Where is agriculture found in canada


Most of Canada’s crop farming takes place in the Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). Alberta has the most beef cattle operations of any province. Saskatchewan produces the most durum wheat, canola and lentils. Manitoba has the most pig farms and is second in potato production.Aug 31, 2020

What type of Agriculture is practiced in Canada?

A wide range of agriculture is practised in Canada, from sprawling wheat fields of the prairies to summer produce of the Okanagan valley. In the federal government, overview of Canadian agriculture is the responsibility of the Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food.

Which countries are Canada’s main markets for agricultural goods?

Conversely, the United States is Canada’s main market for agricultural goods. In 1999, the United States was the destination for one-third of Canada’s exports of crops, livestock, and fish.

Which province has the most farms in Canada?

Agriculture Canada. Ontario has the most poultry farms of any province, is second in pig and dairy farms and has the largest number of cannabis-growing operations. Ontario farmers also produce the most corn and apples in Canada. Quebec is the largest producer of blueberries in Canada and has the largest number of dairy farms and cows.

How did agriculture develop in the Canadian West?

Agriculture in the West started with Peter Pond gardening plots at Lake Athabasca in 1778. Although large-scale agriculture was still many years off, Hudson’s Bay Company traders, gold rush miners, and missionaries cultivated crops, gardens and raised livestock. The Northwest Territories, Yukon,…


Where is the best agricultural land in Canada?

SaskatchewanSaskatchewan is home to the greatest amount of farmland in Canada.

What is the main agriculture in Canada?

The crop grown with the largest acreage in Canada is wheat, followed by canola. Corn and wheat are widely grown across the country. Soybeans are found mostly in Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba while canola is grown principally in Western Canada.

What are the top 3 agricultural sectors in Canada?

Top 3 crop and livestock commodities by average 2016-2020 farm cash receiptsDairy: $646 million.Vegetables: $593 million.Floriculture, nursery and sod: $488 million.

Is there agriculture in Canada?

Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world.

Which province is best for agriculture in Canada?

Almost 91% of the total cropland in Saskatchewan was seeded with field crops in 2016. Saskatchewan accounted for more than two-fifths of Canada’s total field crop acreage with 36.7 million acres, more than Alberta and Manitoba combined.

How much of Canada’s land is agricultural?

Total cropland in Canada now stands at almost 89 million acres or 53.1% of all land.

How many farms are in Canada?

193,492 farmsThere are fewer farms, but the farms are larger The results of the 2016 Census of Agriculture show that the agriculture industry continues to consolidate. There were 193,492 farms counted in 2016, down 5.9% from the previous census in 2011.

When did agriculture start in Canada?

In the 16th century Samuel de Champlain and Gabriel Sagard recorded that the Iroquois and Huron cultivated the soil for maize or “Indian corn”.

What agriculture does Canada export?

We are the world’s largest grower and exporter of flax seeds, canola, oats, mustard seeds, pulses (like peas, beans and lentils) and durum wheat,the kind used to make pasta. Wheat is Canada’s largest crop and the single biggest export earner of all our agricultural products.

Why is agriculture so important in Canada?

Farming is everyone’s business, not only because it furnishes our daily food but because it is the base of so many industries and so much of Canada’s trade and commerce. Agriculture is our most important single industry. It employs a quarter of our gainfully occupied population.

Why is Alberta good for farming?

Alberta is a leading producer of canola, wheat, dry peas, barley, and cattle, and is growing its food processing capabilities. The province’s arable lands, abundance of sunshine and extensive irrigation network make it an ideal place to produce primary agricultural products.

What do Canada produce?

Canada is a world leader in the production of many natural resources such as gold, nickel, uranium, diamonds, lead, and in recent years, crude petroleum, which, with the world’s second-largest oil reserves, is taking an increasingly prominent position in natural resources extraction.

What are the main crops in Canada?

