Why is agriculture considered a science

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Full
Answer

Why is agriculture important and its role in everyday life?

Agriculture Important and its Role in Everyday Life. In most parts of the world, agriculture is an important source of livelihood. This entails hard work, but it contributes to the nation’s food safety and health. Agriculture was the primary source of the economy prior to the industrial revolution.

Is agriculture a science or an art?

Agriculture is science in the sense of being “knowledge duly arranged, and referred to general truths and principles, on which it is founded: systematic and orderly arrangement of knowledge”. Agriculture is art in the sense of these principles, this knowledge being utilized.

What are some careers in agriculture science?

Top Careers in Agriculture

  • Agricultural engineer. As an agricultural engineer, you will seek to improve current farming methods, designing new equipment and machinery using computer aided technology (CAD).
  • Agricultural economist. …
  • Farm manager. …
  • Soil and plant scientist. …
  • Conservation planner. …
  • Commercial Horticulturalist. …
  • Agricultural salesperson. …

What are facts about agriculture?

  • Ninety-nine percent of all U.S. …
  • Farmers will have to grow 70 percent more food than what is currently produced to feed the world’s growing population by 2050.
  • Each American farmer produces food and fiber for 165 people annually, both in the U.S. …
  • Eight percent of U.S. …
  • One day’s production for a high-producing dairy cow yields 10.5 pounds of cheese.

More items…

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How is agriculture a science?

We define agriculture science as the sciences that encompass everything from food and fiber production to soil and crop cultivation and animal processing. This definition sounds similar to that of agriculture, with one major difference. Agriculture is the practice and act of planting crops and racing livestock.


Why is agricultural science?

Agricultural Science is a broad program that exposes students to agriculture in terms of the sciences as well as the economic and social science disciplines that are integral to the industry. Some aspects that students are exposed to include agricultural production, soil and water conservation, research, and business.


Why agriculture is considered as a science and art?

So we can say agriculture is the scientific approach, art of cultivating plants and rearing livestock. It includes farming in all of its sectors which includes growing and harvesting crops and livestock. Also, agriculture was an opening door in the emergence of humans and opened a new area of interest in science.


What does science mean in agriculture?

agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use. agricultural sciences.


Is Agricultural Science a science subject?

Leaving Certificate agricultural science involves the study of the science and technology underlying the principles and practices of agriculture.


Is agriculture a life science?

Another major branch of life sciences involves understanding the mind – neuroscience. Life sciences discoveries are helpful in improving the quality and standard of life and have applications in health, agriculture, medicine, and the pharmaceutical and food science industries.


What is your understanding of agriculture and crop science?

Crop Science is a four-year course under the Bachelor of Science in Agriculture program. The course includes basic agricultural courses such as soil science, genetics, plant breeding, plant physiology, cereals, and other elective subjects on plantation and ornamental crops.


What is the difference between agriculture and agricultural science?

As Emilie mentioned, the difference between agriscience and agriculture is that agriscience is agricultural science while agriculture is the art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock, farming, etc.


What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.


How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.


Why are pesticides and fertilizers bad?

However, pesticides and fertilizers have come with another set of problems. The heavy reliance on chemicals has disturbed the environment , often destroying helpful species of animals along with harmful ones. Chemical use may also pose a health hazard to people, especially through contaminated water supplies. Agricultural scientists are looking for safer chemicals to use as fertilizers and pesticides. Some farmers use natural controls and rely less on chemicals.


How do farmers protect their crops from pests?

Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests. The definition of “pest” ranges from insects to animals such as rabbits and mice, as well as weeds and disease-causing organisms—bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically.


What tools did people use to make food?

Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.


How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?

Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.


Where did agriculture originate?

The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.


What is the science of agriculture?

Agricultural sciences include research and development on: Minimizing the effects of pests ( weeds, insects, pathogens, mollusks, nematodes) on crop or animal production systems. Traditional agricultural systems, sometimes termed subsistence agriculture, which feed most of the poorest people in the world.


