when did the second agricultural revolution occur

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The Second Agricultural Revolution, also known as the British Agricultural Revolution, took place first in England in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. From there it spread to Europe, North America, and around the world.

How did agricultural revolution change lives?

When did the second agriculture revolution begin?

What caused the Agricultural Revolution?

agricultural benefited from the Industrial revolution, causing the Second Agricultural Revolution. the 2 revolutions occurred from 1700 to 1900 in developed countries. used technology provided by the Industrial Revolution to increase production and distribution of products.

What was life before the Agricultural Revolution?

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What is the time period of the 2nd Agricultural Revolution?

The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was an unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain arising from increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.

Why did the Second Agricultural Revolution occur?

Second Agricultural Revolution: Coinciding with the Industrial Revolution, the Second Agricultural Revolution used the increased technology from the Industrial Revolution as a means to increase farm productivity through mechanization. This caused exponential population increase.

What happened 2nd Agricultural Revolution?

The Second Agricultural Revolution accompanied the Industrial Revolution that began in Great Britain in the 18th century. It involved the mechanization of agricultural production, advances in transportation, development of large-scale irrigation, and changes to consumption patterns of agricultural goods.

When did the Agricultural Revolution occur?

The Neolithic Revolution—also referred to as the Agricultural Revolution—is thought to have begun about 12,000 years ago. It coincided with the end of the last ice age and the beginning of the current geological epoch, the Holocene.

Where did the 2nd agricultural revolution start?

EnglandExplanation: The Second Agricultural Revolution, also known as the British Agricultural Revolution, took place first in England in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. From there it spread to Europe, North America, and around the world.

When was the 3rd agricultural revolution?

Third Agricultural Revolution (1930s–1960s), an increase in agricultural production, especially in the developing world (also known as the Green Revolution)

When did the agricultural revolution start and end?

The Agricultural Revolution, the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, was linked to such new agricultural practices as crop rotation, selective breeding, and a more productive use of arable land.

What are the 3 agricultural revolutions?

Terms in this set (15)agriculture. … before farming. … First Agricultural Revolution. … animal domestication. … Second Agricultural Revolution. … Third Agricultural Revolution / Green Revolution. … subsistence farmers. … shifting cultivation v.More items…

Where was the 3rd agricultural revolution?

Answer and Explanation: The Third Agricultural Revolution started in Europe at the end of World War II during the 1950s. The application of nitrogen fertilizer allowed large farms to be established that could produce feed for livestock at rates that were not achievable elsewhere before this development.

What was the third agricultural revolution?

The Green Revolution, or the Third Agricultural Revolution (after the Neolithic Revolution and the British Agricultural Revolution), is the set of research technology transfer initiatives occurring between 1950 and the late 1960s, that increased agricultural production in parts of the world, beginning most markedly in …

What was the 1st Agricultural Revolution?

The Neolithic Revolution, or the (First) Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly large population possible.

Where did the Agricultural Revolution start?

Britainagricultural revolution, gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system that began in Britain in the 18th century.

Why was the Agricultural Revolution important?

The Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century paved the way for the Industrial Revolution in Britain. New farming techniques and improved livestock breeding led to amplified food production. This allowed a spike in population and increased health. The new farming techniques also led to an enclosure movement.

How did the Second Agricultural Revolution change diets?

New technology and increased food production in the second agricultural revolution led to better diets, longer life expectancies, and more people available for work in factories. The Green Revolution was characterized in agriculture by the use of high- yield seeds, increased use of chemicals, and mechanized farming.

When did the Agricultural Revolution start and end?

The Agricultural Revolution, the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, was linked to such new agricultural practices as crop rotation, selective breeding, and a more productive use of arable land.

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What was the agricultural revolution?

