Which soil is the best for agriculture



Which soil texture is known to be the best for agriculture?

Loamy soil is suitable and the best soil for growing crops such as cotton, oilseeds, sugarcane, wheat, pulses, jute and other vegetables. What is Sandy Soil? Sand or sandy soil is formed by the smallest or fine particles of weathering rocks.

Which US state has the best soil for agriculture?

Which state has the best fruit?

  • 1. California. …
  • Washington. …
  • Idaho. …
  • Florida. …
  • Colorado. …
  • Texas. …
  • North Carolina. …
  • New York.

What three types of land are best suited for agriculture?

Which Soil Type is Best for Agriculture?

  • The Types of Soil. Sand – This type of soil holds the least amount of water. …
  • Testing Your Soil. When you have your soil tested, not only will you learn its type, but you will also learn what nutrients are lacking in the soil.
  • Protecting Your Soil. …

Which soil is the best for growing crops?

  • Clay soil: Rolls into a ball easily, but might feel rough or have a shiny look on the exterior.
  • Sandy soil: Rolls into a ball without problems but feels gritty, OR doesn’t roll into a ball well and feels gritty.
  • Loamy soil: Feels sticky and gritty, which is the indication of the perfect soil. …

More items…


Which soil is most important for agriculture?

Porous loamy soilsPorous loamy soils are the richest of all, laced with organic matter which retains water and provides the nutrients needed by crops. Sand and clay soils tend to have less organic matter and have drainage problems: sand is very porous and clay is impermeable.

Which soil is best for agriculture in India?

Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. Vegetables also grow well in this soil.

Is clay soil good for agriculture?

There are several plants that will grow on clay soil. It is good for crops like paddy, which require a lot of water. Clay soil is used for making toys, pots, and many other purposes. Heavy clay soils are slow to warm, so planting early spring crops could not be possible.

Which soil is best for agriculture class 10?

The loamy soil consists of sand, clay, and silt. Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat.

Why is soil good for farming?

This particular soil structure is favorable for farming since it has adequate spaces between particles for root penetration and smooth circulation of the components necessary for healthy plant life.

How to make soil more fertile?

Since use depletes soil you must then learn how to make soil more fertile. The best way is by adding organic matter to the soil, which raises its carbon dioxide content and diversifies microbial life in the soil an added advantage for your plants.

What nutrients are in loam soil?

It will also contain macronutrients like potassium, nitrogen, and phosphates, which are complemented by micronutrients.

Why is soil testing important?

Additionally, there are many other benefits to soil testing such as helping in fertilizer and manure rationing. Testing informs you of the soil’s health which reduces expenditure on fertilizers and eliminates events of over-fertilization, which could lead to soil degradation.

What macronutrients are needed to replenish soil?

To replenish macronutrients like phosphorous, potassium, sulfur and nitrogen, consider adding fertilizers. You have a choice between organic or synthetic fertilizers. Except for potassium fertilizers, most use of fertilizer affects the soil pH and is associated with acidifying of soils.

How to tell if a soil is clay?

Another easy way is by taking the soil and rubbing it between your fingers. If it is gritty, it mostly contains sand particles, and if it spreads smoothly, sticks to your fingers and feels oily, it is mostly clay. You can also wet the soil and make a rod by rolling it in your hands. Place the rod upright. If it crumbles, it is mostly sand, but if it holds, it is mostly clay.

What is a loamy soil?

Loamy soils are considered the jackpot for agriculture. To achieve the best results in farming, it is essential to test the properties of your soil, which you can do yourself using home soil test kits.

What is the soil needed for agriculture?

For most agricultural activities, the soil needs to be of medium density content texture, should be well drained, and should have rich organic matter and nutrients in it.

What is the most fertile soil?

Mollisol. Mollisol is one of the most fertile soils in the world. It contains very high organic content as the land where the soil belongs used to be grassland for a very long period. When dry, mollisol has a granular structure and soft consistency. It possesses good moisture retention capacity.

What is andisol soil?

Andisol is light and well drained, making it ideal for root crops and long-term crops as well . About 1 percent of earth’s surface contains andisol. Alfisol soil is formed beneath the forest tree cover and is common to the humid subtropical and continental climates. The porous nature, high particle surface area and the water holding capacity make it …

Why is alfisol good for soil?

It is preferred for its high base status and high water holding capacity. The rich clay content, good moisture balance and fertility make alfisol a very productive soil. Alfisol forms about 10 percent of the earth’s soil surface.

