What led to the increase in agricultural production?
Agricultural production has gained importance recently because of climate change and food security. The exponential increase in the world’s population leads to an increased demand for food.
What happened to agricultural technology in the 1940s?
1930s – 1940s Advancements in machinery led to the popularization of all-purpose tractors, and other farming tools, such as the spindle cotton picker, soon became machine powered, too. During this era, the productivity per acre of farmland began to rise significantly, as did the use of pesticides and herbicides.
What steps were taken to increase agricultural production?
Axes were used for clearing forests and the ploughshare was useful for increasing agricultural production. Apart from these new tools, irrigation was also used for this purpose. Irrigation works that were built during this time included canals, wells, tanks, and artificial lakes.
What is the Green Revolution in agriculture?
green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century.
What were the major developments in agriculture after ww2?
By the end of World War II, the farm economy once again faced the challenge of overproduction. Technological advances, such as the introduction of gasoline- and electric-powered machinery and the widespread use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, meant production per hectare was higher than ever.
What drove the increase in total farm outputs that started in the 1940’s?
What caused this sudden jump in productivity? There were several technical factors including better machines, new varieties of crops and livestock, new pesticides, and better irrigation techniques.
How did increased agricultural production benefit the kings of this period?
How did increased agricultural production benefit the kings of this period? The sixth century witnessed an immense increase in agricultural production. The surplus produce could be traded to other kingdoms. This establishment of trade links enabled to foster of better diplomatic relations.
What measures were taken to develop agriculture during the Chola period?
Answer. The forests are cleared in few places and some regions, and the land was done leveled in that areas for the agriculture. In few areas, the well was dug. Tanks had constructed for collecting the rainwater.
How did the Green Revolution change the production of food?
The green revolution led to high productivity of crops through adapted measures, such as (1) increased area under farming, (2) double-cropping, which includes planting two crops rather than one, annually, (3) adoption of HYV of seeds, (4) highly increased use of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides, (5) improved …
When was the Green Revolution?
The Green Revolution was initiated in the 1960’s to address the issue of malnutrition in the developing world. The technology of the Green Revolution involved bio-engineered seeds that worked in conjunction with chemical fertilizers and heavy irrigation to increase crop yields.
When did the agricultural revolution start and end?
The Agricultural Revolution, from 1750 on to 1850, can best be explained as a massive success in the development of European populations. In pre-revolution England, the population was basically capped by the ability of the British to provide homegrown food.
What percentage of the 1940s production was civilian farm equipment?
It said that production of civilian farm equipment would be held at 80 percent of 1940’s production level, but that the companies should increase production of repair and maintenance parts dramatically. In other words, make fewer new tractors but help farmers repair their old ones.
Why did the government need to build ag plants?
On the one hand, the government needed almost every manufacturing plant, including ag machinery plants, to start producing material for the war – rifles, ships, tanks, airplanes and ammunition. On the other hand, they needed farmers in the U.S. to produce more food than ever before.
What was the government’s response to Pearl Harbor?
To deal with the situation, the government set up the Office of Production Management to decide which plants would shift some of their capacity from producing civilian goods to war material. Just before Pearl Harbor, they issued a “limitation order.” It said that production of civilian farm equipment would be held at 80 percent of 1940’s production level, but that the companies should increase production of repair and maintenance parts dramatically. In other words, make fewer new tractors but help farmers repair their old ones.
How many tractor machines were there in 1940?
Between the old and new machines, the number of tractors on U.S. farms rose from almost 1.6 million tractors in 1940 to 2.4 million tractors in 1945 – an increase of two-thirds.
Why did Massey Harris use the Harvest Brigade?
But, in 1944, the Massey-Harris company used a call for an increase in wheat production to increase their market share in farm equipment. Massey had just brought out the first self-propelled combine that they said was more efficient in harvesting wheat. They proposed that the War Production Board allow them to produce 500 machines over their regular quota IF the buyers agreed to harvest 2,000 acres of wheat each. The story of the “Harvest Brigade”is a fascinating one.
What did Case make?
They also manufactured aircraft parts, ammunition and mobile laundry units. Case produced wings for B-26 bombers, aftercoolers for Rolls-Royce aircraft engines and hundreds of thousands of artillery shells. Allis-Chalmers produced steam turbines and propeller shafts for ships.
Why were machines hard to find for farmers?
Most farmers had enough money to buy new equipment for the first time in a decade. But, because of production quotas, machines were hard to find.
Green Revolution is a process which started its initiatives between the 1950s and 1960s, a technological research process, that increase agricultural productions through various systematic approach, which are different from the traditional methods. These technological approach includes:
New questions in Engineering
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What were the innovations of the 1940s?
