which physical characteristics of poland encourage agriculture



Across central Poland a vast region of plains extends – the so called Polish Plain, used mainly for agriculture. To the south of central lowlands the terrain rises slowly and is again more hilly and diverse, dominated by highlands. Along the southern border stretch the mountain ridges of Carpathians and Sudetes.

Which physical characteristics of Poland encourage agriculture? Poland sits on the North European Plain, which used to be covered with trees. The trees have been cut down to be used for farmland.


Which is an accurate description of the physical characteristics of Poland?

Poland’s agricultural sector is vital for European and Global market because it produces a variety of agricultural, horticultural and animal origin products. The surface area of agricultural land in Poland is 15.4 million ha, which constitutes nearly 50% of the total area of the country. Agriculture in Poland has always been an important part …

What is the surface area of agricultural land in Poland?

 · Poland is among the world’s leading producers of rye, potatoes, and apples, as well as pork and milk. The length of the growing season varies regionally according to climate, being much shorter in the northeast where a harsh continental climate prevails.

What percentage of Poland’s economy is agriculture?

 · Poland has a strong agricultural heritage with many products in high demand such as its high-quality fruits and vegetables, honey, hams, sausages, and dairy. It is a leading producer in Europe of…

What is the natural environment like in Poland?


Which physical characteristics of Poland encourage agriculture which physical characteristics promote industry?

Which physical characteristics of Poland encourage agriculture? Trees covered the Northern European Plain, where Poland sits, and they cut the trees down to have the land used as farmland.

How do natural resources benefit Ukrainian agriculture?

Ukrainian land has natural benefits that make it very good for farming. The most prominent of these is the facts that the soil is a rich, black-earth soil called chernozem which formed underneath the lush grasses that once covered the steppe. It is helping them with agricultural productivity.

What are some of the effects of these changing boundaries quizlet?

What are some of the effects of these changing boundaries? Ethnic Groups are placed into different groups and they carry with them their language, religion, race, etc. This could lead to possible conflicts among the countries caused by hatred, confusion, or more.

What forces usually break multinational states or empires into smaller states?

Rivalry for power usually breaks multinational states or empires into smaller states.

Why is Ukrainian soil so fertile?

Nearly a quarter of the world’s most fertile soil, known as Chernozem, is located in Ukraine. Chernozem is black soil rich in organic matter called ‘humus,’ which is made up of decomposed plants. More than 65 percent of arable land in Ukraine is composed of Chernozem deposits, making it ideal for farming.

What are the natural resources?

Natural resources are materials from the Earth that are used to support life and meet people’s needs. Any natural substance that humans use can be considered a natural resource. Oil, coal, natural gas, metals, stone and sand are natural resources. Other natural resources are air, sunlight, soil and water.

What does the term balkanized mean quizlet?

Balkanization. A state breaks down over conflict among ethnicities. Balkanized. A small area that can not be organized into stable states because of other ethnicities already inhabiting it that have a long-standing antagonisms towards one other.

What different nationalities established small states in the Balkan Peninsula?

Most of the Balkan nation-states emerged during the 19th and early 20th centuries as they gained independence from the Ottoman Empire or the Austro-Hungarian empire: Greece in 1821, Serbia, and Montenegro in 1878, Romania in 1881, Bulgaria in 1908 and Albania in 1912.

How did Czechoslovakia come to exist quizlet?

How did the nation of Czechoslovakia come to be? After WWI, as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the Austria-Hungarian empire was broken down into small nations. Austria, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were formed.

What does nation mean in AP Human Geography?

A nation is a group of people with common cultural characteristics, whereas a state is an area with defined boundaries that has sovereignty within its borders. A nation-state is a country whose political boundaries correspond with its cultural boundaries. Boundary disputes arise for various reasons.

Is Poland a multinational state?

This usually involves a common language and a common historical and cultural tradition. A nation-state is a state which, essentially, embraces the territory of a single nation. Thus Poland and Denmark are nation-states; Czechoslovakia is a binational state. Yugoslavia is a fragile multinational state.

In which part of the world was there an actual application of self-determination following ww1?

During and especially after World War I, there was a renewed commitment to self-determination and a major influx of new states formed out of the collapsed empires of Europe: the German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire.


What is the agricultural sector in Poland?

Poland’s agricultural sector is vital for European and Global market because it produces a variety of agricultural, horticultural and animal origin products. The surface area of agricultural land in Poland is 15.4 million ha, which constitutes nearly 50% of the total area of the country.

What crops did Poland grow in 1989?

