Why agriculture is important in india

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Importance of Agriculture in the Indian Economy

  • i. Share of Agriculture in National Income: Agriculture has got a prime role in Indian economy. …
  • ii. Important Contribution to Employment: Agriculture sector, at present, provides livelihood to 65 to 70 per cent of the total population. …
  • iii. …
  • iv. …

Agriculture is a very important sector of the Indian economy. It is because it provides employment to roughly half of India’s workforce and contributes to 17% of India’s GDP. Since independence, a lot of changes have been observed in the sector. Post-independence India was dependent on imports of agricultural produce.Aug 13, 2015

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Answer

What is the importance of Agriculture in the Indian economy?

The importance of agriculture in the Indian economy are: Agriculture is one of the key contributors to the economy. It is the backbone of the country. It is the primary activity of the nation. It provides employment opportunity to the rural agricultural as well as non-agricultural labourers.

What percentage of India’s population is involved in agricultural activities?

Its 55% population is involved by agricultural activities and it contributes around 14% of the Indian GDP. Agriculture is the prime contributor in ensuring the food security to 1.26 billion population of the country. As we know that India is an agricultural economy.

Which of the following is an example of Agriculture in India?

India’s agriculture includes rice, wheat, pulses, tea, coffee, fresh vegetable, fresh fruits, dry fruits, coconuts, major spices, milk, millets, cotton, Jute, castor oil seed, etc. India ranks among the top five producers of many agricultural items like coffee, cotton, etc.

How did agriculture change after the independence of India?

During Independence there was extremely low productivity per hectare and per worker. However, the previous trend of stagnant agriculture was completely changed due to the introduction of economic planning since 1950-51, and with special emphasis on agricultural development, particularly after 1962.

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What is importance of agriculture in India?

Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population. Indian agriculture has registered impressive growth over last few decades.


Why the agriculture is important?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.


What are 5 reasons why agriculture is important?

10 Reasons Why Agriculture Is Important#1. It’s the main source of raw materials. … #2. It’s important to international trade. … #3. It plays a big role in a nation’s revenue. … #4. It provides employment. … #5. It’s crucial to a country’s development. … #6. It can help heal the environment. … #7. It goes hand-in-hand with war. … #8.More items…


Why agriculture is Important Write a short paragraph?

Agriculture plays a very vital role in our life. Without agriculture, the existence of human beings is not possible as it is the main source of our food supply to sustain on the earth and it also helps to grow our economy across the world.


What is the importance of agriculture in India Class 10?

It ensures food security for the country and produces several raw materials for industries.


What is the importance of agriculture in national economy?

One of the central goals of every developing country is to reach high-income status. Agriculture plays a critical role in transforming economies to reach the goal, along with achieving other essential development goals like ensuring food security and improving nutrition.


How does agriculture help in India?

Agriculture plays vital role in generating employment: In India at least two-thirds of the working population earn their living through agricultural works. In India other sectors have failed generate much of employment opportunity the growing working populations. 3.


Why is Indian agriculture a cost advantage?

Indian agriculture has a cost advantage in several agricultural commodities in the export sector because of low labour costs and self- sufficiency in input supply. Highlights on National Agriculture Policy, 2000. Productivity Level of Indian Ag­riculture: Factors and Measures.


What industries are dependent on agriculture?

Agriculture supplies raw materials to various agro-based industries like sugar, jute, cotton textile and vanaspati industries. Food processing industries are similarly dependent on agriculture. Therefore the development of these industries entirely is dependent on agriculture. 6. Market for industrial products:


Why does agriculture make provision for food for the ever increasing population?

Agriculture makes provision for food for the ever increasing population: Due to the excessive pressure of population labour surplus economies like India and rapid increase in the demand for food, food production increases at a fast rate.


Why is increasing rural purchasing power important?

Increase in rural purchasing power is very necessary for industrial development as two- thirds of Indian population live in villages. After green revolution the purchasing power of the large farmers increased due to their enhanced income and negligible tax burden.


How to extract surplus from agriculture?

To extract surplus from agriculture the following policies are taken: (i) Transfer of labour and capital from farm non-farm activities. (ii) Taxation of agriculture should be in such a way that the burden on agriculture is greater than the government services provided to agriculture.


Why is agriculture important to India?

It is because it provides employment to roughly half of India’s workforce and contributes to 17% of India’s GDP. Since independence, a lot of changes have been observed in the sector. Post-independence India was dependent on imports of agricultural produce.


What is the development of agriculture policy?

Development of agriculture policy must start with making the farmer the centerpiece of any policy action. With population increase, the small size of the landholdings has decreased further and it has led to problems pertaining to farm mechanization.