New technologies such as radar, the jet engine, helicopters, and electronic computers all were wartime innovations. With the creation of the atomic bomb, American scientists influenced the political and cultural atmosphere of the rest of the century and beyond. Most scientists in the early 1940s were engaged in research that served military needs.
What changed in the 1940s?
By the late 1940s, it led the world in scientific research as well. But the close link between political needs and scientific development changed the way scientists worked. During the war years, “pure” research lost out to applied research, or work that would provide quick solutions to practical problems.
What was the most important research in the 1940s?
government poured millions of dollars into research projects that would help win the war. There were major advances in transportation, communication, weapons, and intelligence-gathering technologies. But government funding also brought science and politics together in a new way. For the first time, the U.S. government funded scientific research that would help it achieve its political aims. Perhaps the most important and controversial of these projects was the research on the atomic bomb.
What were the most important discoveries made by immigrant scientists in the 1940s?
Many other important discoveries were made by immigrant American scientists in the 1940s. George Gamows developed the “big bang” theory of the start of the universe. Research on DNA was conducted by Erwin Chargoff and Severo Ochoa. Another significant advance was the development of rocketry. Werhner von Braun, in particular, did important work on rockets during the decade that led to the space program in years to come. Many of these scientists had won Nobel Prizes for their research while in Europe. Others became Nobel laureates (prize winners) after settling in the United States. This “brain drain” of scientists from Europe to America helped make the United States the world leader in scientific research after the war.
What were the new technologies that were created during the 1940s?
It led to new technologies that transformed American life after 1945. The demands of war inspired the production of new substances and materials such as the antibiotic penicillin, the insecticide DDT, and synthetic rubber. New technologies such as radar, the jet engine, helicopters, and electronic computers all were wartime innovations. With the creation of the atomic bomb, American scientists influenced the political and cultural atmosphere of the rest of the century and beyond.
How did science change in the 1940s?
In the 1940s, American scientific research fed into practical technological advances as never before. A great deal of money was made available for research, accelerating the pace of discovery and development. Science and technology came to the fore in American colleges and universities. Before the war, the United States was already a powerful industrial nation. By the late 1940s, it led the world in scientific research as well. But the close link between political needs and scientific development changed the way scientists worked. During the war years, “pure” research lost out to applied research, or work that would provide quick solutions to practical problems. After 1945, American scientists had to rediscover the balance between “pure” and applied science.
Who worked on the Manhattan Project?
Physicists and chemists such as Germany’s Hans Bethe, Switzerland’s Felix Bloch, and Italy’s Enrico Fermi and Bruno Rossi —along with others from Russia, Hungary, Poland, and Austria—all worked on the Manhattan Project. Many other important discoveries were made by immigrant American scientists in the 1940s.
How many people did farmers feed in the 1940s?
In the 1940s, one U.S. farmer produced enough to feed 19 people. By the 2000s, that number had grown to 155 [source: Animal Smart ]. Here are five farm technologies that have made this possible. Contents. The Plow.
When did farmers start using fertilizer?
Farmers began applying commercial fertilizer about the same time as the first self-propelled tractors hit the market in the late 1880s. Between 1890 and 1899, American farmers applied more than 1.8 million tons (1.6 million metric tons) of commercial fertilizer each year.
How did the plow help farmers?
Thanks to the plow, early farmers were able to till more land faster than before, allowing them to produce more crops in a shorter time. The plow also helped to control weeds and bury crop residue. It was such an efficient tool that there wasn’t much difference between the first plows that turned the sandy Mesopotamian soil and those used in medieval Europe thousands of years later, save the addition of a moldboard behind the blade to turn the soil once it was broken.
What model of tractor did Monty Bussard use?
Monty Bussard walks back to his 1947 Farmall Model A tractor, after shoveling a sidewalk following a 2014 snowstorm in Myersville, Md. The tractor is one machine that revolutionized farming.
How does biotechnology affect agriculture?
Despite the questions about the long-term impact of biotechnology, one thing is clear: It does help boost agricultural production, and it is changing the way farmers help feed and clothe the world. This is especially important as the number of farmers dwindles. In 2000, for example, less than 2 percent of the U.S. population worked as farmers compared to 53 percent in 1870 [source: Wieczorek ].
What did the Egyptians use to turn the soil?
By 3500 B.C.E., Egyptians were turning the soil using an iron-tipped, wooden wedge-shaped implement pulled by oxen. Thanks to the plow, early farmers were able to till more land faster than before, allowing them to produce more crops in a shorter time.
What is agriculture used for?
From fibers to food to fuel, nearly every aspect of daily life is powered by agriculture. Farmers harvest cotton fibers for cloth, raise dairy cows for milk, and cultivate grains for food and fuel. They even grow the hogs that supply our bacon fixation. And turducken? That enigmatic combination of turkey, duck and chicken wouldn’t be possible without farmers, either.