What percentage of the Earth’s surface is filled with mollisol?

Approximately 7 percent of the earth’s surface is filled with mollisol soil. For any agricultural activity to be successful, the type of soil on which it is done plays a crucial part. In places where water irrigation is available, mollisol is the most preferred type of soil for enhanced agricultural output.

Where is alfisol soil found?

The Natural Resources Conservation Service states that alfisols are extensively found in the United States covering a total of 13.9 percent area. The subsoil is moist and filled with nutrients.

Which is better, alfisol or ultisol?

Ultisol is typical to the humid subtropical regions. It is red in color and has lower pH and organic nutrients than alfisol. Ultisol can be made better by adding more nutrients and lime. The surface layer is coarse textured while the sub layer has clay and retains water.

What is soil made of?

Loam soil is made up of salt, clay and sand, and is often used for agricultural and gardening purposes. The soil is effective at retaining nutrients and water, and requires less fertilizer than other soils. Because the soil is moist, air is able to circulate more freely, which helps plants grow. The soil is black in texture and is adjustable to suit various types of plants.

What is Andisol soil made of?

Andisol soil exists in all types of climatic conditions around the world and is made up of volcanic-ash material. Weathering causes allophane to accumulate, which helps develop the soil. Nutrients in the soil include aluminum and iron. Often this light-colored soil is used to grow tobacco, coffee, tea and fruit.

What is alfisol soil?

Alfisol soil is a clay subsoil that has high fertility and produces food and fiber. The soil is commonly used in both forestry and agriculture. Minerals commonly abundant in the soil include magnesium, potassium and calcium. The soil is also able to absorb water effectively during dry growing seasons.

Is soil good for agriculture?

While soil covers about 10 percent of the earth’s surface, not all the soil is optimal for agriculture and growing food. Fertile soils are highly effective at retaining water and contain high levels of nutrients. Specific soils offer different advantages to growing various plants, food and trees. Farmers often add fertilizer to improve the soil’s fertility to meet agricultural needs.

What is the best soil for agriculture?

There is no clearcut answer for this question due to variability in soil requirements among crops. However, in most cases the soil should be loam of sand or clay with good structure, water holding capacity, infiltration rate, aeration and drainage. It should be fertile and of near neutral pH with high organic matter content. Cation Exchange Capacity of the soil should be high. The soil should neither be saline nor sodic. It should also be deep enough to allow for roots growth and their navigation in search of nutrients and water. A good agricultural soil should be free from soil borne pests su

What crops grow in loamy soil?

Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. Vegetables also grow well in this soil.

Why is loam soil better for root crops?

For a wide variety of crops loam is considered ideal as the consistency facilitates root development and the rapid uptake of essential nutrients. Lighter soil types are also better for root crops as this facilitates development and ease of harvest with minimal loss.

How to make poor soil rich?

However, for a person interested in farming, it is possible to convert even the poorest of soils into something similar to rich jungle soil by the proper addition of copious quantities of compost. Much will depend on how this compost is prepared. A good compost is broad based. It should have plant matter like husks of grains and other plant products, hay and plant bodies of other crops, coconut and areca husks, waste products of agro industries, etc. etc and also matter of animal origin like farmyard manure, poultry manure, abattoir wastes, sewage sludge, sugar press mud, ash from burning of husks, bagasse, etc. When such compost is added year after year at the rate of 10 to 15 tons per acre, one can hope to improve even the worst soil into a good one which will give increasingly good results in the years to come. Once the results start showing it is possibly to reduce the quantity of compost addition by about 25 to 50% and still continue to get good yields for years. This is called sustainable agriculture. The use of chemical fertilizers only depletes the soil and eliminate soil microbes slowly.

What is the pH of soil?

A soil that is suitable for all kinds of crops can be broadly described as one which has good amount of porosity to permit proper aeration, good water retentivity to hold enough moisture for plant growth, has proper pH which is in the region of 6.5 to 7.5 and which has all the nutrients necessary for plant growth like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur and micro nutrients like copper, zinc, iron, manganese, silicone, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, etc. in sufficient quantities.

What is soil made of?

Soil is a mixture of broken rocks and minerals they are many types of soil they are Black , Red, Alluvial Etc

What is the best pH for planting a garden?

Any soil with pH ranging from 5.5 to 7 is suitable. But again different crops need different type of soils.

What is the best soil for gardening?

Clay loam is considered to be the best soil for gardening as a result of the perfect balance of the soil particles. The loam part of the soil provides the organic nutrients which the plant need for healthy growth.

