What are the primary agricultural areas in Vietnam?
The primary agricultural areas are the Red River delta, the Mekong River delta, and the southern terrace region. The central coastal land, which is subject to destructive typhoons, is a region of low productivity.
What type of economy does South Vietnam have?
South Vietnam maintained a capitalist free-market economy with ties to the West. It established an airline under the Head of State Bảo Đại named Air Vietnam. The economy was greatly assisted by American aid and the presence of large numbers of Americans in the country between 1961 and 1973.
What are the top 5 regions in Vietnam?
1 Southeast. 2 Red River Delta. 3 Mekong River Delta. 4 Northeast. 5 Northwest. 6 North Central Coast. 7 South Central Coast. 8 Central Highlands.
What percentage of Vietnam’s GDP is agriculture?
Agriculture in Vietnam with farmers. In 2004, agriculture and forestry accounted for 21.8 percent of Vietnam’s gross domestic product (GDP), and between 1994 and 2004, the sector grew at an annual rate of 4.1 percent.
Where are the main agricultural areas located in Vietnam?
Red River DeltaThe primary areas where farming is done are near the Red River Delta and Mekong River Delta. Vietnam’s agricultural industry involves intensive labor, so water buffalo is used on many farms today.
Where are the major agricultural regions?
The most productive systems are concentrated in temperate zones of Europe, followed by Northern America, and rain-fed systems in the subtropics and humid tropics. Rain-fed cropping in highland areas and the dry tropics tend to be relatively low- yielding, and is often associated with subsistence farming systems.
What is the agriculture in the Southeast?
Crops grown in the SE include soybean, corn, fruits, and vegetables. Peanut and cotton are produced through most of the coastal plain from Mississippi to Virginia. Florida is the nation’s largest producer of citrus and an important producer of sugar cane and winter vegetables.
How much of Vietnam is agriculture?
In economic terms, the agriculture GDP accounts for about 13.96% of the total GDP in 2019. However, this number reflects a constant decrease from 38.06% in 1986,4 showing a deep transformation of Vietnam’s economy.
Which region has the most agriculture?
California had the highest agricultural receipts in the United States in 2019 followed by Iowa, Nebraska, Texas and Minnesota. California had the highest agricultural receipts in the United States in 2019 followed by Iowa, Nebraska, Texas and Minnesota.
Is the South agricultural?
The South has always been a region dominated by agriculture. Long ago, farmers relied upon mule-pulled plows to turn acres of soil, so that crops like tobacco, cotton, and corn could be grown.
What crops are grown in the Southeast region?
Maps showing harvested-acreage density in the United States are included for each crop.Soybeans. Soybeans are grown on virtually any soil type and are easily adapted to numerous rotations (Table 7.2). … Hay. … Corn. … Wheat. … Cotton. … Peanuts. … Sorghum. … Tobacco.
What crops are grown in the Southwest region?
The Southwest States grow diverse agricultural crops, including cotton, lettuce, tree fruit, cantaloupes, grapes, onions, macadamia nuts, coffee, and pecans. The region relies on irrigation more heavily than any other region in the United States.
What are industry of the Southeast region?
Today, many industries are important to the region, including the coal-mining industry, the steel-making industry, the lumber industry, and the oil industry. Agriculture, the business of growing crops and raising animals, is an important business in the Southeast.
Where are most of Vietnam’s resources located?
Vietnam has great coal reserves, concentrated in the northern area in Quang Ninh province and the Red River Delta basin.
Is Vietnam an agricultural country?
In summary, Vietnam is an agricultural country, with low average income and many opportunities but also has many challenges such as climate change (the biggest challenges) and sea-level rise, low social investment (agriculture) less than 6%).
How important is agriculture in Vietnam?
Agriculture is an important economic sector in Vietnam. In 2020, agriculture, aquaculture, and forestry sectors contributed 14.9 percent to Vietnam’s GDP, which is lower than 41.6 percent of the service and 33.7 percent of the industry sector.
What are the main exports of Vietnam?
Due to the trade liberalization and agricultural reforms in Vietnam, the value of exports in the agricultural sector increased manifold with the main export commodities being rice, coffee, pepper and cashew nut, but also rubber, tea, groundnut, soybean, fruit and vegetables, and pork. Vietnam produced, in 2018:
How much rice does Vietnam produce?
Vietnam produced, in 2018: 44.0 million tons of rice (5th largest producer in the world, behind China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh); 17.9 million tons of sugar cane (16th largest producer in the world); 14.8 million tons of vegetable; 9.8 million tons of cassava (7th largest producer in the world);
How many tons of cassava are there in the world?