Who was the first to use the four year crop rotation method?
In the 18th century, British agriculturalist Charles Townshend boosted the European agricultural revolution by popularizing a four-year crop rotation method with rotations of wheat, barley, turnips, and clover. In the United States, George Washington Carver brought his science of crop rotation to the farmers and saved the farming resources …
When was the cotton harvester invented?
The first cotton harvester was patented in the U.S. in 1850, but it was not until the 1940s that the machinery was widely used. 03.
What is cotton harvester?
Cotton Harvester. Radius Images / Getty Images. Mechanical cotton harvesters are of two types: strippers and pickers. Stripper harvesters strip the entire plant of both open and unopened bolls, along with many leaves and stems. The cotton gin is then used to remove unwanted material.
How did farmers avoid soil fertility?
Farmers avoided a decrease in soil fertility by practicing crop rotation. Different plant crops were planted in a regular sequence so that the leaching of the soil by a crop of one kind of nutrient was followed by a plant crop that returned that nutrient to the soil. Crop rotation was practiced in ancient Roman, African, and Asian cultures. During the Middle Ages in Europe, farmers practiced a three-year crop rotation by rotating rye or winter wheat in year one, followed by spring oats or barley in the second year, and followed by a third year of no crops.
When was the stationary baler invented?
The stationary baler or hay press was invented in the 1850s and did not become popular until the 1870s. The “pick up” baler or square baler was replaced by the round baler around the 1940s.
When were cutting devices invented?
In the 1860s early cutting devices were developed that resembled those on reapers and binders; from these came the modern array of fully mechanical mowers, crushers, windrowers, field choppers, balers, and machines for pelletizing or wafering in the field.
Who invented the self-polishing plow?
John Deere invented the self-polishing cast steel plow—an improvement over the iron plow. “He forged the blade into a plow and the plow forged a farming revolution,” according to Jackson Landers, writing in Smithsonian Magazine. Jackson adds:
How long ago was the first agricultural revolution?
Dating back 10,000 years, the First Agricultural Revolution achieved plant domestication and animal domestication
Why did the development of higher yield and fast growing crops occur?
The development of higher-yield and fast-growing crops through increased technology, pesticides, and fertilizers transferred from the developed to developing world to alleviate the problem of food supply in those regions of the globe
What is a place where livestock are concentrated in very small area and raised on hormones and hearty grains that prepare?
Places where livestock are concentrated in very small area and raised on hormones and hearty grains that prepare them for slaughter at a much more rapid rate than grazing; often referred to factory farms
What is agricultural farming?
An extensive commercial agricultural activity that involves the raising of livestock over vast geographic spaces typically located in semi-arid climates like the American West
What is the purpose of labor on small plots of land?
Any kind of agriculture activity that involves effective and efficient use of labor on small plots of land to maximize crop yield
What is dairy farming?
An agricultural activity involving the raising of livestock, mostly commonly cows and goats, for dairy products such as milk, cheese, and butter
When do livestock move?
The movements of livestock according to seasonal patterns, generally lowland areas in the winter, and highland areas in the summer
What was the goal of the United States in 1940?
Since President Franklin D. Roosevelt ’s call in late 1940 for the United States to serve as the “ arsenal of democracy ,” American industry had stepped up to meet the challenge. U.S. factories built to mass-produce automobiles had retooled to churn out airplanes, engines, guns and other supplies at unprecedented rates.
Why were factories important to the war effort?
factories that had proven so essential to the war effort quickly mobilized for peacetime, rising to meet the needs of consumers who had been encouraged to save up their money in preparation for just such a post-war boom.
What was the Frigidaire brand after the war?
After the war, the brand expanded its home appliance business, introducing revolutionary products like clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers and garbage disposals.
What percentage of Americans saved in 1945?
In her book A Consumer’s Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America, Lizabeth Cohen reported that by 1945, Americans were saving an average of 21 percent of their personal disposable income, compared to just 3 percent in the 1920s. READ MORE: 8 Unusual Wartime Conservation Measures.
What happened after years of wartime rationing?
After years of wartime rationing, American consumers were ready to spend money— and factories made the switch from war to peace-time production.
What was the unemployment rate in 1939?
Unemployment, which had reached 25 percent during the Great Depression and hovered at 14.6 percent in 1939, had dropped to 1.2 percent by 1944 —still a record low in the nation’s history. A new assembly line at Detroit Tank Arsenal operated by Chrysler which turned out 28-ton tanks by mass-production methods.
What was the richest country in the world in 1960?
By 1960, it had topped $500 billion, firmly establishing the United States as the richest and most powerful nation in the world. READ MORE: When WWI, Pandemic and Slump Ended, Americans Sprung Into the Roaring Twenties.