Why did southern economies remain rural and agricultural

I should add that most Southerners were rural people, and saw land as of crucial importance. So you have land, you have labor. But the difference was that the freed people wanted to farm for themselves. So they saw their own land as a means of having a stake in society. They often talked about living and working under their own vine and fig tree.

Why did the economy of the South remain largely agricultural? The physical geography of the South made farming highly profitable. How did the lives of slaves differ on small and large farms?

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Answer

What was the south’s agricultural system like?

The South’s agricultural system was more focused on cotton growing and slave trade than other aspects of farming. Southerners utilized the plantation system, creating a wealthy planter class, who owned hundreds of slaves to do the difficult farming labor of planting and harvesting cotton and keep up with the daily farm tasks.

What was the Southern economy like after the Civil War?

The Southern economy remained mostly agricultural after the Civil War, but it struggled greatly with the labor transition from slave to paid labor. Additionally, many men had left for a number of years to fight for the Confederacy, and many plantations and farms were in poor shape,…

Why did the north produce more crops than the south?

The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize. The northern farms were originally centered around little communities, but as they pushed farther west, they became more isolated and only worked with their families to make a profit.

How did slavery affect the economy of the south?

How Slavery Became the Economic Engine of the South. Slavery was so profitable, it sprouted more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi River valley than anywhere in the nation. With cash crops of tobacco, cotton and sugar cane, America’s southern states became the economic engine of the burgeoning nation.


Why did the South remain agricultural?

The fertile soil and warm climate of the South made it ideal for large-scale farms to grow crops like tobacco and cotton. Because agriculture was so profitable, few Southerners saw a need for industrial development. Eighty percent of the labor force worked on a farm or plantation.


Why was the South dependent on agriculture?

1 Answer. The South was heavily dependent on agriculture and farming as the economy, and to maintain large plantations and fields, slave labor was considered.


Why did the southern part of the United States focus on agriculture?

The climate of the South was ideally suited to the cultivation of cash crops. Unlike small, subsistence farms, plantations were created to grow cash crops for sale on the market.


Did the South have an economy based on agriculture?

In 1860, the South was still predominantly agricultural, highly dependent upon the sale of staples to a world market. By 1815, cotton was the most valuable export in the United States; by 1840, it was worth more than all other exports combined.


Why was agriculture so important to the economy of the southern colonies?

Why was agriculture so important to the economy of the Southern Colonies? Agriculture provided cash crop they could sell for a profit. Why were enslaved Africans brought to the colonies? Farmers and plantation owners needed a large and inexpensive labor force to work in the fields.


What is the main reason why the southern economy was dependent?

The northern economy relied on manufacturing and the agricultural southern economy depended on the production of cotton. The desire of southerners for unpaid workers to pick the valuable cotton strengthened their need for slavery.


What is the Southern economy?

The southern economy grew in spite of slavery; between 1840 and 1860 southern incomes grew more rapidly than northern incomes. After the Civil War and Reconstruction, southern income growth exceeded income growth in the rest of the country by about 0.3 percent between 1880 and 1940.


When did agriculture begin in the Americas?

Agriculture began independently in both North and South America ∼10,000 years before present (YBP), within a few thousand years of the arrival of humans in the Americas. This contrasts with the thousands of years that people were present in the old world before agriculture developed.


What role did agriculture play in the early American colonies?

Colonists grew enough food to support their families and in some cases were able to step away from subsistence to trade, barter, and sell.


Why was the South dependent on the North and Europe for non agricultural goods?

why was the south dependent on the north and Europe for non-agricultural goods? Poor white southerners often lived in the hilly, wooded areas of the upland south, north and west of the cotton belt. they herded cows and pigs and planted crops.


On what two things did the economy of the South depend?

Slavery was so profitable, it sprouted more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi River valley than anywhere in the nation. With cash crops of tobacco, cotton and sugar cane, America’s southern states became the economic engine of the burgeoning nation.


How were the economies of the North and South Different how were they the same?

The North had an industrial economy, an economy focused on manufacturing, while the South had an agricultural economy, an economy focused on farming. Slaves worked on Southern plantations to farm crops, and Northerners would buy these crops to produce goods that they could sell.


What was the Southern economy like after the Civil War?

The Southern economy remained mostly agricultural after the Civil War, but it struggled greatly with the labor transition from slave to paid labor. Additionally, many men had left for a number of years to fight for the Confederacy, and many plantations and farms were in poor shape, unable to yield much in the way of crops.


How did the South’s war affect the South?

Additionally, the war had damaged much of the South’s vital infrastructure, which only increased its economic burden. Former slaves were now able to make more decisions for themselves, and although many were obligated to remain on a plantation to earn a living, many others decided to work elsewhere, which caused a shortage of cheap labor.


What was the South’s form of agriculture?