9.8 million tons of cassava (7th largest producer in the world); 4.8 million tons of maize; 2.6 million tonnes of cashew nut (largest producer in the world); 2.0 million tons of banana (20th largest producer in the world); 1.6 million tons of coffee (2nd largest producer in the world, only behind Brazil);
What were the main cash crops in 2005?
Other cash crops are coffee, cotton, peanuts, rubber, sugarcane, and tea.
What are the advantages of Vietnam?
Vietnam possesses certain comparative advantages in agriculture and forestry due to the country’s abundance of factors in favor of productive crop like cultivation land, forest cover, sea territories, tropical climate and labor (availability and cost).
What percentage of the national income was agriculture in 1986?
In 1986 agriculture still accounted for about 44 percent of national income (the figure for developed nations is closer to 10 percent).
What caused the leadership to relax its grip on Southern agriculture?
It soon became apparent, however, that such harsh methods were counterproductive. Increased food shortages and heightened security concerns in late 1978 and 1979 caused the leadership once again to relax its grip on Southern agriculture.
What is Vietnam’s most important agricultural product?
Since the Doi Moi economic reform in the 1980s, Vietnam has changed from being a nation heavily affected by food shortage to one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of many agricultural products, such as coffee, peanuts, and rice.
What are the challenges of Vietnam agriculture?
The agriculture sector of Vietnam has been facing certain challenges due to the changing climate in recent years. Rice production in the Mekong Delta, the most important growing region for rice, has been particularly impacted the effects of climate change.
Why is rice decreasing in the Mekong Delta?
Due to drought and related saltwater intrusion, the volume of rice produced in the Mekong Delta has been forecasted to decrease. On the other hand, the increased salination levels created an opportunity for farmers to switch from cultivating rice to farming shrimp, which have a higher export value.
What was the impact of Vietnam’s trade liberalization?
After Vietnam’s trade liberalization and agricultural reforms, both the volume of production and the value of exports of the agriculture sector increased significantly. Since the 1990s, several major intensive monoculture systems emerged across the country, such as the rice monoculture in the Mekong Delta and the intensive production …
Is Vietnam a paddy rice country?
For instance, Vietnam’s rice consumption is one of the highest worldwide, Vietnam is also one of the largest paddy rice producers in the world. Meanwhile, several other agricultural products have become major export commodities such as coffee, pepper, cashew nut, and rubber. In recent years, Vietnam has constantly been the second- largest coffee …
Is Vietnam a coffee exporter?
In recent years, Vietnam has constantly been the second- largest coffee exporter in the world, after Brazil. The country also accounted for over 40 percent of pepper production share in the Asia Pacific region. Climate change impacts on Vietnam’s agriculture sector.
Will Vietnam double its shrimp exports by 2025?
By 2025, Vietnam aims to double its current earnings from shrimp exports. This text provides general information. Statista assumes no liability for the information given being complete or correct. Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date data than referenced in the text.
What are the main crops that Vietnam produces?
Other industrial and export crops produced in Vietnam include coffee, tea, tobacco, pepper, and jute. In 1999, 487,000 tons of coffee, 62,000 tons of tea, 9,000 tons of jute, 35,000 tons of tobacco, and 70,000 tons of cashews were harvested.
How much land does Vietnam have for rice?
Rice, the main staple of the Vietnamese diet, occupies 94% of arable land. In the north, two and in some cases three crops a year are made possible through an extensive system of irrigation, utilizing upward of 4,000 km (2,500 mi) of dikes. Single-cropping remains the rule in the south, where heavy rains fall for six months …
How much rice was produced in the 1980s?
In 1980, 11.7 million tons of paddy rice were produced; output rose to 16.2 million tons in 1985 and to 19.2 million tons in 1990.
What is the Mekong Delta?
The Mekong Delta, among the great rice-producing regions of the world, is the dominant agricultural region of the south. Excess grain from the area is shipped to the northern parts of the country. Annual food-grain production averaged 20 million tons in the early 1990s, reaching 33.2 million tons in 1999.
What percentage of the land in the North is arable?
Only about 15% of the land in the north is arable, and 14% of it is already under intensive cultivation. Agriculture in the north is concentrated in the lowland areas of the Red River Delta and along the central coast to the south. The Mekong Delta, among the great rice-producing regions of the world, is the dominant agricultural region …
When did collectivism begin in the South?
In the south, rapid collectivization began in 1978, when the regime announced a program to place the majority of southern farmers in low-level cooperative organizations by the end of the 1976–80 five-year plan.
