why is genetically modified organisms important to agriculture

Contents

image
  • Improved taste or appearance. Genetic engineering is used to make new crops that taste better, look better, ripen slower and stay fresh longer. …
  • Enhanced nutritional value and health. …
  • Improved adaptability to environmental conditions. …
  • Pharmaceutical benefits. …
  • Other benefits. …

Some benefits of genetic engineering in agriculture are increased crop yields, reduced costs for food or drug production, reduced need for pesticides, enhanced nutrient composition and food quality, resistance to pests and disease, greater food security, and medical benefits to the world’s growing population.

Full
Answer

Why do we need genetically modified organisms?

 · 1. Environmental stewardship: When farmers use genetically modified crops that are resistant to herbicides, they can use a small amount of herbicide to control weeds, without killing the crops. When farmers use herbicides instead of tilling to control weeds, it helps protect from soil erosion and keep nutrients and moisture in the soil.

What are the advantages of genetically modified crops?

 · The first genetically engineered plants to be produced for human consumption were introduced in the mid-1990s. Today, approximately 90 percent of the corn, soybeans, and sugar beets on the market are GMOs. Genetically engineered crops produce higher yields, have a longer shelf life, are resistant to diseases and pests, and even taste better.

Do GMOs promote sustainable agriculture?

 · GMO supporters point to evidence that GMOs must be considered essential for promoting sustainable agriculture, as they may be able to reduce agriculture’s environmental footprint, reducing the use of pesticides, saving fossil fuels, decreasing CO 2 emissions and conserving soil and moisture (James 2011 ).

What is the difference between genetically modified animals and plants?

Current technologies (primarily insect resistance and herbicide tolerance) have been beneficial. Moreover, the near-term pipeline of new GM methods and traits to enhance our diet, increase crop yields and reduce losses to disease is substantial. It would be perverse to spurn this approach at a time when we need every tool in the toolbox to …

image

Why is GMO important to agriculture?

GMOs are one of modern agriculture’s many innovations and allow farmers to grow more food with fewer resources. Genetically modified traits like insect-resistance and drought-resistance help to maximize yields and enable farmers to grow more food using less land and with fewer inputs like chemicals and fuel.

Why are genetically modified organism important?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) provide certain advantages to producers and consumers. Modified plants, for example, can at least initially help protect crops by providing resistance to a specific disease or insect, ensuring greater food production. GMOs are also important sources of medicine.

What are the benefits of genetically modified crops?

There are also potential environmental benefits to GMO crops. For example, GMO crops may reduce the need to use dangerous pesticides and other chemicals that pollute the environment. GMO crops can also increase the total amount of food available and help farmers earn more money.

How do GMOs benefit farmers?

GMOs help farmers reduce agriculture’s impact on the environment and protect the land for future generations. Over the last 20 years, GMOs have helped to reduce pesticide applications by 8.1 percent and increase crop yields by 22 percent.

What is GMO in agriculture?

A GMO (genetically modified organism) is a plant, animal, or microorganism that has had its genetic material (DNA) changed using technology that generally involves the specific modification of DNA, including the transfer of specific DNA from one organism to another.

How does GMO benefit the environment?

In 2016 alone, growing GMO crops helped decrease CO2 emissions equivalent to taking 16.7 million cars off the road for an entire year. GMOs also reduce the amount of pesticides that need to be sprayed, while simultaneously increasing the amount of crops available to be eaten and sold.

What are the 10 advantages of genetically modified organisms?

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of GMOsThey offer more useful knowledge for genetics. … They allow for more profit. … They add more value to crops. … They are known to decrease the prices of food. … They yield products that are found to be safe.

What are advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified organisms?

The pros of GMO crops are that they may contain more nutrients, are grown with fewer pesticides, and are usually cheaper than their non-GMO counterparts. The cons of GMO foods are that they may cause allergic reactions because of their altered DNA and they may increase antibiotic resistance.

