why industrial agriculture is bad

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Industrial farming is bad for the health of workers, eaters, and downstream neighbors. Here are some of its costly health impacts: Pesticide toxicity. Herbicides

Herbicide

Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are substances used to control unwanted plants. Selective herbicides control specific weed species, while leaving the desired crop relatively unharmed, while non-selective herbicides can be used to clear waste ground, industrial and construction sites, r…

and insecticides commonly used in agriculture have been associated with both acute poisoning and long-term chronic illness.

Industrial farming is bad for the health of workers, eaters, and downstream neighbors. Here are some of its costly health impacts: Pesticide toxicity. Herbicides and insecticides commonly used in agriculture have been associated with both acute poisoning and long-term chronic illness.Jul 11, 2008

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Answer

What are the negative effects of industrial agriculture?

 · Industrial agriculture can be detrimental to our health in a few ways. One is through the pollution it produces, which is harmful to those who live nearby and makes them susceptible to illnesses. Another way is through the herbicides and insecticides commonly used on food crops which are associated with poisoning and illnesses.

What are the pros and cons of industrial agriculture?

 · the dangers of industrial agriculture It is commonly argued that industrial agriculture is a necessary evil in the world. Proponents contend that industrial agriculture’s efficiency and ability to produce huge quantities of products using less space are pivotal to feeding hungry nations throughout the world.

How does industrial agriculture affect the environment?

 · Industrial farming practices also threaten the long-term viability of agriculture. Nutrients aren’t the only thing that run off from fields that lack grassy buffers or cover crops. Soil also washes into waterways. In the U.S., topsoil has been eroding from farms faster than it can be replaced, which threatens future crop yields.

What is a disadvantage of industrial farming?

Industrial farming poses a health threat to farmworkers and consumers. Pesticides, herbicides, and insecticides highly used in agriculture cause acute poisoning and long-term chronic illness. Fertilizers used in farming pollute groundwater putting people’s health at risk.

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What are the disadvantages of industrial agriculture?

As you can see, industrial agriculture provides some benefits, though there are many drawbacks as well….It increases the risk of animal cruelty. … It negatively impacts small business agriculture. … It creates environmental concerns. … It contributes to health problems. … It can produce low-quality food.

What is the problem of agricultural industry?

In addition, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, and agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (mostly through cattle). Expanding agricultural land can also lead to deforestation, additional GHG emissions, and a loss of biodiversity.

Is industrial agriculture bad for the environment?

The industrial agriculture system consumes fossil fuel, water, and topsoil at unsustainable rates. It contributes to numerous forms of environmental degradation, including air and water pollution, soil depletion, diminishing biodiversity, and fish die-offs.

What are three major problems of industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture has led to several public health concerns such as antimicrobial resistance, impacts on occupational and community health, and transfer of zoonotic diseases to humans (Marshall & Levy, 2011).

What are disadvantages of agriculture?

Increased dependency. Large-scale Agriculture is all about massive production. This production requires farmers to import farm inputs such as fertilizers, machines, pesticides, and herbicides. This is because, with increased cultivation, the land eventually becomes degraded.

Why factory farming is bad for humans?

Food coming from factory farms often contains harmful bacteria, pesticide residue, antibiotics and artificial hormones, all of which can be harmful to consumers. Factory farms and industrial agriculture also impact human heath through air, water and soil pollution.

How does industrial agriculture affect human health?

Through runoff and leaching agricultural pesticides contaminate ground and surface water. Pesticide exposure is associated with increased risk of certain cancers and disorders of the nervous, endocrine, immune, and reproductive systems.

Why factory farming is bad for the environment?

Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. The US Department of Agriculture estimates that confined farm animals generate more than 450 million tonnes of manure annually, 3 times more raw waste than generated by Americans.

What is the biggest problem agriculture faces?

Top 10 Issues for Farmers in 2020 Rapidly depleting reserves of freshwater around the world. The looming food crisis. Economic insecurity in the United States. Ongoing closures of food processing facilities and local businesses due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

What are the problems of agricultural development?

Some of these problems are: Inadequate Land or Land Tenure System. Poor Storage and Processing Facilities. Inadequate Finance or Credit Facilities.

What are the problems of modern agriculture?

Problems with Modern Agriculture. Many problems face modern farms, but most can be categorized under the following: weather, infestation, pollution, locality, and manpower. Modern agricultural techniques continue to uphold the trend of outdoor growth and cultivation.

What are some common agricultural challenges or problems?

Issues from the SurveyGrowing Global Demand. This issue is evolving across the globe. … Climate Change. … Energy Cost. … The Labor Sorrow. … The Trade and Investment. … The critical issue in Water. … Rate and Impact of the Development in Technology. … The Safety and Security on Farms.More items…•

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How does agriculture affect the environment?

