Why is irrigation important in agriculture


The Importance of irrigation

  1. Drought Compensation. Irrigation can be bought to bear whenever there is too little rainfall or uncertainty about when rain will come.
  2. Increasing the Area of Cultivable Land. So many areas on the planet are naturally arid. …
  3. Meeting Humankind’s Need for Food. …
  4. Increasing Agricultural Productivity. …
  5. Enabling Multiple Cropping. …
  6. Effectiveness and Efficiency. …

Water applied as irrigation allows for crop production in arid regions and supplements soil moisture in humid regions when growing season precipitation is insufficient. Irrigation has enhanced both the productivity and profitability of the agricultural sector.May 6, 2022


What are the roles of irrigation on agriculture?

  • Agriculture is often greatly hampered due to irregular, insufficient or uncertain rain. …
  • The productivity of irrigated land is more than the un-irrigated land. …
  • Seeds cannot grow in dry soil as moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. …
  • Multiple cropping in a year is possible through irrigation. …

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Why is irrigation important for agriculture?

What is the importance of Irrigation in India?

  • (1) About 80 per cent of the total annual rainfall of India occurs in four months, i.e. …
  • (2) The monsoons are uncertain. …
  • (3) It does not rain equally in all parts of the country. …
  • (4) Soils of some areas are sandy and loamy and therefore porous for which a major portion of rainwater sinks down very quickly. …

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Does agriculture use large amounts of water for irrigation?

Agriculture is a major user of ground and surface water in the United States, and irrigation has enhanced both the productivity and profitability of the agricultural sector. According to the 2017 Census of Agriculture, farms with some form of irrigation accounted for more than 54 percent of the total value of U.S. crop sales, while irrigated land accounted for less than 20 percent of harvested …

What are the sources of irrigation for farmers?

  • Well
  • Pond
  • Stream
  • River
  • Well
  • Canal
  • Dam
  • Glacier (for few places)

Why is irrigation so important?

Irrigation, one of the many important aspects in feeding the world, allows farmers and producers to control the amount of water that is placed on the field which allows the crop to get the needed amount of water for growth and development; essentially creating a higher yield.

What is irrigation Why is irrigation important for crops?

Irrigation is necessary for the absorption of nutrients by plants from the soil. Water is absorbed by the plant roots. Along with water, minerals and fertilizers are also absorbed. Irrigation is necessary to provide moisture for gemination of seeds because germination of seeds does not take place under dry conditions.

How is irrigation used in agriculture?

Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil through various systems of tubes, pumps, and sprays. Irrigation is usually used in areas where rainfall is irregular or dry times or drought is expected. There are many types of irrigation systems, in which water is supplied to the entire field uniformly.

Why is irrigation important for crops Class 9?

Answer: Irrigation helps to cultivate superior crops with the water supply as per the need of the crops. Ultimately it helps in economic development. Irrigation water improves water conditions in the soil, increases the water content of plant fibres, dissolves nutrients & makes them available to plants.

Why is irrigation necessary for agriculture in India?

Irrigation is important to a country like India because rainfall here is seasonal in nature. It is limited to four months of a year. It is also important because some crops require more water than what it is provided by the rainfall, therefore we have to depend on irrigation.

Why is it essential to irrigate our fields?

Why Irrigation is necessary. 1)Irrigation before ploughing the fields makes the soil soft due to which the ploughing of fields become easier. 2)Irrigation is necessary to maintain the moisture for the germination of seeds. 3)Irrigation is necessary for absorption of nutrient element by the plant from the soil.

Why is irrigation important?

Irrigation can be bought to bear whenever there is too little rainfall or uncertainty about when rain will come. Without either, crops will be badly affected, leading to food shortages and, in some instances, famine.

How long has irrigation been around?

The development is irrigation is inextricably connected with the evolution of human civilisation. The first forms of irrigation date back over 8,000 years.

What is the biggest technological breakthrough in irrigation?

One of the biggest technological breakthroughs in irrigation science in the 20 th century was the development of drip irrigation. It has the ability to deliver water to the root systems of crops and thereby reduce the amount of water needed for irrigation by as much as 70%. Not only is it much more ecologically friendly, but it can also increase crop yields by anywhere between 20% to 90%.