Which country borders South Vietnam?
South Vietnam was bordered by North Vietnam to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
What is the name of Vietnam?
It is a variation of ” Nam Việt ” ( 南 越, Southern Việt ), a name used in ancient times. In 1839, Emperor Minh Mạng renamed the country Đại Nam (“Great South”). In 1945, the nation’s official name was changed back to “Vietnam”. The name is also sometimes rendered as “Viet Nam” in English.
How many North Vietnamese left Vietnam?
About 1 million North Vietnamese refugees left the newly created communist North Vietnam during Operation “Passage to Freedom” (October 1954). Before World War II, the southern third of Vietnam was the concession (nhượng địa) of Cochinchina, which was administered as part of French Indochina.
How many US soldiers were in Vietnam during the Tet Offensive?
Fighting peaked up to that point during the Tet Offensive of February 1968, when there were over a million South Vietnamese soldiers and 500,000 US soldiers in South Vietnam. What started as a guerrilla war eventually turned into a more conventional fight as the balance of power became equalized.
What is the official name of Vietnam?
Etymology. Main article: Names of Vietnam. The official name of the South Vietnamese state was Việt Nam Cộng hòa (Republic of Vietnam) and the French name was referred to as République du Viêt Nam. The North was known as the ” Democratic Republic of Vietnam “.
Why did the North Vietnamese sail south?
When Vietnam was divided, 800,000 to 1 million North Vietnamese, mainly (but not exclusively) Roman Catholics, sailed south as part of Operation Passage to Freedom due to a fear of religious persecution in the North.
When did the Vietnam War start?
The beginnings of the Vietnam War occurred in 1955 with an uprising by the newly organized National Liberation Front for South Vietnam (Việt Cộng), armed and supported by the North Vietnam, with backing mainly from China and the Soviet Union.
What are the major crops in Southeast Asia?
In agriculture, the plan aims for the area to develop industrial crops, such as rubber, coffee, cashew nuts, sugarcane and industrialized animal husband ry, in order to enhance the region’s role as a major Southeast Asia commodities hub.
How many provinces are there in Vietnam?
May 29 – Vietnam is composed of 63 provinces and five centrally-governed cities, which stand on the same administrative level as provinces (namely Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, Da Nang and Hai Phong). The General Statistics Office of Vietnam further groups these provinces and cities into eight regions, listed below:
What is the South’s role in modernization?
The South, a major contributor of national GDP, has been designated as the leader in the industrialization and modernization of the whole country. Specifically, the plan aims for the Southern KEZ to push ahead in oil and gas exploration and electricity generation.
What are the main crops in Vietnam?
Vietnam produced in 2018: 1 44.0 million tons of rice (5th largest producer in the world, behind China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh); 2 17.9 million tons of sugarcane (16th largest producer in the world); 3 14.8 million tons of vegetable; 4 9.8 million tons of cassava (7th largest producer in the world); 5 4.8 million tonnes of maize; 6 2.6 million tonnes of cashew nut (largest producer in the world); 7 2.0 million tons of banana (20th largest producer in the world); 8 1.6 million tons of coffee (2nd largest producer in the world, only behind Brazil); 9 1.5 million tons of coconut (6th largest producer in the world); 10 1.3 million tons of sweet potato (9th largest producer in the world); 11 1.2 million tons of watermelon; 12 1.1 million tons of natural rubber (3rd largest producer in the world, behind Thailand and Indonesia); 13 852 thousand tons of orange (18th largest producer in the world); 14 779 thousand tons of mango (including mangosteen and guava ); 15 654 thousand tons of pineapple (12th largest producer in the world); 16 270 thousand tons of tea (6th largest producer in the world);
What is the economy of Vietnam?
The economy of Vietnam is a socialist-oriented market economy, which is the 37th –largest in the world as measured by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and 23rd -largest in the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2020.
What was the economy of Vietnam before the French colonization?
Until the French colonization in the mid-19th century, Vietnam’s economy had been mostly agrarian, subsistence-based and village-oriented. French colonizers, however, deliberately developed the regions differently as the French needed raw materials and a market for French manufactured goods, designating the South for agricultural production as it was better suited for agriculture, and the North for manufacturing as it was naturally wealthy in mineral resources. Though the plan exaggerated regional divisions, the development of exports—coal from the North, rice from the South—and the importation of French manufactured goods stimulated domestic commerce.
How fast does Vietnam’s economy grow?