What are the benefits and risks of genetically modified foods?

The most notable GMO risks to humans are the potential development of allergens to GM related crops and toxicity from GM crops. However, studies also show GM crops have benefits including the increased nutritional value in foods.

How have genetically modified crops help farmers increase their yield?

GMO crops have significantly increased crop yields and simultaneously decreased pesticide use. By doing these two things combined, we are producing more food with less inputs. Decreased use of pesticides, means less pesticide production demand and also less energy use on the farmers’ end, too.

What do farmers think about GMOs?

Summary: Farmers are upbeat about genetically modified crops, according to new research. Both farmers who have been involved in GM crop trials and those who have not, regard GM as a simple extension of previous plant breeding techniques, such as those which have produced today’s established crop types.

What is GMO is it good or bad Why?

Genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) are some of the more recent and controversial tools that have been developed. According to the companies and scientists who design new GMO crops, this new technology is harmless to humans, better for the environment, and is the only way to feed an ever-growing population [2].

What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified organisms?

The pros of GMO crops are that they may contain more nutrients, are grown with fewer pesticides, and are usually cheaper than their non-GMO counterparts. The cons of GMO foods are that they may cause allergic reactions because of their altered DNA and they may increase antibiotic resistance.

Are genetically modified organism good or bad?

In addition, over the two decades that GMOs have been on the market, there have been no occurrences of health issues due to genetically modified organisms. As GMOs stand today, there are no health benefits to eating them over non-GMO foods.

What is a genetically modified organism?

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose DNA has been modified in the laboratory in order to favour the expression of desired phy…

Why are genetically modified organisms important?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) provide certain advantages to producers and consumers. Modified plants, for example, can at least initially h…

Are genetically modified organisms safe for the environment?

Assessing the environmental safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is challenging. While modified crops that are resistant to herbicides c…

Should genetically modified crops be grown?

The question of whether genetically modified (GM) crops should be grown is one that has been debated for decades. Some people argue that GM crops c…

image

Why are GMOs important?

In the future, GMOs are likely to continue playing an important role in biomedical research. GMO foods may provide better nutrition and perhaps even be engineered to contain medicinal compounds to enhance human health. If GMOs can be shown to be both safe and healthful, consumer resistance to these products will most likely diminish.

What are the benefits of GMOs?

Today, approximately 90 percent of the corn, soybeans, and sugar beets on the market are GMOs. Genetically engineered crops produce higher yields, have a longer shelf life, are resistant to diseases and pests, and even taste better. These benefits are a plus for both farmers and consumers. For example, higher yields and longer shelf life may lead to lower prices for consumers, and pest-resistant crops means that farmers don’t need to buy and use as many pesticides to grow quality crops. GMO crops can thus be kinder to the environment than conventionally grown crops.

What is breeding in biology?

breeding to produce desired characteristics in animal or plant offspring.

What is the term for a natural substance that kills organisms that threaten agriculture or are undesirable?

natural or manufactured substance used to kill organisms that threaten agriculture or are undesirable. Pesticides can be fungicides (which kill harmful fungi), insecticides (which kill harmful insects), herbicides (which kill harmful plants), or rodenticides (which kill harmful rodents.)

What is the basic unit of heredity?

part of DNA that is the basic unit of heredity. living thing whose genes (DNA) have been altered for a specific purpose. process of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. tiny organism, usually a bacterium.

What is the definition of biotechnology?

biotechnology. Noun. the use of a living organism for industrial or medical use. crossbreeding. Verb. mating two different organisms together to form a hybrid species. DNA. Noun. (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule in every living organism that contains specific genetic information on that organism.

What are the benefits of pest resistant crops?

For example, higher yields and longer shelf life may lead to lower prices for consumers, and pest-resistant crops means that farmers don’t need to buy and use as many pesticides to grow quality crops.

Why are GM crops important?

