where is commercial agriculture practiced



Commercial Agriculture: Mixed Crop and Livestock Mixed crop and livestock farming is the most common form of commercial agriculture in the United States west of the Appalachians and east of 98° west longitude and in much of Europe, from France to Russia.

What are the largest areas of commercial agriculture?

Commercial agriculture is practiced virtually wherever it is capable of growing crops or raising livestock, but primarily in areas with the highest… See full …

What is commercial agriculture?

Where is commercial agriculture practiced? Almost always found in the middle latitudes in the Western United States, Mexico, Argentina, South Africa, Australia, and Central Asia. a form of commercial agriculture in which milk-based products are produced for sale.

Where does agriculture take place in the world?

 · In the Mediterranean countries practiced mainly commercial farming. The climate in these regions is suitable for some crops like figs, dates, grapes, Banana, black pepper, vanilla cultivation, and olives. It also supports flowering in horticultural, processed vegetables and other crops. 7. Mixed crop farming

How are crops and livestock produced in commercial farming?

CHAPTER INTRODUCTION. Agriculture is practiced in some form by virtually all of humanity but the range and types of practices are quite different. Commercial agriculture is largely a European invention and spread with colonization and the Industrial Revolution. The development of a global transportation network to support industrialization facilitated the flow of foodstuffs to the …


Where is commercial agriculture found?

Almost always found in the middle latitudes in the Western United States, Mexico, Argentina, South Africa, Australia, and Central Asia.

Which countries practice commercial agriculture?

Top Agricultural Producing Countries in WorldChina. China has 7% of the arable land and with that, they feed 22% of the world’s population. … United States. The United States is known for its agriculture science and provides some advanced agriculture technology in the world. … Brazil.India. … Russia. … France. … Mexico. … Japan.More items…•

In which states commercial farming is Practised?

☞Punjab and Haryana two areas where commercial farming is practised.

Is commercial agriculture practiced in India?

Commercial agriculture These systems are common in sparsely populated areas such as Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, and Maharashtra. Wheat, cotton, sugarcane, and corn are all examples of crops grown commercially.

Which country has most agriculture?

China is the world’s largest grain producer, and its agricultural processes are highly efficient that use minimal arable lands.

Which country has largest agricultural land area?

Indonesia tops the chart showing countries with the largest overall area, with 225,000 square kilometres taken by permanent cropland, or 12.4% of its total. Second on the list is China, with 160,000 sq km – some 1.7% of its total land area.

Where is commercial farming practiced India?

Commercial farming systems are common in sparsely populated areas like Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, and Maharashtra. Examples of crops grown commercially in India such as Wheat, Maize, Tea, Coffee, Sugarcane, Cashew, Rubber, Corn, Banana, and Cotton are harvested and sold in the world markets.

Which of the following states of India is famous for commercial farming?

Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh comes under the top farming state in India and the rank of Uttar Pradesh counted under major state wise crop production in India, bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and many more. It comes under the top wheat producing states in India, followed by Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh.

In which Indian state was commercial agriculture first introduced?

By the 5th millennium BCE agricultural communities became widespread in Kashmir. Zaheer Baber (1996) writes that ‘the first evidence of cultivation of cotton had already developed’. Cotton was cultivated by the 5th millennium BCE-4th millennium BCE.

What type of farming is practiced in China?

China primarily produces rice, wheat, potatoes, tomato, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed, corn and soybeans.

Which type of farming is Practised in Punjab?

The main sources of irrigation in Punjab are canals and tube wells. The two main crops cultivated in Punjab agriculture are Kharif and Rabi. The Kharif crops of Punjab comprise of maize, cotton, rice, sugarcane, pulses (grams excluded), bajra, peas, jowar, and vegetables such as gourd, onions, and chillies.

What is commercial farming India?

Major crops grown commercially in India are wheat, pulses, millets, maize and other grains, vegetables, and fruits. Another method of commercial farming is ‘plantation’. Plantation farming is a blend of agriculture and industry, practiced across a vast area of land.


What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming is all about the growing of crops and/or the rearing of animals for raw materials, food, or export, particularly for profitable reasons. In order to achieve the economy of scale, therefore, commercial farming needs to be very efficient and practiced on a large scale as the goal of the farmer is to maximize the profit margin.

Why is commercial farming important?

Commercial farming is a source of jobs for persons living within the area. The workers will earn some money , enabling them to provide food for their families. As such, commercial farming stimulates the growth of the local economy.

