Which agricultural practice is sustainable


Rotating crops and embracing diversity.

Planting a variety of crops can have many benefits, including healthier soil and improved pest control. Crop diversity practices include intercropping (growing a mix of crops in the same area) and complex multiyear crop rotations.Mar 15, 2022

What are the different types of sustainable agricultural practices?

Sustainable agriculture strives to help the environment by:

  • Reducing agricultural runoff;
  • Preventing pollution of lakes and rivers;
  • Saving water;
  • Naturally maintaining soil fertility by recycling nutrients on farm;
  • Enhancing carbon sequestration by soils and perennial vegetation;
  • Promoting energy efficiency of farming operations;
  • Decreasing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases;

More items…

What are some examples of sustainable farming practices?

Some examples of sustainable practices include: sheep and beneficial birds to control weeds and pests cover crops, drip irrigation and process ponds to conserve water

What is sustainable farming and best sustainable farming practices?

The hard work of our farmers paired with a dedicated agri-food value chain where innovation, technology and agricultural mechanization work together are the milestones to deliver more sustainable farming practices … can check our Best Of Video here.

What are the pros of sustainable agriculture?

“The benefits of innovative farming systems become increasingly … Kingdom there is clearly a very important role for greenhouses to play in agriculture and the healthy, sustainable production of our food.” As more agribusinesses in Saudi Arabia …


Which agricultural practice is most sustainable?

Top 5 sustainable and eco-friendly farming practicesPermaculture. Permaculture is a food production system which mimics how vegetables and plants grow in natural ecosystems. … Aquaponics & Hydroponics. … Using Renewable Energy Resources. … Crop Rotation & Polycultures. … Trees Can Increase Crop Yields.

What are 4 sustainable agriculture practices?

Sustainable farming methods include: Examples of renewable energies and energy efficiency in agroindustry systems include solar irrigation, geothermal heating and drip irrigation. Crop rotation is the practice of growing a variety of different crops on the same plot in sequenced seasons.

Why is agriculture sustainable?

The diversity of plants in this farming system ensures that they are more resilient to withstand any pests, diseases, and drought. Moreover, a sustainable farm is cooperative because it incorporates plant and animal production together while also providing a healthy environment for wildlife, pollinators, and people.

How many types of sustainable agriculture are there?

There is a debate on the definition of sustainability regarding agriculture. The definition could be characterized by two different approaches: an ecocentric approach and a technocentric approach.

Why do farmers grow cover crops?

Some farmers grow plants known as cover crops to protect and build their soil during the off-season, or for livestock grazing or forage.

What are some examples of uncultivated areas?

Recent research has shown, for example, that uncultivated areas on and near farms—including trees, shrubs, and grasses at the edges of crop fields and along streams— can serve as resources for farmers.

What is the purpose of CAFOs in livestock?

livestock production was once conducted on the same farms that grew feed crops, but over the past half-century, most livestock have been removed from that setting and consolidated into enormous CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations) that produce far too much manure to be distributed as fertilizer economically (since crop fields are often too far away). Instead, the manure spills from lagoons, runs off fields, or leaches into groundwater—transforming the nutrients in manure from the valuable resources they could be into dangerous pollutants.

What are the two crops grown in the Midwest?

The most important change we could make to move toward a healthy, sustainable food system would be to grow and rotate a variety of crops including wheat, oats, alfalfa and other legumes, and sorghum in addition to corn and soybeans.

What are the crops grown in Iowa?

While few now remember it, a century ago at least 10 food crops were grown commercially in Iowa, including potatoes, apples, and cherries.

What are the benefits of chemical pesticides?

Reduced use of chemical pesticides, in turn, encourages beneficial organisms such as soil fungi, pollinators, and predatory and weed-seed-eating insects and spiders that further reduce the need for pesticides, which benefits the environment and saves farmers money.

Is sustainable agriculture practical?

