What are the methods of intercropping?
In this method of intercropping, intercrops are grown in patches in the vacant spaces in the same piece of land. 4. Strip intercropping: In this method, we will grow more than one crop in strips to allow independent cultivation in the same piece of land.
Does intercropping improve crop production efficiency and yield improvement?
Intercropping systems, including the solar corridor cropping system (SCCS), have been predominantly evaluated for crop production efficiency, yield improvement, and economic benefits for the overall farming enterprise ( Deichman, 2009; Khan et al., 2014 ).
What is the difference between intercropping and row intercrops?
While intercropping involves the planting of more than one crop on the same piece of land at the same time, there are different methods of maximizing yield from this type of farming. Row intercropping involves planting more than one crop simultaneously, with at least one of the crops planted in a row.
How to carry out intercultural operations in mixed cropping?
Mixed cropping may cause problems in harvesting and carry out intercultural operations. Caution should be ensured while selecting crops with different growth habits, duration, root growth, taxonomical families, etc. Grow tall-growing crops along with bushy crops. Select shallow-rooted crops as intercrops in the deep-rooted crop.
What is a similarity between CAFOs and aquaculture?
What is a similarity between CAFOs and Aquaculture? Both produce large, concentrated quantities of animal waste.
Which describes how intercropping alters the ecology of a farm quizlet?
Which describes how intercropping alters the ecology of a farm? I. Intercropping increases diversity.
Which agricultural method is used to prevent erosion apes quizlet?
Interplanting of two different crops that mature at different times allows the soil to never be exposed to erosion. Contour plowing across a hill protects soil from water erosion.
What is the primary benefit of perennial plant?
Perennials have a deeper root system than annual plants and are able to reach nutrients that are further down in the soil. They bring those nutrients to the surface where other plants are able to access them. Nitrogen, for example, is a particularly useful element for plant growth that perennials help draw upwards.
What is shifting cultivation?
Shifting cultivation is a mode of farming long followed in the humid tropics of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America. In the practice of “slash and burn”, farmers would cut the native vegetation and burn it, then plant crops in the exposed, ash-fertilized soil for two or three seasons in succession.
What is intercrop vegetable farming?
vegetable farming The system of intercropping, or companion cropping, involves the growing of two or more kinds of vegetables on the same land in the same growing season. One of the vegetables must be a small-growing and quick-maturing crop; the other must be larger and late maturing.
Which agricultural method prevents erosion?
You can reduce soil erosion by: Mulching. Planting a cover crop – such as winter rye in vegetable gardens. Includes annual grasses, small grains, legumes and other types of vegetation planted to provide a temporary vegetative cover. Cover crops are often tilled under serving also as a “green manure” crop.
Which of the following is the best method for preventing soil erosion in an agricultural area terrace farming?
Crop Rotation: Rotating in high-residue crops — such as corn, hay, and small grain — can reduce erosion as the layer of residue protects topsoil from being carried away by wind and water. Conservation Tillage: Conventional tillage produces a smooth surface that leaves soil vulnerable to erosion.
Which sustainable agricultural practice involves tilling and planting on ridges that are across or perpendicular to a slope?
Terracing is a soil conservation practice applied to prevent rainfall runoff on sloping land from accumulating and causing serious erosion. Terraces consist of ridges and channels constructed across-the-slope.
Why is Integrated Pest Management IPM especially successful in developing countries group choices?
Why is integrated pest management (IPM) especially successful in developing countries? Developing countries usually ban the use of pesticides. High-input industrial farming is not feasible because farmers lack financial resources.
What is the difference between the environmental impact of annuals versus that of perennials?
Perennials’ deep roots and the fact that they do not leave the soil exposed for part of the year leads to a big reduction in soil erosion compared to annuals (EarthEasy 2011) Perennials also do not need nearly as large of an amount of nutrients as annuals to grow.
What major changes took place in farming practices during the 20th century?
What major changes took place in farming practices during the 20th century? Farming became more mechanized and fossil fuels used for energy increased, which lead to increase in food output and had environmental impacts.
What is intercropping in agriculture?
While similar to crop rotation, intercropping refers to growing different crops in the same area during the same season. Various techniques are used for intercropping, the most common being planting the crops in alternate rows or strips.
When did intercropping begin?
Intercropping has a long history in the agricultural world. As long as 5000 years ago, Indigenous farmers in North America were planting corn, beans, and squash together, still practiced today.
What is the Bible’s teaching about crop rotation?
The Bible book of Leviticus portrays a basic practice of crop rotation where every seven years, the land was left bare to “rest.”. China has also practiced crop rotation since ancient times. For example, in a two-field system, one side of the field was planted and harvested while the other half was left bare.
What are the enemies of farmers?
Weeds are every farmer’s enemy. Thankfully, both crop rotation and intercropping strategies can help reduce the number of weeds that you have to deal with in your field.
How many crops can be grown in a crop rotation?
Some large farms today use complex crop rotation systems of more than 12 crops. This crop rotation practice can also be used in succession for crops with different growing seasons to make full use of the field space.
Why do farmers rotate crops?
There are many reasons why crop rotation is used by farmers the world over. One of the primary reasons is to promote soil health.
What are the two methods of farming in 2021?
Two of the most common and time-tested farming methods include crop rotation and intercropping. They are similar and sometimes overlap in both use and benefits employed by farmers for thousands of years.
What Is Intercropping In Agriculture?
The intercropping system employs growing several species in-between each other during the same season, alternatively to monoculture farming. Intercropping practices differ in the arrangement, sowing time, and plant combinations. Thus, perennials can grow together with other perennials or annuals, and annuals can grow with other annuals. An example of a perennial-annual intercropping match is garlic and tomatoes. In tropical regions, coffee and banana make a popular perennial combination.