What is Mediterranean agriculture?

5. Mediterranean Agriculture. It is a type of commercial farming, primarily practiced in the Mediterranean countries. The climate within such areas is perfect for growing certain crops such as grapes, figs, dates, and olives. Also, the climate supports horticulture, processing vegetables, and flowers among other crops.

What are the characteristics of commercial farming?

Characteristics of Commercial Farming. The crops and livestock in commercial farming are produced on a large scale, and grown in huge farms, using machinery, irrigation methods, chemical fertilizers, and other technologies.

What is dairy farming?

Dairy Farming. As the name suggests, it is the commercial farming of milk and milk products. The farms are, therefore, solely used to rear cattle, which produce the milk used to make other dairy products. In Italy, for example, donkeys are reared to produce an alternative source of milk for infants.

What is the most commonly reared animal?

This is the raising of livestock animals for their meat products. The most commonly reared animals are cattle and sheep, although you might find pigs and chicken reared in large numbers as well.

Is livestock farmed in the same piece of land?

In the types above, one single crop or livestock is farmed. However, in this type of commercial farming, both crops and livestock are farmed in the same piece of land.

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming is a type of farming in which crops are grown for commercial use only, i.e. for selling pupose only. A large capital, land and large amount of labour is required. Machines are used at a large scale. Mixed Farming – Land is used for Both, growing crops and rearing livestock.

What is commercial agriculture? What are some examples?

What is an example of commercial agriculture? Commercial agriculture is when the food is produced for sale. This includes selling to or through restaurants, supermarkets, wholesale distributors, other countries, local produce stands and a lot more!

What are the advantages of commercial agriculture?

Advantages of commercial agriculture A renowned advantage is the increased production or yield rate of the crops. With agricultural equipment, it is relatively easy to carry out processes like mechanizes operations, controls pests, and diseases. With increased production, it adds value to the national food stock.

What is the act of working the ground, planting seeds, and growing edible plants?

Farming is the act or process of working the ground, planting seeds, and growing edible plants. You can also describe raising animals for milk or meat as farming. Farming is a great way to describe the lifestyle and work of people whose jobs are in the agriculture industry.

How does commercial farming help?

Commercial farming helps in reducing the cost of farm products as the crops are highly available in the market. The huge supply and demand work to bring down the prices of these commodities or agricultural products.

Is dairy farming a commercial farm?

Dairy farming is recommending it is as a commercial farm of milk and milk products. Therefore, it is used only for raising dairy animals, which are used to make dairy products.

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming in a single part of the land can involve a variety of farming methods, mainly aquaponics, dairy farming, poultry farming, sugarcane farming, coffee farming, etc. Floriculture, Fruit trees, and tea or spice cultivation ( Cinnamon and Black Pepper) in a large area of ​​land among many others.

Why did farmers use slave labor?

Mostly in Large-scale farms, especially in the United States, used slave labor for trade and export to cultivate and harvest rice, wheat, sugar, tobacco, cotton, and other agricultural products. But Today farming continues, instead of using slave labor, workers are paid lower wages.

Where is cotton grown?

It thrives on low and muddy soils with low rainfall, bright sunlight, and it is widely produced in India, Pakistan, United States, China, and Egypt.

Where does wheat grow?

This requires good rainfall during planting and adequate sunlight during harvesting. Therefore, during the winter season, it grows well in northern India

Is tea a drink?

Tea is one of the most default drinks in the world from morning to evening. It grows well in a sloping landscape where there is enough rain throughout the year and the temperature is cool and moderate. In Kenya, India and Sri Lanka, and other Chinese regions, it grows well

How did commercial agriculture develop?

Modern commercial agriculture developed out of a global system of commodity exchange established by European colonial powers. As the era of global exploration and colonization by European countries un­folded, new products both agricultural and nonagricultural from the colonial countries became available to a European population …

What is the most important factor in agricultural production?

The single most important factor in successful agricultural production is climate . Only one form of agri­culture mentioned in the legend of figure 16-1 refers to a particular climate; Mediterranean agriculture. This is a specialized form of farming in a dry-summer climate (most climatic regions have wet summers).

When were plantations first established?

Plantations—large land holdings devoted to the efficient production of a single tropical or subtropical crop for market—were first established in the 1400s by the Portuguese on islands off the west coast of Africa.

Where is rice grown?

Rice, originally domesticated in tropical Asia, and still the dominant crop in the south and east realms of that continent, is grown labor-intensively on small plots in poorer countries.