Supporters also consider GM crops indispensable in facing the severe global food and nutrition security problem in developing countries: although GM crops are not presented as the “absolute solution”, it has been stated that they could undoubtedly make a significant contribution to an array of measurements and incentives to this constantly growing problem (Conner et al. 2003).

How does GMO affect the environment?

Many concerns have been raised for the environment: the capability of a GMO to escape from confinement and therefore potentially to transfer engineered genes into wild populations, the persistence of the gene after a GMO has been harvested, the susceptibility of non-target organisms to the gene product, the instability of new genes, the reduction of the spectrum of other plants resulting in a significant loss of biodiversity and an increase in the use of chemicals in agriculture. As for human health, the main concerns have been the possibility of a transfer of allergens into the new foods, the gene transfer from GM foods to human cells or to bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause worries especially transferred genetic material proved to adversely affect human health the transfer of genes from GM plants into conventional crops or related species in the wild, as well as the mixing of GM crops with those derived from conventional seeds, that could have an indirect effect on food safety and food security.

Do transgenic plants have gene flow?

Gene flow does occur between GM crops and related weeds and wild species, but the consequences of this process are exaggerated. Taking herbicide tolerance first, it is important to recognize that although herbicide-tolerant transgenic plants have a selective advantage in cultivated areas where herbicides are applied, they have no such advantage elsewhere. Therefore the energetic burden of producing unnecessary detoxification enzymes and the genetic burden of possessing inefficient herbicide target enzymes can often make such plants less fit than their weedy and wild counterparts, naturally selecting against them in wild ecosystems where herbicides are not used, or in rotational agricultural ecosystems where the herbicide is rotated (Gressel 2002). Weedy species also tend to be more resistant to insects and diseases than domesticated crops because they produce toxins that fend off pests and pathogens. These toxins have been bred out of our crops because the toxins affect humans, too, which is one reason crops are more susceptible than weeds to insect pests (Gressel 2008). Therefore, additional resistance transgenes have little impact on the fitness of weeds and are soon diluted from the population (Gressel 2008). In cases where a real risk is envisaged, such as controlling weedy rice in monoculture rice paddies, there are adequate technologies to mitigate gene flow (Gressel 2012). Different species (transgenic or otherwise) will undergo different levels of gene flow, so the only rational way forward is to evaluate them on a case-by-case basis using science-based risk assessment procedures clearly divorced from any political interference. The risk assessment must be initiated by the applicants developing GM crops, and they must supply all necessary information to the regulatory agencies appointed to perform such evaluations professionally and impartially (EFSA 2010). Notwithstanding the above, the fear of gene flow damaging the environment has resulted in European legislation to mitigate gene flow using a plethora of barrier and distance-related measures (Ramessar et al. 2010; Morris and Spillane 2010). Molecular biologists have also been encouraged to develop strategies to prevent gene flow by developing systems for selectable marker excision (Hare and Chua 2002). Ironically, the focus on gene flow means that little is being done to prevent or control the introduction of exotic and potentially invasive species, which in principle could be far more damaging than new varieties (including GM varieties) of the domesticated plant species currently under cultivation. A 10-year study in the UK demonstrated that GM corn, potato, rapeseed and sugar beet lines are no more invasive or persistent than their conventional counterparts (Crawley et al. 2001).

Is GMO farming good for the environment?

I do not really see at this moment any possible advantage from GMO cultivation for the health of the environment. I do not really remember reductions in tillage practices favorable to the environment, as the only reduced practice is man-made weed destruction, certainly advantageous for the owners of the fields because of the very low level of manpower needed in the case of herbicide resistant crops, but of irrelevant as far as environment management is concerned. Moreover, as the herbicide can in this case be utilized all along the cycle, many more treatments can be carried out and it is widely known that glyphosate exerts detrimental effects on the soil ecosystem and may be polluting ground water.

Can GM crops be used as bioinsecticides?

