this is to the disadvantage of both the farm household and society at large.
What is the role of the household in a farm?
2. Household:As previously noted, the household plays two roles: first, it provides purpose and management to its associated farm system and, second, it is the major beneficiary of its associated farm system . Its role as beneficiary is discussed in Chapter 3. In its first role it provides purpose, operating objectives and management to the farm component of the farm-household system according to its broad domestic and social goals. Obviously these goals vary widely with culture, tradition and the degree of commercialisation and external influences to which the household is exposed. However, one would probably be not too far wrong in offering a generalization that the primary economic goal on most small farms (Types 1, 2, 3 of Chapter 2) is security and the primary non-economic goal is social acceptance (Clayton 1983, Ch. 4). If this is correct, the primary objectives for the farm are, first, production of a low-risk sustainable subsistence for primary system beneficiaries; second, generation of a cash income to meet needs not directly met in the form of food and other farm-produced materials; and third, pursuit of both of these in ways which are not in conflict with local culture and tradition. Goals, objectives and planning criteria are discussed in Chapter 6.
What is a farm system?
The terms farm system andfarming systemare often used interchangeably. Here the practice is to use farm system to refer to the structure of an individual farm, and farming system to refer to broadly similar farm types in specific geographical areas or recommendation domains, e.g., the wet paddy farming system of West Java or the grain-livestock fanning systems of Sind.
How did agriculture help people?
Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.
What is agriculture used for?
Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another. Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations.
What tools did people use to make food?
Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.
How big was the average farm in 2007?
The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.
What were the problems of the Green Revolution?
With the successes of the Green Revolution came problems. To produce high yields, the new strains required chemical fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation. In many developing countries, independent farmers cannot afford the new technology and big business has taken over agriculture. The new, high-production crops also put stress on native plants and animals.
What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.
What countries used old agriculture?
Farmers in Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America continued to use old ways of agriculture. Agricultural Science. In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people.