Sustainable Agriculture Practices. The idea of sustainability may sound abstract and idealistic, but in the case of farming, it’s eminently practical. Our ability to grow food depends on the ecological health of the landscape we grow it in. If our farming depletes and damages farmland, we won’t be able to keep doing it indefinitely.

What is sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways meeting society’s present food and textile needs, without compromising the ability for current or future generations to meet their needs. It can be based on an understanding of ecosystem services.

Who coined the phrase “sustainable agriculture”?

The phrase ‘sustainable agriculture’ was reportedly coined by the Australian agronomist Gordon McClymont.

What are the resources that coffee plants need?

Trees provide resources for the coffee plants such as shade, nutrients, and soil structure ; the farmers harvest coffee and timber. The use of available city space (e.g., rooftop gardens, community gardens, garden sharing, organopónicos, and other forms of urban agriculture) may be able to contribute to sustainability.

What is sustainable intensification?

Sustainable intensification encompasses specific agriculture methods that increase production and at the same time help improve environmental outcomes. The desired outcomes of the farm are achieved without the need for more land cultivation or destruction of natural habitat; the system performance is upgraded with no net environmental cost. Sustainable Intensification has become a priority for the United Nations. Sustainable intensification differs from prior intensification methods by specifically placing importance on broader environmental outcomes. By the year 2018; it was predicted in 100 nations a combined total of 163 million farms used sustainable intensification. The amount of agricultural land covered by this is 453 million ha of land. That amount of land is equal to 29% of farms worldwide. In light of concerns about food security, human population growth and dwindling land suitable for agriculture, sustainable intensive farming practises are needed to maintain high crop yields, while maintaining soil health and ecosystem services. The capacity for ecosystem services to be strong enough to allow a reduction in use of non-renewable inputs whilst maintaining or boosting yields has been the subject of much debate. Recent work in irrigated rice production system of east Asia has suggested that – in relation to pest management at least – promoting the ecosystem service of biological control using nectar plants can reduce the need for insecticides by 70% whilst delivering a 5% yield advantage compared with standard practice.

What is energy used for in agriculture?

Energy. In modern agriculture, energy is used in on-farm mechanisation, food processing, storage, and transportation processes. It has therefore been found that energy prices are closely linked to food prices. Oil is also used as an input in agricultural chemicals.

How can we reduce nutrient loss?

Reduce nutrient loss by at least 50%. Reduce the use of antimicrobials in agriculture and antimicrobials in aquaculture by 50% by 2030. Create sustainable food labeling. Reduce food waste by 50% by 2030.

How did Native Americans practice sustainable agriculture?

Native Americans in the United States practiced sustainable agriculture through their subsistence farming techniques. Many tribes grew or harvested their own food from plants that thrived in their local ecosystems. Native American farming practices are specific to local environments and work with natural processes. This is a practice called Permaculture, and it involves a deep understanding of the local environment. Native American farming techniques also incorporate local biodiversity into many of their practices, which helps the land remain healthy.

Why is sustainable agriculture important?

Firstly, and most importantly, sustainable agriculture produces safe food with high nutritional value. The quality of food is now more important than ever before. Numerous studies found out that the nutritional content of grains and fruits with vegetables keeps decreasing.

What are the main aims of sustainable agriculture?

One of the main aims of sustainable agricultural practices is the prevention of the use of synthetic pesticides and other chemicals that should suppress pest infestations and pathogens. Applying increasing amounts of chemicals to grow food is not part of the long-term solution and doesn’t help our health either.

Why is agroforestry important?

This is the reason why agroforestry has become one of the powerful tools of farmers in dry regions with soils susceptible to desertification. Besides promoting healthy growth of food crops and maintaining soil fertility , trees in this farming system provide wood and fruits as an additional source of income for farmers.

What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry involves the growth of trees and shrubs amongst crops or grazing land. Agroforestry systems can combine both agriculture and forestry practices for long-lasting, productive, and diverse land use when approached sustainably.