There are huge quantities of pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers used for crop production and huge amounts of antibiotics used during meat and dairy production.

Why is the quality of industrial agriculture questionable?

However, the quality of these products is questionable especially since most of the crops are heavily processed. Distribution channels are arguably convoluted. The latter ties back to the consolidation and vertical integration of farms and their parent corporations which are supported by legislation, e.g. Farm Bills, favoring large-scale producers and corporations.

What are the inputs for meat and dairy?

In the case of meat and dairy production, these operations are run like factories which are dependent on inputs. These inputs are generally from off-farm which often necessitates long-distance shipping which, of course, requires fossil fuels. Many of the inputs used, like soy and corn for feed, are consumed by livestock rather than humans thereby contributing to food insecurity.

Why is soil erosion important?

Since the vast tracts of land sit empty for much of the year, soil erosion is also a major issue that contributes to the continued decrease in soil quality that will prompt either a continued need for industrialized practice or a switch towards more sustainable production practices.

Why are chemical fertilizers inefficient?

This is because huge amounts of fertilizers are applied at one time and plants can only take up so many nutrients at once – a reason which healthy soils and slow-release fertilizers produce more nutrient-dense foods.

What is the purpose of modern approaches to crop production?

In the case of crop production, modern approaches to production are designed to circumvent the need for naturally healthy production systems. For example, chemical fertilizers aim to provide adequate plant nutrition and bypass the need for healthy soils, and pesticide use precludes the need for crop rotation, intercropping, or crop diversification.

What happens to rural communities as they disappear?

As rural businesses and family farms have gone out of business, many rural citizens have also migrated to urban spaces and many are probably also happy with their decision. However, as rural communities disappear and the influence of large cities grows, many are ‘forced’ to conform to a certain lifestyle. They are no longer [semi] self-sufficient. Instead, they have been ushered into a new system of complacency and conformity, i.e. the industrialized lifestyle where they’re working for ‘the man’.

What are the problems of industrial agriculture?

is dominated by large, specialized crop and animal farms. These industrial farms focus on short-term productivity, often at the cost of creating environmental and public health problems.

How does industrial farming affect agriculture?

Industrial farming practices also threaten the long-term viability of agriculture. Nutrients aren’t the only thing that run off from fields that lack grassy buffers or cover crops. Soil also washes into waterways. In the U.S., topsoil has been eroding from farms faster than it can be replaced, which threatens future crop yields.

Why do farmers feed their animals antibiotics?

Because so many animals are kept in a limited area, often in unsanitary conditions that allow disease to spread quickly, operators of these farms may feed daily doses of antibiotics to their animals . This routine use of antibiotics on animals results in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that can infect humans …

What happens when you grow the same crop year after year?

For example, by growing the same one or two crops year after year – most often corn and soybeans – industrial farms deplete nutrients in the soil. In response, they apply manure or synthetic fertilizer but too often this washes into waterways, where it feeds algal blooms that create dead zones or pollute drinking water.

Can farmers raise chickens without antibiotics?

Farmers can raise animals without the routine use of antibiotics – in the near future, nearly half the chicken in this country will be raised without the routine use of medically important antibiotics – but federal policy gives them little incentive to do so.

How does animal agriculture affect the environment?

In animal agriculture, the focus on short-term production also creates environmental and public health threats. For instance, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) operate by raising animals in confinement and feeding them grains. Because so many animals are kept in a limited area, often in unsanitary conditions that allow disease to spread quickly, operators of these farms may feed daily doses of antibiotics to their animals. This routine use of antibiotics on animals results in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that can infect humans and are very difficult to treat. Farmers can raise animals without the routine use of antibiotics – in the near future, nearly half the chicken in this country will be raised without the routine use of medically important antibiotics – but federal policy gives them little incentive to do so.

Does federal crop insurance help with water pollution?

Federally subsidized crop insurance, for instance, encourages specialization in corn and soy, despite its implications for water quality. A better approach would be to limit subsidized crop insurance to farms that implement measures to limit water pollution.

Why do industrial agriculture practices make lands weaker?

So, strong industrial agriculture practices make lands weaker as they significantly interfere with natural soil processes.

What are the benefits of industrial agriculture?

Benefits Of Industrial Agriculture. The main advantage of intensive farming is its increased performance when higher yields are harvested from smaller territories. This brings economic benefits to landowners and provides food for the growing population. Intensive agriculture fully satisfies the market demand even in densely inhabited areas.

What is crop monitoring?