In 1989 almost half of Poland’s arable land was used for the cultivation of the four major grains, another 13 percent grew tomatoes, All regions of Poland raised dairy cows, beef cattle, pigs and poultry, and cultivated fruit, usually as an integral part of mixed farming.

How many private farms were there in 1987?

Private and state farms. In 1987 about 2.7 million private farms were in operation. About 57 percent of these were smaller than 5 hectares (12 acres). Of the remaining farms, 25 percent were between 5 and 15 hectares (12 and 37 acres) and 11 percent were between 10 and 15 hectares (25 and 37 acres).

How many metric tons of barley are there in the world?

3 million metric tons (3.3 million short tons) of barley (14th largest producer in the world); 2.1 million metric tons (2.3 million short tons) of rye (2nd largest producer in the world, just behind Germany); In addition to smaller productions of other agricultural products.

What percentage of land was cultivated in 1989?

In 1989 the private sector cultivated 76.2 percent of arable land and provided 79 percent of gross agricultural production. State farms, the main institutional form in state ownership, cultivated 18.8 percent of the total arable land and produced 17.0 percent of gross output.

What was the only member of Comecon where the private sector predominated in agriculture?

Beginning with de-collectivization in 1956, Poland was the only member of Comecon where the private sector predominated in agriculture. The state maintained indirect control, however, through the state agencies that distributed needed input materials and purchased agricultural produce. Compulsory delivery quotas were maintained for farms until the beginning of the 1970s. The state also retained significant influence on the process of cultivation, restrictions on the size of farms, and limitations on the buying and selling of land. Until the beginning of the 1980s, the allocation system for fertilizers, machines, building materials, fuels, and other inputs discriminated severely against private farmers. As a result of these policies, private farms remained inefficiently small and labor-intensive.

What was Poland’s second largest producer of?

In 1989 Poland was the second-largest producer of rye and potatoes in the world. The latter were used as vegetables, as fodder for pigs, and in the production of industrial starch and alcohol. The country occupied sixth place in the world in sugar-beet, milk, and pig production. The quantity and quality of agricultural land ensured self-sufficiency and made considerable quantities of various agricultural products and processed foodstuffs available for export.

What is the problem with Polish farming?

Polish farmers only use pesticides in conditions of extreme necessity and the use of chemical fertilizer is also comparatively low, but there is always the threat of water pollution, mainly caused by nitrogen and phosphorus runoff in livestock production.

How many farms are there in Poland?

It is expected that, within a decade, there will be no more than 700,000 farms in Poland.

How did deforestation affect Poland?

Even before the 20th century, deforestation occurred as a result of clearing trees in order to expand the land available for farming. This has led to problems of soil erosion caused by winds blowing across the treeless land. In recent years, the government has offered reforestation incentives to farmers, granting them exemption from land tax if they plant trees on their least productive land. Polish farmers only use pesticides in conditions of extreme necessity and the use of chemical fertilizer is also comparatively low, but there is always the threat of water pollution, mainly caused by nitrogen and phosphorus runoff in livestock production. Farmers are being educated to the dangers, and practices are changing. Local governments, too, have been using central government grants to plant trees along streams and creeks to establish a biological barrier between fields and surface water. Further progress in farming techniques will require additional investment in manure storage facilities, and the government will continue to support environmental programs relating to agriculture in order to meet EU standards.

What is Poland’s export?

Although the exports of certain produce (potatoes, apples and other fruits, frozen ducks and geese, and sugar) has declined over the years, Poland exports grains, sugar, pork, processed meats, and dairy products.

What percentage of GDP was agriculture in 1999?

Agriculture contributed only 3.8 percent of GDP in 1999, a major change in a country that, before World War II, was primarily an agricultural economy. Poland is among the world’s leading producers of rye, potatoes, and apples, as well as pork and milk.

Why do farmers have to take outside jobs?

This is changing as much bigger farms are being developed, but the majority of farmers are unable to earn sufficient income through agriculture and must take outside jobs in order to support their families.

What is the geography of Poland?

GEOGRAPHY OF POLAND. Geography of Poland. Poland is one of the biggest countries in Central Europe with an area of 312,679 sq km (120,726 sq mi). This makes it the 9th largest country in Europe and the 63rd largest in the world. The country is bordering Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, …

What is the climate in Poland?

Generally, in north and west part of the country the climate is predominantly maritime, with gentle, humid winters and cool, rainy summers, while the eastern and southern part of Poland has distinctly continental climate with harsh winters and hotter, drier summers.

How many Polish people are there in the world?