Why is intercropping important?
Reasons for intercropping include saving space and resources, ensuring better yields in case of poor returns of the main culture, repelling pests, reducing weeds, proving nutrients for the neighboring plants, among others. Considering intercropping pros and cons, many landowners opt for the method even though it involves additional field treatment. Nonetheless, wise matches in intercropping combinations bring positive results.
What is relay intercropping?
Relay intercropping reduces temporal overlap in harvesting different species, but the second crop must be tolerant of the shade of the first one.
How does intercropping affect soil fertility?
Reduction of fertilizer applications. When intercropping cultures contribute to soil fertility, they spare the necessity to apply synthesized fertilizers. More efficient use of natural resources like water and solar energy as they are distributed to secondary crops as well. Improved weed management.
Why are secondary crops important?
Secondary crops provide more returns and ensure profit even when the primary crop fails. Ergonomic usage of land. Planting species in-between rows allows utilizing the soil in a more efficient way, unlike monocropping when spaces between rows are unused. Protection of the cash crop.
What is row cropping?
Row Cropping. As the name suggests, plants are arranged in rows in this case. A common and beneficial combination is cereals with legumes like corn and beans. Row ratios may vary, including either single or multiple rows. A study recommends four maize rows with six soybean ones.
Why do people intercrop?
Reasons for intercropping include saving space and resources, ensuring better yields in case of poor returns of the main culture, repelling pests, reducing weeds, proving nutrients for the neighboring plants, among others. Considering intercropping pros and cons, many landowners opt for the method even though it involves additional field treatment.
Why is intercropping better than sole cropping?
Inter-cropping is preferred over sole cropping as a result of superior yield due to the efficient utilization of available resources.
What crops are intercropped in between the main crop to trap various insect pests?
Traps crops like marigold and mustard etc. are intercropped in between the main crop to trap various insect pests.
How to grow tall growing crops?
Grow tall-growing crops along with bushy crops. Select shallow-rooted crops as intercrops in the deep-rooted crop. Long-duration crops should be intercropped with short-duration crops. Grow slow-growing crops in vacant spaces of fast-growing crops.
What is the difference between base crop and intercrop?
The base crop is one that grown as a main source of income in between the main crop vacant spaces we will plant intercrop to get extra returns. Intercrop: It is the growing of a crop in the vacant spaces of another widely grown crop that has a short duration of life cycle mainly grown for getting extra profits or to mitigate …
What is an alley intercropping?
Alley Intercropping: Alley cropping is a kind of agroforestry system where intercrops are grown in the alleys of trees and hedges etc. 9. Guard Crops: The main crop is grown in the center, where it is surrounded by hardy or thorny crops. Thus the main crop gets protection with the help of gourd crops.
What is mixed cropping?
Mixed Cropping: It is said to be mixed cropping when two or more crops are grown in the same piece of land. In mixed cropping seeds of different crops are mixed and sown or broadcasted. Mixed cropping is popular in areas prone to natural calamities like drought, frost, etc.
What is alternating rows?
Maize and legumes in alternating rows (serc.carleton.edu) It is a kind of intercropping where different crops are grown at the same time in the same piece of land with a distinct row arrangement. 3.
What is intercropping in farming?
Intercropping is a farming method that involves planting or growing more than one crop at the same time and on the same piece of land. It means having more than one type of crop growing in the same space at the same time. The rationale behind this farming practice is that different crops planted are not likely to share insects and disease-causing agents while the goal is to produce even greater yield than would be if space was utilized by one crop. However, the careless congregation of plants is not considered as intercropping.
What is mixed intercropping?
Mixed intercropping involves growing more than one crop simultaneously without any distinct row arrangement. Plants are bunched together naturally but in an orderly manner. Relay intercropping involves the planting of more than one crop on the same piece of land with the planting of the second crop after the first crop has flowered or completed its development or just before harvesting the first crop.
What is trap cropping?
Trap cropping involves planting a crop that is more attractive to pest compared to the production crop. Repellant intercropping involves growing crops with certain repellant effect while push-pull cropping is a mix of trap and repellant cropping.
What is the difference between row and strip intercropping?
While intercropping involves the planting of more than one crop on the same piece of land at the same time, there are different methods of maximizing yield from this type of farming. Row intercropping involves planting more than one crop simultaneously, with at least one of the crops planted in a row. Strip intercropping is a more industrialized version of row planting and involves the planting of different crops in alternate strips, with rows big enough to allow for harvesting with machinery.
How can crop diversity help with pest management?
Crop diversity has proved to be one of the ways of improving pest management by reducing homogeneity of the crop. Pests can be controlled through intercropping by trap cropping, repellant intercropping, or push-pull cropping. Trap cropping involves planting a crop that is more attractive to pest compared to the production crop.
Why is intercropping important?
Apart from improved yield, there are other reasons why intercropping is practiced. It helps to suppress weeds since the crops take up much space that would have allowed the weeds to grow. Some weeds also find it difficult to grow alongside some crops.
Why do people depend on agriculture?
Almost all of the world’s population depends on agriculture for survival. Agriculture involves the art and science of rearing animals and growing crops. For maximum yields, farmers across the world have been challenged to adopt the best farming practices and technology. Since most farmers are smallholders, they do not have enough space …
Which soil is less susceptible to erosion?
the undisturbed soil is less susceptible to eroision
Does synthetic fertilizer increase crop yeilds?
The use of synthetic fertilizers increases crop yeilds, but also
Will wild catch increase as human population increases?
as the human population continues to increase the per capita wild catch also continues to increase
What is D in farming?
D) are used to increased yields in communal farms
Has grain production increased in recent years?
E) grain production has increased rapidly in the recent years