Is wheat a grain?

Wheat, the second most important of the world’s grain crops, was domesticated in several loca­tions (see Table 14-I) and lends itself well to commercial production methods. It has come to be associ­ated with Western cultures where it is grown on large landholdings by mechanized means in the richer countries.

What is global network?

A Global Network. Modern commercial agriculture developed out of a global system of commodity exchange established by European colonial powers. As the era of global exploration and colonization by European countries un­folded, new products both agricultural and nonagricultural from the colonial countries became available to a European population …

What is commercial farming?

As I mentioned earlier, commercial farming is a type of farming where crops are grown and livestock are raised to sell those products on the market to make money. In this type of farming large-scale crops are grown, using modern technologies and techniques, machinery irrigation methods, and chemical fertilizers as well.

What are the characteristics of commercial farming?

One of the main characteristics of commercial farming is that high doses of modern inputs are used for higher productivity such as yielding varieties, insecticides, pesticides, fertilizers, and much more.

What is farming base?

Farming Base ( farmingbase.com) is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This site also participates in other affiliate programs and is compensated for referring traffic …

Why is farming important?

Nowadays, farming has become one of the most important ways of how to supply healthy and high-quality food to a large number of people. There are a few types of farming that concentrate on traditional values of farming, and others that produce food to sell it. For example, commercial farming is all about growing crops for profitable reasons.

What is dairy farming?

Dairy farming, as the name suggests, is a type of commercial farming that provides milk and milk products. That being said, these commercial farms are solely used to rear cattle, which produce the milk used to make other dairy products for sale. For example, there are some countries such as Italy where there is a donkey reared to produce an …

Is grain farming mechanized?

It is important to say that grain farming is highly mechanized and requires sufficient amounts of land, machinery, farmers, and types of equipment. This type of commercial farming is seasonal and outdoor, meaning farmers are very busy during the planting and harvesting seasons.

What is livestock ranching?

Livestock ranching is the type of commercial farming where farmers raise livestock animals for their meat products. The most commonly reared animals in livestock ranching are cattle and sheep, but on some farms, you might also find pigs and chickens reared in large numbers as well.

What is commercial agriculture?

Commercial agriculture, generally practiced in core countries outside the tropics, is developed primarily to generate products for sale to food processing companies. An exception is plantation farming, a form of commercial agriculture which persists in developing countries side by side with subsistence. Unlike the small subsistence farms (1-2 hectares/2-5 acres), the average of the commercial farm size is over 150 hectares/370 acres (178 ha/193 acres U.S.) and, being mechanized, many of them are family owned and operated. Mechanization also determines the percentage of the labor force in agriculture, with many developed countries being even below two percent of the total employment, such as Israel, the United Kingdom, Germany, the United States, Canada, Norway, Denmark, and Sweden ( Figure 10.6 ). Moreover, as the result of industrialization and urbanization, many developed countries continue to lose significant areas of agricultural land. North America, for example, had 28.3 percent agricultural land out of the total land area in 1961 and 26 percent in 2014. The European Union decreased its agricultural land from 54.7 percent to 43.8 percent for the same period, during which some countries recorded outstanding decreases, such as Ireland from 81.9 to 64.8 percent, the United Kingdom from 81.8 to 71.2 percent, and Denmark from 74.6 to 62.2 percent to mention only a few. In addition to the high level of mechanization, in order to increase their productivity, commercial farmers use scientific advances in research and technology such as the Global Positioning System (autonomous precision seed-planting robot, intelligent systems for animal monitoring, savings in field vegetable-growing through the use of a GPS automatic steering system), and satellite imagery (finding efficient routes for selective harvesting based on remote sensing management).#N#Climate regions also play an important role in determining agricultural regions. In developed countries, these regions can be individualized as six types of commercial agriculture: mixed crop and livestock, grain farming, dairy farming, livestock ranching, commercial gardening and fruit farming, and Mediterranean agriculture

Where is grain farming located?

The major world regions of commercial grain farming are located in Eurasia (from Kiev, in Ukraine, along southern Russia, to Omsk in western Siberia and Kazakhstan) and North America (the Great Plains). In the southern hemisphere, Argentina, in South America, has a large region of commercial grain farming, and Australia has two such areas, one in the southwest and another in the southeast. Commercial grain farming is highly specialized and, generally, one single crop is grown. The most important crop grown is wheat (winter and spring), used to make flour ( Figure 10.14 ). The wheat farms are very large, ranging from 240 to 16,000 hectares (593-40000 acres). The average size of a farm in the U.S. is about 1000 acres (405 hectares). In these areas land is cheap, making it possible for a farmer to own very large holdings.