Early in the 21st century, Canadian agronomists were aware of 48 “primary grain, vegetable and fruit crops”, based on surface area and value. In 2007, the Canadian Federation of Agriculture broke down into five primary “production sectors” Canadian agriculture according to cash receipts: 1 grains and oilseeds: 34% 2 red meats – livestock: 24% 3 dairy: 12% 4 horticulture: 9% 5 poultry and eggs: 8%

Where are grapes grown in Canada?

Grapevines at Inniskillin, a winery in the Niagara region of Ontario. Viticulture refers to the growing of grapes for the production of wine. Ontario, and British Columbia are the two largest wine-growing regions in Canada, although grapes are also grown in other regions of Canada, including Quebec, and the Maritimes.

What are the animals that are raised in the prairies?

115,000 cattle roamed the southern prairies by 1900. Livestock can include the raising of cows, also commonly called cattle. Recently domestication of the buffalo and elk has initiated a new food industry. Sheep have been raised for both wool and meat. Bovine or pig barns have been a part of livestock culture. Scientists have been making forward steps in swine research giving rise to intensive pig farming. The domestication of various farm animals meant that corresponding industries such as feedlots, animal husbandry and meat processing have also been studied, and developed. Two corporations (Cargill Foods and Brazil-based multinational JBS) control 80 percent of beef processing, and four retailers capture 72 percent of retail sales. From 1921 to 2011, farming operations have become more intensive and specialized. The total number of animal farms in Canada went from 8.1 per 100 inhabitants to 0.6 per 100 inhabitants. During this period, the number of Canadian pigs rose from 3,324,291 to 12,679,104, while the number of pig farms dropped from 452,935 to 7,371. In 2011, the hog industry was the fourth largest in Canada, after canola, dairy products and cattle, with cash receipts of $3.9 billion. The size of farms had also increased substantially, with the national average rising to 1,720 hogs per operation in 2011.

What did Saskatchewan produce in 1925?

In 1925, Saskatchewan produced over half of the wheat in the Dominion of Canada, threshing in excess of 240,000,000 bushels (6,500,000 metric tons) of wheat. Rapeseed, alfalfa, barley, canola, flax, rye, and oats are other popularly grown grain crops.

What are the three prairie provinces in Alberta?

The open parkland area extends across the three prairie provinces: Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Canada’s production of wheat, oats, flaxseed, and barley come mainly from this area.

How many wineries are there in Canada?

British Columbia holds 240 wineries, spread throughout 4,152 hectares (10,260 acres). There are 138 wineries in Quebec, which manage 808 hectares (2,000 acres) of vineyards in the province. Nova Scotia holds 20 wineries, which manages 290 hectares (720 acres) of vineyards in the province.

What is Alberta known for?

Alberta is renowned still for its stampedes, and cattle ranching is a main industry. The agricultural industry is supplemented by livestock and mixed farming and wheat crops. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada. Grain and dairying also play a role in the livelihoods of Alberta farmers.

Where are the highest yielding crops in Canada?

However, the widest range of crops and the highest yields occur in southwestern British Columbia and southern Ontario. farm in Saskatchewan. Harvesting wheat on a farm in the grain belt near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. A potash mine appears in the distant background. George Hunter.

What is the most valuable resource in Canada?

The most valuable forest region for timber production is the west coast, where the climate is conducive to the growth of giant trees with excellent lumber.

Why is Canada the leader in fish exports?

Canada catches only a tiny fraction of the fish taken from the world’s oceans, but it ranks among the leaders in volume of fish exports because of Canada’s relatively small population and low per capita fish consumption.

What was the impact of overfishing on the southern coast of Canada?

Overfishing and pollution depleted the fish resources in southern Canada significantly after the mid-20th century. Indeed, in 1992 the Canadian government imposed a moratorium on cod fishing—with disastrous effects for employment along the east coast.

What are the crops in the Prairies?

The Prairies are known for grain (particularly wheat ), oilseeds (especially canola), and cattle grazing. Central and eastern Canada have a wider variety of crops and livestock, and farmers tend to specialize in either a particular cash crop or a livestock type. Southwestern Ontario produces large amounts of grain corn (maize), soybeans, …

Which country exports pulp and paper?

