Why is agriculture important to canada


Canada has some key advantages that can help make us a leader in food production and processing:

  • abundant land and water resources
  • access to international markets
  • strong research and development capacity
  • strong global reputation as a trusted supplier of safe, top-quality food
  • strong stewards of the land

Farming is everyone’s business, not only because it furnishes our daily food but because it is the base of so many industries and so much of Canada’s trade and commerce. Agriculture is our most important single industry. It employs a quarter of our gainfully occupied population.


Why does agriculture matter to Canada and the world?

It fuels our economy. It’s the solution to feeding a growing world population. Leaders in the agriculture industry explain why agriculture matters to Canada and the world. Q & Ag: Why does agriculture matter?

What is agriculture like in Canada?

Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world. As with other developed nations, the proportion of the population and GDP fell dramatically over the 20th century but it remains an important element of the Canadian economy.

What is the history of Agriculture in Canada?

Agriculture in the West started with Peter Pond gardening plots at Lake Athabasca in 1778. Although large-scale agriculture was still many years off, Hudson’s Bay Company traders, gold rush miners, and missionaries cultivated crops, gardens and raised livestock.

What is the most important farming region in Canada?

Farming Regions of Canada Most of Canada’s crop farming takes place in the Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). Alberta has the most beef cattle operations of any province. Saskatchewan produces the most durum wheat, canola and lentils.


Why is agriculture very important?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.

What agriculture is Canada known for?

Major field crops grown in Canada include wheat, canola, barley, corn and soybeans. Other crops include rye, oats, white beans and mixed grains. Several specialty crops, which are limited to a very small area of land, are also grown in certain regions.

How has agriculture changed Canadian society?

Since 1991, the average farm area increased from 598 to 778 acres, while the number of farm operators decreased from 390,875 to 293,925, a 24.8% drop. Over the same period, the average age of farm operators increased, rising from 47.5 to 54.0 years.

How is agriculture in Canada?

Among Canada’s top agricultural products are canola, cattle and calves, beef and veal, vegetables and poultry. Canadian companies export crops, meat, maple syrup and many other products. Canada is a top exporter of agricultural products in the world. These exports were worth more than $60 billion in 2016.

Is agriculture big in Canada?

Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world.

How much does agriculture contribute to Canada economy?

In 2020, the whole agriculture and agri-food system: employed 2.1 million people. provided 1 in 9 jobs in Canada. generated $139.3 billion (around 7.4%) of Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP)

What are some issues with agriculture in Canada?

The top 6 Issues for Farming in 2022Shifting Farm Demographics. The average Canadian farmer is 57 years old, and a large number are over 65. … Spreading Technology. … Continued Implementation of Bio-Technology. … Resource Scarcity. … Public Scrutiny of Livestock Treatment. … Environmental Concern is Growing.

What is Canada’s largest agricultural export?

WheatWheat is Canada’s largest crop and the single biggest export earner of all our agricultural products. In fact, we’re one of the top five wheat exporters on the planet, and the world’s largest producer of high-protein milling wheat.

Why the agriculture is important?

For decades, agriculture has been associated with the production of essential food crops. Agriculture is the backbone of the economic system of a given country. In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population.

What is the economic importance of agriculture in Canada?

The agriculture and agri-food manufacturing sector contributed $49.0 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, accounting for 2.6% of total GDP. Agriculture industries contributed $25.1 billion or 51% of GDP in the sector, while agri-food manufacturing industries contributed $23.9 billion or 49%.

Is Canada known for agriculture?

Canada’s production of wheat, oats, flaxseed, and barley come mainly from this area. The Canada Agriculture Museum preserves Canadian agricultural history. In 2015, there are approximately 20,000 farms in B.C. that are involved in agricultural activity, such as dairy, livestock, fruit and vegetable farming.

What is the main agriculture in Canada?

Major field crops grown in Canada include wheat, canola, barley, corn and soybeans. Other crops include rye, oats, white beans and mixed grains. Several specialty crops, which are limited to a very small area of land, are also grown in certain regions.

Why Agriculture is backbone of our country?

Agriculture is considered as a backbone of our country because from the last few decades India has been very successful in the economy of agriculture. Agriculture supplies bulk of wage goods required by the non- agriculture sector. It provides raw materials for a large section of industries.

How important is agriculture to the economy?

What is agriculture’s share of the overall U.S. economy? Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $1.109 trillion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019, a 5.2-percent share. The output of America’s farms contributed $136.1 billion of this sum—about 0.6 percent of GDP.

Is agriculture the biggest industry in Canada?

WINNIPEG — A new report from Agriculture Canada says agriculture contributed $111.9 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product in 2016, which accounted for 6.7 percent of the country’s total GDP. Exports from the agriculture sector rose to $56 billion in 2016.

What is agriculture in Canada?