The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was an unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain arising from increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries. Agricultural output grew faster than the population over the century to 1770, and thereafter productivity remained among the highest in the world. This increase in the food supply contributed to the rapid growth of population in England and Wales, from 5.5 million in 1700 to over 9 million by 1801, though domestic production gave way increasingly to food imports in the nineteenth century as the population more than tripled to over 35 million. Using 1700 as a base year (=100), agricultural output per agricultural worker in Britain steadily increased from about 50 in 1500, to around 65 in 1550, to 90 in 1600, to over 100 by 1650, to over 150 by 1750, rapidly increasing to over 250 by 1850. The rise in productivity accelerated the decline of the agricultural share of the labour force, adding to the urban workforce on which industrialization depended: the Agricultural Revolution has therefore been cited as a cause of the Industrial Revolution .

What were the most important innovations of the British Agricultural Revolution?

One of the most important innovations of the British Agricultural Revolution was the development of the Norfolk four-course rotation, which greatly increased crop and livestock yields by improving soil fertility and reducing fallow.

What were the major gains in agricultural productivity in the 19th century?

Towards the end of the 19th century, the substantial gains in British agricultural productivity were rapidly offset by competition from cheaper imports, made possible by the exploitation of new lands and advances in transportation, refrigeration, and other technologies.

What is the change in farming methods?

One important change in farming methods was the move in crop rotation to turnips and clover in place of fallow. Turnips can be grown in winter and are deep-rooted, allowing them to gather minerals unavailable to shallow-rooted crops. Clover fixes nitrogen from the atmosphere into a form of fertiliser.

What crops were grown in the convertible husbandry?

Other crops that were occasionally grown were flax and members of the mustard family . Convertible husbandry was the alternation of a field between pasture and grain. Because nitrogen builds up slowly over time in pasture, ploughing up pasture and planting grains resulted in high yields for a few years.

What crops were used in the 4 field crop rotation system?

The farmers in Flanders (in parts of France and current day Belgium) discovered a still more effective four-field crop rotation system, using turnips and clover (a legume) as forage crops to replace the three-year crop rotation fallow year.

What is the purpose of clover in agriculture?

The clover made excellent pasture and hay fields as well as green manure when it was ploughed under after one or two years. The addition of clover and turnips allowed more animals to be kept through the winter, which in turn produced more milk, cheese, meat and manure, which maintained soil fertility .

Where did the second agricultural revolution occur?

Where did the 2nd Agricultural revolution occur. The second Agricultural revolution would begin in the Netherlands. From this hearth, the revolution would make it’s way to England. England would further develop the revolution. The revolution would then diffuse from England to North America and Europe.

Did English towns and cities fallow the model of transportation?

Yes it did. English towns and cities fallowed this model. Better transportation allowed farmers to transport their products to the central industrialized cities. The better transportation of the time allowed farms to exist farther away from the central city and still make money.

Why did better transportation help farmers?

Better transportation allowed farmers to transport their products to the central industrialized cities. The better transportation of the time allowed farms to exist farther away from the central city and still make money. More people lived in cities and demand for farm products increased.

How did the better transportation of the time affect the middle ages?

The better transportation of the time allowed farms to exist farther away from the central city and still make money. More people lived in cities and demand for farm products increased. The wilderness that surrounded English villages for most of the middle ages decreased as cities and farms grew.

What was the agricultural revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe. In this lesson, learn the timeline, causes, effects and major inventions that spurred this shift in production. Create an account.

What were the factors that contributed to the agricultural revolution?

The increased agricultural production of the 18th century can be traced to four interrelated factors: The increased availability of farmland. A favorable climate.

How did crop rotation and livestock utilization affect society?

New patterns of crop rotation and livestock utilization paved the way for better crop yields, a greater diversity of wheat and vegetables and the ability to support more livestock . These changes impacted society as the population became better nourished and healthier.

What were the major events of 1750?

Several major events, which will be discussed in more detail later, include: The perfection of the horse-drawn seed press, which would make farming less labor intensive and more productive. The large-scale growth of new crops, such as potato and maize, by 1750.