On the other hand, GM crops have been proposed as “friendly” bioherbicides and bioinsecticides, suggesting that future GMOs will be useful for soil, water, and energy conservation and for the natural waste management. Are GMOs, then, a risk or an opportunity to maintain the health of the environment?

Who is the scientist who is sceptical about GMOs?

Within this picture, seven different questions were posed to two scientists representing the two different points of view: Prof. Marcello Buiatti (Dept of Genetics at the University of Florence, Italy), who is sceptical about the use of GMOs in agriculture, and Prof. Paul Christou (Dept. of Plant Production and Forestery Sciences, University of Lleida, Spain), who represents those who view GMOs as an important tool for quantitatively and qualitatively improving food production.

Do EU countries require GM food labels?

Consumer concerns have triggered a discussion on the desirability of labelling GM foods, allowing an informed choice. The different attitudes of the consumers in EU and USA have led to marked differences in national labelling requirements. The US Food and Drug Administration does not require labelling of GM foods per se, but only if the transgenic food is substantially different from its conventional counterpart. The EU, by contrast, requires labelling of all foodstuffs, additives and flavours containing 1 % or more genetically modified material (Regulations 1139/98 and 49/2000).

Why are GMOs important?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) provide certain advantages to producers and consumers. Modified plants, for example, can at least initially help protect crops by providing resistance to a specific disease or insect, ensuring greater food production. GMOs are also important sources of medicine.

What is genetically modified organism?

Genetically modified organism, organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favor the expression of desired physiological traits or the generation of desired biological products. Learn more about the development and uses of genetically modified organisms in this article.

How was golden rice created?

Golden rice was created by modifying the rice genome to include a gene from the daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus that produces an enzyme known as phyotene synthase and a gene from the bacterium Erwinia uredovora that produces an enzyme called phyotene desaturase.

How are GMOs made?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are produced using scientific methods that include recombinant DNA technologyand reproductive cloning. In reproductive cloning, a nucleusis extracted from a cell of the individual to be cloned and is inserted into the enucleated cytoplasmof a host egg(an enucleated egg is an egg cell that has had its own nucleus removed). The process results in the generation of an offspring that is genetically identical to the donor individual. The first animalproduced by means of this cloning technique with a nucleus from an adult donor cell (as opposed to a donor embryo) was a sheep named Dolly, born in 1996. Since then a number of other animals, including pigs, horses, and dogs, have been generated by reproductive cloning technology. Recombinant DNA technology, on the other hand, involves the insertion of one or more individual genes from an organism of one species into the DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) of another. Whole-genome replacement, involving the transplantation of one bacterialgenome into the “cell body,” or cytoplasm, of another microorganism, has been reported, although this technology is still limited to basic scientific applications.

What is whole genome replacement?

Whole-genome replacement, involving the transplantation of one bacterial genome into the “cell body,” or cytoplasm, of another microorganism, has been reported, although this technology is still limited to basic scientific applications. genetically modified organisms. Genetically modified organisms are produced using scientific methods …

How are GMOs produced?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are produced using scientific methods that include recombinant DNA technology and reproductive cloning. In reproductive cloning, a nucleus is extracted from a cell of the individual to be cloned and is inserted into the enucleated cytoplasm of a host egg …

Can genetically modified organisms be used in wild populations?

Assessing the environmental safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is challenging. While modified crops that are resistant to herbicides can reduce mechanical tillage and hence soil erosion, engineered genes from GMOs can potentially enter into wild populations, genetically modified crops may encourage increased use …

What is genetic modification?