Canada is the world leader in the export of pulp and paper and also exports large amounts of softwood lumber, mostly to the United States. British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec are the leading provinces in the production of forest products. Pulp and paper mill at Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.

Where are salmon spawning rivers?

On the Pacific coast the continental shelf is very narrow, but numerous mountain streams are suitable for salmon spawning. In the rivers of the far north and in the Arctic Ocean there are abundant fish on which large numbers of the indigenous people depend for food.

Where is beef produced in Canada?

Beef production is concentrated in the western areas of the nation while poultry production is concentrated in the east. About two-thirds of all poultry farms were in eastern Canada. Most livestock is consumed domestically. For instance, in 2000 beef production was valued at US$1.5 billion.

How many organic food producers are there in Canada?

The organic food industry has been growing at a rate of 20 percent per year. There are now about 1,500 registered organic food producers in Canada. Organic production is strongest in the western areas of the country. There are also a growing number of specialty farms.

How much wheat did Canada produce in 1998?

In 1998 Canada produced 24,076,300 tons of wheat. However, there is less wheat under cultivation in Canada than at any time in the 20th century. This is the result of increased diversification and low worldwide wheat prices. The number-two crop was barley and the country harvested some 12,708,700 tons of it.

What are the problems with fishing in Canada?

One of the major problems is that of animal waste and fertilizer runoff contaminating waterways.

What are the main crops in British Columbia?

The nation’s main crops are wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, soybeans, rice, and sugar beets. The dominant crop is wheat.

What was the total agricultural imports in 1999?

Total agricultural imports in 1999 amounted to US$10.8 billion. The United States supplies Canada with roughly two-thirds of its total agricultural imports. Conversely, the United States is Canada’s main market for agricultural goods. In 1999, the United States was the destination for one-third of Canada’s exports of crops, livestock, and fish.

What was Canada’s export in 1999?

In 1999, the United States was the destination for one-third of Canada’s exports of crops, livestock, and fish. While the overall number of Canadian farms continues to decline, the decline has slowed in recent years and several provinces are in fact adding or gaining new farms.

When does the Canadian Agricultural Partnership end?

The Canadian Agricultural Partnership is a $3 billion, five year, Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) Framework Agreement that will expire on March 31, 2023 . In Newfoundland and Labrador, the Canadian Agricultural Partnership will provide $37 million in funding for the agriculture, agri-foods, and agri-products sector to support employment …

What are the main industries in Newfoundland and Labrador?

The most established operators in Newfoundland and Labrador are producing fruits and vegetables, as well as dairy, poultry, and other livestock. Opportunities are also emerging in the beef and sheep sectors, and in producing livestock feed, such as grain and corn.

Why is agriculture research important?

Agriculture research is vital to ensuring a successful and sustainable industry, now and in the future. Provincial scientists are conducting applied research throughout the province that is substantially contributing to the diversification and growth of the agricultural industry.

Is Newfoundland and Labrador a rare find?

Newfoundland and Labrador – a rare find. Agriculture. Agriculture has a long history in the province and is a priority for government. It’s an exciting time for agriculture in Newfoundland and Labrador, and more land is available for farm development, and programs and initiatives are in place to support government’s goal to increase food …

What are the main crops grown in Canada?

Major field crops grown in Canada include wheat, canola, barley, corn and soybeans. Other crops include rye, oats, white beans and mixed grains. Several specialty crops, which are limited to a very small area of land, are also grown in certain regions. Crops grown vary depending on the specific growing abilities of each region and on …

What is the most common crop in Canada?

In General: • The crop grown with the largest acreage in Canada is wheat, followed by canola. • Corn and wheat are widely grown across the country. Soybeans are found mostly in Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba while canola is grown principally inWestern Canada. • In Ontario corn is the most common field crop, while in the western provinces, …

Why do farmers use crop rotation?

