Although thousands of edible plant species have been cultivated and collected by humans throughout history, modern agriculture is dominated by just three staples – rice, maize and wheat and handful of other commodity crops.
What are the staple crops of the world?
Staple Food Crops of the World. Food staples are eaten regularly—even daily—and supply a major proportion of a person’s energy and nutritional needs. Cassava, maize, plantains, potatoes, rice, sorghum, soybeans, sweet potatoes, wheat, and yams are some of the leading food crops around the world.
What is the primary crop and food staple of Asia?
Rice is the primary crop and food staple of more than half the world’s population. Asia is the world’s largest rice-producing and rice-consuming region. Rice is also becoming an increasing food staple throughout Africa.
What are the world’s three most important food staples?
Corn, rice, and wheat together make up 51% of the world’s caloric intake. Below is a look at these important food staples. Indigenous populations in present-day Mexico first domesticated corn around 10,000 years ago.
What are the different types of food staple in Africa?
Wheat can be crushed into bulgur, which has a high nutritional value and is often used in soups and pastries in the Middle East. In addition to cereal grains, roots, and tubers are common food staples, particularly in tropical regions. Yams are an important food in the rainforest s of West Africa.
What are the 3 main staple crops?
Grains, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are the world’s most popular food crops. In fact, these crops are often the basis for food staples.
Which 3 agricultural staples produced in the US Feed the world?
The major feed grains are corn, sorghum, barley, and oats. Corn is the primary U.S. feed grain, accounting for more than 95 percent of total feed grain production and use.
What are the 4 staple crops?
In fact, just 15 crops provide 90 percent of global energy intake and “the big four” – maize, rice, wheat and potatoes – are staples for about 5 billion people. Such reliable, widespread crops are the basis of food systems and human subsistence.
What are the top three crops that are agriculture grown and consumed globally?
The US ranks among the top producers despite the fact that just 1% of the total employed population is employed by agriculture. Judging by the demand-supply relationship, wheat, rice, potatoes, maize, and sugarcane are the top five commodities produced in the world when measured in tons.
What is the staple food of the world?
RiceRice is a food staple for more than 3.5 billion people around the world, particularly in Asia, Latin America, and parts of Africa. Rice has been cultivated in Asia for thousands of years.
What are three industries that support production agriculture?
Occupations in the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Industries[About this section] [To Top] Agriculture is dominated by three large occupations—farmers and ranchers; farm, ranch, and other agricultural managers; and farmworkers.
What is staple crop?
A staple food, food staple, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten often and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given person or group of people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients …
What are the 5 major crops in the world?
The 10 Most Important Crops In The WorldRice. Wikimedia.Potatoes. Wikimedia – Midori. … Cassava. Wikimedia. … Soybeans. Wikimedia. … Sweet potatoes. Wikimedia. … Sorghum. Wikimedia. Annual Production 2008: 65,534,273 tons. … Yams. Wikimedia. Annual Production 2008: 51,728,233 tons. … Plantains. Wikimedia. Annual Production 2008: 34,343,343 tons. … More items…•
What are the staple crops of India?
What make up the staples are rice, wheat, millets, pulses, dairy, vegetables, and fruits. However, carbohydrate consumption from wheat and rice are prominent in the north and south of the country, respectively.
What are the top 3 ranking states in agriculture production?
California had the highest agricultural receipts in the United States in 2019 followed by Iowa, Nebraska, Texas and Minnesota.
What are the staple food crops of Europe?
Answer : Wheat, maize are the staple food crops of Europe. Apart from it Rye, barley and rice is also grown.
What is a staple crop quizlet?
Staple foods (rice, millet, wheat, barley) -staple foods are what allow an agricultural food surplus to be made, thereby allowing population booms. -In China, millet was the staple crop (cultivated further north by Yellow river by neolithic civilizations) by 5000b.
Three pillars of agriculture in Global Commerce Policy
In this regard, a definition of this issue is as follows: the framework for commitments under the WTO Agreement on Agriculture. The three pillars are market access, domestic support and export subsidies. 
Three pillars of agriculturein the wold Encyclopedia
For an introductory overview on international trade policy, see this entry.
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What are the staples of food?
Food staples vary from place to place, depending on the food sources available. Most food staples are inexpensive, plant-based foods. They are usually full of calorie s for energy. Cereal grains and tuber s are the most common food staples.