Crop Monitoring is all-in-one farming software which allows more accurate and, thus, cost-effective decision-making to industrial agriculture practitioners. It provides credible information for everyday agricultural routine, including weather analytics, data on vegetation state, productivity, efficient distribution of resources, and overall field inspection.

Why are remote sensing and satellite data-based agricultural platforms important?

Remote sensing and satellite data-based agricultural platforms are greatly helpful to industrial agriculture supporters, too. They enable farmers to reduce chemical allocations only to affected areas.

How does field monitoring help agriculture?

Field monitoring with drones and satellites enable industrial agriculture landowners to grasp the situation in real time day and night while historical data for profound analysis is available on online agro platforms. Even the most remote farms can be inspected as the scale of internet connectivity expands. Locally, field sensors accurately report the state of things. For example, trunk diameter sensors in almond trees signal the urge for irrigation. Another significant discovery for intensive agriculture is GPS providing the exact location data and thus enabling to distinguish separate areas.

What does reduced diversity of crops mean?

Furthermore, reduced diversity of crops due to this fundamental industrial agriculture practice means better pest establishment and development of their resistance to controls applied. This results in extreme use of chemicals (often critical to humans and nature) and stronger option introductions.

What are the effects of monocropping?

Monocropping of high-yield species like rice, soybeans, corn, or wheat provokes high pest establishment and soil depletion. Particular pests attack particular crops; intercropped cultures act as barriers since they are non-host plants. Furthermore, reduced diversity of crops due to this fundamental industrial agriculture practice means better pest establishment and development of their resistance to controls applied. This results in extreme use of chemicals (often critical to humans and nature) and stronger option introductions.

How does industrial agriculture affect the economy?

Harm to neighboring and downstream economies. Industrial agriculture can pack an economic wallop hundreds of miles from its origin —just ask local governments and utility managers who must install expensive equipment to remove fertilizer by-products from public drinking water supplies. Or ask people who make their living from fisheries or tourism on the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere, where “dead zones” and toxic algae blooms caused by farm runoff do damage with an annual price tag in the billions. CAFOs, too, create pollution problems that reduce livability and depress property values in surrounding communities.

What is industrial agriculture?

Photo: Ocean Photography/veer. Industrial agriculture is currently the dominant food production system in the United States. It’s characterized by large-scale monoculture, heavy use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and meat production in CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations). The industrial approach to farming is also defined by its …

What are the health impacts of CAFOs?

Antibiotic resistance. The overuse of antibiotics in CAFOs has accelerated the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which has taken a toll both in lives and health care dollars.

What is the loss of mid-sized farms?

Once the backbone of US agriculture, medium-sized farms are a dwindling breed, which means that fewer and fewer people make their living as farmers —a trend that has been bad for the economies of rural communities and farm states.

How does monoculture affect agriculture?

Erosion. Monoculture degrades soil structure and leaves it more vulnerable to erosion, result ing in costs for soil replacement, cleanup, and lost farmland value. Lost biodiversity. Industrial farms don’t support the rich range of life that more diverse farms do.

What are the effects of herbicides on agriculture?

Herbicides and insecticides commonly used in agriculture have been associated with both acute poisoning and long-term chronic illness. Water pollution from fertilizer runoff contaminates downstream drinking water supplies, requiring costly cleanup measures with an annual price tag of nearly $2 billion. Junk food.

Is industrial agriculture a miracle?

From its mid-20th century beginnings, industrial agriculture has been sold to the public as a technological miracle. Its efficiency, we were told, would allow food production to keep pace with a rapidly growing global population, while its economies of scale would ensure that farming remained a profitable business.

How can we make a difference in the environmental impacts of industrial agriculture?

Through changes in policy and shifting consumer demand to sustainable farm methods, we can begin to make a difference in the environmental impacts of industrial agriculture.

How does factory farming affect the water supply?

As waterways become polluted with agricultural waste, they lose their ability to sustain marine ecosystems. Populations of marine life are adversely affected, and the food supply becomes contaminated.

What causes soil to build up in rivers?

The resulting sedimentation causes soil build up in areas such as rivers, streams, ditches, and surrounding fields. The process of agricultural pollution prevents the natural movement of water, migration of aquatic animals, and transportation of nutrients to other fertile areas.

What is the source of pollution?

Contaminated Water: Contaminated water is another source of pollution. Most of the water used by the population comes from groundwater reservoirs, canals, and rainwater. While much of it is clean and pure, some sources are polluted with organic compounds and heavy metals.

Is factory farming bad for the environment?

Scientific research has found that factory farming methods – such as confining and overcrowding animals in warehouse-like conditions before slaughter and meat production – create unacceptable levels of risk to public health and irreparable damage to the surrounding environment.