Genetic modification is the formation of new combinations of heritable material by the insertion of nucleic acid molecules, produced by whatever means outside the cell, into any virus, bacterial plasmid or other vector system so as to allow their incorporation into a host organism in which they do not naturally occur but in which they are capable of continued propagation. Genetic engineering constitutes the hard core of modern biotechnology. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are one of the most widespread and controversial products of modern biotechnology. The advances in recombinant DNA technology had occurred in parallel with the development of genetic processes and biological variations. Recombinant DNA is artificially created from two or more DNA incorporated into a single molecule. Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification or manipulation and gene splicing are terms that are applied to the direct manipulation of an organism’s gene. Genetically modified foods have the potential to solve many of the world’s hunger and malnutrition problems and to help protect and preserve the environment by increasing yield and reducing reliance upon chemical pesticides and herbicides. Yet there are many challenges ahead especially in the areas of safety testing, regulation, international policy and food labeling. Many people feel that genetic engineering is the inevitable wave of the future and that we cannot afford to ignore a technology that has such enormous potential benefits. However, we must proceed with caution to avoid causing unintended harm to human health and the environment as a result of our enthusiasm for this powerful technology.

What are the achievements of genetic engineering?

Understanding of the molecular mechanisms of heredity, progress in molecular biology and the possibilities offered by the genetic engineering are all great achievements of science of the last century. These discoveries have stirred up hopes for solving the mystery of life and hopes that soon tools will be found for correcting the nature and mounding it to our needs. Genetic modifications have primarily focused on highly demanded crops for resistance to pathogens, insects and herbicides for better nutrient profiles. The global area under transgenic crops increased 40 times during 1996 to 2003, i.e. an increase from 1.7 million ha to 67.7 million ha was observed (James, 2003).

How are desirable genes introduced to plants?

In this situation, desirable genes are introduced from unrelated species through recombinant DNA technology to overcome the genetic barriers. Foreign genes are transferred to crop plants using different transformation tools like gene gun or particle bombardment, electroporation, floral dip (direct transformation methods), and Agrobacterium mediated transformation (in direct transformation methods). The discovery of the ability of agrobacterium tumefaciens to transfer its T-DNA to its host has been utilized for transformation by biologists and it is the method used extensively for transformation. This approach has been used by plant breeders to introduce entirely new genes in plants and the organisms with foreign genes are called genetically modified organisms. There are two types of effective gene transfer to plants, the first is based on the use of Agrobacterium as a biological vector and the second is based on the use of physical, electrical or chemical treatments to introduce isolated DNA into cells alleviating the need for vector use. The latter techniques are commonly termed direct gene transfer methods. Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant-pathogenic bacterium that has the ability to transfer a portion of its own genetic information into many plant species through a process called transformation, thereby causing the crown gall disease. This natural plant transformation agent has been modified by molecular geneticists in ways that enable it to move any engineered gene into host plants, without the associated disease symptoms.

What is genetic engineering?

Genetic engineering is the process of genetic modification of organisms through transferring genetic material from one organism to another organism in order to change an organism’s characteristics to the desired traits. A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism (plant, animal or microorganism) whose genetic material has been altered using gene or cell techniques of modern biotechnology (Ssekyewa, C. and Muwanga, M.K., 2009). Genetic engineering or recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology involves artificial transfer of genes or gene fragments from one organism to another to produce novel traits in the recipient living organism. Genetic modification (GM) is the area of biotechnology which concerns itself with the manipulation of the genetic material in living organisms, enabling them to perform specific functions (Zhang C et al., 2016). Genetic engineering is using recombinant DNA technology to change the genetic make-up of an organism for the production of intended organisms with desired traits. Genetically modified crops are known as genetically engineered or bio-engineered crops and these are crops produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering techniques allow the introduction of new traits from one organism to another organism for significant improvement over the previous existing traits and greater control over traits than previous methods such as selective breeding and mutation breeding (Lawlor, D.W., 2013).

How does transgenic approach affect food security?

These issues have limited development of the transgenic approach in developed countries, which indirectly affects food security in developing countries , where such innovations are badly needed to ensure food security of the masses. Genetic engineering works primarily through insertion of genetic material, although gene insertion must also be followed up by selection. This insertion process does not occur in nature. A gene gun, a bacterial truck or a chemical or electrical treatment inserts the genetic material into the host plant cell and then, with the help of genetic elements in the construct, this genetic material inserts itself into the chromosomes of the host plant.