What is a food staple?
Encyclopedic Entry. Vocabulary. A food staple is a food that makes up the dominant part of a population’s diet. Food staples are eaten regularly—even daily—and supply a major proportion of a person’s energy and nutrition al needs. Food staples vary from place to place, depending on the food sources available.
How many edible plants are there in the world?
There are more than 50,000 edible plants in the world, but just 15 of them provide 90 percent of the world’s food energy intake. Rice, corn ( maize ), and wheat make up two-thirds of this. Other food staples include millet and sorghum; tubers such as potatoes, cassava, yam s, and taro; and animal products such as meat, fish, and dairy.
Which country produces the most corn?
The United States is the world’s largest corn grower, producing more than 40 percent of the world’s corn. China, Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina also produce large amounts of corn. Corn is used in a variety of ways, and can be stored relatively easily. This is why it is such a popular food staple.
Which countries grow wheat?
Wheat grows well in temperate climates, even those with a short growing season. Today, China, India, the United States, Russia, and France are among the largest wheat producers in the world.
Where is the largest rice producer?
Today, the world’s largest rice producers are China, India, and Indonesia. Outside of Asia, Brazil is the largest rice producer. Rice grows in warm, wet climate s. It thrives in waterlogged soil, such as in the flood plain s of Asian rivers like the Ganges and the Mekong. “Deepwater rice” is a variety of rice that is adapt ed to deep flooding, and is grown in eastern Pakistan, Vietnam, and Burma.
Who is the protector of grain?
The Roman goddess, Ceres, was considered the protector of grain. The term “cereal” comes from her name.
What are the staples of the developing world?
Roots and tubers, meanwhile, are important staples for over one billion people in the developing world, accounting for roughly 40 percent of the food eaten by half the population of sub-Saharan Africa. Roots and tubers are high in carbohydrates, calcium, and vitamin C, but low in protein. Cassava root, for example, …
Why are staple crops important?
With economic development and free trade, many countries have shifted away from low- nutrient-density staple foods to higher-nutrient-density staples, as well as towards greater meat consumption. Despite this trend, there is growing recognition of the importance of traditional staple crops in nutrition. Agriculture constantly seeks to identify better plant strains with superior nutrition, disease resistance, and higher yields.
What are some of the most popular foods in the Andes?
Some foods like quinoa —a pseudocereal grain that originally came from the Andes —were also staples centuries ago. Oca tubers, ulluku tubers and grain amaranth are other foods claimed to be historical Andean staples. Pemmican made from dried meat and fat was a staple of the Plains Indians of North America. In 2010, the global consumption of “speciality grains”, such as quinoa, was very small compared to other staples, such as rice, wheat, and maize. These grains, once popular, are being reevaluated and reintroduced to certain markets.
What are the main staples of the African diet?
For example, the main energy source staples in the average African diet are cereals (46 percent), roots and tubers (20 percent) and animal products (7 percent).
What are the main staples of Western Europe?
In Western Europe the main staples in the average diet are animal products (33 percent), cereals (26 percent), and roots and tubers (4 percent). Most of the human population lives on a diet based on one or more of the following staples: cereals ( rice, wheat, maize (corn), millet, and sorghum ), roots and tubers ( potatoes, cassava, …
How often do people eat staple food?
A staple food of a specific society may be eaten as often as every day or every meal, and most people live on a diet based on just a small number of food staples. Specific staples vary from place to place, but typically are inexpensive or readily available foods that supply one or more of the macronutrients needed for survival …
Why were staples important to early civilizations?
Early agricultural civilizations valued the foods that they established as staples because, in addition to providing necessary nutrition, they generally are suitable for storage over long periods of time without decay. Such nonperishable foods are the only possible staples during seasons of shortage, such as dry seasons or cold temperate winters, against which times harvests have been stored. During seasons of plenty, wider choices of foods may be available.
What are the staple foods?
Staple foods are those that constitute the majority of a particular diet, and generally supply virtually all or most of the total intake of energy and nutrients. People usually consume these staple foods daily or multiple times a day. Culture, climate, and trade are all factors that determine the popularity of a certain food. Over 50,000 plants are edible, but very few of them make any significant contribution to the human food supply. The overwhelming majority of global staple foods are grains. Corn, rice, and wheat together make up 51% of the world’s caloric intake. Below is a look at these important food staples.