Why is farming important?

Farming operations that are managed with good sustainability practices help restore and preserve critical habitats, protect watersheds, and improve soil strength and water quality. However, when practiced carelessly, farming is a great threat to species and ecosystems.

Is industrial agriculture bad for the environment?

Yes, industrial agriculture may be a source of cheap animal products, but it is obviously detrimental to the ecosystem. The pollution created by factory farms is damaging the water, air, and land in this country as the demand for meat, dairy, and eggs continues to increase.

How does industrial agriculture affect the environment?

From fertilizer runoff to methane emissions, large-scale industrial agriculture pollution takes a toll on the environment.

How has agriculture increased?

In the thousands of years since, agriculture has undergone tremendous horizontal growth, meaning that humans have set aside more and more land to grow food. In fact, the amount of land used for agriculture increased nearly sixfold in just a few centuries, between 1700 and 1980. In recent decades, we’ve also radically industrialized our methods and developed more resilient (and productive) crop species. It’s this growth in productivity—also called vertical expansion—that’s been credited with skyrocketing yields and reducing the cost of food. But many of the tools enabling this high-input, high-volume commodity agriculture have also contributed massive amounts of agricultural pollution.

Why are antibiotics used in farm animals?

The regular use of these drugs in the food and water of farm animals to (poorly) help them survive the often crowded, unsanitary, and stressful conditions on CAFOs contributes to the rise and proliferation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

How does manure affect humans?

Livestock and their manure pollute our air, too: Manure management alone accounts for 14 percent of all agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. Manure emits ammonia, which combines with other air pollutants, like nitrogen oxides and sulfates, to create tiny (and deadly) solid particles. We humans then inhale these particles, which can cause heart and lung disease and are said to account fort least 3.3 million deaths each year globally. Additionally, hog waste in particular has been called out by people living near CAFOs for its foul smell.

Where does manure grow?

To make matters worse, before it is applied it to land, the manure usually sits on-site in vast manure lagoons that can grow to the size of a football field . The lagoons contain a toxic stew of antibiotics residue, chemicals, and bacteria decomposing the waste, a medley that can take on a sickly hue.

What animals produce manure?

Cows, pigs, chickens, and turkeys do what all other animals do: poop. In 2012 livestock and poultry grown in the largest CAFOs in the United States produced 369 million tons of manure, or almost 13 times the waste of the entire U.S. population, according to an analysis of USDA figures done by Food & Water Watch.

What are the sources of agricultural pollution?

Agricultural pollution has many different sources. Nitrogen-based fertilizers produce potent greenhouse gases and can overload waterways with dangerous pollutants; chemical pesticides with varying toxicological effects can contaminate our air and water or reside directly on our food.

Why is erosion bad for agriculture?

In some cases, this loss causes a change in the structure of agricultural soils, which can, in turn, lead to increased susceptibility to drought. 32 Eroded soil can turn into runoff and wash into local waterways, carrying not only soil particles, but any contaminants in that soil (such as synthetic fertilizer and pesticides). 33 Wind erosion can cause significant topsoil loss, as well as health problems, property damage, and harm to crops. 34 Erosion can also be a cause of flooding, as damaged soil cannot absorb as much water as healthy soil.

How does agriculture affect the ecosystem?

Sustainable and regenerative agriculture seeks to ameliorate soil health, se questering carbon, storing water and building healthier farm ecosystems along the way.

What are pesticides used for?

Pesticidesare chemicals that are used to control weeds (herbicides), insects (insecticides) and fungi (fungicides) in food, fiber and wood production . Pesticide residues in soil, and their lasting presence in the soil over time, are greatly influenced by both the soil type and composition, as well as by the pesticide type.

What are the effects of nitrogen fertilizer on plants?

1112Some types of nitrogen fertilizer can cause soil acidification , which can affect plant growth. 13Excessive fertilizer use can also cause a buildup of salts in soil, heavy metal contamination and accumulation of nitrate (which is a source of water pollution and also harmful to humans). 14.

Is a two crop rotation monoculture?

Technically, because two crops are in rotation, this does not get classified as a “monoculture.”. However, this “simple” form of crop rotation does not provide the same benefit to the soil as do complex systems (in which three or more crops are rotated over a period of one year or longer).

How does monocropping affect soil?

This practice depletes the soil of nutrients (making the soil less productive over time), reduces organic matter in soil and can cause significant erosion.

Why are soil organisms important?

3Healthy organisms in soil — both large (e.g., earthworms) and small (e.g., bacteria) — are important, because they perform many functions, from aeration, to creating pockets in the soil for water, to breaking down organic material and making nutrients available for plants. 4.

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