How does genetically modified food affect food security?

The role of genetically modified (GM) crops for food security is the subject of public controversy. GM crops could contribute to food production increases and higher food availability. There may also be impacts on food quality and nutrient composition. Finally, growing GM crops may influence farmers’ income and thus their economic access to food. Smallholder farmers make up a large proportion of the undernourished people worldwide. Our study focuses on this latter aspect and provides the first ex postanalysis of food security impacts of GM crops at the micro level. We use comprehensive panel data collected over several years from farm households in India, where insect-resistant GM cotton has been widely adopted. Controlling for other factors, the adoption of GM cotton has significantly improved calorie consumption and dietary quality, resulting from increased family incomes. This technology has reduced food insecurity by 15–20% among cotton-producing households. GM crops alone will not solve the hunger problem, but they can be an important component in a broader food security strategy.

How do GM crops affect food security?

First, GM crops could contribute to food production increases and thus improve the availability of food at global and local levels. Second, GM crops could affect food safety and food quality. Third, GM crops could influence the economic and social situation of farmers, thus improving or worsening their economic access to food. This latter aspect is of particular importance given that an estimated 50% of all undernourished people worldwide are small-scale farmers in developing countries [7].

How much land does a farm household own?

Descriptive statistics are shown in Table 2. The average farm household owns 5 ha of land, without a significant difference between Bt adopters and non-adopters. Around half of this area is grown with cotton. Other crops cultivated include wheat, millet, sorghum, pulses, and in some locations rice, among others. Households are relatively poor; average annual per capita consumption expenditures range between 300 and 500 US$.

Can food consumption data be used to measure nutritional status?

It should be mentioned that food consumption data from household surveys may not provide very accurate data to measure nutritional status [24], [30]. Sometimes, consumption data overestimate calorie intakes, because food losses, waste, and other uses within the household cannot be properly accounted for. However, this limitation applies to both adopters and non-adopters of Bt, so that the comparison between Bt and non-Bt, which is relevant for the impact assessment, is unaffected.

Is GM food safe?

Concerning the second pathway, crops with new traits can be associated with food safety risks, which have to be assessed and managed case by case. But such risks are not specific to GM crops. Long-term research confirms that GM technology is not per semore risky than conventional plant breeding technologies [13]. On the other hand, GM technology can help to breed food crops with higher contents of micronutrients; a case in point is Golden Rice with provitamin A in the grain [14]. Such GM crops have not yet been commercialized. Projections show that they could reduce nutritional deficiencies among the poor, entailing sizeable positive health effects [15], [16].

How does GM technology affect food supply?

In regard to the first pathway, GM technologies could make food crops higher yielding and more robust to biotic and abiotic stresses [8], [9]. This could stabilize and increase food supplies, which is important against the background of increasing food demand, climate change, and land and water scarcity. In 2012, 170 million hectares (ha) – around 12% of the global arable land – were planted with GM crops, such as soybean, corn, cotton, and canola [10], but most of these crops were not grown primarily for direct food use. While agricultural commodity prices would be higher without the productivity gains from GM technology [11], impacts on food availability could be bigger if more GM food crops were commercialized. Lack of public acceptance is one of the main reasons why this has not yet happened more widely [12].

How does food security work?

Food security exists when all people have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food. Unfortunately, food security does not exist for a significant proportion of the world population. Around 900 million people are undernourished, meaning that they are undersupplied with calories [1]. Many more suffer from specific nutritional deficiencies, often related to insufficient intake of micronutrients. Eradicating hunger is a central part of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals [2]. But how to achieve this goal is debated controversially. Genetically modified (GM) crops are sometimes mentioned in this connection. Some see the development and use of GM crops as key to reduce hunger [3], [4], while others consider this technology as a further risk to food security [5], [6]. Solid empirical evidence to support either of these views is thin.