The present population of Polish people living in Poland is estimated at slightly over 38 million. Worldwide there are additional 15-20 million Poles and people of Polish origin living abroad. Poland is an almost mono-ethnic society with Poles making up around 97% of the country’s inhabitants.

What is the most famous bird in Poland?

Among the most iconic ones are: – eagle – the white-tailed eagle has been a symbol of Polish nation since the origin of Polish state. Poland is one of the mainstays for this large bird of prey. It can be observed in the wild in central, north-western and eastern parts of the country.

How many national parks are there in Poland?

There are 23 national parks in Poland, which cover an area of 3,200 sq km (1,235 sq miles) – approximately 1% of the country’s area. Moreover, there are 1354 nature reserves, 121 landscape parks and 1098 territories of Nature 2000 preservation system. Nature protection in Poland has long tradition.

How many species of plants are there in Poland?

Bio-variety of Polish fauna and flora is fascinating. There are around 75,000 species of plants, 39,000 micro-organisms and fungi, around 2750 vascular plant species and sub-species and around 33,000-45,000 of animal species living in numerous co-existing ecosystems.

What are the seasons in Poland?

There are six seasons of the year in Poland – in addition to the four typical such as spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter, there are also two seasons described as early spring and early winter. The spring arrives slowly in March or April, bringing sunny days as well as rain and light frost. The daily temperature at that time ranges from 5 C to 15 C. The summer, with temperatures above 20 C, begins in late May / June and lasts until the end of August. Hot and sunny days alternate with showers and thunderstorms. July is the hottest month, however hot days, when the temperature exceeds 25 C, occur from May to September. Early autumn (fall) is generally sunny and warm – in September and October leaves on trees change colours and a beautiful period called Polish Golden Autumn (Fall) begins. November brings rains and lower temperatures, days become visibly shorter. Winter lasts from December through January until late February or early March. Temperatures drop below 5 C, often heavy frost and snowstorms occur. January is the coldest month of the year. This climatic calendar is more complicated, though, as there are plenty of anomalies which make another distinctive feature of Poland’s climate.

What are the cultural features of Poland?

Poland has many Cultural features such as languages, holidays, education, food, and recreation. One of the language the Polish people speak is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland. Some of the Poland holidays are January 1st New Year’s Day, on May 1st Labor Day, on May 3rd its Constitution Day, on August 15th it is Assumption Day and lastly on November 11th it is Independence Day. The education in Poland is compulsory and starts at the age of six or seven, per the Reforms of 1999, from the “0” class kindergarten (Polish przedszkole, literally pre-school) and at the age of seven, for the 1st grade of primary school (Polish szkoÅ‚a podstawowa). Compulsory education lasts nine years. An important diet they have in Poland is meat. Pork is the most popular meat, and the most commonly eaten meat dish is a fried, breaded pork cutlet served with thick sauce. Beef, ham, and sausage are also eaten regularly. The meat stew called bigos is often called the national dish of Poland. Poland and the USA are two different worlds entirely. The USA is sunny and positive and casual. Poland is cold, dark and romantic. There is an ancient feel in Poland, something almost mystical.

What are the major industries in Poland?

The major industries in Poland are machine building, iron and steel, coal mining , chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, and textiles. Poland is one of the largest manufacturing industries in chemicals manufacture. Poland also has a very strong presence in making televisions. Most of Poland is country grounded in forestry and agriculture. A lot of Poland’s land area is used for farming barley, oats, rye, and wheat. In farms they raise dairy cattle, pigs, poultry, and cultivate fruit. They imported goods for manufacturing and industrial retooling, such as machinery and equipment, fuels, minerals, chemicals, and metals. Some goods they exported were furniture, foods, motor boats, light planes, hardwood products, casual clothing, shoes and cosmetics. The climate in Poland is warm in the summer and is freezing cold in the winters. Poland has many land forms such as the, sand dunes, deserts, mountains, hilly plains, lowlands, and many bodies of water. Lastly, Poland has many natural resources made from minerals are brown coal,copper, zinc, sulphur, lead, and silver.

Is Poland bigger than the US?

This country is located on the continent of Europe and is surrounded by Germany on the west. The Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, while Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast of Poland. Poland is about 120,726 square miles in size, that is about 3 times smaller than the United States.

Is Poland a member of NATO?

Ever since 1989 the Americans and the Polish are pretty strong allies they are both part of both NATO and the European Union . We learned that Poland was invaded by the Germans in World War II. Also 90% of Poles have completed at least secondary education. An interesting fact we found is that Poles eat pizza with ketchup and watching Home Alone is a Christmas tradition.

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