Why is raising animals important in biodynamics?

This includes raising animals on a farm in a way that they help replenish soil fertility and enhance plant growth. One of the building pillars of biodynamics is high biodiversity of plants, animals and beneficial insects. The goal is the creation of a resilient ecosystem that benefits us and other living organisms.

What is biodynamic agriculture?

Biodynamic practices can be applied to farms that grow variety of produce, gardens, vineyards, and other forms of agriculture.

How does sustainable farming help the environment?

Unlike intensive agriculture, sustainable farming has a great potential for benefiting the environment and preserving natural resources. It does so by following natural cycles, recycling nutrients and water, while omitting excessive use of agricultural chemicals.

Biological Pest Control

Biological control involves restraining crop pests by using living organisms, regarded to be the natural enemies of the pests. Biological pest control differs from pesticides and herbicides, which make use of chemical compounds to control pests.

Reduced Soil Tillage

Tillage is the preparation of agricultural soil. It can be done manually with hoes and rakes, or automatically, with cultivators.

Sustainable Animal Husbandry

Rearing animals for meat and milk, fiber, wool, and other products is animal husbandry. It involves selective breeding, regular care, and handling to ensure the well-being of the animals. When done correctly, animal husbandry yields excellent gains for the farmer, and by extension, the economy.

Mixed Farming

Mixed farming entails rearing animals and raising crops on one land. An advantage of mixed farming is that it eliminates the need for synthetic fertilizers as the dung from the animals serves as manure.

Organic Fertilization of Soil

For increased crop yield, agriculture has long since relied on soil fertilization. Natural fertilizers include animal dung, biofertilizers, and compost, which slowly allow vital nutrients into the soil and will, over time, increase the soil’s quality.

Crop Rotation and Mixed Cropping

Crop rotation is the agricultural practice of growing different types of crops on a given land, following a well-defined sequence.


Agriculture is causing environmental changes; at the same time, it is receiving the impact of these changes. Food is vital to human survival, and the environment is just as important. For our continued existence, we must embrace practices that produce food and, at the same time, protect our environment.

How to practice sustainable agriculture?

To practice sustainable agriculture, make sure your farm does not use more resources, like water, than can naturally be replenished. To avoid overusing water, plant indigenous plants and plants that are well-suited to your climate. Sustainability also means ensuring that you don’t irreversibly damage the ecosystem.

What is the practice of moving a given crop from one field to another?

Top Answerer. It is the practice of moving a given crop from one field to another (or from one area of a garden to another) from year to year. The idea is that each crop uses and affects soil differently, so that it is better for any area of soil to be planted with a different crop from one year to the next.

How to keep a farm land perpetually fertile?

Rotate crops and pasture. Use companion planting and green manures to keep the land perpetually fertile and to prevent topsoil loss.

What do people of varying wealth seek from a farm?

People of varying wealth seek different things from a farm. Certain ethnic groups value farm products that the mainstream community has no interest in (for example, many Caribbean immigrants seek male, uncastrated goats for meat as well as amaranth, a widespread weed, which they use to make a dish called Callaloo).

What does organic label mean?

Don’t confuse “sustainable” with “organic”. An organic label means that the food was grown or raised without the use of synthetic chemicals (but there are exceptions). Lots of people confuse sustainable agriculture with organic farming. Both are aimed at using more ecologically sensible practices, but they are judged by a distinct set of standards.

What is the purpose of withdrawing no resources from the environment that cannot be replenished?

withdraw no resources from the environment that cannot be replenished (for example, not using more water than can be replaced regularly by rainfall) produce enough income to remain on a farm in face of worldwide farm consolidation and infrastructure development.

What do guineas eat?

As they roam your farm (and the surrounding countryside), guineas eat the ticks left by browsing deer off tall grasses. They are traditionally reputed to kill or keep rattlesnakes away as well. If guinea fowls are not common to your area, try growing ducks (if you have a fish pond) and/or chickens.