Which countries produce wheat?
The US, China, Russia, India, and France are the largest producers of wheat in the world. Wheat is typically dried and pulverized to make flour. This flour is used to make bread, crackers, pasta, breakfast cereals, and pastries. Its nutritional value is higher, however, when it is consumed whole.
Where do plantains come from?
Other staple foods around the world include soybeans, sorghum, and plantains. Soybeans originated in East Asia and today are grown in the US and Brazil (among other places). They are an excellent source of protein. Sorghum is a grain that grows in inhospitable climates and is an important crop for people living in semi arid regions of Asia and Africa. Plantains are grown in tropical areas and rainforests throughout Latin America and Africa where they are an important part of the local diet.
How many plants are edible?
Over 50,000 plants are edible, but very few of them make any significant contribution to the human food supply. The overwhelming majority of global staple foods are grains. Corn, rice, and wheat together make up 51% of the world’s caloric intake. Below is a look at these important food staples.
When was corn first domesticated?
Indigenous populations in present-day Mexico first domesticated corn around 10,000 years ago. Its long history there explains why it continues to be a staple food today. Nearly every typical Mexican dish revolves around corn in some way, and it is the main ingredient in maize tortillas, for example. With international trade, corn has been spread throughout the world and now makes up a major source of food in Africa, Europe, and the US. People boil and eat it whole, dry and pulverize it to make flour, and cook it in sweetened milk for dessert. It can be processed for other uses that include as ingredients in sweeteners (corn syrup), alcohol (whiskey), and cooking oil. Globally, humans get 19.5% of their calorie intake from corn.
Where did potatoes originate?
Diets in both South America and Africa are largely supplemented by this plant. Potatoes, originating in the Andes mountains of South America, make up 1.7% of the world’s calorie consumption. They were introduced to Europe in the 16th Century and became a common food source for those living in poverty.
Which countries grow rice?
Rice requires a warm, humid climate for survival and flourishes in floodplains. China, Indonesia, and India are the biggest cultivators. Today, rice makes up 16.5% of global caloric intake.
What is the role of multinationals in agrifood?
This now includes direct foreign investment in land and water resources, stimulated both by the moves to grow crops for agrofuel feedstocks and by concerns with food security in an increasingly uncertain environment for world commodity trade.
Is a global agrifood system being consolidated?
The rate at which a global agrifood system is being consolidated is still uncertain. 20 Nevertheless, there has been a long-term trend toward the reproduction of the oligopoly structure of the United States and European markets on a global scale. Although the Brazilian and Chinese cases make clear that the promotion of domestic agribusiness corporations may be possible for some economically strong emerging economies, allowing them to defend their national interests, this is obviously only achieved by copying the scale of operations and oligopoly structures of the global corporations. In addition, the changes in Brazil and China suggest that the leading domestic players in even the larger countries are assuming a subordinate role in global restructuring, under the leadership of the rich-country transnationals. Moreover, even if the preservation and growth of domestic agribusiness proves feasible for a few large, emerging economies, such as Brazil and China, it is clearly not a viable path for the many smaller countries across the world that are too small and too poor to compete on this basis. The issue of economic power and concentration in food systems thus remains a vital concern of civil society, trade unions, and international bodies.
The dominant staple foods in different parts of the world are a function of weather patterns, local terrain, farming constraints, acquired tastes and ecosystems. For example, the main energy source staples in the average African diet are cereals (46 percent), roots and tubers (20 percent) and animal products (7 percent). In Western Europe the main staples in the average diet a…
Rice is most commonly cooked and eaten as separate entire grains, but most other staple cereals are milled into a flour or meal that can be used to make bread, noodles, pasta, porridge and mushes like mealie pap. Root vegetables can be mashed and used to make porridge-like dishes such as poi and fufu. Pulses (such as chickpeas, from which gram flour is made) and starchy root vegetables (such as canna rhizomes) can also be made into flour.
Consumed in isolation, staple foods do not provide the full range of essential nutrients. The nutrient-deficiency disease pellagra is associated with a diet consisting primarily of maize, while the disease beriberi is associated with a diet of refined white rice. Scurvy can result from a lack of vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid. One author indicated that the nutritional value of some staple foods are negatively affected by higher levels of carbon dioxide, as occurs in climate chan…
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• Media related to Staple foods at Wikimedia Commons