What type of soil is best for growing vegetables?

Loam is the ideal soil for growing vegetables because it has an even balance of clay, sand and organic matter, so holds sufficient moisture, oxygen and nutrients for plants.

What is the best soil for wheat?

Loamy soil –a mixture of sand, silt and clay–provides ideal nutrition for wheat, a grass that has become a staple in most diets around the world. The fertile, well-draining soil mixture of sand, silt and clay allows for rapid absorption of water and air by plant roots, which encourages growth.

What is the mixture of clay and silt?

For instance, a soil that is 30 percent clay, 50 percent sand and 20 percent silt is a sandy clay loam, with the soil types before ” loam ” listed in the order their particles are most dominant in the loam.

Why is soil important in agriculture?

Soil is a critical part of successful agriculture and is the original source of the nutrients that we use to grow crops. The nutrients move from the soil into plants that we eat like tomatoes. Nutrients are also a part of the food animals (like cows) eat. This allowed farmers to use the same soils for a very long time.

What is the best way to make soil loamy?

No matter what imbalance your soil currently has, the key to achieving a fertile loamy soil is to amend it with organic matter. This includes garden compost; peat moss; composted horse, goat, chicken, or cow manure; dried leaves or grass clippings; or shredded tree bark.

What are the different types of soil?

Different Types of Soil – Sand, Silt, Clay and Loam.

Which state has the richest soil?

Iowa. Iowa has some of the richest and most productive of soils in the world. Around 90 percent of its land being used for agriculture, the state ranks second in the nation for agricultural production, after California. The Tama soils of Iowa occur in 28 Iowa counties as well as in parts of other, neighboring states.

What type of soil does Vermont have?

Vermont has a variety of soils, but its official state soil is the Tunbridge soil, which is loamy and acidic in nature. This type of soil is formed in glacial tills. The large sand particles found in loamy soil, aid drainage and airflow within the soil.

What is the role of silt in soil?

Loamy soil also contains particles of nutrient-rich clay (besides sand and silt), which enhances soil retention and balances the moisture content of the soil.

What are the factors to consider when choosing a farm?

There are quite a few factors to consider when choosing. Soil fertility, climatic conditions, price of land, average salaries, and ultimately, the most favorable niche.

Why is no till farming important?

‘No-till’ farming is fast becoming popular among farmers in this region. This approach is useful in improving soil structure, increasing organic matter and moisture content since it does not involve plowing the land surface. This has helped improve the soil profile and thus reduce erosion.

How much does an acre cost in California?

The average price per acre in California is anywhere between $5000 and $12000, as of 2019. The state’s agriculture has flourished over the last half a century, now amounting to over a $54 billion industry. Gross agricultural production in the San Joaquin Valley alone was estimated at around $39 billion in 2014.

How much does agriculture contribute to Nebraska’s economy?

Agriculture is central to the culture and economy of the state, and as its leading industry, contributes more than $25 billion annually to Nebraska’s economy. Farms and ranches occupy around 92% of the state’s total land area. 3.

Which soil type has the most nutrients?

Fertile soils teem with life. Porous loamy soils are the richest of all, laced with organic matter which retains water and provides the nutrients needed by crops. Sand and clay soils tend to have less organic matter and have drainage problems: sand is very porous and clay is impermeable.

Why do the Great Plains have high K soils?

The central Great Plains and much of western North America generally have high K soils due to the prevailing climate and dominance of soils that have developed from high K parent materials .

Why is Georgia’s soil red?

People often ask why the soils are red. The red color that is so evident in Georgia soils is due primarily to iron oxides.

What is the largest crop in the United States?

The largest United States crop in terms of total production is corn, the majority of which is grown in a region known as the Corn Belt. The second largest crop grown in the United States is soybeans. As with corn , soybeans are primarily grown in the Midwestern states.

Which state is the most enthusiastic about gardening?

Florida. The Sunshine State is the most enthusiastic among those looking to turn gardening into a long-term endeavor.

Which state has the most farms?

Texas was by far the leading U.S. state in terms of total number of farms, with about 247 thousand farms by the end of 2020. Missouri was ranked second, among the leading ten states, with 95 thousand farms as of 2020.

Which state has the most produce?

California is by far the dominant US produce- growing state —source of (large PDF) 81 percent of US- grown carrots, 95 percent of broccoli, 86 percent of cauliflower, 74 percent of raspberries, 91 percent of strawberries, etc.


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