Vietnam’s economy continues to expand at an annual rate in excess of 7%, one of the fastest-growing in the world, but it grew from an extremely low base, as it suffered the crippling effect of the Vietnam War from the 1950s to the 1970s, as well as the austerity measures introduced in its aftermath.
How did the separation of the Vietnamese economy affect the Vietnamese economy?
The separation distorted the basic Vietnamese economy by overly stressing regional economic differences.
Why did Vietnam suffer a depression in the 18th century?
In late 18th century, the economy suffered a depression because a series of disasters diseases, and the Tay Son peasant rebellion later devastated the country . In 1806, Emperor Gia Long of the new Nguyễn dynasty imposed the Sea Ban policy, banned all Vietnamese oversea business and Western merchants to enter Vietnam.
When did Vietnam ban sawn wood?
Production of sawn wood was a more modest 2,950 cubic meters. In 1992, in response to dwindling forests, Vietnam imposed a ban on the export of logs and raw timber. In 1997, the ban was extended to all timber products except wooden artifacts.
Where is Vietnam located?
Vietnam is a long, narrow nation shaped like the letter s. It is in Southeast Asia on the eastern edge of the peninsula known as Indochina. Its neighbors include China to the north and Laos and Cambodia to the west. The South China Sea lies to the east and south.
What are the main exports of Vietnam?
Vietnam’s main exports include crude oil, seafood, rice, shoes, wooden products, machinery, electronics, coffee, and clothing.
What are the most popular sports in Vietnam?
The most popular sports in Vietnam include soccer, table tennis, volleyball, and martial arts. Vietnamese food is a blend of Chinese and Thai styles and features seafood and homegrown fruits and vegetables.
What are the animals that live in Vietnam?
Many rare and unusual animals live in Vietnam, including giant catfish, Indochinese tigers, Saola antelopes, and Sumatran rhinos. The government has set up 30 parks and reserves to protect its animals, but their survival is in doubt because much of their habitat has been cleared for lumber or to grow crops.
How many islands are there in Ha Long Bay?
Ha Long Bay in northeast Vietnam consists of more than 1,600 islands and inlets. Ha Long Bay in northeast Vietnam consists of more than 1,600 islands and inlets. Photograph by Luciano Mortula, Dreamstime.
When did Nam Viet become part of the Chinese Empire?
In 111 B.C. , Nam Viet became part of the Chinese empire, which ruled the north until A.D. 939, when a Vietnamese commander named Ngo Quyen organized a revolt that drove the Chinese out. Later dynasties renamed the country Dai Viet and gradually extended their territory south.
How many species of mammals are there in Vietnam?
Vietnam’s mountainous terrain, forests, wetlands, and long coastline contain many different habitats that support a great variety of wildlife. Some 270 types of mammals, 180 reptiles, 80 amphibians, and 800 bird species reside in Vietnam.
How many provinces are there in Vietnam?
A total of 12 provinces constitute the Mekong Delta, popularly known as the “Rice Bowl” of Vietnam, which contain some 17 million people and 80% of them are engaged in rice cultivation. The delta produced bountiful harvest of about 20 million tons in 2008, about a half of the country’s total production. The rice bowl has assured food security …
What is the rice system in Vietnam?
The most prominent irrigated rice system is the Mekong Delta. Rice is a staple of the national diet and is seen as a “gift from God”. The Mekong River and its tributaries are crucial to rice production in Vietnam. A total of 12 provinces constitute the Mekong Delta, popularly known as the “Rice Bowl” of Vietnam, …
How many varieties of rice are there in the Mekong Delta?
Modern mechanized farming methods and new strains of rice are becoming popular. There are more than 1600 varieties grown in the Mekong Delta; one unique variety is the floating rice whose fairly long stems float in the flooded fields of the delta.
What is the Mekong Delta?
The Mekong Delta is the heart of the rice-producing region of the country where water, boats, houses and markets coexist to produce a generous harvest of rice. Vietnam’s land area of 33 million ha has three ecosystems that dictate rice culture. These are the southern delta (with its Mekong Delta dominating rice coverage), …
Why is rice important to Vietnam?
Rice production in Vietnam in the Mekong and Red River deltas is important to the food supply in the country and national economy. Vietnam is one of the world’s richest agricultural regions and is the second-largest (after Thailand) exporter worldwide and the world’s seventh-largest consumer of rice. The Mekong Delta is the heart of the …
Why did the French colonize Vietnam?
This development is attributed to the French who colonized Vietnam in the middle of the 19th century with the basic objective of exporting rice grown in the delta to meet its large costs of colonisation. They developed a maze of canal system in the delta to grow three rice crops in a year.