Not only was the South’s form of agriculture varied from that of the Northwest, but it was substantially more detached from the Union as well. North. The Northwest’s agriculture slowly became more industrialized as the decades went on. By adopting new cultivating techniques, farmers were able to greatly increase production.


Why were the working conditions in the South so hard?

The working conditions in the south tended to be difficult and harsh, due to the sometimes unbearable heat and the cruelty of the slave owners. Slaves lived in prisonlike conditions in some areas and were susceptible to harsh punishment if they disobeyed their master (Brinkley, 289). Comments.


How many bushels of wheat did the North produce in 1850?

For instance, the North produced 499,190,041 total bushels of crops, including wheat, oats and more, in 1850, while the South produced only 481,766,889 bushels of the same crops in the same year. (Helper, 189). The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize.


What was the main force that brought farm communities together?

The major force that drew farm communities together was religion, which was one of the only reasons for communication. However, around the time of harvest large numbers of families gathered to bring in the crops allowing families to produce more crops (Brinkley, 275). South.


Why did the North increase crops?

The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize. The northern farms were originally centered around little communities, but as they pushed farther west, they became more isolated and only worked with their families to make a profit.


Why were the Northeast and Northwest so self-sufficient?

The Northeast and Northwest were very self-sufficient together; as the Northwest provided the raw materials needed for the Northeast’s steady rate of manufacturing and producing goods for the country. The profitable economic relationship between these two sections though isolated the South’s agriculture.


What did the planters invest in?

These planters, along with capitalists in this area, invested ample amounts of money in land and slave trade, both crucial parts of Southern agriculture. After investing so much money in these areas, it left little to be invested in other areas of trade.


What was the land crisis in the South?

The land crisis in the South endured throughout the 19th century, and affected more than black farmers. Black and white farmers became progressively less landed over the period of the late 19th century. So black and white farmers did not own their land, and the proportion of land-owning Southern farmers decreased.


What was the role of black workers in the railroad industry?

In the railroad business, for instance, there was a series of hate strikes and attacks, so that by the early 20th century, black workers’ role in railroad work was as Pullman porters or as helpers to mechanics and so forth. So they could no longer be engineers and that sort of thing. Support Provided by: Learn More.


What was the difference between what the freed people wanted and what the federal policy offered?

The difference between what the freed people wanted and what the federal policy offered was that the federal policy was temporary, and what freed people wanted was permanent. They almost never got any land, either through federal action or through state action.


Did black people get out of skilled work?

We know that there was a good deal of violence around skilled work. And it was violence that finally got a lot of black people out of skilled work.


Did white people have a real opening into the labor market in 1865?

So white people had a real opening into the labor market in 1865, in a way they hadn’t. And it turns out that they acted in the labor market very much the way other people did. So poor white women were no more anxious to do housework than poor black women. And what that did was raise wages…


Is all the land in the South worth anything?

All the land in the South is not worth anything if there’s not anybody to work it. You’ve still got to pay taxes on it, still got to feed yourselves. If you’re going to get back on your feet, [you’ve got to] have work. So this is what goes on in 1865, these kinds of elaborate kinds of deals.


Is cotton demand slowing?

World demand for cotton is slowing . The credit system in the South, based on the so-called “crop lien” (whereby people borrow money pledging the future cotton crop as their collateral to a merchant), leads to over-production of cotton and further declines in the price.


How did the slave economy affect the South?

By the start of the war, the South was producing 75 percent of the world’s cotton and creating more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi River valley than anywhere in the nation. Enslaved workers represented Southern planters’ most significant investment —and the bulk …


What were the cash crops that were grown in the southern colonies?

With ideal climate and available land, property owners in the southern colonies began establishing plantation farms for cash crops like rice, tobacco and sugar cane —enterprises that required increasing amounts of labor.


Why did people believe the cotton gin would reduce the need for enslaved people?

Many people believed the cotton gin would reduce the need for enslaved people because the machine could supplant human labor. But in reality, the increased processing capacity accelerated demand. The more cotton processed, the more that could be exported to the mills of Great Britain and New England.


What was the impact of the Abolitionist movement on the South?

The Abolitionist movement, which called for an elimination of the institution of slavery, gained influence in Congress. Tariff taxes were passed to help Northern businesses fend off foreign competition but hurt Southern consumers. By the 1850s, many Southerners believed a peaceful secession from the Union was the only path forward.


How much did a slave get paid in the mid-19th century?

By the mid-19th century, a skilled, able-bodied enslaved person could fetch up to $2,000, although prices varied by the state. pinterest-pin-it.


What did the British get for their work in 1680?

In exchange for their work, they received food and shelter, a rudimentary education and sometimes a trade. By 1680, the British economy improved and more jobs became available in Britain.


Why did the Confederate leaders sell gold coins?

To raise funds, Confederate leaders sold bonds for gold coin, which was in circulation at the time. The Confederate currency was inherently weak and became weaker with each printing. In time, the paper money lost 90 percent of its buying power.

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