August 31, 2020. Agriculture is the practice of growing crops and rearing animals mainly for food. Farmers also produce other items such as wool from sheep and CBD oil from hemp plants. In Canada, agriculture is an important industry. Only about 7 per cent of Canada’s land can be farmed.

What percentage of Canada’s land is used for farming?

Only a small fraction (7 per cent) of Canada’s land area is suitable for farming. Most of this land is in Western Canada. However, marginal (poor) land can be used to ranch beef cattle . Farms vary according to topography, soil type and location (latitude).

What is protected cultivation?

Another type of agriculture is called protected cultivation. This is the growing of food, flower, mushroom and cannabis crops in greenhouses or warehouses ( see Greenhouse Crops ). Some farmers also rear animals for fur or grow crops for various uses (e.g., fibre for composite building materials).

Why is no till cropping better for the environment?

No-till cropping is more climate friendly because tilling releases sequestered (stored) carbon into the atmosphere. Tilling also requires farmers to spend more time running tractors that consume fuel.

How much of Canada’s land is farmland?

Only about 7 per cent of Canada’s land can be farmed. Other marginal (poorer) land can be used to ranch cattle. Aquaculture operations are found on the East and West Coasts and in the Great Lakes. Some crops such as tomatoes, cannabis and flowers are grown in greenhouses in urban centres.

What are the challenges farmers face in Canada?

Some areas in which farmers face challenges include crop protection, soil conservation, labour , climate change and health.

How have farmers and governments worked together?

Farmers, industry and governments have worked together over the past two decades to improve conditions for livestock. For example, Canadian egg farmers are phasing out the use of small cages for their hens. Evolving regulations from agencies such as Health Canada have played a role in many of these changes. In recent years, for example, farmers, industry groups and government have changed practices to reduce antibiotic use. This is because overuse of antibiotics in livestock farming threatens human health. ( See Antibiotic Resistance in Canada .)

What are the main crops in Canada?

Early in the 21st century, Canadian agronomists were aware of 48 “primary grain, vegetable and fruit crops”, based on surface area and value. In 2007, the Canadian Federation of Agriculture broke down into five primary “production sectors” Canadian agriculture according to cash receipts: 1 grains and oilseeds: 34% 2 red meats – livestock: 24% 3 dairy: 12% 4 horticulture: 9% 5 poultry and eggs: 8%

Where are grapes grown in Canada?

Grapevines at Inniskillin, a winery in the Niagara region of Ontario. Viticulture refers to the growing of grapes for the production of wine. Ontario, and British Columbia are the two largest wine-growing regions in Canada, although grapes are also grown in other regions of Canada, including Quebec, and the Maritimes.

What did Saskatchewan produce in 1925?

In 1925, Saskatchewan produced over half of the wheat in the Dominion of Canada, threshing in excess of 240,000,000 bushels (6,500,000 metric tons) of wheat. Rapeseed, alfalfa, barley, canola, flax, rye, and oats are other popularly grown grain crops.

How many wineries are there in Canada?

British Columbia holds 240 wineries, spread throughout 4,152 hectares (10,260 acres). There are 138 wineries in Quebec, which manage 808 hectares (2,000 acres) of vineyards in the province. Nova Scotia holds 20 wineries, which manages 290 hectares (720 acres) of vineyards in the province.

What is Alberta known for?

Alberta is renowned still for its stampedes, and cattle ranching is a main industry. The agricultural industry is supplemented by livestock and mixed farming and wheat crops. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada. Grain and dairying also play a role in the livelihoods of Alberta farmers.

What were the crops that the Iroquois and Huron cultivated?

In the 16th century Samuel de Champlain and Gabriel Sagard recorded that the Iroquois and Huron cultivated the soil for maize or “Indian corn”. Maize ( Zea mays ), potatoes ( Solanum tuberosum ), beans ( phaseolus ), squash ( Cucurbita) and the sunflower ( Helianthus annus) were grown throughout agricultural lands in North America by the 16th century. As early as 2300 BC evidence of squash was introduced to the northeastern woodlands region. Archaeological findings from 500 AD have shown corn cultivation in southern Ontario.

Where are tobacco farms located in Canada?

The province is also home to nearly all tobacco farms in Canada, the majority being situated in the Ontario tobacco belt . In the 2011 Canadian Census there were 137 tobacco farms located in Ontario, three in Quebec, and one on Prince Edward Island. Grain Elevators.

The agri-food system

Canada’s food system is resilient and innovative, sustains our environment and supports our economy. In 2020, the whole agriculture and agri-food system:

Primary agriculture

Primary agriculture is defined as work that is performed within the boundaries of a farm, nursery or greenhouse. Canadian primary agriculture is an economic driver highly diversified across the country:

Food and beverage processing

Food and beverage processors transform raw food materials or substances into new products, which may be finished, so that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, so that they become raw material to be used in further manufacturing.