How much land is used for drip irrigation?

National Geographic reports that the area under this type of irrigation has risen from 1.6 million hectares to in excess of 10.3 million. Although that might sound a lot, it still represents only 4% of the planet’s irrigated land, so there is room for considerable improvement.

Why did the Nile flood?

The River Nile flooded its banks for several months each year. The Egyptians diverted the floodwaters to nearby fields to enable farmers to grow crops that , without the presence of life-giving water, would otherwise have been impossible.

How much of the world is irrigated?

So many areas on the planet are naturally arid. Irrigation has turned these wastelands into productive, cultivable land. In today’s world, approximately 18% of crops are irrigated. Chemicals and fertilisers delivered via irrigation have also enabled fallow land, which has been traditionally left idle once crops have been harvested, to be reused.

How can lack of rainfall be compensated for?

Lack of rainfall can be compensated for by irrigation, enabling crops to grow and flourish. But even when there is sufficient rainfall, irrigation can be employed to boost crop productivity.

How is irrigation related to agriculture?

Irrigation in agriculture is dependent on the availability of water of a suitable quality. Water quality is assessed by the potential problems which can develop as result of long-term use. The extent of potential problems varies and is determined by soil, climate and crop, as well as the skill and knowledge of the water -user.

What is the purpose of measuring water flow rate?

Water measuring, or determining of flow rate, is an aid for the effective distribution of water and is usually applied for the sake of legal requirements, management requirements, or both.

What is the section of Anusuya Rangarajan’s manual on crop rotation?

Anusuya Rangarajan’s manual on crop rotation has a section called Crop Rotation Effects on Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition that explains the importance of the education of farmers on the first technical solution mentioned earlier, crop rotation.

Why is topsoil considered the Great Economy?

Without topsoil, our ecosystem is going to vanish and destroyed by the power of humanity. Most importantly topsoil is regard as The Great Economy because “we cannot make any substitute for it; we cannot do what it does. It is apparently impossible to make an adequate description of top-soil in the sort of language that we have come to call scientific” (Berry 62).

Why are plants important to the Earth?

Plants are essential elements of the earth ecosystem. Despite the importance of plants to support the life on our world, our understanding of their developmental processes is still fragmentary. In nature, plants grow next to each other forming the different societies of the plant kingdom.

Who manages water sources?

Most water sources are managed by Water Users Associations, which has to see to it that only the quantity of water allocated to each specific farm is pumped by or delivered to the farm for irrigation purposes.

Is runoff from agriculture a point source?

Additionally, runoff from agriculture is exempt from being defined as a point source. Though the main focus of the Clean Water Act is on controlling point source pollution, the Act also addresses nonpoint sources of pollution, since they cause a significant amount of the pollution in streams, lakes, and estuaries.

Why is irrigation important in agriculture?

The importance of irrigation in agriculture and proper water storage. Water, an essential resource for crop production, is an increasingly scarce asset, while the area devoted to crops continues to grow due to the progressive increase in the world’s population .

Where does agricultural water come from?

The water destined for agricultural use is obtained from rivers, lakes, wells, sewage treatment plants, and by seawater desalination processes, as well as from water reservoirs or rafts in those places where a constant flow is not available.

How much water is needed to produce wheat?

And, if we consider that to produce a kilogram of wheat (including straw and grain), it is necessary to consume about 450 liters of water, and that a person’s food requires 0.23 hectares and 3,000 liters per day for its production, we realize the enormous amount of water that must be used for agricultural use.

What percentage of the nation’s water is irrigation?

The irrigation of agricultural crops accounts for most (80 percent) of the Nation’s water consumption. That is why U.S. agriculture is central to the challenge of balancing increasing water demands for urban, industrial, and environmental uses.

How often is the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey conducted?

To better understand irrigation characteristics, such as acreage and water use, USDA conducts the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (FRIS) every 5 years. The 2013 FRIS, the most recent survey available, reports data for both irrigation on acres in the open (AIO) as well as horticulture under protection (HUP). Crops irrigated on AIO include corn, wheat, and soybeans as well as vegetables, berries, and nut trees. By comparison, crops irrigated on HUP (such as greenhouses) include floriculture crops, nursery crops, and mushrooms.