What is agricultural science?

e. Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. Professionals of the agricultural science are called agricultural scientists or agriculturists .


What is the set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for human use?

Agriculture is the set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for human use. Agriculture concerns techniques, including the application of agronomic research. Agronomy is research and development related to studying and improving plant-based crops.


What is traditional agriculture?

Traditional agricultural systems, sometimes termed subsistence agriculture, which feed most of the poorest people in the world. These systems are of interest as they sometimes retain a level of integration with natural ecological systems greater than that of industrial agriculture, which may be more sustainable than some modern agricultural systems.


Which countries are responsible for food production?

Food production and demand on a global basis, with special attention paid to the major producers, such as China, India, Brazil, the US and the EU.


When did the agricultural revolution start?

In the United States, a scientific revolution in agriculture began with the Hatch Act of 1887 , which used the term “agricultural science”. The Hatch Act was driven by farmers’ interest in knowing the constituents of early artificial fertilizer.


Who was the first scientist to use gypsum as a fertilizer?

In the 18th century, Johann Friedrich Mayer conducted experiments on the use of gypsum (hydrated calcium sulphate) as a fertilizer. In 1843, John Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert began a set of long-term field experiments at Rothamsted Research Station in England, some of which are still running as of 2018.


What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).


What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.


What is the purpose of the plant?

It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.


What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic?

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.


What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of?

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).


What is agriculture especially convenient?

Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.


What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.


Who said agriculture requires a scientific inquiry?

Dr. J. B. Lawes uses the term, scientific agriculture, in his able writings. He speaks of “our advance in the path of scientific agriculture.” Says Prof. McBryde: “Agriculture requires for the elucidation of the principles involved in its various practices, a very wide range of scientific inquiry.” It is this scientific inquiry which has brought to light many truths bearing upon agriculture which now rest on the bed -rock of accuracy. The intelligent farmer, with all the accumulated data of plant life, food assimilation, weather influences, soil structure and soil treatment, can proceed confidently, and not be tossed about on the waves of uncertainty and mere caprice.


Who wrote the book The Gardener’s Monthly and Horticulturist V26?

This section is from the book ” The Gardener’s Monthly And Horticulturist V26 “, by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.

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Overview

Agricultural science (or agriscience for short ) is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. Professionals of the agricultural science are called agricultural scientists or agriculturists.


History

In the 18th century, Johann Friedrich Mayer conducted experiments on the use of gypsum (hydrated calcium sulphate) as a fertilizer.
In 1843, John Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert began a set of long-term field experiments at Rothamsted Research Station in England, some of which are still running as of 2018.
In the United States, a scientific revolution in agriculture began with the Hatch Act of 1887, whic…


Prominent agricultural scientists

• Robert Bakewell
• Norman Borlaug
• Luther Burbank
• George Washington Carver
• Carl Henry Clerk


Fields or related disciplines

• Agricultural biotechnology
• Agricultural chemistry
• Agricultural diversification
• Agricultural education


Scope

Agriculture, agricultural science, and agronomy are often confused. However, they cover different concepts:
• Agriculture is the set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for human use. Agriculture concerns techniques, including the application of agronomic research.


Soil forming factors and soil degradation

Agricultural sciences include research and development on:
• Improving agricultural productivity in terms of quantity and quality (e.g., selection of drought-resistant crops and animals, development of new pesticides, yield-sensing technologies, simulation models of crop growth, in-vitro cell culture techniques)
• Minimizing the effects of pests (weeds, insects, pathogens, mollusks, nematodes) on crop or animal production systems.


See also

• Agricultural Research Council
• Agricultural sciences basic topics
• Agriculture ministry
• Agroecology


Further reading

• Agricultural Research, Livelihoods, and Poverty: Studies of Economic and Social Impacts in Six Countries Edited by Michelle Adato and Ruth Meinzen-Dick (2007), Johns Hopkins University Press Food Policy Report
• Claude Bourguignon, Regenerating the Soil: From Agronomy to Agrology, Other India Press, 2005

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