Is agriculture a science?

Agriculture is a science, a business, and an art ( Figures 10.4 and 10.5 ). Spatially, agriculture is the world’s most widely distributed industry. It occupies more area than all other industries combined, changing the surface of the Earth more than any other. Farming, with its multiple methods, has significantly transformed the landscape (small or large fields, terraces, polders, livestock grazing), being an important reflection of the two-way relationship between people and their environments. The world’s agricultural societies today are very diverse and complex, with agricultural practices ranging from the most rudimentary, such as using the ox-pulled plow, to the most complex, such as using machines, tractors, satellite navigation, and genetic engineering methods. Customarily, scholars divide agricultural societies into categories such as subsistence, intermediate, and developed, words that express the same ideas as primitive, traditional, and modern, respectively. For the purpose of simplification, farming practices described in this chapter are classified into two categories, subsistence and commercial, with fundamental differences between their practice in developed and developing countries.

What is subsistence agriculture?

The term subsistence, when it relates to farming, refers to growing food only to sustain the farmers themselves and their families, consuming most of what they produce, without entering into the cash economy of the country. The farm size is small, 2-5 acres (1-2 hectares), but the agriculture is less mechanized; therefore, the percentage of workers engaged directly in farming is very high, reaching 50 percent or more in some developing countries ( Figure 10.6 ). Climate regions play an important role in determining agricultural regions. Farming activities range from shifting cultivation to pastoralism, both extensive forms that still prevail over large regions, to intensive subsistence.

What is pastoral farming?

Involving the breeding and herding of animals, pastoralism is another extensive form of subsistence agriculture. It is adapted to cold and/or dry climates of savannas (grasslands), deserts, steppes, high plateaus, and Arctic zones where planting crops is impracticable. Specifically, the practice is characteristic in Africa [north, central (Sahel) and south], the Middle East, central and southwest Asia, the Mediterranean basin, and Scandinavia. The species of animals vary with the region of the world including especially sheep, goats, cattle, reindeer, and camels. Pastoralism is a successful strategy to support a population on less productive land, and adapts well to the environment.

What is market gardening?

A market garden is a relatively small- scale business, growing vegetables, fruits, and flowers ( Figure 10.19 ). The farms are small, from under one acre to a few acres (.5-1.5 hectares). The diversity of crops is sometimes cultivated in greenhouses, dis- tinguishing it from other types of farming. Commercial gardening and fruit farming is quite diverse, requiring more manual labor and gardening techniques. In the United States, commercial gardening and fruit farming is the predominant type of agriculture in the Southeast, the region with a warm and humid climate and a long growing season. In addition to the traditional vegetables and fruits (tomatoes, lettuce, onions, peaches, apples, cherries), a new kind of commercial gardening has developed in the Northeast. This is a non-traditional market garden, growing crops that, although limited, are increasingly demanded by consumers, such as asparagus, mushrooms, peppers, and strawberries. Market gardening has become an alternative business, significantly profitable and sustainable especially with the recent popularity of organic and local food.#N#Figure 10.19 | Market Farming#N#A garden with edible plants for use in a culinary school in Lawrenceville, Georgia.#N#Author | U.S. Department of Agriculture#N#Source | Wikimedia Commons#N#License | Public Domain

What is Mediterranean agriculture?

The term ‘Mediterranean agriculture’ applies to the agriculture done in those regions which have a Mediterranean type of climate, hot and dry summers and moist and mild winters. Five major regions in the world have a Mediterranean type of agriculture, such as the lands that border the Mediterranean Sea (South Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East), California, central Chile, South Africa’s Cape, and in parts of southwestern and southern Australia ( Figure 10.20 ). Farming is intensive, highly specialized and varied in the kinds of crops raised. The hilly Mediterranean lands, also known as ‘ orchard lands of the world ,’ are dominated by citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, and grapefruits), olives (primary for cooking oil), figs, dates, and grapes (primarily for wine), which are mainly for export. These and other commodities flow to distant markets, Mediterranean products tending to be popular and commanding high prices. Yet, the warm and sunny Mediterranean climate also allows a wide range of other food crops, such as cereals (wheat, especially) and vegetables, cultivated especially for domestic consumption.

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