How does conservation help agriculture?

USDA conservation programs provide financial and technical assistance to encourage the adoption of more efficient onfarm irrigation systems . Efficient irrigation systems can help maintain farm profitability in an era of increasingly limited and more costly water supplies. FRIS data show that Western irrigated agriculture has become more efficient over time. More efficient irrigation (both gravity and pressure-sprinkler systems) accounted for about 37 percent of total irrigated acres in the West in 1994, but increased to nearly half by 2013. More efficient pressure-sprinkler irrigation alone accounted for about 15 percent in 1994, but more than 37 percent in 2013. The share of acres using more efficient gravity systems peaked in the late 1990s, but then declined as farmers increasingly turned to the even more efficient pressure-sprinkler systems.

What crops are irrigated on AIO?

Crops irrigated on AIO include corn, wheat, and soybeans as well as vegetables, berries, and nut trees. By comparison, crops irrigated on HUP (such as greenhouses) include floriculture crops, nursery crops, and mushrooms. In 2013, U.S. farms irrigated about 55.4 million acres.

What is the difference between gravity and pressurized irrigation?

There are two main types of irrigation systems: gravity and pressurized irrigation. Gravity irrigation uses the force of gravity and field borders or furrows to distribute water across a field. Open ditches or pipe systems along with siphon tubes, ditch gates, pipe valves or orifices deliver the water to the field. Pressurized irrigation, on the other hand, delivers water to the field under pressure in lateral, hand-move, and center-pivot pipe systems with attached sprinklers. It may also use drip/trickle tubes and micro-spray systems with drip emitters or micro-spray nozzles to distribute water.

Which region has the lowest share of acres irrigated with efficient systems?

In the West, the Mountain region had the lowest share of acres irrigated with efficient systems. This region produces lower-valued crops (like hayland and alfalfa) for which traditional gravity systems remain the most economic choice. In the East, the Delta States region had the highest irrigation efficiency, with more efficient gravity systems accounting for nearly 60 percent of total irrigated acres. The South East region, on the other hand, depends more on the use of more efficient pressure-sprinkler systems, which accounted for about 46 percent of total irrigated acres.

Do irrigated farms use water?

Most Irrigated Farms Are Low-Sales Operations, But Large Farms Use Most of the Water. The distribution of irrigated farms and acres and applied water varies significantly across farm size. Most irrigated farms in 2013 were low-sales operations with under $150,000 in annual farm sales: 67 percent of Western irrigated farms and 64 percent of U.S.

Why is agriculture important?

The agricultural sector has strategic priorities in terms of nutrition. Increasing demand for food because of population growth in the world increases the need for agricultural products and obligates the sustainability of agricultural enterprises, the agricultural sector. Agricultural sustainability; economic, technical, central, legal and social. Each of these sub-components is important for the success and sustainability of the agricultural sector. Although economic sustainability has been accepted as part of overall sustainability in the literature, technical sustainability is important at the core of economic success. Agricultural production practices, amounts and combinations of inputs used, production technology used and production technique applications can be defined as components of technical sustainability. The fact that the amount of input used in production is above the optimal use has an adverse effect on environmental sustainability and economic sustainability. The fact that the amount of input used is lower than the optimal usage will cause resources to be inadequate, low yield and low income. Factors such as soil structure, climatic factors, and water supply that affect the production success limit agricultural production. Water, one of the agricultural inputs, has an indispensable prescription for agricultural production. Because agricultural products are, biological structures and all biological materials require water. Irrigated farming is important in terms of meeting human needs as it increases productivity, and dry farming is important for environmental, technical and economic sustainability.

How can agriculture be improved?