What is sustainable farming?

Sustainable farming or, in a broader term, Sustainable agriculture is using farming practices considering the ecological cycles. It is also sensitive towards the microorganisms and their equations with the environment at large. In simpler terms, sustainable farming is farming ecologically by promoting methods and practices …

What are some examples of sustainable farming practices?

This helps the soil maintain its nutrients and keeps the soil rich and potent. Collection of rainwater via channeling and then its utilization for irrigation is also a good example of sustainable farming practices. 1. Make use of Renewable Energy Sources. 2. Integrated pest management. 3. Hydroponics and Aquaponics.

What is biodynamic farming?

Biodynamic Farming. Biodynamics incorporates ecological and holistic growing practices based on the philosophy of “anthroposophy.”. Biodynamic practices can be applied to farms that grow a variety of produce, gardens, vineyards, and other forms of agriculture.

What is hydroponics in agriculture?

In hydroponic systems, crops are grown with the roots directly in a mineral solution or with the roots in an inert medium like gravel or perlite. Aquaponics combines the raising of aquatic animals (such as fish) with the growing of hydroponic crops.

How does crop rotation help soil?

Manure, fertilizers, cover crops etc. also help improve soil quality. Crop rotations prevent the occurrence of diseases in crops, as per studies conducted. Diseases such as crown rot and tan spot can be controlled. Also, pests like septoria, phoma, etc. can be eliminated by crop rotation techniques.

What is permaculture in agriculture?

Permaculture is a food production system with intention, design, and smart farming to reduce waste of resources and create increased production efficiency. The focus is on the use of perennial crops such as fruit trees, nut trees, and shrubs that all function together in a designed system that mimics how plants in a natural ecosystem would function.

What are some examples of recycling in farming?

A very good example of recycling in sustainable farming would be crop waste or animal manure. The same can be transformed into fertilizers that can help enrich the soil. Another method that can be employed is crop rotation. This helps the soil maintain its nutrients and keeps the soil rich and potent.




Other practices include growing a diverse number of perennial crops in a single field, each of which would grow in separate season so as not to compete with each other for natural resources. This system would result in increased resistance to diseases and decreased effects of erosion and loss of nutrients in soil. Nitrogen fixation from legumes, for example, used in conjunction with plan…


In the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, the term “sustainable agriculture” is defined as an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, over the long term:
• satisfy human food and fiber needs
• enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agriculture economy depends

Factors affecting sustainability

Practices that can cause long-term damage to soil include excessive tilling of the soil (leading to erosion) and irrigation without adequate drainage (leading to salinization).
The most important factors for a farming site are climate, soil, nutrients and water resources. Of the four, water and soil conservation are the most amenable to h…


Costs, such as environmental problems, not covered in traditional accounting systems (which take into account only the direct costs of production incurred by the farmer) are known as externalities.
Netting studied sustainability and intensive agriculture in smallholder systems through history.
There are several studies incorporating externalities such as ecosystem services, biodiversity, land degradation, and sustainable land management in economic analysis. These include The Ec…

Social factors

Sustainable agriculture attempts to solve multiple problems with one broad solution. The goal of sustainable agricultural practices is to decrease environmental degradation due to farming while increasing crop–and thus food–output. There are many varying strategies attempting to use sustainable farming practices in order to increase rural economic development within smal…

Standards for Certification

Certification systems are important to the agriculture community and to consumers as these standards determine the sustainability of produce. There are various types of information that certification systems and standards provide for alternative farming solutions.
The USDA produces an organic label that is supported by nationalized standar…


Sustainable agriculture is a topic in international policy concerning its potential to reduce environmental risks. In 2011, the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change, as part of its recommendations for policymakers on achieving food security in the face of climate change, urged that sustainable agriculture must be integrated into national and international …

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