Why was it not feasible to plant crops in Great Britain?

This was not feasible in Great Britain because the country lacked a large percentage of available land. Instead, farmers began to utilize barren soil by planting different crops, such as clover or turnips. These plants have roots rich in nitrogen, a necessity for replenishing soil.

Why did the increase in livestock increase the diet of much of Europe?

This ultimately led to an increase in livestock because these plants were also utilized for grazing. The boost in livestock fundamentally changed the diet of much of Europe. Not only were Europeans consuming more meat, but the livestock was producing much needed fertilizer for crops.

How did the boost in livestock affect the diet of much of Europe?

Not only were Europeans consuming more meat, but the livestock was producing much needed fertilizer for crops. The addition of fertilizer allowed an improved production rate per acre.

What was the agricultural revolution?

Agricultural revolution, gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system that began in Britain in the 18th century. Aspects of this complex transformation, which was not completed until the 19th century, included the reallocation of land ownership to make farms more compact and an increased investment in technical improvements, …

What was cut for feed in the fourth year?

The clover and ryegrass were cut for feed or grazed in the fourth year. In the winter, cattle and sheep were fed the turnips. The development of Shorthorn beef cattle through selective breeding of local cattle of the Teeswater district, Durham county, typified the advances brought about by scientific breeding.

When did the agricultural revolution take place?

The Agricultural Revolution that swept through Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries came many years after the first Agricultural Revolution recorded by historians, which took place around 10,000 B.C.

Why did the second revolution occur?

While the first revolution introduced a societal change from nomadic lifestyles to stationary farms and villages, the second revolution occurred because of an influx of new technologies that improved farming techniques and made farming more efficient.

What were the main causes of the agricultural revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution that took place during the 18th century in Europe was caused by four primary factors, which were the increased availability of and access to farmland, a warm and stable climate for crop production, an increase in number of livestock and a more voluminous crop yield.

Overview

The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was an unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain arising from increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries. Agricultural output grew faster than the population over the hundred-year period ending in 1770, and thereafter productivity remained among the hi…

Major developments and innovations

The British Agricultural Revolution was the result of the complex interaction of social, economic and farming technological changes. Major developments and innovations include:
• Norfolk four-course crop rotation: Fodder crops, particularly turnips and clover, replaced leaving the land fallow.
• The Dutch improved the Chinese plough so that it could be pulled with fewer oxen or horses.

British agriculture, 1800–1900

Besides the organic fertilisers in manure, new fertilisers were slowly discovered. Massive sodium nitrate (NaNO3) deposits found in the Atacama Desert, Chile, were brought under British financiers like John Thomas North and imports were started. Chile was happy to allow the exports of these sodium nitrates by allowing the British to use their capital to develop the mining and imposing a hefty export tax to enrich their treasury. Massive deposits of sea bird guano (11–16% N, 8–12% p…

Significance

The Agricultural Revolution was part of a long process of improvement, but sound advice on farming began to appear in England in the mid-17th century, from writers such as Samuel Hartlib, Walter Blith and others, and the overall agricultural productivity of Britain started to grow significantly only in the period of the Agricultural Revolution. It is estimated that total agricultural output grew 2.7-fold between 1700 and 1870 and output per worker at a similar rate.

See also

• Agriculture in the United Kingdom#History
• Scottish Agricultural Revolution

Further reading

• Ang, James B., Rajabrata Banerjee, and Jakob B. Madsen. “Innovation and productivity advances in British agriculture: 1620–1850”. Southern Economic Journal 80.1 (2013): 162–186.
• Campbell, Bruce M. S., and Mark Overton. “A new perspective on medieval and early modern agriculture: six centuries of Norfolk farming c. 1250-c. 1850.” Past and Present (1993): 38-105. JSTOR 651030.

External links

• “Agricultural Revolution in England 1500–1850″—BBC History

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