What is the knee jerk response to address challenges of the Indian agriculture?

This has to start from understanding the irrigation needs of the country. At present the Indian farmer often has to depend on the mercy of rain gods.


What percentage of the land in India is irrigated?

First, the overwhelming dependence of agriculture on monsoons as rural infrastructure like irrigation is still absent in most parts of the country. Barely 35% of the total agricultural land is reliably irrigated. It has to do with the knee-jerk policy reactions to address challenges of the Indian agriculture.


What was the growth rate in agriculture in the 1980s?

The growth in agriculture was slow during the 1960’s and 1970’s hovering around 3-4% but increased to 5-6% during the 1980’s. In the early 1990’s it briefly even touched 6-7% but declined rapidly after that to 1-2% in the later part …


Is MSP good for farmers?

Finally, government procuring at Minimum Support Prices (MSP) at present can be beneficial to farmers however it also has a downside. The downside is that farmers cannot command the price they could in a free market as the market signal has already been decided by the government.


Is there wastage in India?

Wastage has had various official and non-official estimates with all agreeing that the wastage is considerable. It calls for more competition in the storage of foodgrains segment. Over the next few years as structural changes continue within the Indian economy, the share of agriculture is expected to go down.


How important is agriculture to India?

As we know that India is an agricultural economy. Its 55% population is involved by agricultural activities and it contributes around 14% of the Indian GDP. Agriculture is the prime contributor in ensuring the food security to 1.26 billion population of the country.


How much did agriculture grow during the Green Revolution?

With the green revolution period from the mid-1960s to 1991, the agricultural sector grew at 3.2 per cent during 1965-1966 to 1975-1976, and at 3.1 per cent during 1976-1977 to 1991-1992. The policy package for this period was substantial and consisted of:


What is the importance of agriculture in India?

Essay on Importance of Agriculture in India. Agriculture is the activity which uses land and other resources for the production of food in the form of plants, food grains and rearing animals. Agriculture involves cultivation of land for food. It also consists of breeding animals for dairy products or poultry or direct consumption.


How much does agriculture contribute to India’s economy?

Agriculture contributes around 17-18% in the GDP. Agricultural production has a significant impact on the economy.


What is the agricultural system in India?

Agriculture involves cultivation of land for food. It also consists of breeding animals for dairy products or poultry or direct consumption. Everyone knows that India is an agricultural country and has excellent fertilized land and it is a great resource to grow various kinds of grains, vegetables, and fruits.


How much of India depends on crops?

There are various kinds of crops which get exported to multiple other countries in this world from whom the Indian Government takes a lot of money in return to feed their people. More than 50% of India depends upon various grains, vegetables, and other plants as their meals.


What is the Indian population still connected with?

Indian population still connects with the vagaries of the weather affecting the crop. The food, music and almost all folk culture are so deeply rooted in the various aspects of agriculture that to separate the two becomes inconceivable.


What are the basic resources of agriculture?

Basic Resources of Agriculture: The basic resources for agriculture are sunlight, soil and water, besides the seeds and animal breeds , and human Endeavour. Another important input is the agro technique. Agricultural production is adversely affected if any of these factors is limited, or disturbed.


Why is minor irrigation important?

The emphasis on minor irrigation works in recent years is worth noting. Groundwater development is part of this. Minor irrigation schemes, besides being an instant and reliable source of water, also help to control water logging and salinisation in canal command.


What is the most important nitrogen fertilizer?

Ammonium fertilisers are free from these defects and remain available in the soil for a longer period. Some important nitrogenous fertilisers are sodium nitrate (Chile salt petre), calcium nitrate and ammonium sulphate. Urea, CO (NH 2) 2, is perhaps the most important of all nitrogen fertilisers.


Why are pesticides used?

Hence, pesticides are used to prevent the loss of produce. A pesticide is any agent that causes the death of a pest.


How does the groundwater table affect the soil?

When the groundwater table rises to within 1 to 2 metres of the ground surface, it contributes significantly to evaporation form the soil surface , leaving the dissolved salts in the root zone of soils. The salt content of most groundwater in the arid and semi-arid regions is high.


Where is drip irrigation used?

Sprinkler irrigation is water-efficient, and has been introduced in canal irrigated areas of Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Drip irrigation is being encouraged in Maharashtra, Kamataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu for fruit crops.


Is India an agrarian country?

Modern agriculture has come a long way since its beginnings: it is now a complex scientific activity aimed at producing the maximum amount of food with the minimum expenditure of time, space and energy to meet the needs of a growing population and economy. India is a predominantly agrarian country, agriculture providing livelihood …

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