Each crop requires a different set of nutrients from the soil, so farmers develop a crop rotation which allows them to maximize nutrient use from and return to the soil. Crop rotation also benefits the soil in a number of other ways. Changing the type of roots in the soil each year will benefit soil structure.

Why do crops rotate in winter?

Since many insects and diseases target specific crops, rotating the crops allows for a natural method of protecting against pests, therefore reducing the amount of pesticide needed. Crop Rotation:

What are farmers called when they grow crops?

Some farmers grow crops specifically to sell them. These farmers are called “cash crop” farmers. Many livestock farmers grow crops as well. These crops can then be harvested and used to feed the animals on the farm.

Where is hay stored?

Harvested dry, it is baled and stored in barns or sheds for future use. Hay is eaten by ruminants, such as cattle, sheep, goats and deer, but also by rabbits and horses. Prepared by: About Field Crops – Additional Website Links.

Where are grain and oilseeds stored?

Once grain and oilseed crops are harvested, they are either stored on the farm in large grain bins or sent to a grain elevator or feed mill for storage or sale. Grain elevators buy crops from a large number of farmers to resell to large customers such as feed mills or processing plants. Hay can be harvested wet or dry.



Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world. As with other developed nations, the proportion of the population agriculture employed and agricultural GDP as a percentage of the national GDP fell dramatically over the 20th century, but it remains an important element of the Canadian economy. A wide range of agriculture is practised in Canada, from s…

Major agricultural products

Various factors affect the socio-economic characteristics of Canadian agriculture. The 2006 Census of Agriculture listed seven: Quantity and type of farms; Biogeography: crop and land use areas; land management practices; Quantity of livestock and poultry; Agricultural engineering: Farm machinery and equipment; Farm capital; Farm operating expenses and receipts; Farm-related …

Canadian agricultural government departments

The Department of Agriculture set out in the British North America Act of 1867 (BNA) states each province may have jurisdiction over agricultural concerns, as well as the Dominion Government may also make law in regard to agriculture. Newfoundland agricultural affairs were dealt with by the Agricultural Division of the Department of Natural Resources at Confederation.
The BNA states that the federal Government has sole authority in coastal and inland fishery mat…

Agricultural economy

Canadian farms, fisheries and ranches produce a wide variety of crops, livestock, food, feed, fibre, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals which are dependent upon the geography of the province. In 2001 farms numbered only 246,923 at a size of 676 acres (2.74 km ) as the production of food and fibre for human or livestock sustenance has evolved into intensive and industrial practices. As of 2002, wheat constituted the largest crop area at 12.6%. …


The marketing and economic movement of Canada’s various agriculture commodities has been a challenge. Domestic trade encompasses providing goods within Canada provincially and inter-provincial. Support agencies and services such as storage, railways, warehouses, stores, banking institutions all affect domestic trade. Trade of wheat from the Canada’s prairies was monitored by the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) prior to the privatization and sale of the CWB to foreign interes…


Agribusiness are activities of food and fibre production and processing which are not part of the farm operation. This would include the production of farm equipment and fertilizers to aid farm production. Agribusiness also includes the firms that purchase the raw goods from the farm for further processing. The meat packing industry, flour mill, and canning industry would be included in the agribusiness sector processing farm products. A recent growth area in agribusiness is th…

Agricultural science

Agricultural science began developing new styles of farming and strains of wheat and crops so that farming could become a successful venture. Farming methods were developed at places such as Dominion Experimental Farm, Rosthern Experimental Station, and Bell Farm. From 1914 to 1922, the Better Farming Train travelled around rural of Saskatchewan areas educating pioneer farmers. The 1901 census showed 511,100 farms and the number of farms peaked in 1941 at a …


Farming activities were very labour-intensive before the industrial revolution and the advent of tractors, combines, balers, etc. From the late 19th century to the mid-20th century, a great percentage of the Canadian labour force was engaged in high labour, smaller farming practices. After mechanization, scientific advancement, improved marketing practices farms became more efficient, larger and less labour-intensive. The labour population was freed up and went to indust…

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