Agricultural production can only be sustained on a long term basis if the land, water and forests on which it is based are not degraded further. Improvements in water resources management are essential to raise agricultural productivity and reduce land degradation and water pollution. Salinization, alkalization and water logging should be addressed by a more careful approach to drainage and the regulation of water quantities through efficient use of irrigation water, which require that water be applied to growing crops at appropriate times and in adequate. The integrated management of water resources could only be possible through adoption of efficient and optimum use of irrigation water, which could only be ensured by judicious and economic use of irrigation potential whatsoever created to increase crop production. The integrated water resources management also includes the concept of rainwater management that has got an immense important on the way to develop the rainfed farming system. It has got relevancy particularly in installing small-scale irrigation system based on farmers’ participatory approach for sustainable crop production for maintaining sustainable growth and development of agriculture. Modern irrigation techniques like sprinkler and drip should be promoted when water is scarce and the topographic and soil conditions do not permit efficient irrigation by conventional methods. Promotions of such water saving devices should be an objective of the national water policy. Water resource management is a integrated and multidisciplinary activity, managing irrigation water that needs agronomy and crop husbandry, efficient methods and system of irrigation needs soils scientists and engineers. More than 98% of the irrigated lands are under the coverage of surface irrigation where more than 50% of water as considered as wastages wherein effective minimization of wastage of water used for irrigation and application of right quantity of water at right time will be the key to successful management of this crucial resource. So question of judicious management of water is pertinent while prioritizing researchable issues became of national importance.

What percentage of water is used for feed crop production in high income countries?

38.41% in high-income countries. It is seen that 21.08% of water is used for feed crop production in

What are the factors that limit plant growth?

reclamation, land consolidation, technology use and irrigat ion. The most important factor limiting plant

How much water is used in cereal production?

water used in cereal production is determined as 61.18% globally. In the world, cereal production is

How many hectares are irrigateable?

hectares. Although 12.5 million hectares of land are irrigable, only 8.5 million hectares of land can be

Is yield higher in irrigated conditions?

and it is seen that yield is higher in irrigated conditions. I n 2012, the products with highest yield increases

Why is irrigation important for agriculture?

Places that have sparse or seasonal rainfall could not sustain agriculture without irrigation. In areas that have irregular precipitation, irrigation improve s crop growth and quality. By allowing farmer s to grow crops on a consistent schedule, irrigation also creates more reliable food supplies.

What was the first form of irrigation?

The earliest form of irrigation probably involved people carrying buckets of water from well s or rivers to pour on their crops. As better techniques developed, societies in Egypt and China built irrigation canals, dam s, dike s, and water storage facilities. Ancient Rome built structures called aqueduct s to carry water from snowmelt in …

Which country has the most acreage of irrigated land?

Improved irrigation canals from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya also reduce the amount of water lost to agriculture. India, China, and the United States have the most acreage of irrigated land.

How does drip irrigation work?

Letting water drop onto plants through holes in pipes , known as drip irrigation, is considered one of the most efficient methods of irrigation. Drip irrigation focuses the water onto the plant itself. Other methods can waste water by letting it absorb into the ground where there are no plants.

What was the water used in ancient Rome?

Ancient Rome built structures called aqueduct s to carry water from snowmelt in the Alps to cities and towns in the valleys below. This water was used for drinking, washing, and irrigation. Modern irrigation systems use reservoir s, tanks, and wells to supply water for crops. Reservoirs include aquifer s, basins that collect snowmelt, lake s, …

What is the purpose of a canal?

Canals or pipeline s carry the water from reservoirs to fields. Canals and pipelines, just like the ancient Roman aqueducts, often rely on the force of gravity. Pumps may also move water from reservoirs to fields.

What is the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops?

the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). a pipe or passage used for carrying water from a distance. an underground layer of rock or earth which holds groundwater. land used for, or capable of, producing crops or raising livestock. a geographic region.

Why do you need to water before tilling?

1. Irrigation maintains moisture in the soil. Moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. Seeds do not grow in dry soil. That is why irrigation is done before tilling.

What are the two essential elements that water supplies to the crop?

4. Water supplies two essential elements hydrogen and oxygen to the crop.


Early Irrigation in Egypt

Early Irrigation in Mesopotamia

The Sumerians

The Depletion of Underground Water

The Threat Against The World’S Major Aquifers

The Importance of New Irrigation Technologies

  • Agriculture has a serious duty of care. Where possible, it needs to move away from flood irrigation, which despite the water wastage it involves, is still the most-used irrigation technique worldwide. Where appropriate, pivot irrigationcan be a more cost-effective and resource-efficient alternative. This type of technology uses aerial imagery via c…

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