Why are genetically modified crops desirable?

The economic savings associated with genetically modified crops makes them highly desirable to many agricultural producers, especially with today’s low farm prices. They also help produce a higher quality product. Figure 1. Increase in adoption of genetically engineered crops in the U.S. Source: USDA Economic Research Service.v.

Why are farmers looking for production practices?

With U.S prices for most agricultural products steadily declining and grower costs steadily increasing, agricultural producers are always looking for production practices and technologies to help reduce costs. This includes new production techniques, higher yielding varieties and practices allowing them to reduce their expenditures, including pesticides and herbicides—this is what most GM crops do.

How does producing more in the same area help the economy?

Producing more in the same area, or the same amount in less area, has the additional benefit to all of us by keeping food prices reasonable and decreasing agriculture’s carbon footprint. Fewer acres tilled or fewer trips through the field means less tractor time, therefore reducing fossil fuel use.

Is food a GM?

Most U.S. food items are not considered GM; however, all domesticated plants are technically genetically altered in the sense that they were generated using traditional breeding methods and contain a mixture of parental genes. Table 1 lists crops having some GM varieties approved for U.S. production. Additional GM crops are approved in other countries and more are in development for use worldwide.

Does GM corn increase yield?

The authors report GM corn increased yield up to 10 percent, primarily due to a 60 percent reduction in loss due to insect damage. Furthermore, increased insect feeding leads to increased mold growth, which in turn leads to cancer causing mycotoxin production. Corn containing the Bt gene is protected from insect feeding and, therefore, has increased yield, increased ear and kernel quality (Fig. 2), and a 29 percent reduction in mycotoxins. They also found no significant effects to non-target organisms. It is possible to find references indicating GM crops do not increase yield, but this report is the most inclusive to date of the available science-based literature.

Why are GM crops better than other crops?

GM crops can be engineered to reduce natural allergens and toxins, making them safer and healthier. Molecular biologist Hortense Dodo, PhD, genetically engineered a hypoallergenic peanut by suppressing the protein that can lead to a deadly reaction in people with peanut allergies. [ 12]

How much of the US corn is genetically modified?

An estimated 94% of all soybean and 92% of all corn grown in the US is genetically modified and around 75% of all processed foods in the US contain GMO ingredients. [ 47] [ 48] At least two-thirds of all GM corn and half of all GM soy grown in the US are converted into animal feed.

Does corn reduce transpiration?

Drought-tolerant varieties of GMO corn have been shown to reduce transpiration (evaporation of water off plants) by up to 17.5%, meaning less water waste. [ 24]

Is corn a GMO?

[ 21] More than 80% of corn grown in the US is GMO Bt corn, which produces its own Bacillus thuringiensis insecticide. [ 22] This has significantly reduced the need for spraying insecticides over corn fields, and dozens of studies have shown there are no environmental or health concerns with Bt corn. [ 23]

What would happen if the price of food was more widely adopted around the world?

If it were more widely adopted around the world, the price [of food] would go lower, and fewer people would die of hunger.”. [ 17] To combat Vitamin A deficiency, the main cause of childhood blindness in developing countries, researchers developed a GMO ‘Golden Rice’ that produces high levels of beta-carotene.

How many studies have affirmed the safety of GM crops?

Over 2,000 global studies have affirmed the safety of GM crops. [ 10] Trillions of meals containing GMO ingredients have been eaten by humans over the past few decades, with zero verified cases of illness related to the food being genetically altered. [ 11]

Is it safe to eat genetically modified crops?

Genetically modified (GM) crops have been proven safe through testing and use, and can even increase the safety of common foods. Over the past 30 years of lab testing and 15 years of field research, there has not been a single health risk associated with GMO consumption. [ 8] .

Leave a Comment