Which delta has the most rice?
These are the southern delta (with its Mekong Delta dominating rice coverage), the northern delta (the tropical monsoon area with cold winters) and the highlands of the north (with upland rice varieties). The most prominent irrigated rice system is the Mekong Delta.
What are the natural resources of Vietnam?
Located in Southeast Asia, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has an abundant wealth of natural resources including coal, bauxite, oil and gas deposits, copper, hydropower, and timber. The main mineral exports in the country are coal and petroleum.
What are the main exports of Vietnam?
The main mineral exports in the country are coal and petroleum. The Vietnamese Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment manages mining projects. The protracted war in Vietnam hindered the exploitation of the natural resources in the country.
How much bauxite is there in Vietnam?
Despite this massive amount of bauxite, there is an annual production of 30,000 tons. The Vietnamese government approved a bauxite draft mining plan in 2007.
What is the oil industry in Vietnam?
Vietnam is one of the three leading producers of oil in Southeast Asia. The state-owned PetroVietnam holds a monopoly in the oil industry and accounts for 20% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as well as contributing up to 25% of Vietnam’s state budget.
Is Vietnam a coal producer?
Vietnam is a major producer of coal and the government owns all coal in the country. Vietnam uses this resource in domestic power plants and also exports to the Asia Pacific nations. In 2009, the US Geological Survey estimated coal production in Vietnam at 43,715 million tons.
In 2004, agriculture and forestry accounted for 21.8 percent of Vietnam’s gross domestic product (GDP), and between 1994 and 2004, the sector grew at an annual rate of 4.1 percent. Agriculture’s share of economic output has declined in recent years, falling as a share of GDP from 42% in 1989 to 26% in 1999, as production in other sectors of the economy has risen. However, agricultural employment was much higher than agriculture’s share of GDP; in 2005, approximately 60 percen…
Production and trade
In Viet Nam, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, are important sectors of the economy, accounting for 21 percent of GDP in 2009. Vietnam possesses certain comparative advantages in agriculture and forestry due to the country’s abundance of factors in favor of productive crop like cultivation land, forest cover, sea territories, tropical climate and labor (availability and cost).
In 1986, the Vietnamese government’s agricultural policy has changed from a centrally planning …
According to Dave D’Haeze, Vietnamese farmers growing coffee rely on monocultures and use far too much fertilizer, and water, and have very little knowledge on farming in general. He mentions that little information/training is available to farmers. According to Will Frith, some climate change models predict 50% of the fields available in Vietnam to have a significant reduction of yield and/or even fail completely.
• Irrigation in Vietnam
• Improving resource allocation and incomes in Vietnamese agriculture:A case study of farming in the Dong Nai River Basin, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) discussion paper.
• Vietnam Gardening and Agriculture
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; Vietnamese: Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; French: République du Viêt Nam), was a country in Southeast Asia that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War. It first received international recognition in 1949 as the State of Vietnam within the French Union, …
The official name of the South Vietnamese state was the “Republic of Vietnam” (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Cộng hòa; French: République du Viêt Nam). The North was known as the “Democratic Republic of Vietnam”.
Việt Nam (Vietnamese pronunciation: [vjə̀tnam]) was the name adopted by Emperor Gia Long in 1804. It is a variation of “Nam Việt” (南 越, Southern Việt), a name used in ancient times. In 1839, …
South Vietnam went through many political changes during its short life. Initially, former Emperor Bảo Đại served as Head of State. He was unpopular however, largely because monarchical leaders were considered collaborators during French rule and because he had spent his reign absent in France.
In 1955, Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm held a referendum to decide whether the State of Vietna…
The Republic of Vietnam Military Forces (RVNMF; Vietnamese: Quân lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa – QLVNCH), was formally established on 30 December 1955. Created out from ex-French Union Army colonial Indochinese auxiliary units (French: Supplétifs), gathered earlier in July 1951 into the French-led Vietnamese National Army – VNA (Vietnamese: Quân Đội Quốc Gia Việt Nam – QĐQGVN), Armée Nationale Vietnamiènne (ANV) in French, the armed forces of the new state co…
The South was divided into coastal lowlands, the mountainous Central Highlands (Cao-nguyen Trung-phan) and the Mekong Delta. South Vietnam’s time zone was one hour ahead of North Vietnam, belonging to the UTC+8 time zone with the same time as the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Mainland China, Taiwan and Western Australia.
Apart from the mainland, the Republic of Vietnam also administered parts of the Paracels and Spr…