International trade and domestic market

The success of the Canadian agriculture sector depends heavily on our ability to export to other countries and Canada is one of the world’s largest food exporters. In 2020, Canada exported nearly $74 billion in agriculture and food products (including raw agricultural materials, fish and seafood, and processed foods).

Sustainable economic growth

Canada has some key advantages that can help make us a leader in food production and processing:


The latest data on farm numbers are from 2016 and do not capture other and miscellaneous farms. All other data is from 2020.

Why is agriculture important?

Here are ten reasons why agriculture is important: #1. It’s the main source of raw materials. Many raw materials, whether it’s cotton, sugar, wood, or palm oil, come from agriculture. These materials are essential to major industries in ways many people aren’t even aware of, such as the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, diesel fuel, plastic, …

How does agriculture help in developing countries?

In developing countries, agricultural jobs help reduce high rates of unemployment. When it comes to reducing poverty, evidence shows that focusing on agriculture is significantly more effective than investing in other areas. #5. It’s crucial to a country’s development.

How does agriculture help the environment?

It can help heal the environment. Agriculture possesses the power to harm or heal. When farmers prioritize biodiversity on their land, it benefits the earth. Having more biodiversity results in healthier soil, less erosion, better water conservation, and healthier pollinators.

What happens to agriculture when it suffers?

Countries with plenty of those supplies export them and trade for materials they don’t have. If a country’s agriculture suffers for some reason, prices can go up and it disrupts the flow of trade.

Why is economic development important?

When trade, national revenue, and employment are combined in a positive way, a country enjoys reduced poverty and boosted economic growth.

Is agriculture a major source of employment?

The agricultural industry is still one of the biggest sources of employment and in many areas, it’s actually booming. Whether it’s working as a farmer, harvester, technician for farm equipment, scientist, and so on, there are plenty of jobs available in this field.

Do developing countries depend on agriculture?

Speaking of trade, developing countries still get most of their national income from agricultural exports. While developed countries don’t depend on agriculture as much as they used to, their economies would definitely take a hit if all exports suddenly stopped.



Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world. As with other developed nations, the proportion of the population agriculture employed and agricultural GDP as a percentage of the national GDP fell dramatically over the 20th century, but it remains an important element of the Canadian economy. A wide range of agriculture is practised in Canada, from s…

Major agricultural products

Various factors affect the socio-economic characteristics of Canadian agriculture. The 2006 Census of Agriculture listed seven: Quantity and type of farms; Biogeography: crop and land use areas; land management practices; Quantity of livestock and poultry; Agricultural engineering: Farm machinery and equipment; Farm capital; Farm operating expenses and receipts; Farm-related …

Canadian agricultural government departments

The Department of Agriculture set out in the British North America Act of 1867 (BNA) states each province may have jurisdiction over agricultural concerns, as well as the Dominion Government may also make law in regard to agriculture. Newfoundland agricultural affairs were dealt with by the Agricultural Division of the Department of Natural Resources at Confederation.
The BNA states that the federal Government has sole authority in coastal and inland fishery mat…

Agricultural economy

Canadian farms, fisheries and ranches produce a wide variety of crops, livestock, food, feed, fibre, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals which are dependent upon the geography of the province. In 2001 farms numbered only 246,923 at a size of 676 acres (2.74 km ) as the production of food and fibre for human or livestock sustenance has evolved into intensive and industrial practices. As of 2002, wheat constituted the largest crop area at 12.6%. …


The marketing and economic movement of Canada’s various agriculture commodities has been a challenge. Domestic trade encompasses providing goods within Canada provincially and inter-provincial. Support agencies and services such as storage, railways, warehouses, stores, banking institutions all affect domestic trade. Trade of wheat from the Canada’s prairies was monitored by the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) prior to the privatization and sale of the CWB to foreign interes…


Agribusiness are activities of food and fibre production and processing which are not part of the farm operation. This would include the production of farm equipment and fertilizers to aid farm production. Agribusiness also includes the firms that purchase the raw goods from the farm for further processing. The meat packing industry, flour mill, and canning industry would be included in the agribusiness sector processing farm products. A recent growth area in agribusiness is th…

Agricultural science

Agricultural science began developing new styles of farming and strains of wheat and crops so that farming could become a successful venture. Farming methods were developed at places such as Dominion Experimental Farm, Rosthern Experimental Station, and Bell Farm. From 1914 to 1922, the Better Farming Train travelled around rural of Saskatchewan areas educating pioneer farmers. The 1901 census showed 511,100 farms and the number of farms peaked in 1941 at a …


Farming activities were very labour-intensive before the industrial revolution and the advent of tractors, combines, balers, etc. From the late 19th century to the mid-20th century, a great percentage of the Canadian labour force was engaged in high labour, smaller farming practices. After mechanization, scientific advancement, improved marketing practices farms became more efficient, larger and less labour-intensive. The labour population was freed up and went to indust…

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